State by State Voting Equipment

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Voting equipment by state is a listing of the types of voting equipment that are used in the U.S. and also specifically in each state.

Types of voting equipment used

These types of voting equipment are used in U.S. elections:[1]

  • Optical Scan Paper Ballot Systems are a type of voting equipment in which voters mark paper ballots that are subsequently tabulated by scanning devices. On most optical scan ballots voters indicate their selections by filling in an oval, completing an arrow or filling in a box. Ballots may be either scanned on precinct-based optical scan systems in the polling place or collected in a ballot box to be scanned at a central location.
  • Direct Recording Electronic (DRE) Systems are a type of voting equipment in which, using one of three basic interfaces (pushbutton, touchscreen or dial), voters record their votes directly into computer memory. The voter’s choices are stored in DREs via a memory cartridge, diskette or smart card and added to the choices of all other voters. An alphabetic keyboard is typically provided with the entry device to allow for the possibility of write-in votes, though with older models this is still done manually.
  • Ballot Marking Devices and Systems are a type of voting equipment that provide an interface to assist voters with disabilities in marking a paper ballot, which is then scanned or counted manually. Most ballot marking devices provide a touchscreen interface together with audio and other accessibility features similar to those provided with DREs, but rather than recording the vote directly into computer memory, the voter’s selections are indicated through a marking a paper ballot, which is then scanned or counted manually.
  • Punch Card Voting Systems Punchcard systems are a type of voting equipment that employ a card (or cards) and a small clipboard-sized device for recording votes. Voters punch holes in the cards (with a supplied punch device) opposite their candidate or ballot issue choice. After voting, the voter may place the ballot in a ballot box, or the ballot may be fed into a computer vote-tabulating device at the precinct.
  • Mechanical Lever Voting Machines are a type of voting equipment that was first introduced in the 1890s and used in many states during the 20th century. As recently as 1996, mechanical lever machines were used by 20.7% of registered voters in the United States; however, since 2010, no mechanical lever voting machines are used in U.S. elections.
  • Hand Counted Paper Ballots are a type of voting that a significant number of jurisdictions use in which paper ballots are manually cast in polling places by hand and counted. This type also includes absentees and provisional ballots, which are also cast and counted by hand. While not a type of "voting equipment," many of the issues of ballot design and voter intent that effect all voting systems are relevant to hand counted paper ballots as well.

Voting equipment by state

Note: This voting equipment is up-to-date as of the 2012 presidential election.

VVPAT = Voter Verified Paper Audit Trail Printers
DRE = Direct-recording Electronic[2]

Voting equipment by state 2012.png

States that use paper ballots

States that use a paper ballot and punch card

States that use a mixed paper ballot and DREs with VVPAT

States that use DREs with VVPAT

States that use a mixed paper ballot and DREs with and without VVPAT

States that use a mixed paper ballot and DREs without VVPAT

States that use DREs without VVPAT

See also

External links

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References