Ohio State Senate
|Ohio State Senate|
|Term limits:||2 terms (8 years)|
|2013 session start:||January 7, 2013|
|Website:||Official Senate Page|
|Senate President:||Keith Faber, (R)|
|Majority Leader:||Tom Patton, (R)|
|Minority leader:||Eric Kearney, (D)|
| Democratic Party (10) |
Republican Party (23)
|Length of term:||4 years|
|Authority:||Art II, Sec. 1, Ohio Constitution|
|Last Election:||November 6, 2012 (17 seats)|
|Next election:||November 4, 2014 (17 seats)|
|Redistricting:||Ohio Redistricting Commission|
Each member represents an average of 349,591 residents, as of the 2010 Census. After the 2000 Census, each member represented 344,035 residents. The senators serve four-year terms with term limits.
Half of the senate is up for re-election every two years
Article II of the Ohio Constitution establishes when the Ohio General Assembly, of which the Senate is a part, is to meet. Section 8 of Article II states that the regular session is to convene on the first Monday in January of each year, or the following day if that Monday is a legal holiday.
Section 8 also contains rules for convening special sessions of the General Assembly. It empowers the Governor of Ohio or the presiding officers of the General Assembly to convene a special session. For the presiding officers to convene the session, they must act jointly.
- See also: Dates of 2013 state legislative sessions
In 2013, the General Assembly will be in session from January 7 to a date to be determined.
As Keith Faber (R) takes over as President of the Senate, the main focus of the legislature will be adopting a new biennial state budget. Additionally, lawmakers will address casino regulation, state collective-bargaining laws, Medicare expansion, and prison overcrowding.
- See also: Dates of 2012 state legislative sessions
In 2012, the Senate began its legislative session on January 3.
- See also: Dates of 2011 state legislative sessions
In 2011, the Senate will be in session from January 3 through a date to be determined by the Ohio Legislature. 
- See also: Dates of 2010 state legislative sessions
- See also: Ohio State Senate elections, 2012
The signature filing deadline is December 7, 2011.
The following table details the 10 districts with the smallest margin of victory in the November 6 general election.
|2012 Margin of Victory, Ohio State Senate|
|District||Winner||Margin of Victory||Total Votes||Top Opponent|
|District 30||Lou Gentile||4.8%||157,287||Shane Thompson|
|District 18||John Eklund||9.4%||166,316||Jim Mueller|
|District 2||Randy Gardner||16.6%||175,432||Jeff Bretz|
|District 24||Thomas Patton||17.9%||176,839||Jennifer L. Brady|
|District 22||Larry Obhof Jr.||18.7%||159,225||James E. Riley|
|District 20||Troy Balderson||19%||150,736||Teresa M. Scarmack|
|District 26||Dave Burke||20.5%||142,796||Tanyce J. Addison|
|District 10||Chris Widener||22.6%||155,631||Jeff D. Robertson|
|District 8||Bill Seitz||22.9%||170,596||Richard G. Luken|
|District 6||Peggy Lehner||24.8%||169,969||Rickey E. McKiddy|
- See also: Ohio State Senate elections, 2010
The signature-filing deadline for candidates wishing to run in these elections was February 18, 2010 (May 3 for independents). The primary election day was May 4, 2010.
In 2010, the candidates for state senate raised a total of $10,478,510 in campaign contributions. The top 10 donors were: 
|2010 Donors, Ohio State Senate|
|Republican Senate Campaign Cmte of Ohio||$2,463,124|
|Ohio Republican Party||$1,246,811|
|Ohio Republican State Senate Campaign Cmte||$482,625|
|Republican Senate Campaign Cmte||$325,958|
|Ohio Democratic Party||$213,780|
|Schneider, Michelle G||$151,000|
|Wholesale Beer & Wine Association of Ohio||$146,030|
|Ohio Senate Democrats||$145,500|
|SEIU Health Care District 1199||$125,451|
|Ohio Dental Association||$122,600|
Article 2, Section 3 of the Ohio Constitution states: Senators and representatives shall have resided in their respective districts one year next preceding their election, unless they shall have been absent on the public business of the United States, or of this state.
Article 2, Section 5 of the Ohio Constitution states: No person hereafter convicted of an embezzlement of the public funds, shall hold any office in this state; nor shall any person, holding public money for disbursement, or otherwise, have a seat in the General Assembly, until he shall have accounted for, and paid such money into the treasury.
| How Vacancies are filled in State Legislatures |
Whenever there is a vacancy in the Senate, the members of the Senate must vote on a replacement. Only members of the party that last held the seat can vote on a replacement. A simple majority vote is needed to approve a replacement.
