Ohio House of Representatives

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Ohio House of Representatives

Seal of Ohio.svg.png
General Information
Type:   Lower house
Term limits:   4 terms (8 years)
2015 session start:   January 5, 2015
Website:   Official House Page
Leadership
House Speaker:  Cliff Rosenberger (R)
Majority Leader:   Barbara Sears (R)
Minority leader:   Fred Strahorn (D)
Structure
Members:  99
  
Length of term:   2 years
Authority:   Art II, Ohio Constitution
Salary:   $60,584/year
Elections
Last Election:  November 4, 2014 (99 seats)
Next election:  November 8, 2016 (99 seats)
Redistricting:  Ohio Redistricting Commission
The Ohio House of Representatives is the lower house of the Ohio State Legislature. A new legislative session is assembled every two years on the first Monday in January of the odd-numbered years. However, since there is no limit on the days the General Assembly may convene, it can respond immediately to emergency situations. While in session, the House generally meets Tuesday through Thursday. Committee meetings may be held any time before or after floor sessions. Both are open to the public. 99 members make up the Ohio State House of Representatives, serving terms of two years, with a limit of four consecutive terms.[1] Each member represents an average of 116,530 residents, as of the 2010 Census.[2] After the 2000 Census, each member represented approximately 116,530 residents.[3]

As of February 2015, Ohio is one of 23 Republican state government trifectas.

See also: Ohio State Legislature, Ohio State Senate, Ohio Governor

Sessions

Article II of the Ohio Constitution establishes when the Ohio General Assembly, of which the House of Representatives is a part, is to meet. Section 8 of Article II states that the regular session is to convene on the first Monday in January of each year, or the following day if that Monday is a legal holiday.

Section 8 also contains rules for convening special sessions of the General Assembly. It empowers the Governor of Ohio or the presiding officers of the General Assembly to convene a special session. For the presiding officers to convene the session, they must act jointly.

2015

See also: Dates of 2015 state legislative sessions

In 2015, the General Assembly will be in session from January 5 through December 31 (Projected).

Major issues

Major issues during the 2015 legislative session include raising the minimum wage, expanding Medicaid eligibility and increase accountability for charter schools.[4]

2014

See also: Dates of 2014 state legislative sessions

In 2014, the General Assembly was in session from January 7 through December 31.

Major issues

Major issues during the 2014 legislative session included raising taxes on gas and oil drilling, reforming Ohio’s municipal income tax system, changing the state's election and concealed-weapons laws, and reforming Medicaid and other health-care issues. Both chambers are also looking to reduce the state's energy efficiency and renewable energy mandates.[5]

2013

See also: Dates of 2013 state legislative sessions

In 2013, the General Assembly was in session from January 7 to December 31.

Major issues

Keith Faber (R) took over as President of the Senate and the main focus of the legislature was adopting a new biennial state budget. Additionally, lawmakers addressed casino regulation, state collective-bargaining laws, Medicare expansion and prison overcrowding.[6]

2012

See also: Dates of 2012 state legislative sessions

In 2012, the House was in legislative session from January 3 to December 31.

2011

See also: Dates of 2011 state legislative sessions

In 2011, the House was in session from January 3 to December 31.[7]

2010

See also: Dates of 2010 state legislative sessions

In 2010, the House was in session from January 4 to December 31.[8]

Role in state budget

See also: Ohio state budget

The state operates on a biennial budget cycle. The sequence of key events in the budget process is as follows:[9][10]

  1. Budget instruction guidelines are sent to state agencies in July of the year preceding the start of the new biennium.
  2. State agencies submit their requests to the governor in September and October.
  3. Agency hearings are held in October and November.
  4. The governor submits his or her proposed budget to the state legislature in February (this deadline is extended to mid-March for a newly-elected governor).
  5. The legislature typically adopts a budget in June. A simple majority is required to pass a budget. The biennium begins July 1 of odd-numbered years.

