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Sam Graves

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Sam Graves
Sam Graves.jpg
U.S. House, Missouri, District 6
Incumbent
In office
January 3, 2001-Present
Term ends
January 3, 2017
Years in position 14
PartyRepublican
PredecessorPat Danner (D)
Compensation
Base salary$174,000/year
Elections and appointments
Last electionNovember 4, 2014
Cost per vote$9.02 in 2014
First electedNovember 7, 2000
Next generalNovember 8, 2016
Campaign $$11,557,013
Term limitsN/A
Prior offices
Missouri State Senate
1995-2001
Missouri House of Representatives
1993-1995
Education
Bachelor'sUniversity of Missouri
Personal
Date of birthNovember 7, 1963
Place of birthTarkio, Missouri
ProfessionFarmer
Net worth(2012) $3,564,004
ReligionBaptist
Websites
Office website
Campaign website
Sam Graves campaign logo
Samuel B. Graves, Jr. (b. November 7, 1963, in Tarkio, MO) is a Republican member of the United States House of Representatives representing Missouri's 6th Congressional District. Graves was first elected to the House in 2000 and is currently serving his eighth consecutive term, having won re-election to the U.S. House in 2014.

Graves began his political career as a Missouri State Representative in 1993. Following his first term, he was elected to the Missouri State Senate in 1994 where he served until his election to the U.S. House of Representatives.[1]

Based on analysis of multiple outside rankings, Graves is an average Republican member of Congress, meaning he will vote with the Republican Party on the majority of bills.

Biography

Graves was born in Tarkio, Missouri. He graduated from the University of Missouri in Columbia, Missouri, with a degree in agronomy.[1]

Graves worked as a farmer and businessman before being elected to the Missouri House of Representatives in 1992 and the Missouri State Senate in 1994.[1]

Career

Below is an abbreviated outline of Graves' academic, professional and political career:[2]

Committee assignments

U.S. House

2015-2016

Graves serves on the following committees:[3]

2013-2014

Graves served on the following committees:[4]

2011-2012

Graves served on the following committees:

Key Votes

113th Congress

CongressLogo.png

The second session of the 113th Congress enacted into law 114 out of the 3,036 introduced bills (3.8 percent). Comparatively, the 112th Congress had 4.2 percent of introduced bills enacted into law in the second session.[5] For more information pertaining to Graves's voting record in the 113th Congress, please see the below sections.[6]

National security

DHS Appropriations

Yea3.png Graves voted in support of HR 2217 - the DHS Appropriations Act of 2014. The bill passed the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 245 - 182 and was largely along party lines.[7]

Keystone Pipeline Amendment

Nay3.png Graves voted in opposition of House Amendment 69, which would have amended HR 3 to "require that the Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration, in consultation with the Department of Homeland Security, conduct a study of the vulnerabilities of the Keystone XL pipeline to a terrorist attack and certify that necessary protections have been put in place." The amendment failed on May 22, 2013, with a vote of 176 - 239 and was largely along party lines.[7]

CISPA (2013)

Yea3.png Graves voted in support of HR 624 - the CISPA (2013). The bill passed the House on April 18, 2013, with a vote of 288 - 127. The bill permitted federal intelligence agencies to share cybersecurity intelligence and information with private entities and utilities.[8] The bill was largely supported by Republicans, but divided the Democratic Party.[7]

National Defense Authorization Act

Yea3.png Graves voted in support of HR 1960 - the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014. The bill passed the House on June 14, 2013, with a vote of 315 - 108. Both parties were somewhat divided on the vote.[7]

Economy


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.
Farm bill

Yea3.png On January 29, 2014, the U.S. House approved the Federal Agriculture Reform and Risk Management Act of 2013, H.R. 2642, also known as the Farm Bill.[9] The bill passed by a vote of 251-166. The nearly 1,000-page bill reformed and continued various programs of the Department of Agriculture through 2018. The $1 trillion bill expanded crop insurance for farmers by $7 billion over the next decade and created new subsidies for rice and peanut growers that would kick in when prices drop.[10][11] However, cuts to the food stamp program cut an average of $90 per month for 1.7 million people in 15 states.[11] Graves voted with 161 other Republican representatives in favor of the bill.

