|U.S. House, Mississippi, District 4|
|January 3, 2011-Present|
|January 3, 2015|
|Years in position||3|
|Predecessor||Gene Taylor (D)|
|Elections and appointments|
|Last election||November 6, 2012|
|Cost per vote||$3.89 in 2012|
|First elected||November 2, 2010|
|Next general||November 4, 2014|
|Mississippi State House of Representatives|
|High school||Saint Johns High School|
|Bachelor's||University of Southern Mississippi|
|Master's||University of Southern Mississippi|
|J.D.||University of Mississippi|
|Service/branch||Mississippi Army National Guard|
|Years of service||2007-Present|
|Service branch||United States Marine Corps Reserve|
|Years of service||1988-1996|
|Birthday||February 21, 1970|
|Place of birth||Gulfport, MS|
- 1 Biography
- 2 Career
- 3 Committee assignments
- 4 Key votes
- 4.1 113th Congress
- 4.2 National security
- 4.3 Economy
- 4.4 Immigration
- 4.5 Healthcare
- 4.6 Social issues
- 4.7 Previous congressional sessions
- 5 Issues
- 6 Elections
- 7 Campaign donors
- 8 Personal Gain Index
- 9 Analysis
- 10 Personal
- 11 Recent news
- 12 External links
- 13 References
Based on analysis of multiple outside rankings, Palazzo is an average Republican member of Congress, meaning he will vote with the Republican Party on the majority of bills.
Palazzo was born in 1970 in Gulfport, MS. After graduating from St. Johns High School, he went on to earn his B.S. and M.P.A. from the University of Southern Mississippi in 1994 and 1996, respectively. Prior to his political career, Palazzo worked as an accountant and small business owner. He has also served in both the United States Marine Corps Reserve and the Mississippi Army National Guard, and is a veteran of the Persian Gulf War.
Below is an abbreviated outline of Palazzo's professional and political career:
- 1988-1996: United States Marine Corps Reserve
- 2007-Present: Mississippi Army National Guard
- 2007-2010: Mississippi State House of Representatives
- 2009-Present: U.S. House of Representatives, 3rd Congressional District of Mississippi
Palazzo serves on the following committees:
- Armed Services Committee
- Subcommittee on Readiness
- Subcommittee on Seapower & Projection Forces
- Homeland Security Committee
- Subcommittee on Border, Maritime Security
- Subcommittee on Emergency Preparedness, Response, and Communications
- United States House Committee on Science, Space, and Technology
- Subcommittee on Research and Science Education
- Subcommittee on Space and Aeronautics - Chair
Palazzo served on the following House committees:
- Armed Services Committee
- Subcommittee on Sea Power and Projection Forces
- Subcommittee on Readiness
- Science, Space, and Technology Committee
- Subcommittee on Space and Aeronautics Chairman
The 113th Congress has had 55 out of 5,401 introduced bills enacted into law (1%) as of November 30, 2013. Comparatively, the 112th Congress had 1.14% of introduced bills enacted into law in the first session. For more information pertaining to Palazzo's voting record in the 113th Congress, please see the below sections.
American intervention in Syria
- See also: United States involvement in Syria
Palazzo signed a letter asking President Obama to "consult and receive authorization from Congress before ordering the use of U.S. military force in Syria." The letter was sent August 28, 2013.
Palazzo supported HR 1960 - the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014. The bill passed the House on June 14, 2013, with a vote of 315 - 108. Both parties were somewhat divided on the vote.
Palazzo supported HR 2217 - the DHS Appropriations Act (2014) Act of 2014. The bill passed the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 245 - 182 and was largely along party lines.
Keystone Pipeline Amendment
Palazzo opposed House Amendment 69, which would have amended HR 3 to "require that the Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration, in consultation with the Department of Homeland Security, conduct a study of the vulnerabilities of the Keystone XL pipeline to a terrorist attack and certify that necessary protections have been put in place." The amendment failed on May 22, 2013, with a vote of 176 - 239 and was largely along party lines.
Palazzo supported HR 624 - the CISPA (2013). The bill passed the House on April 18, 2013, with a vote of 288 - 127. The bill would allow federal intelligence agencies to share cybersecurity intelligence and information with private entities and utilities. The bill was largely supported by Republicans, but divided the Democratic Party.
