Straight party voting
In the early days of the parties, it was nearly impossible not to vote on a straight party line vote. To vote, voters would receive a colored ballot with that party's nominees on it. To split ticket vote, you would need two different colored ballots, which made it confusing to the voter. Often, the voter would choose a specific party, and vote for everyone from that party. Some states have had an option to select "vote straight-ticket Democrat" and "vote straight-ticket Republican" that voters can check instead of voting for each race; states that do so include Alabama, Indiana, Iowa, Kentucky, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Mexico, North Carolina, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Texas, Utah, West Virginia and Wisconsin.
One possible reason straight-ticket voting has declined among the general electorate in past years is the power of incumbency has risen. Also, there are very few places where there still is a one-party rule. In the South after the civil war, the Democrats were completely in power, and the hostility toward Republicans made it that an overwhelming majority of voters voted straight down the line on the Democratic side. Furthermore, local parties tend to run very weak party identifiers for local positions, such as mayor or town council, so at local levels, candidates must actually fight for their votes.
- National Conference of State Legislatures, "Straight Ticket Voting"
- IVN, "History of Straight Ticket Voting and the Movement to Abolish It"
- Dictionary.com, "Straight ticket," accessed March 28, 2014
- Hershey, Marjorie Randon. Party Politics in America 12th ed. 2007: Longman Classics in Political Science. page 110-111
- National Conference of State Legislatures, "Straight Ticket Voting," accessed March 28, 2014