2014 Budget

Yea3.png On January 15, 2014, the Republican-run House approved H.R. 3547, a $1.1 trillion spending bill to fund the government through September 30, 2014.[12][13] The House voted 359-67 for the 1,582-page bill, with 64 Republicans and three Democrats voting against the bill.[13] The omnibus package included 12 annual spending bills to fund federal operations.[14] It increased the paychecks of federal workers and military personnel by 1 percent, increased Head Start funding for early childhood education by $1 billion, reduced funding to the Internal Revenue Service and the Environmental Protection Agency, and protected the Affordable Care Act from any drastic cuts. Graves voted with the majority of the Republican party in favor of the bill.[12]

Government shutdown
See also: United States budget debate, 2013

Yea3.png On September 30, 2013, the House passed a final stopgap spending bill before the shutdown went into effect. The bill included a one-year delay of the Affordable Care Act's individual mandate and would have also stripped the bill of federal subsidies for congressional members and staff. It passed through the House with a vote of 228-201.[15] At 1 a.m. on October 1, 2013, one hour after the shutdown officially began, the House voted to move forward with going to a conference. In short order, Sen. Harry Reid rejected the call to conference.[16] Graves voted for the stopgap spending bill that would have delayed the individual mandate.[17]

Nay3.pngThe shutdown ended on October 16, 2013, when the House took a vote on HR 2775 after it was approved by the Senate. The bill to reopen the government lifted the $16.7 trillion debt limit and funded the government through January 15, 2014. Federal employees also received retroactive pay for the shutdown period. The only concession made by Senate Democrats was to require income verification for Obamacare subsidies.[18] The House passed the legislation shortly after the Senate, by a vote of 285-144, with all 144 votes against the legislation coming from Republican members. Graves voted against HR 2775.[19]

Federal Pay Adjustment Act

Yea3.png Graves voted in support of HR 273 - Eliminates the 2013 Statutory Pay Adjustment for Federal Employees. The bill passed the House on February 15, 2013, with a vote of 261 - 154. The bill called for a stop to a 0.5 percent pay increase for all federal workers from taking effect, saving the federal government $11 billion over 10 years.[20][7]

Immigration

Morton Memos Prohibition

Yea3.png Graves voted in support of House Amendment 136 - Prohibits the Enforcement of the Immigration Executive Order. The amendment was adopted by the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 224 - 201. The purpose of the amendment as stated on the official text is to "prohibit the use of funds to finalize, implement, administer, or enforce the Morton Memos." These memos would have granted administrative amnesty to certain illegal aliens residing in the United States. The vote largely followed party lines.[21][7]

Healthcare

Healthcare Reform Rules

Yea3.png Graves voted in support of House Amendment 450 - Requires Congressional Approval for Any Rules Under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. The amendment was adopted by the House on August 2, 2013, with a vote of 227-185. The amendment requires all changes to the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act be approved by Congress before taking effect. The vote was largely along party lines.[22][7]

Keep the IRS Off Your Healthcare Act

Yea3.png Graves voted in support of HR 2009 - Keep the IRS Off Your Healthcare Act of 2013. The bill passed through the House on August 2, 2013, with a vote of 232-185. The bill would prevent the IRS and Treasury Secretary from enforcing the powers provided to them in the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. The vote largely followed party lines.[22][7]

Social issues

Amash amendment

Nay3.png Graves voted in opposition of House Amendment 413 - Prohibits the National Security Agency from Collecting Records Under the Patriot Act. The amendment failed on July 4, 2013, by a vote of 205-217. The amendment would have prohibited the collection of records by the National Security Agency under the Patriot Act. Both parties were split on the vote.[7]

Government affairs

HR 676
See also: Boehner's lawsuit against the Obama administration

Yea3.png On July 30, 2014, the U.S. House approved a resolution 225 to 201 to sue President Barack Obama for exceeding his constitutional authority. Five RepublicansThomas Massie of Kentucky, Paul Broun of Georgia, Scott Garrett of New Jersey, Walter Jones of North Carolina and Steve Stockman of Texas—voted with Democrats against the lawsuit.[23] Graves joined the other 224 Republicans in favor of the lawsuit. All Democrats voted against the resolution.[24][25]

Previous congressional sessions

Fiscal Cliff

Neutral/Abstain Graves did not cast a vote regarding the fiscal cliff compromise bill, which made permanent most of the Bush tax cuts originally passed in 2001 and 2003 while also raising tax rates on the highest income levels. The bill was passed in the House by a 257-167 vote on January 1, 2013.[26]

Issues

On The Issues Vote Match

Samuel Graves's Vote Match results from On The Issues.
See also: On The Issues Vote Match

On The Issues conducts a VoteMatch analysis of elected officials based on 20 issue areas. Rather than relying on incumbents to complete the quiz themselves, the VoteMatch analysis is conducted using voting records, statements to the media, debate transcripts or citations from books authored by or about the candidate. Based on the results of the quiz, Graves is a Hard-Core Conservative. Graves received a score of 22 percent on social issues and 88 percent on economic issues.[27]

On The Issues organization logo.