Ohio is one of 44 states in which the governor has line item veto authority.[10]

The governor is legally required to submit a balanced budget proposal. Likewise, the state legislature is legally required to pass a balanced budget.[10]

Cost-benefit analyses

See also: Pew-MacArthur Results First Initiative Cost-Benefit Study
Map showing results of the Pew-MacArthur cost-benefit study.

The Pew-MacArthur Results First Initiative released a report in July 2013 which indicated that cost-benefit analysis in policymaking led to more effective uses of public funds. Looking at data from 2008 through 2011, the study's authors found that some states were more likely to use cost-benefit analysis while others were facing challenges and lagging behind the rest of the nation. Among the challenges states faced were a lack of time, money and technical skills needed to conduct comprehensive cost-benefit analyses. Ohio was one of 29 states with mixed results regarding the frequency and effectiveness in its use of cost-benefit analysis.[11]

Ethics and transparency

Following the Money report

See also: Following the Money 2014 Report

The U.S. Public Interest Research Group, a consumer-focused nonprofit organization based in Washington, D.C., released its annual report on state transparency websites in April 2014. The report, entitled "Following the Money," measured how transparent and accountable state websites are with regard to state government spending.[12] According to the report, Ohio received a grade of D- and a numerical score of 51, indicating that Ohio was "lagging" in terms of transparency regarding state spending.[12]

Open States Transparency

See also: Open States' Legislative Data Report Card

The Sunlight Foundation released an "Open Legislative Data Report Card" in March 2013. Ohio was given a grade of B in the report. The report card evaluated how adequate, complete and accessible legislative data is to the general public. A total of 10 states received an A -- Arkansas, Connecticut, Georgia, Kansas, New Hampshire, New York, North Carolina, Texas, Virginia and Washington.[13]

Elections

2014

See also: Ohio House of Representatives elections, 2014

Elections for the office of Ohio House of Representatives took place in 2014. A primary election took place on May 6, 2014. The general election was held on November 4, 2014. The signature-filing deadline for candidates wishing to run in this election was February 5, 2014.

2012

See also: Ohio House of Representatives elections, 2012

Elections for the office of Ohio House of Representatives were held in Ohio on November 6, 2012. All 99 seats were up for election.

The signature filing deadline for the candidates in these elections was December 7, 2011. The primary election date was on March 6, 2012.

During the 2012 election, the total value of contributions to the 249 House candidates was $31,544,152. The top 10 contributors were:[14]

Ohio state representatives are subject to term limits, and may not serve more than four two-year terms. In 2012, 7 state representatives were termed-out of office.

The following table details the 10 districts with the smallest margin of victory in the November 6 general election.

2010

See also: Ohio House of Representatives elections, 2010

Elections for the Ohio House of Representatives were held in Ohio on November 2, 2010. All 99 seats were up for election.

The signature-filing deadline for candidates wishing to run in these elections was February 18, 2010 (May 3 for independents). The primary Election Day was May 4, 2010.

During the 2010 election, the total value of contributions to the 301 House candidates was $35,860,365. The top 10 contributors were:[15]

2008

See also: Ohio House of Representatives elections, 2008

Elections for the Ohio House of Representatives were held in Ohio on November 4, 2008. All 99 seats were up for election.

The signature-filing deadline for candidates wishing to run in these elections was January 4, 2008. The primary Election Day was March 4, 2008.

During the 2008 election, the total value of contributions to the 247 House candidates was $34,867,032. The top 10 contributors were:[16]

2006

See also: Ohio House of Representatives elections, 2006

Elections for the office of Ohio's House of Representatives consisted of a primary election date of May 2, 2006, and a general election on November 7, 2006. All 99 seats were up for election.

During the 2006 election, the total value of contributions to the 268 House candidates was $25,357,717. The top 10 contributors were:[17]

2004

See also: Ohio House of Representatives elections, 2004

Elections for the office of Ohio's House of Representatives consisted of a primary election date of March 2, 2004, and a general election on November 2, 2004. All 99 seats were up for election.

