Ohio House of Representatives
|Ohio House of Representatives|
|Term limits:||4 terms (8 years)|
|2015 session start:||January 5, 2015|
|Website:||Official House Page|
|House Speaker:||Cliff Rosenberger (R)|
|Majority Leader:||Barbara Sears (R)|
|Minority Leader:||Fred Strahorn (D)|
Democratic Party (34)
Republican Party (65)
|Length of term:||2 years|
|Authority:||Art II, Ohio Constitution|
|Last Election:||November 4, 2014 (99 seats)|
|Next election:||November 8, 2016 (99 seats)|
|Redistricting:||Ohio Redistricting Commission|
- 1 Sessions
- 2 Ethics and transparency
- 3 Elections
- 4 Redistricting
- 5 Representatives
- 6 Standing committees
- 7 History
- 8 See also
- 9 External links
- 10 References
As of March 2015, Ohio is one of 23 Republican state government trifectas.
Article II of the Ohio Constitution establishes when the Ohio General Assembly, of which the House of Representatives is a part, is to meet. Section 8 of Article II states that the regular session is to convene on the first Monday in January of each year, or the following day if that Monday is a legal holiday.
Section 8 also contains rules for convening special sessions of the General Assembly. It empowers the Governor of Ohio or the presiding officers of the General Assembly to convene a special session. For the presiding officers to convene the session, they must act jointly.
- See also: Dates of 2015 state legislative sessions
In 2015, the General Assembly will be in session from January 5 through December 31 (Projected).
Major issues during the 2015 legislative session include raising the minimum wage, expanding Medicaid eligibility and increase accountability for charter schools.
- See also: Dates of 2014 state legislative sessions
In 2014, the General Assembly was in session from January 7 through December 31.
Major issues during the 2014 legislative session included raising taxes on gas and oil drilling, reforming Ohio’s municipal income tax system, changing the state's election and concealed-weapons laws, and reforming Medicaid and other health-care issues. Both chambers are also looking to reduce the state's energy efficiency and renewable energy mandates.
- See also: Dates of 2013 state legislative sessions
In 2013, the General Assembly was in session from January 7 to December 31.
Keith Faber (R) took over as President of the Senate and the main focus of the legislature was adopting a new biennial state budget. Additionally, lawmakers addressed casino regulation, state collective-bargaining laws, Medicare expansion and prison overcrowding.
- See also: Dates of 2012 state legislative sessions
In 2012, the House was in legislative session from January 3 to December 31.
- See also: Dates of 2011 state legislative sessions
In 2011, the House was in session from January 3 to December 31.
- See also: Dates of 2010 state legislative sessions
In 2010, the House was in session from January 4 to December 31.
Role in state budget
- See also: Ohio state budget and finances
- Budget instruction guidelines are sent to state agencies in July of the year preceding the start of the new biennium.
- State agencies submit their requests to the governor in September and October.
- Agency hearings are held in October and November.
- The governor submits his or her proposed budget to the state legislature in February (this deadline is extended to mid-March for a newly-elected governor).
- The legislature typically adopts a budget in June. A simple majority is required to pass a budget. The biennium begins July 1 of odd-numbered years.
The governor is legally required to submit a balanced budget proposal. Likewise, the state legislature is legally required to pass a balanced budget.
The Pew-MacArthur Results First Initiative released a report in July 2013 indicating that cost-benefit analysis in policymaking led to more effective uses of public funds. Looking at data from 2008 through 2011, the study's authors found that some states were more likely to use cost-benefit analysis, while others were facing challenges and lagging behind the rest of the nation. The challenges states faced included a lack of time, money and technical skills needed to conduct comprehensive cost-benefit analyses. Ohio was one of 29 states with mixed results regarding the frequency and effectiveness in its use of cost-benefit analysis.
Ethics and transparency
Following the Money report
- See also: "Following the Money" report, 2014
The U.S. Public Interest Research Group, a consumer-focused nonprofit organization based in Washington, D.C., released its annual report on state transparency websites in April 2014. The report, entitled "Following the Money," measured how transparent and accountable state websites are with regard to state government spending. According to the report, Ohio received a grade of D- and a numerical score of 51, indicating that Ohio was "lagging" in terms of transparency regarding state spending.
Open States Transparency
The Sunlight Foundation released an "Open Legislative Data Report Card" in March 2013. Ohio was given a grade of B in the report. The report card evaluated how adequate, complete and accessible legislative data was to the general public. A total of 10 states received an A: Arkansas, Connecticut, Georgia, Kansas, New Hampshire, New York, North Carolina, Texas, Virginia and Washington.