- See also: United States Farm Bill 2013
- See also: United States budget debate, 2013
On September 30, 2013, the House passed a final stopgap spending bill before the shutdown went into effect. The bill included a one-year delay of the Affordable Care Act's individual mandate and would have also stripped the bill of federal subsidies for congressional members and staff. It passed through the House with a vote of 228-201. At 1 a.m. on October 1, 2013, one hour after the shutdown officially began, the House voted to move forward with going to a conference. In short order, Sen. Harry Reid rejected the call to conference. Palazzo voted to approve the stopgap spending bill that would have delayed the individual mandate.
The shutdown finally ended on October 16, 2013, when the House took a vote on HR 2775 after it was approved by the Senate. The bill to reopen the government lifted the $16.7 trillion debt limit and funded the government through January 15, 2014. Federal employees also received retroactive pay for the shutdown period. The only concession made by Senate Democrats was to require income verification for Obamacare subsidies. The House passed the legislation shortly after the Senate, by a vote of 285-144, with all 144 votes against the legislation coming from Republican members. Palazzo voted against HR 2775.
Morton Memos Prohibition
Palazzo supported House Amendment 136 - Prohibits the Enforcement of the Immigration Executive Order. The amendment was adopted by the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 224 - 201. The purpose of the amendment as stated on the official text is to "prohibit the use of funds to finalize, implement, administer, or enforce the Morton Memos." These memos would have granted administrative amnesty to certain illegal aliens residing in the United States. The vote largely followed party lines.
Palazzo supported repealing the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act and Healthcare-Related Provisions in the Healthcare and Education Reconciliation Act of 2010.
Palazzo supported HR 1797 - Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act. The resolution passed the House on June 18, 2013, with a vote of 228 - 196. The purpose of the bill is to ban abortions that would take place 20 or more weeks after fertilization.
A group of World War II veterans, associated with the Mississippi Gulf Coast Honor Flight, wanting to pay their respects at the WWII Memorial were met with signs and barriers upon their arrival. They refused to let their trip be affected by the government shutdown and made their way through the barriers. Many congressional members from both parties spoke their approval of the move, including Sen. Sherrod Brown and Rep. Michele Bachmann, who was in attendance. Rep. Steve King and Rep. Steve Palazzo aided the veterans by distracting park police and helping move the gates.
Previous congressional sessions
Palazzo voted against the fiscal cliff compromise bill, which made permanent most of the Bush tax cuts originally passed in 2001 and 2003 while also raising tax rates on the highest income levels. He was 1 of 151 Republicans that voted against the bill. The bill was passed in the House by a 257-167 vote on January 1, 2013.
On The Issues Vote Match
- See also: On The Issues Vote Match
On The Issues conducts a VoteMatch analysis of all Congressional members based on 20 issue areas. Rather than relying on incumbents to complete the quiz themselves, the VoteMatch analysis is conducted using voting records, statements to the media, debate transcripts or citations from books authored by or about the candidate. Based on the results of the quiz, Palazzo is a Libertarian-Leaning Conservative. Palazzo received a score of 28 percent on personal issues and 86 percent on economic issues.
|On The Issues Vote Quiz|
|Economic Issues||Social Issues|
|Legally require hiring women & minorities||Opposes||Abortion is a woman's unrestricted right||Strongly Opposes|
|Expand ObamaCare||Strongly Opposes||Comfortable with same-sex marriage||Strongly Opposes|
|Vouchers for school choice||Strongly Favors||Keep God in the public sphere||Unknown|
|Absolute right to gun ownership||Strongly Favors||Human needs over animal rights||Favors|
|Higher taxes on the wealthy||Strongly Opposes||Stricter punishment reduces crime||Strongly Favors|
|Support & expand free trade||Unknown||Pathway to citizenship for illegal aliens||Strongly Opposes|
|Stricter limits on political campaign funds||Unknown||Maintain US sovereignty from UN||Strongly Favors|
|Prioritize green energy||Strongly Opposes||Expand the military||Unknown|
|Stimulus better than market-led recovery||Opposes||Stay out of Iran||Strongly Opposes|
|Privatize Social Security||Unknown||Never legalize marijuana||Unknown|
|Note: Information last updated in 2014.|
Targeted by Club for Growth Action
In February 2013, the Club for Growth Action, a fiscally conservative Super PAC, launched a website called "www.PrimaryMyCongressman.com." According to the Club for Growth Action, "the purpose of the website is to raise awareness of Republicans In Name Only (RINOs) who are currently serving in safe Republican seats....The website will offer Club members and the general public the opportunity to recommend primary opponents to the incumbents highlighted by Club for Growth Action, as well as to recommend primary challengers for any Republican member of Congress. Club for Growth Action will rotate liberal Republicans through the website to highlight their failed records on limiting government." Palazzo was one of the first nine incumbent Republicans to be targeted by the site, which gave him a lifetime Club for Growth rating of 69%.
