Governor of Oregon
|Office website:||Official Link|
|2011-2013 FY Budget:||$18,762,015|
|Term limits:||8 years in office during any 12 year period|
|Length of term:||4 years|
|Authority:||Oregon Constitution, Article V, Section I|
|Assumed office:||January 2011|
|Next election:||November 6, 2018|
|Last election:||November 4, 2014|
|Other Oregon Executive Offices|
|Governor • Secretary of State • Attorney General • Treasurer • Auditor • Superintendent of Education • Agriculture Commissioner • Insurance Commissioner • Natural Resources Commissioner • Labor Commissioner • Public Service Commission|
- 1 Current officeholder
- 2 Authority
- 3 Qualifications
- 4 Vacancies
- 5 Elections
- 6 Duties
- 7 Divisions
- 8 State budget
- 9 Compensation
- 10 Historical officeholders
- 11 History
- 12 Recent news
- 13 Contact information
- 14 See also
- 15 External links
- 16 References
As of January 2015, Oregon is one of 7 Democratic state government trifectas.
Under Article V, Section I:
The cheif [sic] executive power of the State, shall be vested in a Governor...
|2015 • 2014 • 2013 • 2012 • 2011 • 2010|
|Current Lt. Governors|
|Lt. Governor Elections|
|2015 • 2014 • 2013 • 2012 • 2011 • 2010|
A candidate for the governorship must be:
- a United States citizen
- at least 30 years old
- a resident of Oregon for at least three years
The age requirements does not apply to someone who succeeds to office under Section 8a of Article V.
- See also: How gubernatorial vacancies are filled
The state of Oregon has no formal office of the Lieutenant Governor. Instead, the Secretary of State serves as the ex officio Lieutenant Governor and succeeds the Governor is the latter dies, resigns, is removed from office, or is unable to discharge the office.
An Acting Governor holds the office until the Governor's disability is removed or until the next biennial election, when a special election shall be held. When the Treasurer or Secretary of State is the Acting Governor, an appointment is made for someone to fill the office of the Treasurer or Secretary of State.
An appointed Treasurer or Secretary of State may not succeed to the elected governorship.
Oregon elects governors in the midterm elections, that is, even years that are not presidential election years. For Oregon, 2018, 2022, 2026, 2030 and 2034 are all gubernatorial election years. Legally, the gubernatorial inauguration is always set for the second Monday in the January following an election.
In the event of a tie, a joint session of the legislature shall cast ballots to choose from the two top vote getters. If the election is contested, the legislature shall decide the manner of addressing and settling the contest.
- See also: States with gubernatorial term limits
Oregon governors are restricted to 8 years in office during any 12 year period.
|The cheif [sic] executive power of the State, shall be vested in a Governor, who shall hold his office for the term of four years; and no person shall be eligible to such office more than Eight, in any period of twelve years.|
- See also: Oregon gubernatorial election, 2014
|Governor of Oregon, 2014|
|Democratic||John Kitzhaber Incumbent||49.9%||733,230|
|Pacific Green||Jason Levin||2%||29,561|
|Election Results via Oregon Secretary of State.|
To view the electoral history dating back to 2002 for the office of Governor of Oregon, Click [show] to expand the section.
The governor is the commander-in-chief of state military (§ 9). The governor also has the power to grant pardons and reprieves and to commute sentences (§ 14). The governor may convene a special session of the state legislature (§ 12).
Additionally, the Oregon Governor serves on the State Land Board which is tasked with managing state-owned lands to "obtain the greatest benefit for the people of Oregon, consistent with resource conservation and sound land management."
Other duties and privileges of the office include:
- Making periodic addresses to the General Assembly concerning and the state of the state and making recommendations on legislation (§ 11)
- Upholding and ensuring the faithful execution of all state laws (§ 10)
- Requiring written information from the head of any Administrative or Military Department on their duties and offices (§ 13)
- Vetoing bills, including enjoying a line item veto and an emergency clause veto (§ 15a). The gubernatorial veto is subject to a two-third majority override of the legislature (§ 15b)
- Making vacancies, including recess vacancies, for all offices not otherwise provided for. The appointment shall be for the remainder of the term if the next general election is within 61 days. Otherwise, a special election shall be called (§ 16)
- Issuing writs of special election for all vacancies that occur in the legislature (§ 17)
- Signing all commissions issues in the name of the state of Oregon (§ 18)
Note: Ballotpedia's state executive officials project researches state official websites for information that describes the divisions (if any exist) of a state executive office. That information for the Governor of Oregon has not yet been added. After extensive research we were unable to identify any relevant information on state official websites. If you have any additional information about this office for inclusion on this section and/or page, please email us.
Role in state budget
- See also: Oregon state budget
- Budget instruction guidelines are sent to state agencies from February through May in the year preceding the start of the new biennium.
- State agencies submit their budget requests to the governor in September.
- Agency hearings are held from September through November.
- The governor submits his or her proposed budget to the state legislature in December.