Elections for the office of Ohio House of Representatives took place in 2014. A primary election took place on May 6, 2014. The general election was held on November 4, 2014. The signature-filing deadline for candidates wishing to run in this election was February 5, 2014.
The signature filing deadline for the candidates in these elections was December 7, 2011. The primary election date was on March 6, 2012.
|2012 Donors, Ohio House of Representatives|
|Ohio House Republican Organizational Cmte||$5,738,613|
|Ohio Democratic Party||$2,640,787|
|Ohio Republican Party||$1,778,328|
|House Democratic Caucus Fund of Ohio||$1,001,376|
|Ohio Education Association||$433,411|
|Ohio State Association of Plumbers & Pipefitters||$287,117|
|Ragan, Ginni D||$274,967|
|Wholesale Beer & Wine Association of Ohio||$229,082|
The following table details the 10 districts with the smallest margin of victory in the November 6 general election.
|2012 Margin of Victory, Ohio House of Representatives|
|District||Winner||Margin of Victory||Total Votes||Top Opponent|
|District 98||Al Landis||0%||46,770||Joshua O'Farrell|
|District 7||Mike Dovilla||0.2%||55,344||Matt Patten|
|District 5||Nick Barborak||1.1%||44,665||Craig Newbold|
|District 24||Stephanie Kunze||3.9%||62,916||Maureen Reedy|
|District 21||Mike Duffey||4%||62,332||Donna O'Connor|
|District 36||Anthony DeVitis||5%||54,650||Paul Colavecchio|
|District 92||Gary Scherer||5.1%||43,780||Robert P. Armstrong|
|District 95||Andrew Thompson||5.7%||53,571||Charles J. Daniels|
|District 99||John Patterson||6%||47,625||Casey Kozlowski|
|District 3||Tim W. Brown||7.4%||59,999||Kelly Wicks|
The signature-filing deadline for candidates wishing to run in these elections was February 18, 2010 (May 3 for independents). The primary Election Day was May 4, 2010.
|2010 Donors, Ohio House of Representatives|
|Ohio House Republican Organizational Cmte||$3,806,118|
|House Democratic Caucus Fund of Ohio||$3,620,544|
|Ohio Democratic Party||$3,100,762|
|Ohio Republican Party||$1,352,685|
|Ohio Democratic Caucus||$934,572|
|Ohio Association of Public School Employees||$726,311|
|SEIU Healthcare District 1199||$626,725|
|Ohio Education Association||$548,050|
|Ohio State Association of Plumbers & Pipefitters||$529,085|
Elections for the Ohio House of Representatives were held in Ohio on November 4, 2008. All 99 seats were up for election.
The signature-filing deadline for candidates wishing to run in these elections was January 4, 2008. The primary Election Day was March 4, 2008.
|2008 Donors, Ohio House of Representatives|
|Ohio House Republican Organizational Cmte||$4,683,243|
|Ohio Democratic Party||$3,281,255|
|House Democratic Caucus Fund of Ohio||$2,852,294|
|Ohio Republican Party||$2,018,019|
|Ohio Education Association||$416,185|
|Seiu Healthcare District 1199 WV KY OH||$334,250|
|Ohio Association of Realtors||$281,350|
|Brennan, David L||$197,500|
|International Brotherhood of Electrical Workers||$196,240|
Elections for the office of Ohio's House of Representatives consisted of a primary election date of May 2, 2006, and a general election on November 7, 2006. All 99 seats were up for election.
|2006 Donors, Ohio House of Representatives|
|Ohio House Republican Organizational Cmte||$4,168,811|
|Ohio Republican Party||$1,920,865|
|House Democratic Caucus Fund Of Ohio||$1,047,119|
|Ohio Democratic Party||$725,615|
|Ohio Association of Realtors||$404,150|
|Ohio Education Association||$298,275|
|Brennan, David L||$224,000|
|Budish, Armond David||$192,200|
|Wholesale Beer & Wine Association of Ohio||$149,002|
Elections for the office of Ohio's House of Representatives consisted of a primary election date of March 2, 2004, and a general election on November 2, 2004. All 99 seats were up for election.
|2004 Donors, Ohio House of Representatives|
|Ohio House Republican Campaign Cmte||$1,695,241|
|Ohio Republican Party||$1,509,304|
|House Democratic Caucus Fund Of Ohio||$511,767|
|Ohio Democratic Party||$405,078|
|Ohio Association of Realtors||$247,102|
|Ohio Education Association||$236,475|
|Wholesale Beer & Wine Association of Ohio||$196,679|
|Ohio Society of CPAS||$127,764|
|Ohio State Medical Association||$125,428|
Elections for the office of Ohio's House of Representatives consisted of a primary election date of May 7, 2002, and a general election on November 5, 2002. All 99 seats were up for election.