The table below contains the results of analysis compiled by staff at On The Issues.

On The Issues Vote Quiz[28]
Economic Issues Social Issues
Issue Stance Issue Stance
Legally require hiring women & minorities Strongly Opposes Abortion is a woman's unrestricted right Strongly Opposes
Expand ObamaCare Strongly Opposes Comfortable with same-sex marriage Strongly Opposes
Vouchers for school choice Favors Keep God in the public sphere Strongly Favors
Absolute right to gun ownership Strongly Favors Human needs over animal rights Favors
Higher taxes on the wealthy Strongly Opposes Stricter punishment reduces crime Opposes
Support & expand free trade Favors Pathway to citizenship for illegal aliens Strongly Opposes
Stricter limits on political campaign funds Favors Maintain US sovereignty from UN Strongly Favors
Prioritize green energy Strongly Opposes Expand the military Favors
Stimulus better than market-led recovery Favors Stay out of Iran Strongly Opposes
Privatize Social Security Strongly Favors Never legalize marijuana Favors
Note: Information last updated: April 19, 2015.[27] If you notice the rating has changed, email us.

Presidential preference

2012

See also: Endorsements by state officials of presidential candidates in the 2012 election

Sam Graves endorsed Rick Perry in the 2012 presidential election. [29]

Elections

2014

See also: Missouri's 6th Congressional District elections, 2014

Graves won re-election to the U.S. House in 2014. He won the Republican nomination in the primary election on August 5, 2014, against Christopher Ryan, Kyle Reid and Brian Tharp. He defeated Bill Hedge (D) and Russ Monchil (Libertarian) in the general election on November 4, 2014.

U.S. House, Missouri District 6 General Election, 2014
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Republican Green check mark transparent.pngSam Graves Incumbent 66.7% 124,616
     Democratic Bill Hedge 29.5% 55,157
     Libertarian Russ Monchil 3.8% 7,197
Total Votes 186,970
Source: Missouri Secretary of State
U.S. House, Missouri District 6 Republican Primary, 2014
Candidate Vote % Votes
Green check mark transparent.pngSam Graves 76.6% 56,789
Christopher Ryan 11.8% 8,745
Kyle Reid 5.9% 4,364
Brian Tharp 5.7% 4,244
Total Votes 74,142
Source: State of Missouri Official Results

2012

Graves won re-election in 2012. He defeated Bob Gough and Christopher Ryan in the Republican primary on August 7, 2012.[30] He was re-elected on November 6, 2012.[31]

U.S. House, Missouri District 6 General Election, 2012
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Democratic Kyle Yarber 32.5% 108,503
     Republican Green check mark transparent.pngSam Graves Incumbent 65% 216,906
     Libertarian Russ Lee Monchil 2.5% 8,279
Total Votes 333,688
Source: Missouri Secretary of State "Official Election Results, 2012 General Election"

Republican Primary Results

U.S. House, Missouri District 6 Republican Primary, 2012
Candidate Vote % Votes
Green check mark transparent.pngSam Graves 80.3% 59,388
Christopher Ryan 13.5% 9,945
Bob Gough 6.2% 4,598
Total Votes 73,931

Full history


Campaign donors

Fundraising events

The below chart from Find The Best tracks the fundraising events Graves attends.


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.


