Todd Young

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Todd C. Young
Todd C. Young.jpg
U.S. House, Indiana, District 9
Incumbent
In office
January 3, 2011-Present
Term ends
January 3, 2017
Years in position 4
PartyRepublican
PredecessorBaron Hill (D)
Compensation
Base salary$174,000/year
Elections and appointments
Last electionNovember 4, 2014
Cost per vote$13.83 in 2014
First elected2010
Next generalNovember 8, 2016
Campaign $$5,940,596
Term limitsN/A
Education
High schoolCarmel High School (1990)
Bachelor'sUnited States Naval Academy
Master'sUniversity of Chicago , University of London’s Institute of United States Studies
J.D.Indiana University
Military service
Service/branchUnited States Marine Corps
Years of service1995-2000
Personal
Date of birthAugust 24, 1972
Place of birthLancaster, Pennsylvania
ProfessionAttorney
Net worth(2012) $66,501.50
ReligionChristian
Websites
Office website
Campaign website
Todd C. Young campaign logo
Todd Christopher Young (b. August 24, 1972, in Lancaster, PA) is a Republican member of the U.S. House of Representatives. Young was elected by voters from Indiana's 9th Congressional District. He was first elected to the U.S. House in 2010.

Young ran for re-election to the U.S. House in 2014. He defeated challengers Bill Bailey (D) and R. Mike Frey (L) in the general election on November 4, 2014.[1] He won the nomination in the Republican primary election on May 6, 2014.[2]

Based on analysis of multiple outside rankings, Young is an average Republican member of Congress, meaning he will vote with the Republican Party on the majority of bills.

Biography

Young was born was born August 24, 1972, in Lancaster, PA.[3]

After graduating from high school, Young enlisted in the U.S. Navy with the goal of attending the United States Naval Academy in Annapolis, Maryland. Young accepted a commission in the U.S. Marine Corps in 1995.[3] After serving a decade in the military, Young spent a year in England, where he wrote a thesis on the economic history of midwestern agriculture and earned an M.A. from the School of Advanced Study in London.[3]

Career

Below is an abbreviated outline of Young's academic, professional and political career:[4]

  • 2011-Present: U.S. Representative from Indiana's 9th Congressional District
  • 2006: Graduated from Indiana University with a J.D.
  • 2001: Graduated from the University of London with an M.A.
  • 2000: Graduated from the University of Chicago with an M.B.A.
  • 1995-2000: United States Marine Corps
  • 1995: Graduated from the United States Naval Academy in Annapolis with a B.S.

Committee assignments

U.S. House

2015-2016

Young serves on the following committees:[5]

2013-2014

Young served on the following committees:[6][7]

2011-2012

Key votes

114th Congress

CongressLogo.png

The first session of the 114th Congress has enacted into law 6 out of the 2,616 introduced bills (0.2 percent). Comparatively, the 113th Congress had 1.3 percent of introduced bills enacted into law in the first session.[9] For more information pertaining to Young's voting record in the 114th Congress, please see the below sections.[10]

Economic and fiscal

2016 Budget proposal

Yea3.png On April 30, 2015, the House voted to approve SConRes11, a congressional budget proposal for fiscal year 2016, by a vote of 226-197. The non-binding resolution will be used to create 12 appropriations bills to fund the government before funding runs out on October 1. All 183 Democrats who voted, voted against the resolution. Young voted with 225 other Republicans to approve the bill.[11][12][13]

Foreign Affairs

Iran nuclear deal

Yea3.png On May 14, 2015, the House approved HR 1191 - the Iran Nuclear Agreement Review Act of 2015 by a vote of 400-25. The bill requires President Barack Obama to submit the details of a nuclear deal with Iran for congressional review, if negotiators reach a final agreement. Congress will have 30 days to review the deal and vote to approve or disapprove the deal. During the review period, sanctions on Iran cannot be lifted. Young voted with 222 other Republican representatives to approve the bill.[14][15]

113th Congress

The second session of the 113th Congress enacted into law 224 out of the 3215 introduced bills (7 percent). Comparatively, the 112th Congress had 4.2 percent of introduced bills enacted into law in the second session.[16] For more information pertaining to Young's voting record in the 113th Congress, please see the below sections.[17]

