North Dakota House of Representatives

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North Dakota House of Representatives

Flag of North Dakota.png
General Information
Type:   Lower house
Term limits:   None
2014 session start:   Will not hold a regular session.
Website:   Official House Page
Leadership
House Speaker:  William Devlin (R)
Majority Leader:   Al Carlson (R)
Minority leader:   Kenton Onstad (D)
Structure
Members:  94
  
Vacancy (1)
Length of term:   4 years
Authority:   Art IV, North Dakota Constitution
Salary:   $152/day + per diem
Elections
Last Election:  November 6, 2012 (46 seats)
Next election:  November 4, 2014 (48 seats)
Redistricting:  North Dakota Legislature has control
The North Dakota House of Representatives is the lower house of the North Dakota State Legislature. The legislature meets at the State Capitol of Bismarck.

Two representatives are elected from each of 47 senatorial districts as a total of 94 members serve in the lower house of the North Dakota legislature. Each member represents an average of 14,310 residents, as of the 2010 Census.[1] After the 2000 Census, each member represented 13,664 residents.[2] Generally, the representatives from odd-numbered districts were elected to four-year terms at the 2006 general election and the representatives from even-numbered districts were elected to four-year terms at the November 2008 general election. In 2010, all odd numbered districts were up for re-election.

As of September 2014, North Dakota is one of 23 Republican state government trifectas.

See also: North Dakota State Legislature, North Dakota State Senate, North Dakota Governor

Sessions

Article IV of the North Dakota Constitution establishes when the North Dakota Legislative Assembly, of which the House is a part, is to be in session. Section 7 of Article IV states that the Assembly is to convene in regular session every January after a legislative election. This means that the Assembly convenes in January of every odd-numbered year. Section 7 specifies that the convening date is to be the first Tuesday after the third day in January, unless this date is changed by law. Section 7 limits the length of regular sessions to no more than eighty days every two years.

2014

See also: Dates of 2014 state legislative sessions

In 2014, the Legislature will not hold a regular session.

2013

See also: Dates of 2013 state legislative sessions

In 2013, the Legislature was in session from January 8 through May 4.

Major issues

Major issues in the 2013 legislative session were focused mostly on the oil boom in western North Dakota and included a budget, the state surplus, improved transportation infrastructure, and decreasing crime.[3]

2012

See also: Dates of 2012 state legislative sessions

In 2012, the House was not in regular session.

2011

See also: Dates of 2011 state legislative sessions

In 2011, the House was in regular session from January 4 through April 28.[4] A special session was called by Governor Jack Dalrymple from November 7 through 12 to cover legislative redistricting and disaster relief.[5]

2010

See also: Dates of 2010 state legislative sessions

In 2010, the House did not meet in regular session.[6]

Role in state budget

See also: North Dakota state budget

The state operates on a biennial budget cycle. The sequence of key events in the budget process is as follows:[7][8]

  1. Budget instruction guidelines are sent to state agencies in March and/or April of the year preceding the start of the new biennium.
  2. State agencies submit their budget requests to the governor in June and/or July.
  3. Agency hearings are held from July through October.
  4. The governor submits his or her proposed budget to the state legislature in the first week of December.
  5. The legislature typically adopts a budget in April. A simple majority is required to pass a budget. The new biennium begins in July.

North Dakota is one of 44 states in which the governor has line item veto authority.[8]

The governor is legally required to submit a balanced budget proposal. Likewise, the state legislature is legally required to pass a balanced budget.[8]

Cost-benefit analyses

See also: Pew-MacArthur Results First Initiative Cost-Benefit Study
Map showing results of the Pew-MacArthur cost-benefit study.