Federal aid in Mississippi
In a speech at the Biloxi Visitors Center, Palazzo's primary opponent, Gene Taylor, began actively campaigning against Palazzo, attacking him for voting against federal aid after Hurricane Sandy. In his speech, Taylor argued that Mississippi greatly needed federal aid after Hurricane Katrina, highlighting the importance of federal aid for storm relief. Taylor also criticized Palazzo for wanting to cut the military budget, claiming that this would hurt military bases and thereby national defense as a whole.
The following themes were outlined on Palazzo's campaign website.
Excerpt: "I believe in personal responsibility, limited government, free markets, individual liberty, traditional Mississippi values and strong national security. The primary role of government is to provide and protect our freedom to pursue Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness."
Excerpt: "God, Family, and Country!"
Excerpt: "When I joined the Marine Corps in 1988, I took an oath to protect and defend the constitution of the United States of America against all enemies both domestic and foreign. That was 22 years ago and I continue to live by that oath as a Mississippi Legislator and Citizen-Soldier."
Excerpt: "As a state legislator, I have a proven record of conservatism and fighting for my district on issues important to South Mississippi."
Excerpt: "Marriage is between a man and a woman. The federal government should not be allowed to change the values set by individual states." 
—Steven Palazzo, http://palazzoforcongress.com/issues/
|U.S. House, Mississippi District 4 Republican Primary, 2014|
|Steven Palazzo Incumbent||50.5%||54,268|
|Source: Mississippi Secretary of State - Official Republican primary results|
Palazzo won the election. Palazzo was seeking re-election in 2012. On March 13, he fended off primary challenges from Cindy Burleson and Ron Vincent. He faced Michael Herrington (Democratic), Ron Williams (Libertarian), and Robert W. Claunch (Reform) in the November 2012 general election.
Steven Palazzo, "Danger of Defense Cuts"
|U.S. House, Mississippi, District 4 General Election, 2012|
|Republican||Steven Palazzo Incumbent||64.1%||182,998|
|Reform||Robert W. Claunch||6.3%||17,982|
|Source: Mississippi Secretary of State "Official Election Results, 2012 General Election"|
|U.S. House, Mississippi District 4 Republican Primary, 2012|
|Steven Palazzo Incumbent||73.9%||60,722|
Comprehensive donor information for Palazzo is available dating back to 2010. Based on available campaign finance records, Palazzo raised a total of $2,006,346 during that time period. This information was last updated on May 16, 2013.
|Steven Palazzo's Campaign Contribution History|
|2012||U.S. House (Mississippi, District 4)||$926,893|
|2010||U.S. House (Mississippi, District 4)||$1,079,453|
|Grand Total Raised||$2,006,346|
|Steven Palazzo (2014) Campaign Finance Reports|
|Report||Date Filed||Beginning Balance||Total Contributions|
for Reporting Period
|Expenditures||Cash on Hand|
|April Quarterly||April 15, 2013||$269,796.17||$69,750.00||$(26,394.66)||$313,151.51|
|July Quarterly||July 15, 2013||$313,151.51||$161,126.13||$(38,571.55)||$435,706.09|
|October Quarterly||October 15, 2013||$435,706.09||$37,920.00||$(134,764.22)||$338,861.87|
|Year-End Quarterly||December 31, 2013||$338,861||$48,100||$(42,917)||$344,043|
|April Quarterly||April 15, 2014||$344,043.90||$174,788.33||$(116,234.47)||$402,597.76|
Cost per vote
Palazzo spent $3.89 per vote received in 2012.
|U.S. House, Mississippi District 4, 2012 - Steven Palazzo Campaign Contributions|
|Total Raised by Election Runner-up||No records available|
|Total Spent by Election Runner-up||No records available|
|Top contributors to Steven Palazzo's campaign committee|
|Computer Sciences Corp||$11,500|
|Top 5 industries that contributed to campaign committee|
|Oil & Gas||$39,000|
Palazzo won election to the U.S. House of Representatives in 2010. During that election cycle, Palazzo's campaign committee raised a total of $1,079,453 and spent $1,026,476.
