State by state comparison of school bond election administration

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The following is a table comparing all states that conduct school bond and tax elections on elections administration.

For a detailed explanation on how elections are administered, please see State-by-state comparison of school bond and tax laws

Explaining table of metrics

  • Cool-off period-Do states require school districts to wait before issuing another ballot question to the voters in the event of the question's defeat.
  • Special elections restrictions-Do states place restrictions on special elections from an outright ban to restricting when they can be held.
  • Election Process-Do states have a clear process for school districts seeking bond elections from required notice to when the election can be held.

State-by-state comparison table

State Cool-off Spec. Election Restrictions Election Process
Alabama Defeatedd Defeatedd-Most elections run the same as special elections regardless of date. Defeatedd
Arizona Defeatedd Defeatedd-Local authorities run special elections. Defeatedd
Arkansas Defeatedd Approveda-Requires approval of State Commissioner of Education Approveda-[1]
Colorado Defeatedd Approveda-Colorado law bans special elections. Approveda[2]
Connecticut Defeatedd Defeatedd Defeatedd
Delaware Defeatedd Defeatedd-All elections run as special elections regardless of date. Defeatedd
Florida Approveda-Six month cool-off for defeated referendums. Approveda-Only on discretion of county elections supervisor. Approveda[3]
Georgia Defeatedd Defeatedd-All elections run as special elections regardless of date. Approveda-[4]
Idaho Defeatedd Defeatedd-No special election restrictions. Approveda-[5]
Illinois Defeatedd Approveda-Judge approval needed Approveda
Indiana Approveda-One year for defeated ballot measures. Approveda-Only on an emergency basis. Defeatedd
Iowa Approveda-60 days for defeated bond measures. Defeatedd-All elections run as special elections regardless of date. Approveda-[6]
Kansas Approveda-School districts cannot have more than one special election a year. Approveda-Cannot be held 60 days before or after a statewide general election. Approveda-[7]
Kentucky Defeatedd Defeatedd Defeatedd
Louisiana Defeatedd Approveda-Louisiana bans special elections. Defeatedd
Maine Defeatedd Approveda-Only via citizen petition Approveda[8]
Michigan Defeatedd Approveda-Only four election dates allowed by law Approveda-[9]
Minnesota Defeatedd Approveda-Only on approval from State Commissioner of Education Approveda-[10]
Missouri Defeatedd Defeatedd Defeatedd
Nebraska Approveda-30 days for levy and 50 days for bond elections after a successful resolution is submitted. Approveda-Can only be held on dates specified by law. Defeatedd
Nevada Defeatedd Approveda-Only if a school board or elections authority declares an emergency need. Defeatedd
New Jersey Defeatedd Approveda-Elections can be held only on dates specified by law. Approveda[11]
New Mexico Defeatedd Defeatedd-As long there is 50 days notice Approveda[12]
New York State Defeatedd Defeatedd Approveda[13].
North Carolina Approveda-45 days notice must elapse after a successful special election resolution. Approveda-On approved resolution with County Elections Board and election cannot be held 30 days before or after a statewide general or primary election. Defeatedd
Ohio Defeatedd Approveda-Only can be held on dates specified by law. Approveda-[14]
Oklahoma Approveda-Four months for defeated bond measures only Approveda-Only can be held on dates specified by law. Defeatedd
Oregon Defeatedd Approveda-Only can be held on dates specified by law or emergency approval from district elections authority Approveda-[15].
Pennsylvania Approveda-155 days for measures under the Local Government Unit Debt Act of 1996 Approveda Approveda[16][17]
South Carolina Defeatedd Defeatedd-All elections run as special elections regardless of date Approveda-[18]
South Dakota Defeatedd Approveda-Only by petition. Defeatedd
Texas Defeatedd Approveda-Must have 62 days notice. Approveda-[19]
Utah Defeatedd Approveda-Only on specified dates. Defeatedd
Virginia Approveda-4 Years for defeated bond referendums. Approveda-Cannot be held the same date of a general election and must have 55 days notice. Defeatedd
Washington State Defeatedd Approveda-Only on specified dates or special approval for emergencies. Defeatedd-[20]
West Virginia Defeatedd Defeatedd Approveda[21]
Wisconsin Defeatedd Defeatedd Approveda[22]
Wyoming Defeatedd Defeatedd Defeatedd

See also

References