Tim Johnson, South Dakota
|U.S. Senate, South Dakota|
|January 3, 2015|
|Years in position||17|
|Predecessor||Larry L. Pressler (R)|
|Elections and appointments|
|Last election||November 4, 2008|
|First elected||November 5, 1996|
|Representative, U. S. House of Representatives|
|Senator, South Dakota Senate|
|Representative, South Dakota House of Representatives|
|Bachelor's||University of South Dakota, 1969|
|Master's||University of South Dakota, 1970|
|J.D.||University of South Dakota, 1975|
|Years of service||1969|
|Birthday||December 28, 1946|
|Place of birth||Canton, SD|
- 1 Biography
- 2 Career
- 3 Committee assignments
- 4 Key votes
- 4.1 113th Congress
- 4.2 Previous congressional sessions
- 5 Issues
- 6 Elections
- 7 Campaign donors
- 8 Personal Gain Index
- 9 Analysis
- 10 Personal
- 11 Recent news
- 12 See also
- 13 External links
- 14 References
Based on analysis of multiple outside rankings, Johnson is an average Democratic member of Congress, meaning he will vote with the Democratic Party on the majority of bills.
Johnson served in the United States Army in 1969. He received his bachelor's degree and his master's degree from the University of South Dakota in 1969 and 1970, respectfully. He earned his J.D. from the University of South Dakota in 1975. Prior to his election to the U.S. Senate, Johnson served in the U.S. House of Representatives for 10 years.
Below is an abbreviated outline of Johnson's academic, professional and political career:
- 1971-1972: Served as budget advisor, Michigan Senate
- 1975: Began practicing law in Vermillion, S.D.
- 1979-1982: Served as a member of the South Dakota House of Representatives
- 1983-1986: Served as a member of the South Dakota Senate
- 1985: Served as Clay County Deputy State’s Attorney
- 1987-1997: Served as a member of the United States House of Representatives from South Dakota
- 1997-Present: Served as U.S. Senator from South Dakota
Johnson serves on the following committees:
- Banking, Housing and Urban Affairs Chairman
- Subcommittee on Securities, Insurance and Investment
- Subcommittee on National Security and International Trade and Finance
- Subcommittee on Financial Institutions and Consumer Protection Members
- Subcommittee on Housing, Transportation and Community Development
- Subcommittee on Transportation and Housing and Urban Development, and Related Agencies
- Subcommittee on Military Construction and Veterans Affairs, and Related Agencies
- Subcommittee on Department of the Interior, Environment, and Related Agencies
- Subcommittee on Energy and Water Development
- Subcommittee on Department of Defense
- Subcommittee on Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies
- Energy and Natural Resources
- Subcommittee on Water and Power
- Subcommittee on Public Lands, Forests, and Mining
- Subcommittee on Energy
- United States Senate Committee on Indian Affairs
Johnson served on the following Senate committees:
The 113th Congress has had 55 out of 5,401 introduced bills enacted into law (1 percent) as of November 30, 2013. Comparatively, the 112th Congress had 1.14 percent of introduced bills enacted into law in the first session. The Senate has confirmed 16,878 out of 19,009 executive nominations received thus far (88.8 percent). For more information pertaining to Johnson's voting record in the 113th Congress, please see the below sections.
John Brennan CIA nomination
Johnson voted for the confirmation of John Brennan as Director of the Central Intelligence Agency. The nomination was confirmed by the Senate on March 7, 2013, with a vote of 63 - 34. Most Democrats supported the nomination, while Republicans were somewhat divided with roughly one-third supporting the nomination.
On February 4, 2014, the Democratic controlled Senate approved the Federal Agriculture Reform and Risk Management Act of 2013, H.R. 2642, also known as the Farm Bill. It passed the Senate with a vote of 68-32. The nearly 1,000-page bill reformed and continued various programs of the Department of Agriculture through 2018. The $1 trillion bill expanded crop insurance for farmers by $7 billion over the next decade and created new subsidies for rice and peanut growers that will kick in if or when prices drop; however, cuts to the food stamp program cut an average of $90 per month for 1.7 million people in 15 states. Johnson joined with 46 other Democratic senators in favor of the bill.