Comprehensive donor history

Comprehensive donor information for Graves is available dating back to 2000. Based on available campaign finance records, Graves raised a total of $11,557,013 during that time period. This information was last updated on April 15, 2015.[38]

Sam Graves's Campaign Contribution History
Year Office Result Contributions
2014 U.S. House (Missouri, District 6) Won $1,263,609
2012 U.S. House (Missouri, District 6) Won $1,357,980
2010 U.S. House (Missouri, District 6) Won $1,057,245
2008 U.S. House (Missouri, District 6) Won $2,626,310
2006 U.S. House (Missouri, District 6) Won $1,218,547
2004 U.S. House (Missouri, District 6) Won $1,691,981
2002 U.S. House (Missouri, District 6) Won $1,230,123
2000 U.S. House (Missouri, District 6) Won $1,111,218
Grand Total Raised $11,557,013

Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

2014

Graves won re-election to the U.S. House in 2014. During that election cycle, Graves' campaign committee raised a total of $1,263,609 and spent $1,124,266.[39] This is less than the average $1.45 million spent by House winners in 2014.[40]

Cost per vote

Graves spent $9.02 per general election vote received in 2014.

U.S. House, Missouri District 6, 2014 - Sam Graves Campaign Contributions
Total Raised $1,263,609
Total Spent $1,124,266
Total Raised by Election Runner-up $58,989
Total Spent by Election Runner-up $52,587
Top contributors to Sam Graves's campaign committee
American Trucking Assns$25,000
Southwest Airlines Pilots Assn$11,000
Crawford Group$10,500
Aircraft Owners & Pilots Assn$10,000
Ameren Corp$10,000
Top 5 industries that contributed to campaign committee
Air Transport$105,600
Trucking$89,100
Crop Production & Basic Processing$57,050
Agricultural Services/Products$43,600
Public Sector Unions$42,500

Below are Graves' FEC reports.[41]


2012

Graves won re-election to the U.S. House in 2012. During that election cycle, Graves's campaign committee raised a total of $1,357,981 and spent $1,132,803.[51] This is less than the average $1.5 million spent by House winners in 2012.[52]

Cost per vote

Graves spent $5.22 per vote received in 2012.


2010

Graves was re-elected to the U.S. House for a sixth term in 2010. His campaign committee raised a total of $1,057,245 and spent $1,071,726.[53] This is less than the average $1.4 million spent by House winners in 2010.[54]

Cost per vote

Graves spent $6.95 per vote received in 2010.


Personal Gain Index

Congressional Personal Gain Index graphic.png
See also: Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress)

The Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress) is a two-part measurement that illustrates the extent to which members of the U.S. Congress have prospered during their tenure as public servants.
It consists of two different metrics:

PGI: Net Worth

See also: Changes in Net Worth of U.S. Senators and Representatives (Personal Gain Index) and Net worth of United States Senators and Representatives
Net Worth Metric graphic.png

Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by OpenSecrets.org, Graves' net worth as of 2012 was estimated between $1,232,010 and $5,895,998 . That averages to $3,564,004, which is lower than the average net worth of Republican representatives in 2012 of $7,614,097.96. Graves ranked as the 97th most wealthy representative in 2012.[55] Between 2004 and 2012, Graves' calculated net worth[56] increased by an average of 58 percent per year. Between 2004 and 2012, the average annual percentage increase for a member of Congress was 15.4 percent.[57]

Sam Graves Yearly Net Worth
YearAverage Net Worth
2004$628,906
2012$3,564,004
Growth from 2004 to 2012:467%
Average annual growth:58%[58]
Comparatively, the American citizen experienced a median yearly decline in net worth of -0.94%.[59]
The data used to calculate changes in net worth may include changes resulting from assets gained through marriage, inheritance, changes in family estates and/or trusts, changes in family business ownership and many other variables unrelated to a member's behavior in Congress.

PGI: Donation Concentration Metric

See also: The Donation Concentration Metric (U.S. Congress Personal Gain Index)

Filings required by the Federal Election Commission report on the industries that give to each candidate. Using campaign filings and information calculated by OpenSecrets.org, Ballotpedia calculated the percentage of donations by industry received by each incumbent over the course of his or her career (or 1989 and later, if elected prior to 1988). In the 113th Congress, Graves is the chair of the Small Business Committee. Graves received the most donations from individuals and PACs employed by the leadership PACs industry.

