Texas Buffer Areas for Military Installations, Proposition 1 (2009)
The Texas Buffer Areas for Military Installations Amendment, also known as Proposition 1, was on the November 3, 2009 ballot in Texas as a legislatively-referred constitutional amendment, where it was approved.
Rep. Frank Corte, Jr. co-authored the house bill that would allow a county government to issue bonds to acquire land that is adjacent to military bases. The bill, sponsored by Senator Jeff Wentworth, would authorize city and county financing to buy buffer areas near military installations to prevent encroachment or to construct roadways, utilities or other infrastructure to protect or promote the mission of the military installation.
|Texas Proposition 1 (2009)|
Election results via: Legislative Reference Library of Texas
Text of measure
|“||The constitutional amendment authorizing the financing, including through tax increment financing, of the acquisition by municipalities and counties of buffer areas or open spaces adjacent to a military installation for the prevention of encroachment or for the construction of roadways, utilities, or other infrastructure to protect or promote the mission of the military installation.||”|
The full text of the measure can be read here.
- See also: Amending the Texas Constitution
|The legislature by general law may authorize a municipality or county to issue bonds or notes to finance the acquisition of buffer areas or open spaces adjacent to a military installation for the prevention of encroachment or for the construction of roadways, utilities, or other infrastructure to protect or promote the mission of the military installation. The municipality or county may pledge increases in ad valorem tax revenues imposed in the area by the municipality, county, or other political subdivisions for repayment of the bonds or notes.|
The Naval Air Station Regional Coordination Committee went on record to endorse Proposition 1, arguing that the measure is not an excuse for military bases to remove homes for the benefit of a military base. Paul Paine, chairman of the committee, who is also a former base commander, stated: "I want to be clear: Nobody is saying, 'We want to go after those homes, buy them out and have them moved.’ What we’re trying to do is educate municipalities to think about land use in terms of what that existing or future development means to the base."
No committees or contributions to campaigns in favor of Proposition 1 were reported.
According to the House Research Organization, a bipartisan research group in the state, opponents of the measure stated that Proposition 1 allowed local governments to increase taxes. As a result, the increased taxes imposes a burden to property owners. The organization refers to a “buffer zone” that would be acquired if the amendment is passed in the November election. The buffer zone would pave the way for land to go off tax rolls and would stunt the growth of developing areas in the state.
The National Taxpayers Union was opposed to Proposition 1. The organization, as well as other limited government advocates, argued that this funding mechanism is burdensome to taxpayers and will pave the way for higher taxes. The measure was included in NTU's 2009 General Election Ballot Guide.
No committees or contributions to campaigns in opposition to Proposition 1 were reported.
Media editorial positions
- The El Paso Times said, "This amendment would allow local governments to issue bonds or notes for purchase of land adjacent to military installations, with the land to be used in ways to protect or promote the military mission. Care would have to be taken to ensure that governments didn't use this power to unnecessarily raise property taxes, particularly in these tough economic times," said the board.
- The Star-Telegram said, "Relations between a military base and its surrounding community can be love-hate, especially when high-performance jets rattle windows during takeoffs or landings...Voter approval would give cities and counties another tool to encourage compatible land use: the ability to issue bonds and notes to buy buffer areas or open spaces adjacent to bases."
- The Austin Chronicle said, "We've had quite enough of state-subsidized militarism (and the Lege didn't even bother to authorize the bonds). Let the bases rub up against the neighborhoods where they live," said the editorial board.
Path to the ballot
- See also: Laws governing direct democracy in Texas
As laid out in Article 17 of the Texas Constitution, in order for a proposed constitutional amendment to be placed on the ballot, the Texas State Legislature must propose the amendment in a joint resolution of both the Texas State Senate and the Texas House of Representatives. The joint resolution can originate in either the House or the Senate. The resolution must be adopted by a vote of at least two-thirds of the membership of each house of the legislature. That amounts to a minimum of 100 votes in the House of Representatives and 21 votes in the Senate.
- Texas 2009 ballot measures
- 2009 ballot measures
- List of Texas ballot measures
- History of direct democracy in Texas
- KGNS-TV, "Eleven proposed constitutional amendments before Texas voters this November," October 19, 2009
- The Lubbock Avalanche-Journal, "Key items on ballot for Texans," October 18, 2009
- House Research Organization, "Bill Analysis," May 11, 2009
- Fort Worth Star-Telegram, "11 proposed constitutional amendments on the Nov. 3 ballot," October 1, 2009
- Legislative Reference Library of Texas, "Constitutional amendment election dates," accessed January 20, 2015
- Texas Legislative Council, "Amendments to the Texas Constitution Since 1876," accessed January 20, 2015
- Texas Secretary of State, "Official Ballot Language and Order for the Nov.3, 2009 Constitutional Amendment Election," July 28, 2009
- Note: This text is quoted verbatim from the original source. Any inconsistencies are attributed to the original source.
- Texas Legislature Online, "Enrolled Version of HJR 132," accessed January 20, 2015
- Fort Worth Star-Telegram, "Proposition 1 on Texas ballot would let cities buy land around military bases," October 11, 2009 (dead link)
- Follow the Money, Proposition 1"
- Gainesville Daily Register, "11 amendments to Texas Constitution to appear on Nov. 3 ballot," October 7, 2009 (dead link)
- El Paso Times, "Propositions: Appraisal reform on November ballot," October 18, 2009
- Star-Telegram, "Nov. 3 election recommendations," October 16, 2009
- The Austin Chronicle, "The Austin Chronicle' Endorsements," October 16, 2009
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