On January 16, 2014, the Democratic-controlled Senate approved H.R. 3547, a $1.1 trillion spending bill to fund the government through September 30, 2014. The Senate voted 72-26 for the 1,582 page bill, with 17 Republicans and 55 Democrats voting in favor of the bill. The omnibus package included 12 annual spending bills to fund federal operations. It included a 1 percent increase in the paychecks of federal workers and military personnel, a $1 billion increase in Head Start funding for early childhood education, reduced funding to the Internal Revenue Service and the Environmental Protection Agency and left the Affordable Care Act without any drastic cuts. Johnson voted with the Democratic Party in favor of the bill.
No Budget, No Pay Act of 2013
Johnson voted for H.R.325 -- No Budget, No Pay Act of 2013. The bill passed the Senate on January 31, 2013, with a vote of 64 - 34. The purpose of the bill was to temporarily suspend the debt ceiling and withhold the pay of members of Congress until a budget could be passed. The vote largely followed party lines with Democrats overwhelmingly supporting it and many Republicans in opposition to the bill.
- See also: United States budget debate, 2013
During the shutdown in October 2013, the Senate rejected, down party lines, every House-originated bill that stripped the budget of funding for the Affordable Care Act. A deal was reached late on October 16, 2013, just hours before the debt ceiling deadline. The bill to reopen the government, H.R. 2775, lifted the $16.7 trillion debt limit and funded the government through January 15, 2014. Federal employees also received retroactive pay for the shutdown period. The only concession made by Senate Democrats was to require income verification for Obamacare subsidies. The final vote on H.R. 2775 was 81-18, with all 18 votes against the bill from Republican members. Johnson voted with the Democratic Party for the bill.
Johnson voted against Senate Amendment 1197 -- Requires the Completion of the Fence Along the United States-Mexico Border. The amendment was rejected by the Senate on June 18, 2013, with a vote of 39 - 54. The purpose of the amendment was to require the completion of 350 miles of fence described in the Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act of 1996 before registered provisional immigrant status may be granted. It would also require 700 miles of fence be completed before the status of registered provisional immigrants may be changed to permanent resident status. The vote followed party lines.
Violence Against Women (2013)
Johnson voted for S.47 -- Violence Against Women Reauthorization Act of 2013. The bill was passed by the Senate on February 12, 2013, with a vote of 78 - 22. The purpose of the bill was to combat violence against women, from domestic violence to international trafficking in persons. All 22 dissenting votes were cast by Republicans.
Previous congressional sessions
Johnson voted for the fiscal cliff compromise bill, which made permanent most of the Bush tax cuts originally passed in 2001 and 2003, while also raising tax rates on the highest income levels. The bill was passed in the Senate by a 89-8 vote on January 1, 2013.
Johnson, along with Senators Carl Levin and Dianne Feinstein sent a letter to the Director of National Intelligence asking for regular updates on Iran's nuclear weapons program. Their requests included "... periodic briefings from the Intelligence Community, every 45 days beginning on January 30, 2014, concerning whether Iran is acting consistent with the terms of the interim agreement regarding Iran’s nuclear activities."
Johnson switched from his previous opposition of same-sex marriage to endorsing it on April 8, 2013. He stated, "After lengthy consideration, my views have evolved sufficiently to support marriage equality legislation. This position doesn't require any religious denomination to alter any of its tenets; it simply forbids government from discrimination regarding who can marry whom."
Johnson announced on March 25, 2013 that he did not run for re-election in 2014. He joins a growing list of incumbents not running for re-election in 2014.
The below chart from Find The Best tracks the fundraising events Johnson attends.
Comprehensive donor information for Johnson is available dating back to 2008. Based on available campaign finance records, Johnson raised a total of $13,395,649 during that time period. This information was last updated on April 25, 2013.
|Tim Johnson, South Dakota's Campaign Contribution History|
|2008||U.S. Senate (South Dakota)||$6,423,536|
|2002||U.S. Senate (South Dakota)||$6,972,113|
|Grand Total Raised||$13,395,649|
Johnson won re-election to the U.S. Senate in 2008. During that re-election cycle, Johnson's campaign committee raised a total of $6,423,536 and spent $5,595,062.
|U.S. Senate, South Dakota General Election, 2008 - Tim Johnson, South Dakota Campaign Contributions|
|Total Raised by General Election Opponent||$906,630|
|Total Spent by General Election Opponent||$905,366|
|Top contributors to Tim Johnson, South Dakota's campaign committee|
|JPMorgan Chase & Co||$58,095|
|Top 5 industries that contributed to campaign committee|
|Securities & Investment||$296,691|
Personal Gain Index
- See also: Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress)
- See also: Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress)
The Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress) is a four-part measurement that illustrates the extent to which members of the U.S. Congress have prospered during their tenure as public servants.