From 1999-2014, 21.65 percent of Graves' career contributions came from the top five industries as listed below.[60]

Donation Concentration Metric graphic.png
Sam Graves Campaign Contributions
Total Raised $11,393,870
Total Spent $10,864,838
Chair of the Small Business Committee
Top industry in the districtEducational services, and health care and social assistance
Top five industries that contributed to campaign committee
Leadership PACs$640,678
Automotive$493,725
Agricultural Services/Products$474,311
Air Transport$467,299
General Contractors$391,267
% total in top industry5.62%
% total in top two industries9.96%
% total in top five industries21.65%

Analysis

Lifetime voting record

See also: Lifetime voting records of United States Senators and Representatives

According to the website GovTrack, Graves missed 434 of 9,662 roll call votes from January 2001 to July 2014, which is 4.5 percent of votes during that period. This is worse than the median of 2.5 percent among the lifetime records of representatives currently serving.[61]

Ideology and leadership

See also: GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking

Based on an analysis of bill sponsorship by GovTrack, Graves was a "moderate Republican leader" as of July 2014. He received the same ranking in May 2013[62]

Like-minded colleagues

The website OpenCongress tracks the voting records of each member to determine with whom he or she votes most and least often. The results include a member from each party.[63]

Graves most often votes with:

Graves least often votes with:


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

Congressional staff salaries

See also: Staff salaries of United States Senators and Representatives

The website Legistorm compiles staff salary information for members of Congress. Graves paid his congressional staff a total of $847,564 in 2011. Overall, Missouri ranked 21st in average salary for representative staff. The average U.S. House of Representatives congressional staff was paid $954,912.20 in fiscal year 2011.[64]

National Journal vote ratings

See also: National Journal vote ratings

Each year, National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted, as compared to other members in the previous year. More information about the analysis process can be found on the vote ratings page.

2013

Graves ranked 54th in the conservative rankings in 2013.[65]

2012

Graves ranked 45th in the conservative rankings in 2012.[66]

2011

Graves ranked 136th in the conservative rankings in 2011.[67]

Voting with party

2014

Sam Graves voted with the Republican Party 95.5 percent of the time, which ranked 53rd among the 234 House Republican members as of July 2014.[68]

2013

Sam Graves voted with the Republican Party 98.7 percent of the time, which ranked 47th among the 233 House Republican members as of May 2013.[69]

Recent news

This section displays the most recent stories in a Google news search for the term Sam + Graves + Missouri + House

All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.

Sam Graves News Feed

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See also

External links

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Suggest a link
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Political Tracker has an article on:
Samuel Graves


