Governor of Ohio
|Office website:||Official Link|
|2013 FY Budget:||$3,216,701|
|Term limits:||Two consecutive terms|
|Length of term:||4 years|
|Authority:||Ohio Constitution, Article III, Section 5|
|Assumed office:||January 10, 2011|
|Next election:||November 6, 2018|
|Last election:||November 4, 2014|
|Other Ohio Executive Offices|
|Governor • Lieutenant Governor • Secretary of State • Attorney General • Treasurer • Auditor • Superintendent of Education • Agriculture Commissioner • Insurance Commissioner • Natural Resources Commissioner • Labor Commissioner • Public Service Commission|
- 1 Current officer
- 2 Authority
- 3 Qualifications
- 4 Vacancies
- 5 Elections
- 6 Duties
- 7 Divisions
- 8 State budget
- 9 Compensation
- 10 Historical officeholders
- 11 History
- 12 Recent news
- 13 Contact information
- 14 See also
- 15 External links
- 16 References
Prior to 1963, the term of office was two years and, prior to 1995, term limits were not in place.
As of January 2015, Ohio is one of 23 Republican state government trifectas.
Under Article III, Section 5:
The supreme executive power of this state shall be vested in the governor.
|2015 • 2014 • 2013 • 2012 • 2011 • 2010|
|Current Lt. Governors|
|Lt. Governor Elections|
|2015 • 2014 • 2013 • 2012 • 2011 • 2010|
A candidate for the governor of Ohio may not hold any Congressional or federal office or any other state office.
- See also: How gubernatorial vacancies are filled
Details of vacancy appointments are addressed under Article III, Sections 15, 17, and 22.
If the Governor dies, resigns, is removed, or is convicted on impeachment, the Lieutenant Governor succeeds.
The Lieutenant Governor also serves as the Acting Governor in the event of any temporary disability of the Governor.
After the Lieutenant Governor, the line of succession goes to the President Pro Tem of the Senate and then to the Speaker of the House. Whoever serves as the Acting Governor has the full duties, powers, and emoluments of the elected Governor.
Of the four offices of the Governor, Lieutenant Governor, President Pro Tem of the Senate, and Speaker of the House of Representatives, no person may hold two of them simultaneously or receive the compensation and emoluments of more than one office simultaneously.
If both the offices of the Governor and the Lieutenant Governor are vacant and there are more than 20 months remaining in the current term, a special election for both offices shall be held at the next general election. The highest officer in the line of succession serves as an Acting Governor until the election.
If a Governor-elect is unable to take office, the Lieutenant Governor-elect takes office and serves as the Governor. If the Governor-elect is only temporarily unable to take office, the Lieutenant Governor-elect serves as Acting Governor until the elected Governor's disability is removed.
If, by a joint resolution, the General Assembly presents the case for the Governor's removal on grounds of mental disability to discharge the office, the Supreme Court of Ohio shall have "original, exclusive, and final, jurisdiction" in the case. Within 21 days of receipt of such a resolution, the Supreme Court shall give notice to the Governor, hold a public hearing, and render a decision.
If the governorship is vacated in such a manner, the Court also has "original, exclusive, and final, jurisdiction" in choosing the manner of succession to the office.
Ohio elects governors in the midterm elections, that is, even years that are not presidential election years. For Ohio, 2018, 2022, 2026, 2030 and 2034 are all gubernatorial election years. Legally, the gubernatorial inauguration is always set for the second Monday in the January following an election.
If two candidates are tied, the joint session of the legislature shall cast votes to choose among the top two vote getters.
- See also: States with gubernatorial term limits
Ohio governors are restricted to two consecutive terms in office, after which they must wait one term before being eligible to run again.
|No person shall hold the office of governor for a period longer than two successive terms of four years.|
- See also: Ohio gubernatorial election, 2014
|Governor and Lieutenant Governor of Ohio, 2014|
|Republican||John Kasich/Mary Taylor Incumbent||63.6%||1,944,848|
|Democratic||Ed FitzGerald/Sharen Neuhardt||33%||1,009,359|
|Green||Anita Rios/Bob Fitrakis||3.3%||101,706|
|Election Results via Ohio Secretary of State.|
To view the electoral history dating back to 1974 for the office of Governor of Ohio, Click [show] to expand the section.
The governor is the commander-in-chief of the state's military forces (§ 10). The governor has a duty to enforce state laws; the power to either approve or veto bills passed by the Ohio Legislature; the power to convene the legislature; and the power to grant pardons, except in cases of treason and impeachment (§ 11).