The Pew-MacArthur Results First Initiative released a report in July 2013 which indicated that cost-benefit analysis in policymaking led to more effective uses of public funds. Looking at data from 2008 through 2011, the study's authors found that some states were more likely to use cost-benefit analysis while others were facing challenges and lagging behind the rest of the nation. Among the challenges states faced were a lack of time, money and technical skills needed to conduct comprehensive cost-benefit analyses. North Dakota was one of 11 states that made rare use of cost-benefit analyses in policy and budget processes.[9]

Ethics and transparency

Following the Money report

See also: Following the Money 2014 Report

The U.S. Public Interest Research Group, a consumer-focused nonprofit organization based in Washington, D.C., released its annual report on state transparency websites in April 2014. The report, entitled "Following the Money," measured how transparent and accountable state websites are with regard to state government spending.[10] According to the report, North Dakota received a grade of D and a numerical score of 56, indicating that North Dakota was "lagging" in terms of transparency regarding state spending.[10]

Open States Transparency

See also: Open States' Legislative Data Report Card

The Sunlight Foundation released an "Open Legislative Data Report Card" in March 2013. North Dakota was given a grade of C in the report. The report card evaluated how adequate, complete and accessible legislative data is to the general public. A total of 10 states received an A -- Arkansas, Connecticut, Georgia, Kansas, New Hampshire, New York, North Carolina, Texas, Virginia and Washington.[11]

Elections

2014

See also: North Dakota House of Representatives elections, 2014

Elections for the office of North Dakota House of Representatives will take place in 2014. A primary election took place June 10, 2014. The general election will be held on November 4, 2014. The signature-filing deadline for candidates wishing to run in this election was April 7, 2014.

2012

See also: North Dakota House of Representatives elections, 2012

Elections for the office of North Dakota House of Representatives were held in North Dakota on November 6, 2012. A total of 46 seats were up for election.

The signature filing deadline for candidates wishing to run in these elections was April 13, 2012. The primary date was June 12, 2012.

During the 2012 election, the total value of contributions to the 97 House candidates was $437,249. The top 10 contributors were:[12]

2010

See also: North Dakota House of Representatives elections, 2010

Elections for the office of North Dakota's House of Representatives were held in North Dakota on November 2, 2010.

The signature-filing deadline for candidates wishing to run in these elections was March 8, 2010. The primary Election Day was June 8, 2010.

North Dakota House of Representatives
Party As of November 1, 2010 After the 2010 Election
     Democratic Party 36 25
     Republican Party 58 69
Total 94 94


During the 2010 election, the total value of contributions to the 89 House candidates was $428,028. The top 10 contributors were:[13]

2008

See also: North Dakota House of Representatives elections, 2008

Elections for the office of North Dakota's House of Representatives were held in North Dakota on November 4, 2008.

The signature-filing deadline for candidates wishing to run in these elections was April 11, 2008. The primary Election Day was June 10, 2008.

During the 2008 election, the total value of contributions to the 91 House candidates was $406,833. The top 10 contributors were:[14]

2006

See also: North Dakota House of Representatives elections, 2006

Elections for the office of North Dakota's House of Representatives consisted of a primary Election Day on June 13, 2006, and a general election on November 7, 2006. A total of 48 seats were up for election.

During the 2006 election, the total value of contributions to the 91 House candidates was $305,907. The top 10 contributors were:[15]

2004

See also: North Dakota House of Representatives elections, 2004

Elections for the office of North Dakota's House of Representatives consisted of a primary Election Day on June 8, 2004, and a general election on November 8, 2004. A total of 49 seats were up for election.

During the 2004 election, the total value of contributions to the 93 House candidates was $194,667. The top 10 contributors were:[16]

2002

See also: North Dakota House of Representatives elections, 2002

Elections for the office of North Dakota's House of Representatives consisted of a primary Election Day on June 11, 2002, and a general election on November 5, 2002. A total of 49 seats were up for election.

During the 2002 election, the total value of contributions to the 98 House candidates was $166,920. The top 10 contributors were:[17]

2000

See also: North Dakota House of Representatives elections, 2000

Elections for the office of North Dakota's House of Representatives consisted of a primary Election Day on June 13, 2000, and a general election on November 7, 2000. A total of 49 seats were up for election.

During the 2000 election, the total value of contributions to the 101 House candidates was $68,474. The top 10 contributors were:[18]

Qualifications

Article 4, Section 5 of the North Dakota Constitution states: State Senators and Representatives must be, on the day of the election, qualified voters in the district from which they are chosen and a resident of the state for one year preceding election to office.

