North Dakota State Senate

From Ballotpedia
(Redirected from North Dakota Senate)
Jump to: navigation, search

North Dakota State Senate

Flag of North Dakota.png
General Information
Type:   Upper house
Term limits:   None
2014 session start:   Will not hold a regular session.
Website:   Official Senate Page
Leadership
Senate President:   Drew Wrigley (R)
Majority Leader:   Rich Wardner (R)
Minority leader:   Mac Schneider (D)
Structure
Members:  47
  
Length of term:   4 years
Authority:   Art IV, Sec/ 1, North Dakota Constitution
Salary:   $152/day + expenses
Elections
Last Election:  November 4, 2014 (24 seats)
Next election:  November 8, 2016 (23 seats)
Redistricting:  North Dakota Legislature has control
The North Dakota State Senate is the upper house of the North Dakota State Legislature. The Senate meets at the State Capitol in Bismarck. The Senate may consist of 40-54 members depending on the number of senatorial districts based on the Census. As of 2005, the state is divided into 47 senatorial districts. North Dakota's state senators serve without term limits.[1]

Approximately one-half the members are elected to four-year terms every two years. Generally, members from even-numbered districts are elected to four-year terms in U.S. presidential election years (2004, 2008, etc.) and members from odd-numbered districts are elected to four-year terms in general election years offset by two years from U.S. presidential elections (2002, 2006, 2010, etc.).

Members take office as of December 1 of even-numbered years.

Each member represents an average of 14,310 residents, as of the 2010 Census.[2] After the 2000 Census, each member represented 13,664 residents.[3] The Legislative Assembly convenes in regular session the following January.[4]

As of December 2014, North Dakota is one of 23 Republican state government trifectas.

See also: North Dakota State Legislature, North Dakota House of Representatives, North Dakota Governor

Sessions

Article IV of the North Dakota Constitution establishes when the North Dakota Legislative Assembly, of which the Senate is a part, is to be in session. Section 7 of Article IV states that the Assembly is to convene in regular session every January after a legislative election. This means that the Assembly convenes in January of every odd-numbered year. Section 7 specifies that the convening date is to be the first Tuesday after the third day in January, unless this date is changed by law. Section 7 limits the length of regular sessions to no more than eighty days every two years.

2014

See also: Dates of 2014 state legislative sessions

In 2014, the Legislature will not hold a regular session.

2013

See also: Dates of 2013 state legislative sessions

In 2013, the Legislature was in session from January 8 through May 4.

Major issues

Major issues in the 2013 legislative session were focused mostly on the oil boom in western North Dakota and included a budget, the state surplus, improved transportation infrastructure, and decreasing crime.[5]

2012

See also: Dates of 2012 state legislative sessions

In 2012, the Legislature was not in regular session.

2011

See also: Dates of 2011 state legislative sessions

In 2011, the Senate was in regular session from January 4 through April 28.[6] A special session was called by Governor Jack Dalrymple from November 7 through 12 to cover legislative redistricting and disaster relief.[7]

2010

See also: Dates of 2010 state legislative sessions

In 2010, the Senate did not meet in regular session.[8]

Role in state budget

See also: North Dakota state budget

The state operates on a biennial budget cycle. The sequence of key events in the budget process is as follows:[9][10]

  1. Budget instruction guidelines are sent to state agencies in March and/or April of the year preceding the start of the new biennium.
  2. State agencies submit their budget requests to the governor in June and/or July.
  3. Agency hearings are held from July through October.
  4. The governor submits his or her proposed budget to the state legislature in the first week of December.
  5. The legislature typically adopts a budget in April. A simple majority is required to pass a budget. The new biennium begins in July.

North Dakota is one of 44 states in which the governor has line item veto authority.[10]

The governor is legally required to submit a balanced budget proposal. Likewise, the state legislature is legally required to pass a balanced budget.[10]

Cost-benefit analyses

See also: Pew-MacArthur Results First Initiative Cost-Benefit Study
Map showing results of the Pew-MacArthur cost-benefit study.

The Pew-MacArthur Results First Initiative released a report in July 2013 which indicated that cost-benefit analysis in policymaking led to more effective uses of public funds. Looking at data from 2008 through 2011, the study's authors found that some states were more likely to use cost-benefit analysis while others were facing challenges and lagging behind the rest of the nation. Among the challenges states faced were a lack of time, money and technical skills needed to conduct comprehensive cost-benefit analyses. North Dakota was one of 11 states that made rare use of cost-benefit analyses in policy and budget processes.[11]