National security

DHS Appropriations

Yea3.png Young voted in favor of HR 2217 - the DHS Appropriations Act of 2014. The bill passed the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 245 - 182 and was largely along party lines.[18]

Keystone Pipeline Amendment

Nay3.png Young voted against House Amendment 69, which would have amended HR 3 to "require that the Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration, in consultation with the Department of Homeland Security, conduct a study of the vulnerabilities of the Keystone XL pipeline to a terrorist attack and certify that necessary protections have been put in place." The amendment failed on May 22, 2013, with a vote of 176 - 239 and was largely along party lines.[18]

CISPA (2013)

Yea3.png Young voted in favor of HR 624 - the CISPA (2013). The bill passed the House on April 18, 2013, with a vote of 288 - 127. The bill permitted federal intelligence agencies to share cybersecurity intelligence and information with private entities and utilities.[19] The bill was largely supported by Republicans, but divided the Democratic Party.[18]

NDAA

Yea3.png Young voted in support of HR 1960 - the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014. The bill passed the House on June 14, 2013, with a vote of 315 - 108. Both parties were somewhat divided on the vote.[18]

Economy

Farm bill

Yea3.png On January 29, 2014, the U.S. House approved the Federal Agriculture Reform and Risk Management Act of 2013, H.R. 2642, also known as the Farm Bill.[20] The bill passed by a vote of 251-166. The nearly 1,000-page bill reformed and continued various programs of the Department of Agriculture through 2018. The $1 trillion bill expanded crop insurance for farmers by $7 billion over the next decade and created new subsidies for rice and peanut growers that would kick in when prices drop.[21][22] However, cuts to the food stamp program cut an average of $90 per month for 1.7 million people in 15 states.[22] Young voted with 161 other Republican representatives in favor of the bill.

2014 Budget

Yea3.png On January 15, 2014, the Republican-run House approved H.R. 3547, a $1.1 trillion spending bill to fund the government through September 30, 2014.[23][24] The House voted 359-67 for the 1,582-page bill, with 64 Republicans and three Democrats voting against the bill.[24] The omnibus package included 12 annual spending bills to fund federal operations.[25] It increased the paychecks of federal workers and military personnel by 1 percent, increased Head Start funding for early childhood education by $1 billion, reduced funding to the Internal Revenue Service and the Environmental Protection Agency, and protected the Affordable Care Act from any drastic cuts. Young voted with the majority of the Republican party in favor of the bill.[23]

Government shutdown

See also: United States budget debate, 2013

Yea3.png On September 30, 2013, the House passed a final stopgap spending bill before the shutdown went into effect. The bill included a one-year delay of the Affordable Care Act's individual mandate and would have also stripped the bill of federal subsidies for congressional members and staff. It passed through the House with a vote of 228-201.[26] At 1 a.m. on October 1, 2013, one hour after the shutdown officially began, the House voted to move forward with going to a conference. In short order, Sen. Harry Reid rejected the call to conference.[27] Young voted to approve the stopgap spending bill that would have delayed the individual mandate.[28]

Yea3.png The shutdown ended on October 16, 2013, when the House took a vote on HR 2775 after it was approved by the Senate. The bill to reopen the government lifted the $16.7 trillion debt limit and funded the government through January 15, 2014. Federal employees also received retroactive pay for the shutdown period. The only concession made by Senate Democrats was to require income verification for Obamacare subsidies.[29] The House passed the legislation shortly after the Senate, by a vote of 285-144, with all 144 votes against the legislation coming from Republican members. Young voted for HR 2775.[30]

Pay during government shutdown

See also: United States budget debate, 2013

Young declined to accept his salary while the government was shutdown.[31]

Immigration


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

Morton Memos Prohibition

Yea3.png Young voted in favor of House Amendment 136 - Prohibits the Enforcement of the Immigration Executive Order. The amendment was adopted by the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 224 - 201. The purpose of the amendment, as stated on the official text, is to "prohibit the use of funds to finalize, implement, administer, or enforce the Morton Memos." These memos would have granted administrative amnesty to certain illegal aliens residing in the United States. The vote largely followed party lines.[18]

Healthcare

Healthcare Reform Rules

Yea3.png Young voted in favor of House Amendment 450 - Requires Congressional Approval for Any Rules Under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. The amendment was adopted by the House on August 2, 2013, with a vote of 227-185. The amendment requires all changes to the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act be approved by Congress before taking effect. The vote was largely along party lines.[18]

