State Initiative and Referendum Anniversaries

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Below is a list of states and their Initiative and Referendum anniversaries. This list classifies the anniversary based on the date by which I&R was approved for use in the state.

State I&R Anniversary Years ago First I&R measure(s) Notes
Alabama Defeatedd
Alaska Approveda January 3, 1959 55 Alaska's I&R anniversary coincides with statehood, however the constitution itself had been approved by voters on April 24, 1956.
Arizona Approveda February 14, 1912 102 Arizona's I&R anniversary coincides with statehood. However, the constitution, with initiative and referendum provisions, had been approved by voters twice, once on February 11, 1911 and then a revised version on December 12 of that same year.
Arkansas Approveda September 5, 1910 104
California Approveda October 10, 1911 103
Colorado Approveda November 8, 1910 104
Connecticut Defeatedd
Delaware Defeatedd
Florida Approveda November 5, 1968 46 Florida's I&R anniversary coincides with the ratification of its 1968 constitution[1]
Georgia Defeatedd
Hawaii Defeatedd
Idaho Approveda November 5, 1912 102 Question 5 (Senate Joint Resolution 12) & Question 6 (Senate Joint Resolution 13)
Illinois Approveda September 3, 1970 44 Illinois I&R anniversary coincides with the signing of its 6th constitution.[2]
Indiana Defeatedd
Iowa Defeatedd
Kansas Defeatedd
Kentucky Defeatedd
Louisiana Defeatedd
Maine Approveda September 15, 1908 106
Maryland Defeatedd November 2, 1915 Referendum Only[3]
Massachusetts Approveda November 5, 1918 96 Amendment 1 after a constitutional convention
Michigan Approveda November 3, 1908 106
  • November 3, 1914
Amendment proposed in state constitutional convention of 1907
Minnesota Defeatedd
Mississippi Approveda November 3, 1992[4] 22 Mississippi 1995 ballot measures Mississippi voters approved I&R in 1912, but was struck down by the State Supreme Court in 1922. It was once again added in 1992.[5]
Missouri Approveda November 3, 1908 106 I&R was voting on in Constitutional Amendment 3 of 1908
Montana Approveda November 6, 1906 (Statutes) & 1972 (Amendments) 108 & 42 I&R was originally approved in 1906 for statutes, but then amendments were added during the 1972 constitutional convention.[6][7]
Nebraska Approveda November 5, 1912 102 "Workmen's compensation law.
Nevada Approveda November 8, 1904 / November 5, 1912[8] 110 / 102 Nevada 1918 ballot measures[9]
New Hampshire Defeatedd
New Jersey Defeatedd
New Mexico Defeatedd November 7, 1911 103 November 7, 1950 Only the right to referendum was created with the approval of the New Mexico Constitution at the general election in 1911[10]
New York Defeatedd
North Carolina Defeatedd
North Dakota Approveda November 5, 1912[11][12] 102
Ohio Approveda September 3, 1912 102 Initiative and referendum was one of 42 topics Ohio voted on at a special election after the 1912 constitutional convention.[14]
Oklahoma Approveda September 17, 1907[15] 107 I&R was approved with the Oklahoma constitution, which came into effect on November 16, 1907[15]
Oregon Approveda June 2, 1902 112 Oregon 1904 ballot measures Oregon Blue Book
Pennsylvania Defeatedd
Rhode Island Defeatedd
South Carolina Defeatedd
South Dakota Approveda November 8, 1898 116 South Dakota Regulate Alcohol Measure (1908) South Dakota Election Results
Tennessee Defeatedd
Texas Defeatedd
Utah Approveda November 6, 1900[16] 114 Utah Repeal of Lien Law, Initiative A (1952)[17]
Vermont Defeatedd
Virginia Defeatedd
Washington Approveda November 5, 1912 102 Washington 1914 ballot measures
West Virginia Defeatedd
Wisconsin Defeatedd
Wyoming Approveda November 5, 1968 46 Wyoming 1992 ballot measures In November of 1912, an amendment for I&R failed only because it did not receive a majority of total votes cast in the entire election.[18]
[19]

Also see

References