Ethics and transparency

Following the Money report

See also: Following the Money 2014 Report

The U.S. Public Interest Research Group, a consumer-focused nonprofit organization based in Washington, D.C., released its annual report on state transparency websites in April 2014. The report, entitled "Following the Money," measured how transparent and accountable state websites are with regard to state government spending.[12] According to the report, North Dakota received a grade of D and a numerical score of 56, indicating that North Dakota was "lagging" in terms of transparency regarding state spending.[12]

Open States Transparency

See also: Open States' Legislative Data Report Card

The Sunlight Foundation released an "Open Legislative Data Report Card" in March 2013. North Dakota was given a grade of C in the report. The report card evaluated how adequate, complete and accessible legislative data is to the general public. A total of 10 states received an A -- Arkansas, Connecticut, Georgia, Kansas, New Hampshire, New York, North Carolina, Texas, Virginia and Washington.[13]

Elections

2014

See also: North Dakota State Senate elections, 2014

Elections for the office of North Dakota State Senate took place in 2014. A primary election took place on June 10, 2014. The general election was held on November 4, 2014. The signature-filing deadline for candidates wishing to run in this election was April 7, 2014.

2012

See also: North Dakota State Senate elections, 2012

Elections for the office of North Dakota State Senate were held in North Dakota on November 6, 2012. A total of 23 seats were up for election.

The signature filing deadline was April 13, 2012, and the primary date was June 12, 2012.

During the 2012 election, the total value of contributions to the 50 Senate candidates was $355,067. The top 10 contributors were:[14]

The following table details the 10 districts with the smallest margin of victory in the November 6 general election.

2010

See also: North Dakota State Senate elections, 2010

Elections for the office of North Dakota's State Senate were held in North Dakota on November 2, 2010. A total of 24 seats were up for election.

The signature-filing deadline for candidates wishing to run in these elections was March 8, 2010. The primary Election Day was June 8, 2010.

North Dakota State Senate
Party As of November 1, 2010 After the 2010 Election
     Democratic Party 21 12
     Republican Party 26 35
Total 47 47


During the 2010 election, the total value of contributions to the 43 Senate candidates was $271,222. The top 10 contributors were:[15]

2008

See also: North Dakota State Senate elections, 2008

Elections for the office of North Dakota's State Senate were held in North Dakota on November 4, 2008. A total of 23 seats were up for election.

The signature-filing deadline for candidates wishing to run in these elections was April 11, 2008. The primary Election Day was June 10, 2008.

During the 2008 election, the total value of contributions to the 43 Senate candidates was $441,248. The top 10 contributors were:[16]

2006

See also: North Dakota State Senate elections, 2006

Elections for the office of North Dakota's State Senate consisted of a primary Election Day on June 13, 2006, and a general election on November 7, 2006. A total of 24 seats were up for election.

During the 2006 election, the total value of contributions to the 50 Senate candidates was $237,194. The top 10 contributors were:[17]

2004

See also: North Dakota State Senate elections, 2004

Elections for the office of North Dakota's State Senate consisted of a primary Election Day on June 8, 2004, and a general election on November 2, 2004. A total of 23 seats were up for election.

During the 2004 election, the total value of contributions to the 43 Senate candidates was $163,091. The top 10 contributors were:[18]

2002

See also: North Dakota State Senate elections, 2002

Elections for the office of North Dakota's State Senate consisted of a primary Election Day on June 11, 2002, and a general election on November 5, 2002. A total of 26 seats were up for election.

During the 2002 election, the total value of contributions to the 51 Senate candidates was $242,201. The top 10 contributors were:[19]

2000

See also: North Dakota State Senate elections, 2000

Elections for the office of North Dakota's State Senate consisted of a primary Election Day on June 13, 2000, and a general election on November 7, 2000. A total of 25 seats were up for election.

During the 2000 election, the total value of contributions to the 53 Senate candidates was $133,970. The top 10 contributors were:[20]

Qualifications

Article 4, Section 5 of the North Dakota Constitution states: State Senators and Representatives must be, on the day of the election, qualified voters in the district from which they are chosen and a resident of the state for one year preceding election to office.

Vacancies

See also: How vacancies are filled in state legislatures
How Vacancies are filled in State Legislatures
NevadaMassachusettsColoradoNew MexicoWyomingArizonaMontanaCaliforniaOregonWashingtonIdahoTexasOklahomaKansasNebraskaSouth DakotaNorth DakotaMinnesotaIowaMissouriArkansasLouisianaMississippiAlabamaGeorgiaFloridaSouth CarolinaIllinoisWisconsinTennesseeNorth CarolinaIndianaOhioKentuckyPennsylvaniaNew JerseyNew YorkVermontVermontNew HampshireMaineWest VirginiaVirginiaMarylandMarylandConnecticutConnecticutDelawareDelawareRhode IslandRhode IslandMassachusettsNew HampshireMichiganMichiganAlaskaVacancy fulfillment map.png

Whenever there is an vacancy in the senate, it must be filled by the district committee of the political party that currently holds the seat. A replacement must be named no later than 21 days after the vacancy. If more than 828 days are remaining in the vacant senator's term, the replacement can serve in a interim basis until the next scheduled general election. It would be up to the Governor to schedule a special election in order to determine a permanent replacement.[21]

Redistricting

See also: Redistricting in North Dakota

Redistricting is the responsibility of the General Assembly, with a federal or state court intervening should the legislature not agree on a plan.