|U.S. House, Mississippi District 4, 2010 - Steven Palazzo Campaign Contributions|
|Total Raised by General Election Opponent||$855,983|
|Total Spent by General Election Opponent||$968,943|
|Top contributors to Steven Palazzo's campaign committee|
|Horne CPA Group||$10,400|
|MG Dyess Inc||$10,000|
|New Republican Majority Fund||$10,000|
|Top 5 industries that contributed to campaign committee|
Personal Gain Index
- See also: Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress)
- See also: Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress)
The Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress) is a four-part measurement that illustrates the extent to which members of the U.S. Congress have personally benefited from their tenure as public servants.
It consists of four different metrics pioneered by the Government Accountability Institute:
- Changes in Net Worth
- The K-Street Metric
- The Donation Concentration Metric
- The Stock Oversight and Trades Metric
PGI: Net worth
Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by OpenSecrets.org, Palazzo's net worth as of 2012 was estimated between $607,025 and $1,639,999. That averages to $1,123,512, which is lower than the average net worth of Republican representatives in 2012 of $7,614,097.96. Palazzo ranked as the 197th most wealthy representative in 2012. Between 2009 and 2012, Palazzo's calculated net worth increased by an average of 84 percent per year. Between 2004 and 2012, the average annual percentage increase for a member of Congress was 15.4 percent.
|Steven Palazzo Yearly Net Worth|
|Year||Average Net Worth|
|Growth from 2009 to 2012:||252%|
|Average annual growth:||84%|
|Comparatively, the American citizen experienced a median yearly decline in net worth of -0.94%.|
The website OpenCongress tracks the voting records of each member to determine with whom he or she votes most and least often. The results include a member from each party.
Palazzo most often votes with:
Palazzo least often votes with:
Ideology and leadership
Lifetime voting record
According to the website GovTrack, Palazzo missed 19 of 1,698 roll call votes from Jan 2011 to Apr 2013, which is 1.1% of votes during that period. This is better than the median of 2.2% among the lifetime records of representatives currently serving.
Congressional staff salaries
The website Legistorm compiles staff salary information for members of Congress. Palazzo paid his congressional staff a total of $686,596 in 2011. Overall, Mississippi ranked 41st in average salary for representative staff. The average U.S. House of Representatives congressional staff was paid $954,912.20 in fiscal year 2011.
National Journal vote ratings
- See also: National Journal vote ratings
Each year, National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted, as compared to other members in the previous year. More information about the analysis process can be found on the vote ratings page.
According to the data released in 2013, Cedric Richmond was ranked the 40th most conservative representative during 2012. This is the most conservative ranking earned by a representative of Mississippi in 2012.
According to the data released in 2012, Steven Palazzo was ranked the 54th most conservative representative during 2011. This is the most conservative rating held by any of Mississippi's representatives.
Voting with party
The website OpenCongress tracks how often members of Congress vote with the majority of the chamber caucus. According to the website, Steve Palazzo has voted with the Republican Party 95.4% of the time, which ranked 146th among the 234 House Republican members as of June 2013.
Palazzo lives in Gulfport, MS, with his wife, Lisa, and their three children. He received the HOPE award from the Alabama-Mississippi Chapter of the National Multiple Sclerosis Society. The award is the society's highest honor.
This section displays the most recent stories in a Google news search for the term Steven + Palazzo + Mississippi + House
- All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.