During the 2004 election, the total value of contributions to the 236 House candidates was $17,650,366. The top 10 contributors were:[18]

2002

See also: Ohio House of Representatives elections, 2002

Elections for the office of Ohio's House of Representatives consisted of a primary election date of May 7, 2002, and a general election on November 5, 2002. All 99 seats were up for election.

During the 2002 election, the total value of contributions to the 250 House candidates was $16,763,809. The top 10 contributors were:[19]

2000

See also: Ohio House of Representatives elections, 2000

Elections for the office of Ohio's House of Representatives consisted of a primary election date of March 7, 2000, and a general election on November 7, 2000. All 99 seats were up for election.

During the 2000 election, the total value of contributions to the 286 House candidates was $18,259,570. The top 10 contributors were:[20]

Qualifications

Article 2, Section 3 of the Ohio Constitution states: Senators and representatives shall have resided in their respective districts one year next preceding their election, unless they shall have been absent on the public business of the United States, or of this state.

Article 2, Section 5 of the Ohio Constitution states: No person hereafter convicted of an embezzlement of the public funds, shall hold any office in this state; nor shall any person, holding public money for disbursement, or otherwise, have a seat in the General Assembly, until he shall have accounted for, and paid such money into the treasury.

Vacancies

See also: How vacancies are filled in state legislatures
How Vacancies are filled in State Legislatures
NevadaMassachusettsColoradoNew MexicoWyomingArizonaMontanaCaliforniaOregonWashingtonIdahoTexasOklahomaKansasNebraskaSouth DakotaNorth DakotaMinnesotaIowaMissouriArkansasLouisianaMississippiAlabamaGeorgiaFloridaSouth CarolinaIllinoisWisconsinTennesseeNorth CarolinaIndianaOhioKentuckyPennsylvaniaNew JerseyNew YorkVermontVermontNew HampshireMaineWest VirginiaVirginiaMarylandMarylandConnecticutConnecticutDelawareDelawareRhode IslandRhode IslandMassachusettsNew HampshireMichiganMichiganAlaskaVacancy fulfillment map.png

If there is a vacancy in the house, the seat must be filled by an election conducted by House members. Also, the election can only be conducted by the same members of the political party that hold the seat. A simple majority vote is needed in order to approve a replacement.[21]

Term limits

See also: State legislatures with term limits

The Ohio legislature is one of 15 state legislatures with term limits. Voters enacted the Ohio Term Limits Act in 1992. That initiative said that Ohio representatives are subject to term limits of no more than four two-year terms, or a total of eight years.[1]

The first year that term limits were enacted was in 1992, and the first year that term limits impacted the ability of incumbents to run for office was in 2000.

Redistricting

See also: Redistricting in Ohio

The Ohio Apportionment Board is responsible for legislative redistricting. It is comprised of 5 members: the Governor, State Auditor, Secretary of State and two members selected by the legislative leaders of the two major parties.

2010 census

Ohio received its 2010 local census data in early March 2011. Although the state population showed net growth, Ohio's large cities recorded significant population loss. Of the state's five largest cities, only Columbus showed population growth. Cleveland suffered the sharpest decline, losing 17.1% of its population.[22]

The Ohio Legislative Task Force on Redistricting, Reapportionment, and Demographic Research assisted the General Assembly and Ohio Apportionment Board in drafting new maps. Four of the five members of the Board were Republicans. By a vote of 4-1 they gave final approval to a new map on September 28, 2011 - two days after posting them online. The lone Democrat on the Board, Rep. Armond Budish, opposed the map, saying it "quarantines" Democrats in 1/3 of the legislative districts.[23]

On January 4, 2012, Democrats filed suit against the legislative maps, saying they violated constitutional requirements for compactness and preservation of county and municipal boundaries. The Ohio Supreme Court took the case but, due to the time factor, ruled the new maps would stand for the 2012 elections, with possible revisions to apply starting in 2014.[24]

Representatives

Partisan composition

See also: Partisan composition of state houses
Party As of February 2015
     Democratic Party 34
     Republican Party 65
Total 99

The chart below shows the partisan composition of the Ohio State House of Representatives from 1992-2013.
Partisan composition of the Ohio State House.PNG

Map of Districts

The Ohio Secretary of State's Office provides a link to a map of all 99 Ohio House Districts.