Vacancies

See also: How vacancies are filled in state legislatures
How Vacancies are filled in State Legislatures
NevadaMassachusettsColoradoNew MexicoWyomingArizonaMontanaCaliforniaOregonWashingtonIdahoTexasOklahomaKansasNebraskaSouth DakotaNorth DakotaMinnesotaIowaMissouriArkansasLouisianaMississippiAlabamaGeorgiaFloridaSouth CarolinaIllinoisWisconsinTennesseeNorth CarolinaIndianaOhioKentuckyPennsylvaniaNew JerseyNew YorkVermontVermontNew HampshireMaineWest VirginiaVirginiaMarylandMarylandConnecticutConnecticutDelawareDelawareRhode IslandRhode IslandMassachusettsNew HampshireMichiganMichiganAlaskaVacancy fulfillment map.png

Under North Dakota law, any vacancy in the house is filled by the district committee of the political party that holds the seat. A replacement must be named within 21 days of the vacancy. If more than 828 days are left in the term, the appointed person must serve until the next general election when the Governor can call for a special election.[19]

Redistricting

See also: Redistricting in North Dakota

Redistricting is the responsibility of the General Assembly, with a federal or state court intervening should the legislature not agree on a plan.

2010 census

North Dakota received its local census data on March 15, 2011. The state enjoyed an approximately five percent population growth to 672,591, but lost in rural districts, posing the threat of putting incumbents against each other. The legislature held a special session in November 2011 after preliminary approval by the Interim Legislative Redistricting Committee, and passed the proposed plan on the 8th, a day after convening. The plan cut two rural districts, added districts in Fargo and Bismarck, and paired over a dozen incumbents. Governor Jack Dalrymple (R) signed the plan into law on November 9, 2011.

Representatives

Partisan composition

See also: Partisan composition of state houses
Party As of September 2014
     Democratic Party 23
     Republican Party 70
     Vacancy 1
Total 94

The chart below shows the partisan composition of the North Dakota State House of Representatives from 1992-2013.
Partisan composition of the North Dakota State House.PNG

Interactive Map

The North Dakota State Legislature has a link to an interactive district map.

Salaries

See also: Comparison of state legislative salaries

As of 2013, members of the North Dakota Legislature are paid $152/day during legislative sessions and for attending interim committee meetings. Legislators receive lodging reimbursements up to $1,351/month (vouchered).[20]

Pension

North Dakota does not provide pensions for legislators.[21]

When sworn in

See also: When state legislators assume office after a general election

North Dakota legislators assume office December 1st.

Leadership

The Speaker of the House is the presiding officer of the body.[22]

Current leadership

Current Leadership, North Dakota House of Representatives
Office Representative Party
Speaker of the House William Devlin Ends.png Republican
House Majority Leader Al Carlson Ends.png Republican
State House Assistant Majority Leader Don Vigesaa Ends.png Republican
State House Majority Caucus Leader Mike Nathe Ends.png Republican
State House Minority Leader Kenton Onstad Electiondot.png Democratic
State House Assistant Minority Leader Corey Mock Electiondot.png Democratic
State House Minority Caucus Leader Ed Gruchalla Electiondot.png Democratic