2010 census

North Dakota received its local census data on March 15, 2011. The state enjoyed an approximately five percent population growth to 672,591, but lost in rural districts, posing the threat of facing incumbents against each other. The legislature held a special session in November 2011 after preliminary approval by the Interim Legislative Redistricting Committee, and passed the proposed plan on the 8th, a day after convening. The plan cut two rural districts, added districts in Fargo and Bismarck, and paired over a dozen incumbents. Governor Jack Dalrymple (R) signed the plan into law on November 9, 2011.

Senators

Salaries

See also: Comparison of state legislative salaries

As of 2013, members of the North Dakota Legislature are paid $152/day during legislative sessions and for attending interim committee meetings. Legislators receive lodging reimbursements up to $1,351/month (vouchered).[22]

Pension

North Dakota does not provide pensions for legislators.[23]

When sworn in

See also: When state legislators assume office after a general election

North Dakota legislators assume office December 1st.

Partisan composition

See also: Partisan composition of state senates
Party As of December 2014
     Democratic Party 15
     Republican Party 32
Total 47


The chart below shows the partisan composition of the North Dakota State Senate from 1992-2013.
Partisan composition of the North Dakota State Senate.PNG

Leadership

The Lieutenant Governor of the State serves as President of the Senate.[24]

Current leadership

Current Leadership, North Dakota State Senate
Office Representative Party
President of the Senate Drew Wrigley Ends.png Republican
President Pro Tem of the Senate Terry Wanzek Ends.png Republican
Senate Majority Leader Rich Wardner Ends.png Republican
State Senate Assistant Majority Leader Jerry Klein Ends.png Republican
State Senate Majority Caucus Leader David Hogue Ends.png Republican
State Senate Minority Leader Mac Schneider Electiondot.png Democratic
State Senate Assistant Minority Leader Joan Heckaman Electiondot.png Democratic
State Senate Minority Caucus Leader John Warner Electiondot.png Democratic

List of current members

Current members, North Dakota State Senate
District Representative Party Assumed office
1 Brad Bekkedahl Ends.png Republican 2014
2 David Rust Ends.png Republican 2014
3 Oley Larsen Ends.png Republican 2010
4 John Warner Electiondot.png Democratic 2005
5 Randy Burckhard Ends.png Republican 2011
6 David O'Connell Electiondot.png Democratic 1989
7 Nicole Poolman Ends.png Republican 2013
8 Howard Anderson Ends.png Republican 2013
9 Richard Marcellais Electiondot.png Democratic 2007
10 Joe Miller Ends.png Republican 2009
11 Tim Mathern Electiondot.png Democratic 1986
12 John Grabinger Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
13 Judy Lee Ends.png Republican 1995
14 Jerry Klein Ends.png Republican 1997
15 Dave Oehlke Ends.png Republican 2007
16 Tyler Axness Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
17 Ray Holmberg Ends.png Republican 1977
18 Constance Triplett Electiondot.png Democratic 2003
19 Tom Campbell Ends.png Republican 2013
20 Philip Murphy Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
21 Carolyn Nelson Electiondot.png Democratic 1995
22 Gary Lee Ends.png Republican 2001
23 Joan Heckaman Electiondot.png Democratic 2007
24 Larry Robinson Electiondot.png Democratic 1989
25 Larry Luick Ends.png Republican 2011
26 Jim Dotzenrod Electiondot.png Democratic 2009
27 Jon Casper Ends.png Republican 2014
28 Robert Erbele Ends.png Republican 2001
29 Terry Wanzek Ends.png Republican 2007
30 Ron Carlisle Ends.png Republican 2011
31 Donald Schaible Ends.png Republican 2011
32 Dick Dever Ends.png Republican 2001
33 Jessica K. Unruh Ends.png Republican 2013
34 Dwight Cook Ends.png Republican 1997
35 Erin Oban Electiondot.png Democratic 2014
36 Kelly Armstrong Ends.png Republican 2013
37 Rich Wardner Ends.png Republican 1999
38 David Hogue Ends.png Republican 2009
39 Bill Bowman Ends.png Republican 1991
40 Karen Krebsbach Ends.png Republican 1988
41 Kyle Davison Ends.png Republican 2014
42 Mac Schneider Electiondot.png Democratic 2009
43 Lonnie Laffen Ends.png Republican 2011
44 Tim Flakoll Ends.png Republican 1998
45 Ronald Sorvaag Ends.png Republican 2011
46 George B. Sinner Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
47 Ralph Kilzer Ends.png Republican 1999