Other duties and privileges of the office include:
- Executing all laws and requiring written information on any office from the head of that office (§ 6)
- Making an annual address to the General Assembly, with recommendation for legislation (§ 7)
- Convening extraordinary sessions of the legislature with limited purposes (§ 8)
- Adjourning the legislature when the two chambers cannot agree to do so themselves, not to include the privilege of adjourning the legislature past the sine die set for the regular session (§ 9)
- Keeping and using "The Great Seal of the State of Ohio" (§ 12)
- Signing and sealing all commissions granted in the name of the state of Ohio (§ 13)
- Nominating, in the event of a vacancy in the Lieutenant Governor's office, a new officer, subject to a confirmatory vote of both chambers of the legislature (§ 17a)
- Making vacancy appointments for all "key state officers" (the Auditor, the Treasurer, the Secretary of State, and the Attorney General. Such appointments are for the remainder of the term when the next general election is less than 40 days away and until the next general election otherwise (§ 18)
- Accepting a report from the head of each executive department at least once a year, not later than five days before the regular session of the legislature convenes, and including the substance of those reports in her annual address to the legislature (§ 20)
- Making all appointments not otherwise provided for, with the advice and consent of the Senate, unless the Senate refuses to act, in which case the Governor's appointee takes offices by default (§ 21)
Note: Ballotpedia's state executive officials project researches state official websites for information that describes the divisions (if any exist) of a state executive office. That information for the Governor of Ohio has not yet been added. After extensive research we were unable to identify any relevant information on state official websites. If you have any additional information about this office for inclusion on this section and/or page, please email us.
Role in state budget
- See also: Ohio state budget
- Budget instruction guidelines are sent to state agencies in July of the year preceding the start of the new biennium.
- State agencies submit their requests to the governor in September and October.
- Agency hearings are held in October and November.
- The governor submits his or her proposed budget to the state legislature in February (this deadline is extended to mid-March for a newly-elected governor).
- The legislature typically adopts a budget in June. A simple majority is required to pass a budget. The biennium begins July 1 of odd-numbered years.
The governor is legally required to submit a balanced budget proposal. Likewise, the state legislature is legally required to pass a balanced budget.
Governor's office budget
The budget for the Governor's office in Fiscal Year 2013 was $3,216,701.
The governor's salary is legally fixed and may not be raised or decreased effective during the current term.
In 2013, the governor's salary remained at $148,886.
In 2010, the Governor of Ohio was paid $144,269 a year, the 14th highest gubernatorial salary in America.
There have been 69 governors of Ohio since 1803. Of the 69 officeholders, 27 were Republican, 23 were Democratic, 10 were Democratic-Republican, 5 were Whig, 3 were Union, and 1 was a National Republican.
|List of Former Officeholders from 1803-Present|
|1||Edward Tiffin||1803 - 1807||Democratic-Republican|
|2||Thomas Kirker||1807 - 1808||Democratic-Republican|
|3||Samuel Huntington||1808 - 1810||Democratic-Republican|
|4||Return Jonathan Meigs||1810 - 1814||Democratic-Republican|
|5||Othneil Looker||1814 - 1814||Democratic-Republican|
|6||Thomas Worthington||1814 - 1818||Democratic-Republican|
|7||Ethan Allen Brown||1818 - 1822||Democratic-Republican|
|8||Allen Trimble||1822 - 1822||Democratic-Republican|
|9||Jeremiah Morrow||1822 - 1826||Democratic-Republican|
|10||Allen Trimble||1826 – 1830||Democratic-Republican|
|11||Duncan McArthur||1830 - 1832||National Republican|
|12||Robert Lucas||1832 - 1836||Democratic|
|13||Joseph Vance||1836 - 1838||Whig|
|14||Wilson Shannon||1838 - 1840||Democratic|
|15||Thomas Corwin||1840 - 1842||Whig|
|16||Wilson Shannon||1842 – 1844||Democratic|
|17||Thomas Welles Bartley||1844 - 1844||Democratic|
|18||Mordecai Bartley||1844 - 1846||Whig|
|19||William Bebb||1846 - 1849||Whig|
|20||Seabury Ford||1849 - 1850||Whig|
|21||Reuben Wood||1850 - 1853||Democratic|
|22||William Medill||1853 - 1856||Democratic|
|23||Salmon Portland Chase||1856 - 1860||Republican|
|24||William Dennison||1860 - 1862||Republican|
|25||David Tod||1862 - 1864||Union|
|26||John Brough||1864 - 1865||Union|
|27||Charles Anderson||1865 - 1866||Union|
