New York's 20th congressional district elections, 2012
November 6, 2012
June 26, 2012
|Candidate Filing Deadline||Primary Election||General Election|
Primary: New York has a closed primary system, meaning only registered members of a particular party may vote in that party's primary.
- See also: New York elections, 2012
Incumbent: Heading into the election the incumbent is Chris Gibson (R), who was first elected to the House in 2010. Due to redistricting, Gibson is running in the redrawn 19th district, and 21st district incumbent Paul Tonko is running in the new 20th.
This will be the first election using new district maps based on 2010 Census data. New York's 20th congressional district is located in the eastern portion of the state and includes Albany and Schenectady counties and parts of Rensselaer, Montgomery, and Saratoga counties.
New York is one of eight states that have "electoral fusion" -- which allows more than one political party to support a common candidate. This creates a situation where one candidate will appear multiple times on the same ballot, for the same position. Electoral fusion was once widespread across the United States, but is now commonly practiced only in New York.
Opponents of fusion voting argue that the process results in dealmarking to ensure that patronage is rampant. Proponents maintain that fusion voting allows for minor parties to actually make a difference during the election, allowing voters the opportunity to vote for a minority party platform but still affect the general election result.
Candidates appearing in the general election will be listed below with colored dots corresponding to any party they will represent on the ballot.
Note: Election results were added on election night as races were called. Vote totals will be added when official election results are certified. For more information about Ballotpedia's election coverage plan, click here. If you find any errors in this list, please email: Geoff Pallay.
General election candidates
June 26, 2012 primary results
|U.S. House, New York, District 20 General Election, 2012|
|Democratic||Paul Tonko Incumbent||64%||203,400|
|Source: New York State Board of Elections "U.S. House of Representatives Results"|
Impact of redistricting
- See also: Redistricting in New York
Following the results of the 2010 Census, New York lost two congressional seats, bringing its total number of representatives down from 29 to 27.
As of October 29, 2012, District 20 had the following partisan registration breakdown according to the New York State Board of Elections:
|New York Congressional District 20|
|Congressional District||District Total||Democrats||Republicans||Other & Unaffiliated||Advantage||Party Advantage||Change in Advantage from 2010|
|"Party advantage" is the percentage gap between the two major parties in registered voters. "Change in advantage" is the spread in difference of party advantage between 2010 and 2012 based on the congressional district number only.|
FairVote's Monopoly Politics 2012 study
- See also: FairVote's Monopoly Politics 2012
In 2012, FairVote did a study on partisanship in the congressional districts, giving each a percentage ranking (D/R) based on the new 2012 maps and comparing that to the old 2010 maps. New York's 20th District became more Democratic because of redistricting.
- 2012: 56D / 44R
- 2010: 55D / 45R
Cook Political Report's PVI
In 2012, Cook Political Report released its updated figures on the Partisan Voter Index, which measures each congressional district's partisanship relative to the rest of the country. New York's 20th congressional district has a PVI of D+7, which is the most 132nd most Democratic district in the country. In 2008, this district was won by Barack Obama (D), 59-41 percent over John McCain (R). In 2004, John Kerry (D) won the district 56-44 percent over George W. Bush (R).
|U.S. House, New York Congressional District 20 General Election, 2010|
- United States House of Representatives elections in New York, 2012
- United States House of Representatives elections, 2012
- United States Senate elections in New York, 2012
- ↑ York ABC News "2012 General Election Results"
- ↑ New York State Board of Elections "Voting Deadline Page," Accessed June 30, 2012
- ↑ New York Redistricting Map "Map" Accessed September 25, 2012
- ↑ Electoral fusion ruins elections
- ↑ Working Family Party: Fusion voting
- ↑ New York Board of Elections "Filings for June 26, 2012 Federal Primary," April 17, 2012
- ↑ 7.0 7.1 7.2 New York Board of Elections "List of Filings for June 26, 2012 Federal Primary," Accessed May 30, 2012
- ↑ Cite error: Invalid
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- ↑ Ithaca Journal "Redrawn congressional lines promise competitive races," March 22, 2012
- ↑ Moonshadow Mobile's CensusViewer "New York's congressional districts 2001-2011 comparison"
- ↑ Labels & Lists "VoterMapping software voter counts"
- ↑ New York State Board of Elections, "District Active Enrollment 2012," April, 2012
- ↑ "2011 Redistricting and 2012 Elections in New York," September 2012
- ↑ Cook Political Report "Partisan Voting Index Districts of the 113th Congress: 2004 & 2008" Accessed October 2012
- ↑ U.S. Congress House Clerk "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2010"