- Social media:
- Political profiles:
- Financial (federal level):
- Financial (state level):
- Interest group ratings:
- Issue positions:
- Public statements:
- Voting record:
- Media appearances:
- Media coverage:
- Biographical Guide to Members of Congress, "Steven Palazzo," accessed December 3, 2011
- CQ.com, "House Committee Rosters for the 113th Congress"
- U.S. Congress House Clerk, "House of Representatives Committee Assignments," accessed December 3, 2011
- Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, First Session of the 112th Congress," accessed September 5, 2013
- Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, Second Session of the 113th Congress," accessed March 4, 2014
- Project Vote Smart, "Palazzo's Political Summary," accessed September 14, 2013
- Project Vote Smart, "Representative Steven Palazzo's Voting Records on National Security," accessed September 27, 2013
- The Library of Congress, "H.R.624 CISPA (2013) (Referred in Senate - RFS)," accessed August 27, 2013
- Project Vote Smart, "Palazzo on agriculture," accessed September 27, 2013
- New York Times, "House Republicans Push Through Farm Bill, Without Food Stamps," accessed September 17, 2013
- Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
- Buzzfeed, "Government Shutdown: How We Got Here," accessed October 1, 2013
- The Washington Post, "Reid, McConnell propose bipartisan Senate bill to end shutdown, extend borrowing," accessed October 16, 2013
- U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 550," accessed October 31, 2013
- The Library of Congress, "H.AMDT.136," accessed August 28, 2013
- Project Vote Smart, "Representative Steven Palazzo's Voting Records on Immigration," accessed September 27, 2013
- Project Vote Smart, "Palazzo on abortion," accessed September 27, 2013
- Huffington Post, "Badass WWII Veterans Storm Memorial On National Mall, Defy Government Shutdown Closure," accessed October 1, 2013
- U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote on the Fiscal Cliff," accessed January 4, 2013
- On The Issues, "Steven Palazzo Vote Match," accessed June 18, 2014
- Idaho Statesman, "Club for Growth targets Idaho Rep. Simpson for defeat in 2014," accessed February 27, 2013
- The New York Times, "Club for Growth Leads Conservative Charge, Sometimes at Republicans," accessed March 13, 2013
- Sun Herald, "Taylor wastes no time going after Palazzo in Mississippi's 4th District," accessed April 3, 2014
- Steven Palazzo, "Issues," accessed October 11, 2012
- Note: This text is quoted verbatim from the original source. Any inconsistencies are attributed to the original source.
- Politico, "2012 Election Map, Mississippi"
- Clarion Ledger, "3 congressmen file to run again," accessed January 13, 2012
- WAPT 16, "Unofficial Mississippi Primary Results," accessed March 13, 2012
- Mississippi Secretary of State, "2012 Primary Results"
- YouTube, "Danger of Defense Cuts"
- U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2010," accessed March 28, 2013
- Open Secrets, "Steven Palazzo," accessed May 16, 2013
- Federal Election Commission, "Palazzo 2014 Summary reports," accessed July 18, 2013
- FEC, "April Quarterly," accessed July 18, 2013
- FEC, "July Quarterly," accessed July 18, 2013
- FEC, "October Quarterly," accessed October 23, 2013
- FEC, "Year-End Quarterly," accessed February 12 2014
- FEC, "April Quarterly," accessed May 16, 2014
- Open Secrets, "2012 Re-Election Cycle," accessed February 16, 2013
- Open Secrets, "Steven Palazzo 2010 Election Cycle," accessed December 3, 2011
- Open Secrets, "Steven Palazzo (R-MS), 2012," accessed February 18, 2014
- This figure represents the average annual percentage growth from either 2004 (if the member entered office in 2004 or earlier) or their first year in office (as noted in the chart below) to 2012, divided by the number of years calculated.
- This number was found by dividing each member's total net worth growth percentage by the number of years included in the calculation.
- This figure represents the total percentage growth divided by the number of years for which there are net worth figures for each member.
- This figure was calculated using median asset data from the Census Bureau. Please see the Congressional Net Worth data for Ballotpedia spreadsheet for more information on this calculation.
- OpenCongress, "Steven Palazzo," accessed August 5, 2013
- GovTrack, "Steve Palazzo," accessed June 17, 2013
- LegiStorm, "Steven Palazzo," accessed October 8, 2012
- National Journal, "TABLE: House Liberal Scores by Issue Area," accessed February 26, 2013
- National Journal, "Searchable Vote Ratings Tables: House," accessed February 23, 2012
- OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed June 6, 2013
- Official House Site, "Full Biography," accessed December 3, 2011
- Hattiesburg American, "Palazzo named 2013 HOPE Award recipient by National Multiple Sclerosis Society," accessed August 15, 2013
Gene Taylor (D)
|U.S. House of Representatives - Mississippi District 4
| Succeeded by|
State of Mississippi
|State executive officers||
Governor | Lieutenant Governor | Attorney General | Secretary of State | Treasurer | State Auditor | Superintendent of Education | Commissioner of Insurance | Commissioner of Agriculture and Commerce | Executive Director of Environmental Quality | Executive Director of Employment Security | Chairman of Public Service Commission |