It consists of four different metrics:
- Changes in Net Worth
- The Donation Concentration Metric
- The K-Street Metric
- The Stock Oversight and Trades Metric
PGI: Change in net worth
Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by OpenSecrets.org, Johnson's net worth as of 2012 was estimated between $550,044 to $1,853,000. That averages to $1,201,522, which is lower than the average net worth of Democratic Senate members in 2012 of $13,566,333.90. Johnson ranked as the 62nd most wealthy senator in 2012. Between 2004 and 2012, Johnson's calculated net worth increased by an average of 11 percent per year. Between 2004 and 2012, the average annual percentage increase for a member of Congress was 15.4 percent.
|Tim Johnson Yearly Net Worth|
|Year||Average Net Worth|
|Growth from 2004 to 2012:||90%|
|Average annual growth:||11%|
|Comparatively, the American citizen experienced a median yearly decline in net worth of -0.94%.|
PGI: Donation Concentration Metric
Filings required by the Federal Election Commission report on the industries that give to each candidate. Using campaign filings and information calculated by OpenSecrets.org, Ballotpedia calculated the percentage of donations by industry received by each incumbent over the course of his or her career (or 1989 and later, if elected prior to 1988). In the 113th Congress, Johnson is the chair of the Banking, Housing and Urban Affairs committee. Johnson received the most donations from individuals and PACs employed by the Lawyers/Law Firms industry.
From 1989-2014, 24.38 percent of Johnson's career contributions came from the top five industries as listed below.
|Tim Johnson, South Dakota Campaign Contributions|
|Chair of the Banking, Housing and Urban Affairs|
|Top five industries that contributed to campaign committee|
|Securities & Investment||$961,837|
|% total in top industry||7.76%|
|% total in top two industries||12.74%|
|% total in top five industries||24.38%|
The website OpenCongress tracks the voting records of each member to determine with whom he or she votes most and least often. The results include a member from each party.
Johnson most often votes with:
Johnson least often votes with:
Ideology and leadership
Lifetime voting record
According to the website GovTrack, Johnson missed 402 of 5,623 roll call votes from January 1997 to July 2014. This amounts to 7.1 percent, which is worse than the median of 2.0 percent among current senators as of July 2014.
Congressional staff salaries
The website Legistorm compiles staff salary information for members of Congress. Johnson paid his congressional staff a total of $2,723,199 in 2011. He ranked 22nd on the list of the highest paid Democratic senatorial staff salaries and ranked 29th overall of the highest paid senatorial staff salaries in 2011. Overall, South Dakota ranked 16th in average salary for senatorial staff. The average U.S. Senate congressional staff was paid $2,529,141.70 in fiscal year 2011.
According to an analysis by CNN, Johnson was one of nearly 25 percent of House members who gave their staff bonuses in 2012. Johnson's staff was given an apparent $33,371.67 in bonus money.
National Journal vote ratings
- See also: National Journal vote ratings
Each year National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted in the previous year. Click the link above for the full ratings of all members of Congress.
Johnson ranked 30th in the liberal rankings in 2013.
Johnson was one of two members who ranked 22nd in the liberal rankings in 2012.
Johnson ranked 28th in the liberal rankings in 2011.
Voting with party
The website OpenCongress tracks how often members of Congress vote with the majority of the chamber caucus.
Tim Johnson voted with the Democratic Party 96.3 percent of the time, which ranked 16th among the 53 Senate Democratic members as of August 2014.
Tim Johnson voted with the Democratic Party 95.6 percent of the time, which ranked 22nd among the 52 Senate Democratic members as of June 2013.
Johnson and his wife, Barbara, have three children.
This section displays the most recent stories in a Google news search for the term Tim + Johnson + South Dakota + Senate
- All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.
