State Legislative Tracker: Shut down in Minnesota government as no budget deal reached
Happy 4th of July from Ballotpedia!
By Jackie Arthur
States that adjourned last week:
- June 29 - Maine
- June 30 - Delaware
- June 30 - Oregon
- July 1 - Iowa
- July 1 - New Hampshire
- July 1 - Rhode Island
Special sessions are expected to be a widespread occurrence in the state legislatures in 2011, in particular due to the necessity of states to conduct the redistricting of state legislative and congressional districts.
Special sessions that ended last week were:
- Alaska- June 28.
- Texas - June 29.
- Connecticut - June 30.
- Wisconsin - June 30 (extraordinary session).
- South Carolina - July 1.
This week, no states are scheduled to adjourn their special sessions.
The following 5 states remain in regular legislative sessions:
- Note: California and Wisconsin are both convened in ongoing special sessions, but are still considered to be in regular session.
- Click here to see a chart of each state's 2011 session information.
As of today, the 4th of July, the shut down continues. Most fireworks, picnics and celebrations were called off as all government services except those deemed essential were cut off for the immediate future. Campgrounds, state parks, highway rest stops, golf courses, and zoos will close until a budget agreement can be reached. Thousands of workers face layoffs, a cessation of state issued drivers licenses and road construction screeching to a halt. Roughly 23,000 of approximately 36,000 state employees will be furloughed, and all but the most critical state functions suspended. Some of the services spared from the shutdown are police patrols, prison staffing, the executive and legislative branches of state government and the courts, and programs such as food stamps, Medicaid and temporary assistance to needy families.
The Republican controlled Legislature and Democratic Governor Mark Dayton have been at odds since early January over spending. Earlier this year, Dayton vetoed the Legislature's proposed budget, largely because it did not contain the revenue he had anticipated.
To help solve the problem, Governor Dayton requested that Ramsey County District Judge Kathleen Gearin appoint a mediator to intervene. Legislators also petitioned the judge, asking her to order Dayton to call for a special legislative session. Both requests were turned down.
According to attorney Fritz Knaak, the budget impasse would have gone away if Dayton had called for a special session. "He has a duty to call a special session," Knaak said. Dayton responded by calling the lawmakers' requests "a publicity stunt."
After Democratic California Controller John Chiag's decision to stop legislator's pay on June 22, legislators finally agreed to a $129-billion package that was signed by the Governor on June 30. Under Chiang's decision, most lawmakers lost about $260 salary per day, and $142 in tax-free travel and living expenses. California legislators are paid $95,290.56 per year. They also receive $141.86 per day in per diem.
Though the budget has been signed, the fight is far from over. Brown and legislative Democrats have indicated they will now begin to decide which taxes to seek through a ballot initiative next year, citing the need for more revenue to help fund the budget cuts.
Iowa: The third-largest legislative session in Iowa history adjourned Thursday, June 30. Agreements were reached on a health and human services budget bill and a $5.99 billion general budget. One important issue, property tax reform, was not resolved.
As of July 1, the following figures represent the cumulative partisan breakdown of the 50 state senates and state houses. In the 50 states, Republicans currently control 53.62% of all seats while Democrats hold 44.97%. All told, Republicans control 57 chambers while Democrats are the majority in 37 chambers.
|Representation in 50 State Legislatures|
|Democratic state legislators||3,321||44.97%|
|Republican state legislators||3,958||53.60%|
|Independent state legislators||68||0.92%|
|Third party (and non-voting) legislators||11||0.15%|
The partisan composition of state houses refers to which party holds the majority of seats in the state house or the lower level of each state legislature. Altogether, in the 49 state houses, there are 5,413 state representatives.
As of July 1, 2011, the breakdown of chamber control by party is as follows:
- 18 chambers
- 29 chambers
- 1 chamber (Oregon)
- See also: Partisan composition of state senates
As of July 1, 2011 5,365 state representatives are affiliated with either the Republican or Democratic parties.
|Democratic state representatives||2,442||45.11%|
|Republican state representatives||2,923||54.00%|
|Independent state representatives||15||0.27%|
|Third party (and non-voting) representatives||9||0.17%|
There are 24 state house vacancies in 13 different states as of July 1, 2011. They are as follows:
There are 24 state representatives in 11 states identifying as independents or parties other than Democratic and Representative as of July 1, 2011. They are as follows:
|Maine||3 (2 non-voting Native American representatives, 1 Independent)|
|New Mexico||1 (Independent)|
|New York||1 (Independence Party of New York)|
|North Carolina||1 (Independent)|
|South Dakota||1 (Independent)|
|Tennessee||1 (Carter County Republican)|
|Vermont||8 (5 Vermont Progressive Party, 3 Independent)|
As of July 1, 2011, the breakdown of chamber control by party is as follows:
- See also: Partisan composition of state houses
As of July 1, 2011, 1,914 state senators are affiliated with either the Republican or Democratic parties.
|Democratic state senators||879||44.60%|
|Republican state senators||1,035||52.51%|
|Nonpartisan state senators||49||2.5%|
|Independent/Progressive state senators||6||0.30%|
There are 2 state senate vacancies as of July 1, 2011.
There are 6 state senators in 5 states identifying as independents or parties other than Democratic and Representative as of July 1, 2011. They are as follows:
|Rhode Island||1 (Independent)|
|Vermont||2 (Vermont Progressive Party)|
A total of 578 seats will be up for general election in state legislatures in 2011.
The next state with a signature filing deadline is Louisiana on September 8. Virginia's signature filing deadline was June 15, however a full and comprehensive candidate list has not yet been released. Virginia's primary has been rescheduled to August 23, 2011 instead of its usual date of June 14, 2011 after delays and uncertainty in the redistricting process..
There are no special election this week.
Last week, Republican candidate Jose Oliva defeated write-in candidate Antonio Moreno in a special election on June 28 to fill the Florida House of Representatives District 110 vacancy. The vacancy was created when former Representative Esteban Bovo, Jr. (R) resigned to take the office of Miami-Dade County Commissioner.
- Republican Candidate:
- Jose Oliva 9,723
- Antonio Moreno 525
Upcoming special elections for the month of July include:
- July 12 - Arkansas House District 54
- July 16 - Utah House District 30
- July 19 - Georgia Senate District 26 and House District 139.
- CBSNews, Pawlenty: Minnesota shutdown could be a good thing, July 1, 2011
- Reuters, UPDATE 2-Minnesota government shutdown begins after talks fail, July 1, 2011
- Stateline.org, Shutdowns loom in Iowa, Minnesota, June 27, 2011
- Los Angeles Times, Gov. Jerry Brown signs 'honest but painful' budget, July 1, 2011
- The Sacramento Bee, John Chiang's pay blockage upends budget talks, June 22, 2011
- StateScape, Session updates, accessed July 1, 2011
- Ballot Access News, "Virginia House Passes Bill Moving 2011 Primary from June to August," January 20, 2011
- Virginia General Assembly, "History of House Bill 1507 (2011)"
- Virginia Public Access Project, "Update:Primaries to be held August 23," January 30, 2011
- Miami Herald, Hialeah’s Jose Oliva wins House District 110, May 24, 2011
- Miami Herald, "Hialeah’s Jose Oliva wins House District 110, May 24, 2011
- Florida Secretary of State, "District 110 Election Results, June 28, 2011
- Connecticut Democrats, "Upcoming Events"