References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 U.S. House of Representatives, "Meet Sam," accessed September 30, 2014
  2. Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, "GRAVES, Samuel, (1963 - )," accessed February 11, 2015
  3. U.S. House of Representatives, Office of the Clerk, "Committee Information," accessed February 18, 2015
  4. CQ.com, "House Committee Rosters for the 113th Congress," accessed January 22, 2013
  5. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, First Session of the 112th Congress," accessed September 5, 2013
  6. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, Second Session of the 113th Congress," accessed March 4, 2014
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 7.3 7.4 7.5 7.6 7.7 7.8 Project Vote Smart, "Sam Graves' Political Summary," accessed September 13, 2013
  8. The Library of Congress, "Bill Summary & Status - 113th Congress (2013 - 2014) - H.R.624," accessed August 27, 2013
  9. Clerk of U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote 31: H.R. 2642," accessed February 12, 2014
  10. Politico, "House clears farm bill," accessed February 12, 2014
  11. 11.0 11.1 New York Times, "Senate passes long-stalled farm bill, with clear winners and losers," accessed February 12, 2014
  12. 12.0 12.1 CNN.com, "House passes compromise $1.1 trillion budget for 2014," accessed January 20, 2014
  13. 13.0 13.1 U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote 21," accessed January 20, 2014
  14. Roll Call, "House passes $1.1 trillion omnibus," accessed January 20, 2014
  15. Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
  16. Buzzfeed, "Government Shutdown: How We Got Here," accessed October 1, 2013
  17. Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
  18. The Washington Post, "Reid, McConnell propose bipartisan Senate bill to end shutdown, extend borrowing," accessed October 16, 2013
  19. U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 550," accessed October 31, 2013
  20. Congress.gov, "H.R.273 - To eliminate the 2013 statutory pay adjustment for Federal employees.," February 25, 2013
  21. The Library of Congress, "H.AMDT.136," accessed September 11, 2013
  22. 22.0 22.1 Chicago Sun-Times, "How they voted," August 9, 2013
  23. U.S. House, "House Resolution 676," accessed July 30, 2014
  24. Yahoo News, "Suing Obama: GOP-led House gives the go-ahead," accessed July 30, 2014
  25. Washington Post, "House clears way for lawsuit against Obama," accessed July 30, 2014
  26. U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote on the Fiscal Cliff," accessed January 4, 2013
  27. 27.0 27.1 On The Issues, "Samuel Graves Vote Match," accessed April 19, 2015
  28. The questions in the quiz are broken down into two sections -- social and economic. In social questions, liberals and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while conservatives and populists agree in choosing the more restrictive answers. For the economic questions, conservatives and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while liberals and populists agree in choosing the more restrictive answers.
  29. The Hill, "2012 GOP Lawmaker Endorsements for President," accessed November 22, 2011
  30. AP Results, "Missouri U.S. House Results," accessed August 7, 2012
  31. ABC News, "2012 General Election Results," accessed November 7, 2012
  32. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2010," accessed March 28, 2013
  33. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 4, 2008," accessed March 28, 2013
  34. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 7, 2006," accessed March 28, 2013
  35. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2004," accessed March 28, 2013
  36. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 5, 2002," accessed March 28, 2013
  37. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 7, 2000," accessed March 28, 2013
  38. OpenSecrets, "Sam Graves," accessed April 15, 2015
  39. Open Secrets, "Sam Graves 2014 Election Cycle," accessed April 8, 2015
  40. Open Secrets, "Winning vs. Spending," accessed April 8, 2015
  41. Federal Election Commission, "Graves for Congress Summary reports," accessed July 22, 2013
  42. Federal Election Commission, "Graves for Congress April Quarterly," accessed July 22, 2013
  43. Federal Election Commission, "Graves for Congress July Quarterly," accessed July 22, 2013
  44. Federal Election Commission, "Graves for Congress October Quarterly," accessed October 25, 2013
  45. Federal Election Commission, "Graves for Congress Year End," accessed February 6, 2014
  46. Federal Election Commission, "Graves for Congress April Quarterly," accessed April 22, 2014
  47. Federal Election Commission, "Graves for Congress July Quarterly," accessed September 30, 2014
  48. Federal Election Commission, "Graves for Congress Pre-Primary," accessed October 22, 2014
  49. Federal Election Commission, "Graves for Congress October Quarterly," accessed October 22, 2014
  50. Federal Election Commission, "Graves for Congress Pre-General," accessed October 22, 2014
  51. OpenSecrets, "Sam Graves 2012 Election Cycle," accessed February 13, 2013
  52. OpenSecrets, "Election 2012: The Big Picture Shows Record Cost of Winning a Seat in Congress," accessed June 19, 2013
  53. OpenSecrets, "Sam Graves 2010 Election Data," accessed November 8, 2011
  54. OpenSecrets, "Election 2012: The Big Picture Shows Record Cost of Winning a Seat in Congress," accessed June 19, 2013
  55. OpenSecrets, "Graves, (R-MO), 2012," accessed February 18, 2014
  56. This figure represents the total percentage growth from either 2004 (if the member entered office in 2004 or earlier) or their first year in office (as noted in the chart below) to 2012, divided by the number of years calculated.
  57. This number was found by dividing each member's total net worth growth percentage by the number of years included in the calculation.
  58. This figure represents the total percentage growth divided by the number of years for which there are net worth figures for each member.
  59. This figure was calculated using median asset data from the Census Bureau. Please see the Congressional Net Worth data for Ballotpedia spreadsheet for more information on this calculation.
  60. OpenSecrets.org, "Rep. Sam Graves," accessed October 2, 2014
  61. GovTrack, "Sam Graves," accessed July 28, 2014
  62. GovTrack, "Graves," accessed July 28, 2014
  63. OpenCongress, "Rep. Sam Graves," accessed July 28, 2014
  64. LegiStorm, "Sam Graves," accessed October 8, 2012
  65. National Journal, "2013 Voting Rankings," accessed July 28, 2014
  66. National Journal, "TABLE: House Liberal Scores by Issue Area," February 26, 2013
  67. National Journal, "Searchable Vote Ratings Tables: House," accessed February 23, 2012
  68. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
  69. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
Political offices
Preceded by
Pat Danner
U.S. House of Representatives - Missouri District 6
2001-Present
Succeeded by
'
Preceded by
'
Missouri State Senate
1995–2001
Succeeded by
'
Preceded by
'
Missouri House of Representatives
1993-1995
Succeeded by
'