State legislator

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A state legislator is a person who writes and passes laws, specifically someone who is a member of a state legislature.[1]

Legislators are usually politicians and are often elected by the people. The term applies to state senators and state representatives or assemblymen.[1]

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State representatives

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In the 49 state houses, there are 5,411 state representatives. (Nebraska has a only one branch and thus there is no House.)

As of August 4, 2014, 5,345 state representatives are affiliated with either the Republican or Democratic parties.

Party Number of Percentage
Democratic state representatives 2,553 47.2%
Republican state representatives 2,792 51.6%
Independent state representatives 13 0.24%
Third party (and nonvoting) representatives 10 0.18%
Vacancies 45 0.83%

Partisan composition of state representatives

See also: Partisan composition of state houses

The partisan composition of state houses refers to which party holds the majority of seats in the state house or the lower level of each state legislature. Altogether, in the 49 state houses, there are 5,411 state representatives.

As of February 9, 2013, the breakdown of chamber control by party is as follows:

  • Democratic Party 20 chambers
  • Republican Party 29 chambers

Length of term

The length of terms for state representatives in the 49 American lower chambers is either two years or four years.

Representatives in 5 states have a four-year term. Representatives in 44 states have a two-year term.

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Features of State Legislatures

Party dominance in state legislatures2012 Session TopicsStanding committees analysis for 2011-2012 sessionLength of terms of state representativesHow vacancies are filled in state legislaturesStates with a full-time legislatureState legislative chambers that use multi-member districtsState legislatures with term limitsComparison of state legislative salariesWhen state legislators assume office after a general electionPopulation represented by state legislatorsState constitutional articles governing state legislaturesState legislative sessionsResign-to-run laws
Name of lower chamber # of representatives Length of term
Alabama House of Representatives 105 4
Alaska House of Representatives 40 2
Arizona House of Representatives 60 2
Arkansas House of Representatives 100 2
California State Assembly 80 2
Colorado House of Representatives 65 2
Connecticut House of Representatives 151 2
Delaware House of Representatives 41 2
Florida House of Representatives 120 2
Georgia House of Representatives 180 2
Hawaiʻi House of Representatives 51 2
Idaho House of Representatives 70 2
Illinois House of Representatives 118 2
Indiana House of Representatives 100 2
Iowa House of Representatives 100 2
Kansas House of Representatives 125 2
Kentucky House of Representatives 100 2
Louisiana House of Representatives 105 4
Maine House of Representatives 153 2
Maryland House of Delegates 141 4
Massachusetts House of Representatives 160 2
Michigan House of Representatives 110 2
Minnesota House of Representatives 134 2
Mississippi House of Representatives 122 4
Missouri House of Representatives 163 2
Montana House of Representatives 100 2
Nevada State Assembly 42 2
New Hampshire House of Representatives 400 2
New Jersey General Assembly 80 2
New Mexico House of Representatives 70 2
New York State Assembly 150 2
North Carolina House of Representatives 120 2
North Dakota House of Representatives 94 4
Ohio House of Representatives 99 2
Oklahoma House of Representatives 101 2
Oregon House of Representatives 60 2
Pennsylvania House of Representatives 203 2
Rhode Island House of Representatives 75 2
South Carolina House of Representatives 124 2
South Dakota House of Representatives 70 2
Tennessee House of Representatives 99 2
Texas House of Representatives 150 2
Utah House of Representatives 75 2
Vermont House of Representatives 150 2
Virginia House of Delegates 100 2
Washington State House of Representatives 98 2
West Virginia House of Delegates 100 2
Wisconsin State Assembly 99 2
Wyoming House of Representatives 60 2

See also

State senators

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In the 50 state senates, there are 1,972 state senators. After the 2012 elections, there will be 1,972 total senators. The New York State Senate added one seat during the 2010 Census redistricting process.

As of August 4, 2014, 1,905 state senators are affiliated with either the Republican or Democratic parties.

Party Number of Percentage
Democratic state senators 875 44.4%
Republican state senators 1,030 52.2%
Nonpartisan state senators 49 2.48%
Independent state senators 4 0.2%
Third Party state senators 2 0.1%
Vacancies 12 0.61%

Partisan composition of state senates

See also: Partisan composition of state senates

The partisan composition of state senates refers to which political party holds the majority of seats in the state senate. Altogether, in the 50 state senates, there are 1,972 state senators.