- See also: Redistricting in Ohio
The Ohio Apportionment Board is responsible for legislative redistricting. It is comprised of 5 members: the Governor, State Auditor, Secretary of State, and two members selected by the legislative leaders of the two major parties.
Ohio received its 2010 local census data in early March 2011. Although the state population showed net growth, Ohio's large cities recorded significant population loss. Of the state's five largest cities only Columbus showed population growth. Cleveland suffered the sharpest decline, losing 17.1% of its population.
The Ohio Legislative Task Force on Redistricting, Reapportionment, and Demographic Research assisted the General Assembly and Ohio Apportionment Board in drafting new maps. Four of the five members of the Board were Republicans. By a vote of 4-1 they gave final approval to a new map on September 28, 2011 - two days after posting them online. The lone Democrat on the Board, Rep. Armond Budish, opposed the map, saying it "quarantines" Democrats in 1/3 of the legislative districts.
On January 4, 2012, Democrats filed suit against the legislative maps, saying they violated constitutional requirements for compactness and preservation of county and municipal boundaries. The Ohio Supreme Court took the case but, due to the time factor, ruled the new maps would stand for the 2012 elections, with possible revisions to apply starting in 2014.
- See also: State legislatures with term limits
The Ohio legislature is one of 15 state legislatures with term limits. Voters enacted the Ohio Term Limits Act in 1992. That initiative said that Ohio senators are subject to term limits of no more than two four-year terms, or a total of eight years.
- See also: Comparison of state legislative salaries
As of 2013, members of the Ohio Legislature are paid $60,584/year during legislative sessions. Legislators receive no per diem.
When sworn in
Ohio legislators assume office January 1st.
- See also: Partisan composition of state senates
|Party||As of May 2013|
Each legislative session, the President of the Senate, a member of the majority caucus, is chosen by all members of the Senate. The majority and minority caucuses select their respective leaders.
List of current members
Standing Senate Committees
Ohio Senate has 14 standing committees:
- Criminal Justice Committee
- Energy and Natural Resources
- Insurance and Financial Institutions
- State Government, Oversight, and Reform
- Medicaid, Health, and Human Services
- Commerce and Labor
- Civil Justice
- Public Utilities
- Public Safety, Local Government, and Veterans Affairs
- Ways and Means
- Workforce and Economic Development Committee
Partisan balance 1992-2013
During every year from 1992-2013, the Republican Party was the majority in the Ohio State Senate. The Ohio State Senate is one of 13 state senates that was Republican for more than 80 percent of the years between 1992-2013. Ohio was under Republican trifectas for the final three years of the study period.
Across the country, there were 544 Democratic and 517 Republican State Senates from 1992-2013.
Over the course of the 22-year study, state governments became increasingly more partisan. At the outset of the study period (1992), 18 of the 49 states with partisan legislatures had single-party trifectas and 31 states had divided governments. In 2013, only 13 states have divided governments, while single-party trifectas held sway in 36 states, the most in the 22 years studied.
- Ohio State Senate official webpage
- Official list of Ohio State Senators
- The Ohio State Senate on Wikipedia
- ↑ Population in 2010 of the American states
- ↑ Population in 2000 of the American states
- ↑ List of state legislative term limits
- ↑ The Columbus Dispatch, "Ohio Senate’s new leader brings aggressive style," January 6, 2013
- ↑ 2011 Legislative Sessions Calendar, NCSL
- ↑ 2010 session dates for Ohio legislature
- ↑ Follow the Money: "Ohio Senate 2010 Campaign Contributions"
- ↑ Ohio Legislature "Ohio Constitution"(Referenced Section, Article II, Section 11)
- ↑ Examiner.com, "4 of 5 big Ohio cities, counties lose people, Whites still dominate, Census says," March 10, 2011
- ↑ The Columbus Dispatch, "Reapportionment: Maps tilt Ohio more to GOP," September 24, 2011
- ↑ Daily Jeffersonian, "No Ohio Redistricting Decision Before Election," February 19, 2012
- ↑ State legislative term limits
- ↑ NCSL.org, "2012 State Legislator Compensation and Per Diem Table," accessed March 18, 2013
- ↑ Ohio Senate Leadership
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