Salaries

See also: Comparison of state legislative salaries

As of 2013, members of the Ohio Legislature are paid $60,584/year during legislative sessions. Legislators receive no per diem.[25]

When sworn in

See also: When state legislators assume office after a general election

Ohio legislators assume office January 1st.

Leadership

The Speaker of the House is the presiding officer of the body and is elected by all members. Duties of the Speaker include appointing the members and chairpersons of all committees, directing the legislative procedures and presiding over daily House sessions. In the absence of the Speaker, the Speaker Pro Tempore assumes the duties of the office.[26]

Current leadership

Current Leadership, Ohio House of Representatives
Office Representative Party
State Speaker of the House Cliff Rosenberger Ends.png Republican
State House Speaker Pro Tempore Ron Amstutz Ends.png Republican
State House Majority Floor Leader Barbara Sears Ends.png Republican
State House Assistant Majority Floor Leader Jim Buchy Ends.png Republican
State House Majority Whip Mike Dovilla Ends.png Republican
State House Assistant Majority Whip Dorothy Pelanda Ends.png Republican
State House Minority Leader Fred Strahorn Electiondot.png Democratic
State House Assistant Minority Leader Nicholas Celebrezze Electiondot.png Democratic
State House Minority Whip Kevin Boyce Electiondot.png Democratic
State House Assistant Minority Whip Nickie Antonio Electiondot.png Democratic