|2002 Donors, Ohio House of Representatives|
|Ohio House Republican Campaign Cmte||$2,653,665|
|Ohio Republican Party||$1,498,343|
|Ohio Democratic Party||$634,370|
|House Democratic Caucus Fund Of Ohio||$633,395|
|Ohio Association of Realtors||$200,450|
|Ohio Education Association||$186,800|
|Wholesale Beer & Wine Association of Ohio||$142,094|
|Summit County Republican Party||$119,976|
|Ohio State Auto Workers||$110,275|
|Ohio Farm Bureau||$103,924|
Elections for the office of Ohio's House of Representatives consisted of a primary election date of March 7, 2000, and a general election on November 7, 2000. All 99 seats were up for election.
|2000 Donors, Ohio House of Representatives|
|Ohio House Republican Campaign Cmte||$1,671,504|
|Ohio Republican Party||$1,267,418|
|Ohio Democratic Party||$553,046|
|House Democratic Caucus Fund Of Ohio||$324,663|
|Ohio Education Association||$226,528|
|Ohio Association of Realtors||$225,575|
|Ohio State Auto Workers||$141,810|
|Wholesale Beer & Wine Association of Ohio||$129,738|
|Ohio Society of CPAS||$119,977|
Article 2, Section 3 of the Ohio Constitution states: Senators and representatives shall have resided in their respective districts one year next preceding their election, unless they shall have been absent on the public business of the United States, or of this state.
Article 2, Section 5 of the Ohio Constitution states: No person hereafter convicted of an embezzlement of the public funds, shall hold any office in this state; nor shall any person, holding public money for disbursement, or otherwise, have a seat in the General Assembly, until he shall have accounted for, and paid such money into the treasury.
| How Vacancies are filled in State Legislatures |
If there is a vacancy in the house, the seat must be filled by an election conducted by House members. Also, the election can only be conducted by the same members of the political party that hold the seat. A simple majority vote is needed in order to approve a replacement.
- See also: State legislatures with term limits
The Ohio legislature is one of 15 state legislatures with term limits. Voters enacted the Ohio Term Limits Act in 1992. That initiative said that Ohio representatives are subject to term limits of no more than four two-year terms, or a total of eight years.
- See also: Redistricting in Ohio
The Ohio Apportionment Board is responsible for legislative redistricting. It is composed of 5 members: the Governor, State Auditor, Secretary of State and two members selected by the legislative leaders of the two major parties.
Ohio received its 2010 local census data in early March 2011. Although the state population showed net growth, Ohio's large cities recorded significant population loss. Of the state's five largest cities, only Columbus showed population growth. Cleveland suffered the sharpest decline, losing 17.1% of its population.
The Ohio Legislative Task Force on Redistricting, Reapportionment, and Demographic Research assisted the General Assembly and Ohio Apportionment Board in drafting new maps. Four of the five members of the Board were Republicans. By a vote of 4-1 they gave final approval to a new map on September 28, 2011 - two days after posting them online. The lone Democrat on the Board, Rep. Armond Budish, opposed the map, saying it "quarantines" Democrats in 1/3 of the legislative districts.
On January 4, 2012, Democrats filed suit against the legislative maps, saying they violated constitutional requirements for compactness and preservation of county and municipal boundaries. The Ohio Supreme Court took the case but, due to the time factor, ruled the new maps would stand for the 2012 elections, with possible revisions to apply starting in 2014.
- See also: Partisan composition of state houses
|Party||As of March 2015|
Map of Districts
The Ohio Secretary of State's Office provides a link to a map of all 99 Ohio House Districts.
- See also: Comparison of state legislative salaries
As of 2013, members of the Ohio Legislature are paid $60,584/year during legislative sessions. Legislators receive no per diem.
When sworn in
Ohio legislators assume office January 1st.
The Speaker of the House is the presiding officer of the body and is elected by all members. Duties of the Speaker include appointing the members and chairpersons of all committees, directing the legislative procedures and presiding over daily House sessions. In the absence of the Speaker, the Speaker Pro Tempore assumes the duties of the office.
