Oklahoma Private Ownership of Government-Funded Research, State Question 681 (1998)

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The Oklahoma Private Ownership of Government-Funded Research Amendmentalso known as State Question 681, was on the November 3, 1998 ballot in Oklahoma as a legislatively-referred constitutional amendment, where it was approved. The measure allowed colleges or universities and their employees to own an interest in a private business that developed a product, process or idea with the help of the college or university.[1]

Election results

Oklahoma State Question 681 (1998)
Approveda Yes 490,596 61.53%

Election results via: Oklahoma Secretary of State

Text of measure

Ballot title

The official ballot title appeared as:[2]

This measure would amend the Oklahoma Constitution. It would amend Section 15 of Article 10. This measure would allow a state college or university to own technology. Technology could be a product, process or an idea. Higher education employees could also own technology. This measure would allow colleges or universities to own an interest in a private business. It would also let higher education employees own an interest in a private business. The private business would have to make a product or invent a process or other idea. The product or process or idea would come from help the business received. The help could be from being able to do the research at a college or university. Laws could be passed to control how a college or university owned a business interest. Laws could be passed to control how the employees could own a business interest.


Full text

The full text of the measure can be read here.

See also

Suggest a link

External links


  1. Oklahoma Secretary of State, "State Questions," accessed November 24, 2014
  2. Oklahoma Secretary of State, "State Question 681," accessed November 24, 2014
  3. Note: This text is quoted verbatim from the original source. Any inconsistencies are attributed to the original source.