Senate Committees

North Dakota Senate has 11 standing committees:

History

Partisan balance 1992-2013

Who Runs the States Project
See also: Ballotpedia:Who Runs the States and Ballotpedia:Who Runs the States, North Dakota
Partisan breakdown of the North Dakota legislature from 1992-2013

From 1992-2013, the Democratic Party was the majority in the North Dakota State Senate for the first three years while the Republicans were the majority for the last 19 years. The North Dakota State Senate is one of 13 state senates that was Republican for more than 80 percent of the years between 1992-2013. North Dakota was under Republican trifectas for the last 19 years.

Across the country, there were 541 Democratic and 517 Republican state senates from 1992 to 2013.

Over the course of the 22-year study, state governments became increasingly more partisan. At the outset of the study period (1992), 18 of the 49 states with partisan legislatures had single-party trifectas and 31 states had divided governments. In 2013, only 13 states had divided governments, while single-party trifectas held sway in 36 states, the most in the 22 years studied.

The chart below shows the partisan composition of the Office of the Governor of North Dakota, the North Dakota State Senate and the North Dakota House of Representatives from 1992-2013. Partisan composition of North Dakota state government(1992-2013).PNG

SQLI and partisanship

The chart below depicts the partisanship of North Dakota's state government and the state's SQLI ranking for the years studied. For the SQLI, the states were ranked from 1-50, with 1 being the best and 50 the worst. From 1995-2013 North Dakota had Republican trifectas. The state's lowest SQLI rating, finishing 30th, occurred from 1998-1999. In more recent years of the study, North Dakota's rankings improved, moving it into the top-10 from 2009-2012. Its best ranking, finishing 3rd, occurred in 2012.

Chart displaying the partisanship of North Dakota government from 1992-2013 and the State Quality of Life Index (SQLI).

See also

External links

References

  1. NCSL, "The Term-Limited States," accessed August 18, 2014
  2. census.gov, "Population Distribution and Change: 2000 to 2010," accessed May 15, 2014
  3. census.gov, "Census 2000 PHC-T-2. Ranking Tables for States: 1990 and 2000," accessed May 15, 2014
  4. North Dakota Legislative Assembly, "About the Senate," March 3, 2009
  5. NewsOK, "Oil issues to dominate ND legislative session," January 6, 2013
  6. North Dakota Legislative Assembly, "View House Floor Calendar," accessed August 18, 2014
  7. The Bismarck Tribune, "N.D. House leader: Special session starts Nov. 7," September 15, 2011
  8. North Dakota Legislative Assembly, "61st Legislative Assembly," accessed August 18, 2014
  9. National Conference of State Legislatures, "State Experiences with Annual and Biennial Budgeting," updated April 2011
  10. 10.0 10.1 10.2 National Association of State Budget Officers, "Budget Processes in the States, Summer 2008," accessed February 21, 2014
  11. Pew Charitable Trusts, "States’ Use of Cost-Benefit Analysis," July 29, 2013
  12. 12.0 12.1 U.S. Public Interest Research Group, "Following the Money 2014 Report," accessed April 15, 2014
  13. Sunlight Foundation, "Ten Principles for Opening Up Government Information," accessed June 16, 2013
  14. Follow the Money, "North Dakota State Senate 2012 Campaign Contributions," accessed May 23, 2014
  15. Follow the Money, "North Dakota State Senate 2010 Campaign Contributions," accessed May 23, 2014
  16. Follow the Money, "North Dakota State Senate 2008 Campaign Contributions," accessed May 23, 2014
  17. Follow the Money, "North Dakota State Senate 2006 Campaign Contributions," accessed May 23, 2014
  18. Follow the Money, "North Dakota State Senate 2004 Campaign Contributions," accessed May 23, 2014
  19. Follow the Money, "North Dakota State Senate 2002 Campaign Contributions," accessed May 23, 2014
  20. Follow the Money, "North Dakota State Senate 2000 Campaign Contributions," accessed May 23, 2014
  21. North Dakota Legislature, "North Dakota Century Code," accessed December 18, 2013(Referenced Statute 16.1-13-10 (1))
  22. NCSL.org, "2012 State Legislator Compensation and Per Diem Table," accessed March 18, 2013
  23. USA Today, "State-by-state: Benefits available to state legislators," September 23, 2011
  24. North Dakota Legislative Assembly, "North Dakota Senate Leadership for 2013-2014," accessed August 18, 2014