- From January through June, the legislature debates and then adopts a budget. A simple majority is required to pass a budget. The biennium begins July 1.
The governor is legally required to submit a balanced budget proposal. Likewise, the legislature is legally required to pass a balanced budget.
Governor's office budget
The budget for the Governor's office in Fiscal Year 2011-2013 was $18,762,015.
In 2013, the governor's salary remained at $93,600.
There have been 37 governors of Oregon since 1859. Of the 37 officeholders, 20 were Republican, 16 were Democratic, and 1 was an Independent.
|List of Former Officeholders from 1859-Present|
|1||John Whiteaker||1859 - 1862||Democratic|
|2||Addison C. Gibbs||1862 - 1866||Republican|
|3||George Lemuel Woods||1866 - 1870||Republican|
|4||Lafayette Grover||1870 - 1877||Democratic|
|5||Stephen Fowler Chadwick||1877 - 1878||Democratic|
|6||William Wallace Thayer||1878 - 1882||Democratic|
|7||Zenas Perry Moody||1882 - 1887||Republican|
|8||Sylvester Pennoyer||1887 - 1895||Democratic|
|9||William Paine Lord||1895 - 1899||Republican|
|10||Theodore T. Geer||1899 - 1903||Republican|
|11||George Earle Chamberlain||1903 - 1909||Democratic|
|12||Frank W. Benson||1909 - 1910||Republican|
|13||Jay Bowerman||1910 - 1911||Republican|
|14||Oswald West||1911 - 1915||Democratic|
|15||James Withycombe||1915 - 1919||Republican|
|16||Ben Olcott||1919 - 1923||Republican|
|17||Walter Marcus Pierce||1923 - 1927||Democratic|
|18||Isaac Lee Patterson||1927 - 1929||Republican|
|19||Albin Walter Norblad||1929 - 1931||Republican|
|20||Julius L. Meier||1931 - 1935||Independent|
|21||Charles Henry Martin||1935 - 1939||Democratic|
|22||Charles Arthur Sprague||1939 - 1943||Republican|
|23||Earl Wilcox Snell||1943 - 1947||Republican|
|24||John Hubert Hall||1947 - 1949||Republican|
|25||James Douglas McKay||1949 - 1952||Republican|
|26||Paul Linton Patterson||1952 - 1956||Republican|
|27||Elmo Everett Smith||1956 - 1957||Republican|
|28||Robert Denison Holmes||1957 - 1959||Democratic|
|29||Mark Odom Hatfield||1959 - 1967||Republican|
|30||Thomas Lawson McCall||1967 - 1975||Republican|
|31||Robert William Straub||1975 - 1979||Democratic|
|32||Victor G. Atiyeh||1979 - 1987||Republican|
|33||Neil Goldschmidt||1987 - 1991||Democratic|
|34||Barbara Roberts||1991 - 1995||Democratic|
|35||John Kitzhaber||1995 – 2003||Democratic|
|36||Ted Kulongoski||2003 - 2011||Democratic|
|37||John Kitzhaber||2011 – present||Democratic|
Partisan balance 1992-2013
During every year from 1992-2013 there were Democratic governors in office for Oregon. Oregon is one of seven states that were run by a Democratic governor for more than 80 percent of the years between 1992-2013. Oregon was under a Democratic trifecta for the final year of the study.
Across the country, there were 493 years of Democratic governors (44.82%) and 586 years of Republican governors (53.27%) from 1992-2013.
Over the course of the 22-year study, state governments became increasingly more partisan. At the outset of the study period (1992), 18 of the 49 states with partisan legislatures had single-party trifectas and 31 states had divided governments. In 2013, only 13 states had divided governments, while single-party trifectas held sway in 36 states, the most in the 22 years studied.
SQLI and partisanship
The chart below depicts the partisanship of the Oregon state government and the state's SQLI ranking for the years studied. For the SQLI, the states were ranked from 1-50, with 1 being the best and 50 the worst. Oregon had Democratic trifectas from 2007-2010 and again in 2013. The state's lowest SQLI ranking, finishing 39th, occurred in 2005. Its highest ranking, finishing 18th, occurred in 2011. Both occurred when the government was divided.
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Office of the Governor
160 State Capitol
900 Court Street
Salem, Oregon 97301-4047
- Oregon State Legislature, "Oregon Constitution," accessed April 23, 2012 (dead link)
- National Conference of State Legislatures, "State Experiences with Annual and Biennial Budgeting," updated April 2011
- National Association of State Budget Officers, "Budget Processes in the States, Summer 2008," accessed February 21, 2014
- Oregon Legislative Fiscal Office, "Analysis in the 2011-13 Legislatively Adopted Budget," accessed April 10, 2013
- Council of State Governments, "SELECTED STATE ADMINISTRATIVE OFFICIALS: ANNUAL SALARIES," accessed December 8, 2014
- Council of State Governments, "CSG Releases 2013 Governor Salaries," June 25, 2013
- National Governors Association, " Former governors of Oregon," accessed June 20, 2013
State of Oregon
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