Current members

Current members, Ohio House of Representatives
District Representative Party Assumed office
1 Ron Amstutz Ends.png Republican 2009
2 Mark Romanchuk Ends.png Republican 2012
3 Tim W. Brown Ends.png Republican 2012
4 Bob Cupp Ends.png Republican 2015
5 Tim Ginter Ends.png Republican 2015
6 Marlene Anielski Ends.png Republican 2011
7 Mike Dovilla Ends.png Republican 2011
8 Kent Smith Electiondot.png Democratic 2015
9 Janine Boyd Electiondot.png Democratic 2015
10 Bill Patmon Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
11 Stephanie Howse Electiondot.png Democratic 2015
12 John E. Barnes Jr. Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
13 Nickie Antonio Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
14 Martin Sweeney Electiondot.png Democratic 2015
15 Nicholas Celebrezze Electiondot.png Democratic 2012
16 Nan Baker Ends.png Republican 2009
17 Mike Curtin Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
18 Michael Stinziano Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
19 Anne Gonzales Ends.png Republican 2011
20 Heather Bishoff Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
21 Mike Duffey Ends.png Republican 2011
22 David Leland Electiondot.png Democratic 2015
23 Cheryl Grossman Ends.png Republican 2009
24 Stephanie Kunze Ends.png Republican 2013
25 Kevin Boyce Electiondot.png Democratic 2012
26 Hearcel Craig Electiondot.png Democratic 2015
27 Tom Brinkman Jr. Ends.png Republican 2015
28 Jonathan Dever Ends.png Republican 2015
29 Louis W. Blessing, III Ends.png Republican 2013
30 Louis Terhar Ends.png Republican 2011
31 Denise Driehaus Electiondot.png Democratic 2009
32 Christie Bryant Kuhns Electiondot.png Democratic 2015
33 Alicia Reece Electiondot.png Democratic 2010
34 Emilia Sykes Electiondot.png Democratic 2015
35 Greta Johnson Electiondot.png Democratic 2015
36 Anthony DeVitis Ends.png Republican 2011
37 Kristina Daley Roegner Ends.png Republican 2011
38 Marilyn Slaby Ends.png Republican 2012
39 Fred Strahorn Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
40 Michael Henne Ends.png Republican 2011
41 James Butler Ends.png Republican 2011
42 Niraj Antani Ends.png Republican 2014
43 Jeff Rezabek Ends.png Republican 2015
44 Michael Ashford Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
45 Teresa Fedor Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
46 Michael Sheehy Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
47 Barbara Sears Ends.png Republican 2009
48 Kirk Schuring Ends.png Republican 2011
49 Stephen Slesnick Electiondot.png Democratic 2009
50 Christina Hagan Ends.png Republican 2011
51 Wes Retherford Ends.png Republican 2013
52 Margaret Conditt Ends.png Republican 2011
53 Timothy Derickson Ends.png Republican 2011
54 Paul Zeltwanger Ends.png Republican 2015
55 Nathan Manning Ends.png Republican 2015
56 Dan Ramos Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
57 Terry Boose Ends.png Republican 2009
58 Michele Lepore-Hagan Electiondot.png Democratic 2015
59 Ron Gerberry Electiondot.png Democratic 2007
60 John M. Rogers Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
61 Ron Young Ends.png Republican 2011
62 Ron Maag Ends.png Republican 2009
63 Sean O'Brien Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
64 Michael O’Brien Electiondot.png Democratic 2015
65 John Becker Ends.png Republican 2013
66 Doug Green Ends.png Republican 2013
67 Andrew Brenner Ends.png Republican 2011
68 Margaret Ruhl Ends.png Republican 2009
69 Steve Hambley Ends.png Republican 2015
70 Dave Hall Ends.png Republican 2009
71 Scott Ryan Ends.png Republican 2015
72 Bill Hayes Ends.png Republican 2011
73 Rick Perales Ends.png Republican 2013
74 Robert Hackett Ends.png Republican 2009
75 Kathleen Clyde Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
76 Sarah LaTourette Ends.png Republican 2015
77 Tim Schaffer Ends.png Republican 2015
78 Ron Hood Ends.png Republican 2013
79 Kyle Koehler Ends.png Republican 2015
80 Stephen Huffman Ends.png Republican 2015
81 Robert McColley Ends.png Republican 2015
82 Tony Burkley Ends.png Republican 2013
83 Robert Sprague Ends.png Republican 2011
84 Jim Buchy Ends.png Republican 2011
85 Nino Vitale Ends.png Republican 2015
86 Dorothy Pelanda Ends.png Republican 2011
87 Jeffrey McClain Ends.png Republican 2009
88 Bill Reineke Ends.png Republican 2015
89 Steven Kraus Ends.png Republican 2015
90 Terry Johnson Ends.png Republican 2011
91 Cliff Rosenberger Ends.png Republican 2011
92 Gary Scherer Ends.png Republican 2012
93 Ryan Smith Ends.png Republican 2012
94 Debbie Phillips Electiondot.png Democratic 2009
95 Andrew Thompson Ends.png Republican 2011
96 Jack Cera Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
97 Brian Hill Ends.png Republican 2011
98 Al Landis Ends.png Republican 2011
99 John Patterson Electiondot.png Democratic 2013

Standing committees

Ohio
House of Representatives
SLP badge.png
House Committees

Agriculture and Rural Development
Armed Services, Veterans Affairs and Public Safety
Commerce and Labor
Community and Family Advancement
Economic and Workforce Development
EducationEnergy and Natural Resources
Finance
Financial Institutions, Housing and Urban Development
Government Accountability and Oversight
Health and AgingInsurance
JudiciaryLocal Government
Public UtilitiesRules and Reference
State Government
Transportation and Infrastructure
Ways and Means

Joint Committees
Senate Committees

The Ohio House of Representatives has 19 standing committees:

History

Partisan balance 1992-2013

Who Runs the States Project
See also: Ballotpedia:Who Runs the States and Ballotpedia:Who Runs the States, Ohio
Partisan breakdown of the Ohio legislature from 1992-2013

From 1992-2013, the Republican Party was the majority in the Ohio State House of Representatives for 17 years while the Democrats were the majority for five years. Ohio was under Republican trifectas for the final three years of the study period.

Across the country, there were 577 Democratic and 483 Republican State Houses of Representatives from 1992 to 2013.