|28||Jacob Dolson Cox||1866 - 1868||Republican|
|29||Rutherford Birchard Hayes||1868 - 1872||Republican|
|30||Edward Follansbee Noyes||1872 - 1874||Republican|
|31||William Allen||1874 - 1876||Democratic|
|32||Rutherford Birchard Hayes||1876 – 1877||Republican|
|33||Thomas L. Young||1877 - 1878||Republican|
|34||Richard Moore Bishop||1878 - 1880||Democratic|
|35||Charles Foster||1880 - 1884||Republican|
|36||George Hoadly||1884 - 1886||Democratic|
|37||Joseph Benson Foraker||1886 - 1890||Republican|
|38||James Edwin Campbell||1890 - 1892||Democratic|
|39||William McKinley||1892 - 1896||Republican|
|40||Asa Smith Bushnell||1896 - 1900||Republican|
|41||George Kilbon Nash||1900 - 1904||Republican|
|42||Myron Timothy Herrick||1904 - 1906||Republican|
|43||John M. Pattison||1906 - 1906||Democratic|
|44||Andrew L. Harris||1906 - 1909||Republican|
|45||Judson Harmon||1909 - 1913||Democratic|
|46||James Middleton Cox||1913 - 1915||Democratic|
|47||Frank Bartlett Willis||1915 - 1917||Republican|
|48||James Middleton Cox||1917 – 1921||Democratic|
|49||Harry L. Davis||1921 - 1923||Republican|
|50||Alvin Victor Donahey||1923 - 1929||Democratic|
|51||Myers Young Cooper||1929 - 1931||Republican|
|52||George White||1931 - 1935||Democratic|
|53||Martin Luther Davey||1935 - 1939||Democratic|
|54||John William Bricker||1939 - 1945||Republican|
|55||Frank John Lausche||1945 - 1947||Democratic|
|56||Thomas J. Herbert||1947 - 1949||Republican|
|57||Frank John Lausche||1949 – 1957||Democratic|
|58||John William Brown||1957 - 1957||Republican|
|59||Crane William O'Neill||1957 - 1959||Republican|
|60||Michael Vincent DiSalle||1959 - 1963||Democratic|
|61||James Allen Rhodes||1963 - 1971||Republican|
|62||John Joyce Gilligan||1971 - 1975||Democratic|
|63||James Allen Rhodes||1975 – 1983||Republican|
|64||Richard F. Celeste||1983 - 1991||Democratic|
|65||George V. Voinovich||1991 - 1998||Republican|
|66||Nancy P. Hollister||1998 - 1999||Republican|
|67||Bob Taft||1999 - 2007||Republican|
|68||Ted Strickland||2007 - 2011||Democratic|
|69||John Kasich||2011 – present||Republican|
Partisan balance 1992-2013
From 1992-2013, in Ohio there were Democratic governors in office for four years while there were Republican governors in office for 18 years, including the last three. Ohio is one of eight states that were run by a Republican governor for more than 80 percent of the years between 1992-2013. Ohio was under Republican trifectas for the last three years of the study period.
Across the country, there were 493 years of Democratic governors (44.82%) and 586 years of Republican governors (53.27%) from 1992-2013.
Over the course of the 22-year study, state governments became increasingly more partisan. At the outset of the study period (1992), 18 of the 49 states with partisan legislatures had single-party trifectas and 31 states had divided governments. In 2013, only 13 states had divided governments, while single-party trifectas held sway in 36 states, the most in the 22 years studied.
SQLI and partisanship
The chart below depicts the partisanship of the Ohio state government and the state's SQLI ranking for the years studied. For the SQLI, the states were ranked from 1-50, with 1 being the best and 50 the worst. Ohio had Republican trifectas during most of the years of the study, from 1995-2006 and from 2011-2013. The state's highest SQLI ranking, finishing 20th, occurred in 1997 during a Republican trifecta. Its lowest ranking, finishing 38th, occurred from 2008-2010 during a divided government.
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Riffe Center, 30th Floor
77 South High Street
Columbus, OH 43215-6108
- Governor of Ohio, " Homepage," accessed April 9, 2013
- Columbus Dispatch, "Kasich focused on his own re-election bid," November 8, 2012
- National Conference of State Legislatures, "State Experiences with Annual and Biennial Budgeting," updated April 2011
- National Association of State Budget Officers, "Budget Processes in the States, Summer 2008," accessed February 21, 2014
- Ohio Office of Budget and Management, "FY 2012-2013 - Enacted," accessed April 12, 2013
- Council of State Governments, "SELECTED STATE ADMINISTRATIVE OFFICIALS: ANNUAL SALARIES," accessed December 4, 2014
- Council of State Governments, "CSG Releases 2013 Governor Salaries," June 25, 2013
- National Governors Association, " Former governors of Ohio," accessed June 20, 2013
State of Ohio
|State executive officers||
Governor | Lieutenant Governor | Attorney General | Secretary of State | Treasurer | Auditor of State | Superintendent of Public Instruction | Director of Insurance | Director of Agriculture | Director of Natural Resources | Superintendent of Industrial Compliance and Labor | Chairman of Public Utilities |