Current members

Current members, North Dakota House of Representatives
District Representative Party Assumed office
1 Patrick Hatlestad Ends.png Republican 2007
1 Gary Sukut Ends.png Republican 2007
2 Robert Skarphol Ends.png Republican 2001
2 David Rust Ends.png Republican 2009
3 Andrew Maragos Ends.png Republican 2011
3 Roscoe Streyle Ends.png Republican 2011
4 Glen Froseth Ends.png Republican 1993
4 Kenton Onstad Electiondot.png Democratic 2001
5 Roger Brabandt Ends.png Republican 2011
5 Scott Louser Ends.png Republican 2011
6 Dick Anderson Ends.png Republican 2011
6 Bob Hunskor Electiondot.png Democratic 2001
7 Rick Becker Ends.png Republican 2013
7 Jason Dockter Ends.png Republican 2013
8 Jeff Delzer Ends.png Republican 1995
8 Vernon Laning Ends.png Republican 2013
9 Tracy Boe Electiondot.png Democratic 2003
9 Marvin Nelson Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
10 Charles Damschen Ends.png Republican 2005
10 David Monson Ends.png Republican 1993
11 Ron Guggisberg Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
11 Scot Kelsh Electiondot.png Democratic 1996
12 Jessica Haak Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
12 Alex Looysen Ends.png Republican 2013
13 Kim Koppelman Ends.png Republican 1994
13 Alon Wieland Ends.png Republican 2003
14 Jon Nelson Ends.png Republican 1997
14 Robin Weisz Ends.png Republican 1997
15 Curt Hofstad Ends.png Republican 2007
15 Dennis Johnson Ends.png Republican 1993
16 Ben Hanson Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
16 Ben Koppelman Ends.png Republican 2013
17 Mark Owens Ends.png Republican 2011
17 Mark Sanford Ends.png Republican 2011
18 Eliot Glassheim Electiondot.png Democratic 1993
18 Marie Strinden Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
19 Wayne Trottier Ends.png Republican 2011
19 Gary Paur Ends.png Republican 2011
20 Richard Holman Electiondot.png Democratic 2009
20 Gail Mooney Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
21 Kathy Hogan Electiondot.png Democratic 2009
21 Steve Zaiser Electiondot.png Democratic 2003
22 Wesley Belter Ends.png Republican 1985
22 Peter Silbernagel Ends.png Republican 2013
23 William Devlin Ends.png Republican 2011
23 Don Vigesaa Ends.png Republican 2003
24 Dwight Kiefert Ends.png Republican 2013
24 Naomi Muscha Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
25 Vacant
25 Clark Williams Electiondot.png Democratic 2003
26 Bill Amerman Electiondot.png Democratic 2003
26 Jerome Kelsh Electiondot.png Democratic 2008
27 Randy Boehning Ends.png Republican 2003
27 Thomas Beadle Ends.png Republican 2011
28 Michael Don Brandenburg Ends.png Republican 2005
28 William Kretschmar Ends.png Republican 2001
29 Craig Headland Ends.png Republican 2003
29 Chet Pollert Ends.png Republican 1999
30 Diane Larson Ends.png Republican 2013
30 Mike Nathe Ends.png Republican 2009
31 Karen Rohr Ends.png Republican 2011
31 James Schmidt Ends.png Republican 2011
32 Mark Dosch Ends.png Republican 2001
32 Lisa Meier Ends.png Republican 2001
33 Brenda Heller Ends.png Republican 2007
33 Gary Kreidt Ends.png Republican 2003
34 Todd Porter Ends.png Republican 1999
34 Nathan Toman Ends.png Republican 2013
35 Karen Karls Ends.png Republican 2007
35 Bob Martinson Ends.png Republican 2000
36 Alan Fehr Ends.png Republican 2013
36 Mike Schatz Ends.png Republican 2009
37 Nancy Johnson Ends.png Republican 1999
37 Vicky Steiner Ends.png Republican 2011
38 Larry Bellew Ends.png Republican 2001
38 Dan Ruby Ends.png Republican 2001
39 David Drovdal Ends.png Republican 1993
39 Keith Kempenich Ends.png Republican 1993
40 Matthew Klein Ends.png Republican 1993
40 Robert Frantsvog Ends.png Republican 2009
41 Al Carlson Ends.png Republican 1993
41 Bette Grande Ends.png Republican 1997
42 Corey Mock Electiondot.png Democratic 2008
42 Kylie Oversen Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
43 Lois Delmore Electiondot.png Democratic 1995
43 Curt Kreun Ends.png Republican 2011
44 Joshua Boschee Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
44 Blair Thoreson Ends.png Republican 1999
45 Joe Heilman Ends.png Republican 2011
45 Ed Gruchalla Electiondot.png Democratic 2007
46 Kathy Hawken Ends.png Republican 1997
46 James Kasper Ends.png Republican 2001
47 George Keiser Ends.png Republican 1993
47 Lawrence Klemin Ends.png Republican 1999

Standing committees

The North Dakota House of Representatives has the following 11 standing committees:

Decommissioned committees

History

Partisan balance 1992-2013

Who Runs the States Project
See also: Ballotpedia:Who Runs the States and Ballotpedia:Who Runs the States, North Dakota
Partisan breakdown of the North Dakota legislature from 1992-2013

During every year from 1992-2013, the Republican Party was the majority in the North Dakota State House of Representatives. The North Dakota House of Representatives is one of nine state Houses that was Republican for more than 80 percent of the years between 1992-2013. North Dakota has been under Republican trifectas for the last 19 years.