Over the course of the 22-year study, state governments became increasingly more partisan. At the outset of the study period (1992), 18 of the 49 states with partisan legislatures had single-party trifectas and 31 states had divided governments. In 2013, only 13 states had divided governments, while single-party trifectas held sway in 36 states, the most in the 22 years studied.

The chart below shows the partisan composition of the Office of the Governor of Ohio, the Ohio State Senate and the Ohio House of Representatives from 1992-2013. Partisan composition of Ohio state government(1992-2013).PNG

SQLI and partisanship

The chart below depicts the partisanship of the Ohio state government and the state's SQLI ranking for the years studied. For the SQLI, the states were ranked from 1-50, with 1 being the best and 50 the worst. Ohio had Republican trifectas during most of the years of the study, from 1995-2006 and from 2011-2013. The state's highest SQLI ranking, finishing 20th, occurred in 1997 during a Republican trifecta. Its lowest ranking, finishing 38th, occurred from 2008-2010 during a divided government.

Chart displaying the partisanship of Ohio government from 1992-2013 and the State Quality of Life Index (SQLI).

See also

External links

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 termlimits.org, "List of state legislative term limits," accessed December 18, 2013
  2. census.gov, "Population Distribution and Change: 2000 to 2010," accessed May 15, 2014
  3. census.gov, "Census 2000 PHC-T-2. Ranking Tables for States: 1990 and 2000," accessed May 15, 2014
  4. www.stowsentry.com, "Minimum wage, Medicaid among priorities for Ohio Senate Democrats," January 21, 2015
  5. www.cleveland.com, "Ohio lawmakers' 2014 agenda includes budget changes, tax overhauls," accessed January 10, 2014
  6. The Columbus Dispatch, "Ohio Senate’s new leader brings aggressive style," January 6, 2013
  7. National Conference of State Legislatures, "2011 Legislative Sessions Calendar," accessed June 6, 2014(Archived)
  8. National Conference of State Legislatures, "2010 Legislative Sessions Calendar," accessed June 19, 2014(Archived)
  9. National Conference of State Legislatures, "State Experiences with Annual and Biennial Budgeting," updated April 2011
  10. 10.0 10.1 10.2 National Association of State Budget Officers, "Budget Processes in the States, Summer 2008," accessed February 21, 2014
  11. Pew Charitable Trusts, "States’ Use of Cost-Benefit Analysis," July 29, 2013
  12. 12.0 12.1 U.S. Public Interest Research Group, "Following the Money 2014 Report," accessed April 15, 2014
  13. Sunlight Foundation, "Ten Principles for Opening Up Government Information," accessed June 16, 2013
  14. Follow the Money, "Ohio House of Representatives 2012 Campaign Contributions," accessed February 11, 2014
  15. Follow the Money, "Ohio House of Representatives 2010 Campaign Contributions," accessed February 11, 2014
  16. Follow the Money, "Ohio House of Representatives 2008 Campaign Contributions," accessed February 11, 2014
  17. Follow the Money, "Ohio House of Representatives 2006 Campaign Contributions," accessed February 11, 2014
  18. Follow the Money, "Ohio House of Representatives 2004 Campaign Contributions," accessed February 11, 2014
  19. Follow the Money, "Ohio House of Representatives 2002 Campaign Contributions," accessed February 11, 2014
  20. Follow the Money, "Ohio House of Representatives 2000 Campaign Contributions," accessed February 11, 2014
  21. Ohio Legislature, "Ohio Constitution," accessed December 18, 2013(Referenced Section, Article II, Section 11)
  22. Examiner.com, "4 of 5 big Ohio cities, counties lose people, Whites still dominate, Census says," March 10, 2011
  23. The Columbus Dispatch, "Reapportionment: Maps tilt Ohio more to GOP," September 24, 2011
  24. Daily Jeffersonian, "No Ohio Redistricting Decision Before Election," February 19, 2012
  25. NCSL.org, "2012 State Legislator Compensation and Per Diem Table," accessed March 18, 2013
  26. Ohio House of Representatives, "Majority Leadership," accessed February 11, 2014