As of February 9, 2013, the breakdown of chamber control by party is as follows:

Length of term

The length of terms for state senators in the 50 American state senates is either two years or four years.

Senators in 31 states have a four-year term. Senators in 12 states have a two-year term. Senators in seven states (Arkansas, Delaware, Florida, Illinois, Minnesota, New Jersey and Texas) have terms that are sometimes two years and sometimes four years, depending on the proximity of the election to the legislative re-apportionments that occur every 10 years after a federal census.

  • In the 12 states where the length of the term is two years, all state senate seats are up for re-election every two years.
  • In the 28 states with a four-year term, or a 2-4-4 term, 28 states have staggered elections so that approximately half of state senate seats are up for re-election during the state's general elections that take place every two years.
  • In the 10 other states where the term is four years, all seats come up for re-election during the same year. In those states, there are general election years where no state senate seats are at stake.
State senate # of senators Length of term Conduct of elections
Alabama State Senate 35 4 All seats are up for re-election in 2010, 2014, 2018...
Alaska State Senate 20 4 Staggered
Arizona State Senate 30 2 All seats up for re-election every 2 years
Arkansas State Senate 35 2-4-4 Staggered
California State Senate 40 4 Staggered
Colorado State Senate 35 4 Staggered
Connecticut State Senate 36 2 All seats up for re-election every 2 years
Delaware State Senate 21 2-4-4 Staggered
Florida State Senate 40 2-4-4 Staggered
Georgia State Senate 56 2 All seats up for re-election every 2 years
Hawaii State Senate 25 2-4-4 Staggered
Idaho State Senate 35 2 All seats up for re-election every 2 years
Illinois State Senate 59 2-4-4[2] Staggered
Indiana State Senate 50 4 Staggered
Iowa State Senate 50 4 Staggered
Kansas State Senate 40 4 All seats are up for election in 2008, 2012, 2016...
Kentucky State Senate 39 4 Staggered
Louisiana State Senate 39 4 All seats are up for election in 2011, 2015, 2019...
Maine State Senate 35 2 All seats up for re-election every 2 years
Maryland State Senate 47 4 All seats are up for election in 2010, 2014, 2018...
Massachusetts State Senate 40 2 All seats up for re-election every 2 years
Michigan State Senate 38 4 All seats are up for election in 2010, 2014, 2018...
Minnesota State Senate 67 2-4-4 All seats are up for election in 2010, 2012, 2016...
Mississippi State Senate 52 4 All seats are up for election in 2007, 2011, 2015...
Missouri State Senate 34 4 Staggered
Montana State Senate 50 4 Staggered
Nebraska State Senate 49 4 Staggered
Nevada State Senate 21 4 Staggered
New Hampshire State Senate 24 2 All seats up for re-election every 2 years
New Jersey State Senate 40 2-4-4 All seats are up for election in 2011, 2013, 2015, 2019
New Mexico State Senate 42 4 All seats are up for election in 2008, 2012, 2016...
New York State Senate 62 2 All seats up for re-election every 2 years
North Carolina State Senate 50 2 All seats up for re-election every 2 years
North Dakota State Senate 47 4 Staggered
Ohio State Senate 33 4 Staggered
Oklahoma State Senate 48 4 Staggered
Oregon State Senate 30 4 Staggered
Pennsylvania State Senate 50 4 Staggered
Rhode Island State Senate 38 2 All seats up for re-election every 2 years
South Carolina State Senate 46 4 All seats are up for election in 2008, 2012, 2016...
South Dakota State Senate 35 2 All seats up for re-election every 2 years
Tennessee State Senate 33 4 Staggered
Texas State Senate 31 2-4-4 Staggered
Utah State Senate 29 4 Staggered
Vermont State Senate 30 2 All seats up for re-election every 2 years
Virginia State Senate 40 4 All seats are up for re-election in 2007, 2011, 2015...
Washington State Senate 49 4 Staggered
West Virginia State Senate 34 4 Staggered
Wisconsin State Senate 33 4 Staggered
Wyoming State Senate 30 4 Staggered

See also

External links

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 Merriam-Webster Dictionary, "Legislator" accessed April 4, 2013
  2. Under the Illinois Constitution of 1970, senators are divided into three groups, each group having a two-year term at a different part of the decade between censuses, with the rest of the decade being taken up by two four-year terms. Depending on the election year, roughly ⅓, ⅔, or all of the senate seats may have terms ending.