Across the country, there were 577 Democratic and 483 Republican State Houses of Representatives from 1992 to 2013.

Over the course of the 22-year study, state governments became increasingly more partisan. At the outset of the study period (1992), 18 of the 49 states with partisan legislatures had single-party trifectas and 31 states had divided governments. In 2013, only 13 states had divided governments, while single-party trifectas held sway in 36 states, the most in the 22 years studied.

The chart below shows the partisan composition of the Office of the Governor of North Dakota, the North Dakota State Senate and the North Dakota House of Representatives from 1992-2013. Partisan composition of North Dakota state government(1992-2013).PNG

SQLI and partisanship

The chart below depicts the partisanship of North Dakota's state government and the state's SQLI ranking for the years studied. For the SQLI, the states were ranked from 1-50, with 1 being the best and 50 the worst. From 1995-2013 North Dakota had Republican trifectas. The state's lowest SQLI rating, finishing 30th, occurred from 1998-1999. In more recent years of the study, North Dakota's rankings improved, moving it into the top-10 from 2009-2012. Its best ranking, finishing 3rd, occurred in 2012.

Chart displaying the partisanship of North Dakota government from 1992-2013 and the State Quality of Life Index (SQLI).

See also

External links

References

  1. census.gov, "Population Distribution and Change: 2000 to 2010," accessed May 15, 2014
  2. census.gov, "Census 2000 PHC-T-2. Ranking Tables for States: 1990 and 2000," accessed May 15, 2014
  3. NewsOK, "Oil issues to dominate ND legislative session," January 6, 2013
  4. North Dakota Legislative Assembly, "View House Floor Calendar," accessed August 18, 2014
  5. The Bismarck Tribune, "N.D. House leader: Special session starts Nov. 7," September 15, 2011
  6. North Dakota Legislative Assembly, "61st Legislative Assembly," accessed August 18, 2014
  7. National Conference of State Legislatures, "State Experiences with Annual and Biennial Budgeting," updated April 2011
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 National Association of State Budget Officers, "Budget Processes in the States, Summer 2008," accessed February 21, 2014
  9. Pew Charitable Trusts, "States’ Use of Cost-Benefit Analysis," July 29, 2013
  10. 10.0 10.1 U.S. Public Interest Research Group, "Following the Money 2014 Report," accessed April 15, 2014
  11. Sunlight Foundation, "Ten Principles for Opening Up Government Information," accessed June 16, 2013
  12. Follow the Money, "North Dakota House of Representatives 2012 Campaign Contributions," accessed May 23, 2014
  13. Follow the Money, "North Dakota House of Representatives 2010 Campaign Contributions," accessed May 23, 2014
  14. Follow the Money, "North Dakota House of Representatives 2008 Campaign Contributions," accessed May 23, 2014
  15. Follow the Money, "North Dakota House of Representatives 2006 Campaign Contributions," accessed May 23, 2014
  16. Follow the Money, "North Dakota House of Representatives 2004 Campaign Contributions," accessed May 23, 2014
  17. Follow the Money, "North Dakota House of Representatives 2002 Campaign Contributions," accessed May 23, 2014
  18. Follow the Money, "North Dakota House of Representatives 2000 Campaign Contributions," accessed May 23, 2014
  19. North Dakota Legislature, "North Dakota Century Code," accessed December 18, 2013(Referenced Statute 16.1-13-10 (1))
  20. NCSL.org, "2012 State Legislator Compensation and Per Diem Table," accessed March 18, 2013
  21. USA Today, "State-by-state: Benefits available to state legislators," September 23, 2011
  22. North Dakota Legislative Assembly, "North Dakota House Leadership for 2013-2014," accessed August 18, 2014