- BP News: South Dakota Senator announces plan to retire in 2014
- BP News: South Dakota Senator backs same-sex marriage
- United States Senate
- United States congressional delegations from South Dakota
- List of U.S. Congress incumbents not running for re-election in 2014
- U.S. Senate delegation from South Dakota
- United States Senate elections in South Dakota, 2014
- Social media:
- Political profiles:
- Financial (federal level):
- Interest group ratings:
- Issue positions:
- Public statements:
- Voting record:
- Media appearances:
- Media coverage:
- Argus Leader, "Sen. Johnson announces retirement," accessed March 27, 2013
- Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, "Tim Johnson," accessed November 4, 2011
- Congressional Quarterly, "Senate Committee List," accessed January 18, 2013
- Senate Democrats, "112th Senate Committee Assignments," accessed August 6, 2013
- Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, First Session of the 112th Congress," accessed September 5, 2013
- Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, Second Session of the 113th Congress," accessed March 4, 2014
- Project Vote Smart, "PN 48 - Nomination of John Brennan to be Director of the Central Intelligence Agency - Voting Record," accessed September 25, 2013
- Senate.gov, "H.R. 2642 (Federal Agriculture Reform and Risk Management Act of 2013)," accessed February 12, 2014
- NY Times, "Senate Passes Long-Stalled Farm Bill, With Clear Winners and Losers," accessed February 12, 2014
- Politico, "Senate approves $1.1 trillion spending bill," accessed January 20, 2014
- U.S. Senate, "January 16 Vote," accessed January 20, 2014
- Roll Call, "House Passes $1.1 Trillion Omnibus," accessed January 20, 2014
- Project Vote Smart, "HR 325 - To Ensure the Complete and Timely Payment of the Obligations of the United States Government Until May 19, 2013 - Voting Record," accessed September 25, 2013
- The Washington Post, "Reid, McConnell propose bipartisan Senate bill to end shutdown, extend borrowing," accessed October 16, 2013
- Senate.gov, "H.R. 2775 As Amended," accessed October 31, 2013
- Project Vote Smart, "S Amdt 1197 - Requires the Completion of the Fence Along the United States-Mexico Border - Voting Record," accessed September 25, 2013
- Project Vote Smart, "S 47 - Violence Against Women Reauthorization Act of 2013 - Voting Record," accessed September 25, 2013
- U.S. Senate, "Roll Call Vote on the Fiscal Cliff," accessed January 4, 2013
- Roll Call, "Democratic Committee Leaders Ask for Iran Intel Briefings," accessed December 6, 2013
- Talking Points Memo, "Sen. Tim Johnson Endorses Gay Marriage" accessed April 9, 2013
- Huffingtonpost.com, "Gay Marriage Rights: The 10 Democratic Senators Who Still Say No" March 2013
- U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 4, 2008," accessed March 28, 2013
- U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 5, 2002," accessed March 28, 2013
- U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 5, 1996," accessed March 28, 2013
- U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 8, 1994," accessed March 28, 2013
- U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 3, 1992," accessed March 28, 2013
- U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 6, 1990," accessed March 28, 2013
- U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 8, 1988," accessed March 28, 2013
- U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 4, 1986," accessed March 28, 2013
- Open Secrets, "Donor history for Tim Johnson," accessed April 25, 2013
- Open Secrets, "Tim Johnson 2008 Election Cycle," accessed November 4, 2011
- OpenSecrets, "Casey, 2012," accessed January 14, 2014
- This figure represents the total percentage growth from either 2004 (if the member entered office in 2004 or earlier) or their first year in office (as noted in the chart below).
- This number was found by dividing each member's total net worth growth percentage by the number of years included in the calculation.
- This figure represents the total percentage growth divided by the number of years for which there are net worth figures for each member.
- This figure was calculated using median asset data from the Census Bureau. Please see the Congressional Net Worth data for Ballotpedia spreadsheet for more information on this calculation.
- OpenSecrets.org, "Sen. Tim Johnson," accessed October 2, 2014
- OpenCongress, "Tim Johnson," accessed September 2, 2014
- GovTrack, "Johnson," accessed September 2, 2014
- GovTrack, "Johnson," accessed July 2, 2013
- GovTrack, "Johnson," accessed September 2, 2014
- LegiStorm, "Tim Johnson," accessed August 6, 2012
- CNN Politics, "Congressional bonuses in a time of cuts," accessed March 8, 2013
- National Journal, "2013 Congressional Vote Ratings," September 2, 2014
- National Journal, "2012 Congressional Vote Ratings," February 28, 2013
- National Journal, "Searchable Vote Ratings Tables: Senate," accessed February 23, 2012
- OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
- OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
|U.S. Senate - South Dakota
| Succeeded by|
State of South Dakota
|State executive officers||
Governor | Lieutenant Governor | Attorney General | Secretary of State | Treasurer | State Auditor | Secretary of Education | Director of Insurance | Secretary of Agriculture | Secretary of Environment and Natural Resources | Secretary of Labor | Chairman of Public Utilities |