The Ohio House of Representatives has 19 standing committees:
- Agriculture and Rural Development
- Armed Services, Veterans Affairs and Public Safety
- Commerce and Labor
- Community and Family Advancement
- Economic and Workforce Development
- Energy and Natural Resources
- Financial Institutions, Housing and Urban Development
- Government Accountability and Oversight
- Health and Aging
- Local Government
- Public Utilities
- Rules and Reference
- State Government
- Transportation and Infrastructure
- Ways and Means
Partisan balance 1992-2013
From 1992-2013, the Republican Party was the majority in the Ohio State House of Representatives for 17 years while the Democrats were the majority for five years. Ohio was under Republican trifectas for the final three years of the study period.
Across the country, there were 577 Democratic and 483 Republican State Houses of Representatives from 1992 to 2013.
Over the course of the 22-year study, state governments became increasingly more partisan. At the outset of the study period (1992), 18 of the 49 states with partisan legislatures had single-party trifectas and 31 states had divided governments. In 2013, only 13 states had divided governments, while single-party trifectas held sway in 36 states, the most in the 22 years studied.
SQLI and partisanship
The chart below depicts the partisanship of the Ohio state government and the state's SQLI ranking for the years studied. For the SQLI, the states were ranked from 1-50, with 1 being the best and 50 the worst. Ohio had Republican trifectas during most of the years of the study, from 1995-2006 and from 2011-2013. The state's highest SQLI ranking, finishing 20th, occurred in 1997 during a Republican trifecta. Its lowest ranking, finishing 38th, occurred from 2008-2010 during a divided government.
- Ohio State Senate
- Ohio State Legislature
- Ohio state legislative districts
- State legislative scorecards in Ohio
- Governor of Ohio
- Ohio Constitution
- Official website of the Ohio State House of Representatives
- Official list of the current members of the Ohio House of Representatives
- Ohio House of Representatives on Wikipedia
- termlimits.org, "List of state legislative term limits," accessed December 18, 2013
- census.gov, "Population Distribution and Change: 2000 to 2010," accessed May 15, 2014
- census.gov, "Census 2000 PHC-T-2. Ranking Tables for States: 1990 and 2000," accessed May 15, 2014
- www.stowsentry.com, "Minimum wage, Medicaid among priorities for Ohio Senate Democrats," January 21, 2015
- www.cleveland.com, "Ohio lawmakers' 2014 agenda includes budget changes, tax overhauls," accessed January 10, 2014
- The Columbus Dispatch, "Ohio Senate’s new leader brings aggressive style," January 6, 2013
- National Conference of State Legislatures, "2011 Legislative Sessions Calendar," accessed June 6, 2014(Archived)
- National Conference of State Legislatures, "2010 Legislative Sessions Calendar," accessed June 19, 2014(Archived)
- National Conference of State Legislatures, "State Experiences with Annual and Biennial Budgeting," updated April 2011
- National Association of State Budget Officers, "Budget Processes in the States, Summer 2008," accessed February 21, 2014
- Pew Charitable Trusts, "States’ Use of Cost-Benefit Analysis," July 29, 2013
- U.S. Public Interest Research Group, "Following the Money 2014 Report," accessed April 15, 2014
- Sunlight Foundation, "Ten Principles for Opening Up Government Information," accessed June 16, 2013
- Follow the Money, "Ohio House of Representatives 2012 Campaign Contributions," accessed February 11, 2014
- Follow the Money, "Ohio House of Representatives 2010 Campaign Contributions," accessed February 11, 2014
- Follow the Money, "Ohio House of Representatives 2008 Campaign Contributions," accessed February 11, 2014
- Follow the Money, "Ohio House of Representatives 2006 Campaign Contributions," accessed February 11, 2014
- Follow the Money, "Ohio House of Representatives 2004 Campaign Contributions," accessed February 11, 2014
- Follow the Money, "Ohio House of Representatives 2002 Campaign Contributions," accessed February 11, 2014
- Follow the Money, "Ohio House of Representatives 2000 Campaign Contributions," accessed February 11, 2014
- Ohio Legislature, "Ohio Constitution," accessed December 18, 2013(Referenced Section, Article II, Section 11)
- Examiner.com, "4 of 5 big Ohio cities, counties lose people, Whites still dominate, Census says," March 10, 2011
- The Columbus Dispatch, "Reapportionment: Maps tilt Ohio more to GOP," September 24, 2011
- Daily Jeffersonian, "No Ohio Redistricting Decision Before Election," February 19, 2012
- NCSL.org, "2012 State Legislator Compensation and Per Diem Table," accessed March 18, 2013
- Ohio House of Representatives, "Majority Leadership," accessed February 11, 2014
State of Ohio
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