Keep the IRS Off Your Healthcare Act

Yea3.png Young voted in favor of HR 2009 - Keep the IRS Off Your Healthcare Act of 2013. The bill passed through the House on August 2, 2013, with a vote of 232-185. The bill would prevent the IRS and Treasury Secretary from enforcing the powers provided to them in the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. The vote largely followed party lines.[18]

Social issues

Amash amendment

Nay3.png Young voted against House Amendment 413 - Prohibits the National Security Agency from Collecting Records Under the Patriot Act. The amendment failed on July 4, 2013, by a vote of 205-217. The amendment would have prohibited the collection of records by the National Security Agency under the Patriot Act. Both parties were split on the vote.[18]

Government affairs

HR 676

See also: Boehner's lawsuit against the Obama administration

Yea3.png On July 30, 2014, the U.S. House approved a resolution 225 to 201 to sue President Barack Obama for exceeding his constitutional authority. Five RepublicansThomas Massie of Kentucky, Paul Broun of Georgia, Scott Garrett of New Jersey, Walter Jones of North Carolina and Steve Stockman of Texas—voted with Democrats against the lawsuit.[32] Young joined the other 224 Republicans in favor of the lawsuit. All Democrats voted against the resolution.[33][34]

Previous congressional sessions

Fiscal Cliff

Nay3.png Young voted against the fiscal cliff compromise bill, which made permanent most of the Bush tax cuts originally passed in 2001 and 2003 while also raising tax rates on the highest income levels. He was 1 of 151 Republicans that voted against the bill. The bill was passed in the House by a 257 - 167 vote on January 1, 2013.[35]

Issues

On The Issues Vote Match

Todd Young's Vote Match results from On The Issues.
See also: On The Issues Vote Match

On The Issues conducts a VoteMatch analysis of elected officials based on 20 issue areas. Rather than relying on incumbents to complete the quiz themselves, the VoteMatch analysis is conducted using voting records, statements to the media, debate transcripts or citations from books authored by or about the candidate. Based on the results of the quiz, Young is a Libertarian-Leaning Conservative. Young received a score of 26 percent on social issues and 77 percent on economic issues.[36] Note: We are working to resolve inaccuracies with this information. Thank you for your patience.

On The Issues organization logo.


Elections

2014

See also: Indiana's 9th Congressional District elections, 2014

Young ran for re-election to the U.S. House in 2014. He won the nomination in the Republican primary election on May 6, 2014.[2]The general election took place November 4, 2014.

U.S. House, Indiana District 9 General Election, 2014
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Republican Green check mark transparent.pngTodd Young Incumbent 62.2% 101,594
     Democratic Bill Bailey 33.7% 55,016
     Libertarian Mike Frey 4.1% 6,777
Total Votes 163,387
Source: Indiana Secretary of State Official Results
U.S. House, Indiana District 9 Republican Primary, 2014
Candidate Vote % Votes
Green check mark transparent.pngTodd Young Incumbent 79.4% 30,402
Kathy Lowe-Heil 12% 4,607
Mark Jones 8.6% 3,293
Total Votes 38,302
Source: Indiana Division of Elections

2012

See also: Indiana's 9th Congressional District elections, 2012

Young ran in the 2012 election for the U.S. House to represent Indiana's 9th District. He was unopposed in the Republican primary and defeated Democratic nominee Shelli Yoder in the November 6 general election.[37]

U.S. House, Indiana District 9 General Election, 2012
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Democratic Shelli Yoder 44.6% 132,848
     Republican Green check mark transparent.pngTodd Young Incumbent 55.4% 165,332
Total Votes 298,180
Source: Indiana Secretary of State "House of Representatives Election Results"

Full history


Campaign donors

Fundraising events

The below chart from Find The Best tracks the fundraising events Young attends.


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.


Comprehensive donor history

Comprehensive donor information for Young is available dating back to 2010. Based on available campaign finance records, Young raised a total of $5,940,596 during that time period. This information was last updated on April 15, 2015.[39]

Todd Young's Campaign Contribution History
Year Office Result Contributions
2014 U.S. House (Indiana, District 9) Won $2,156,588
2012 U.S. House (Indiana, District 9) Won $1,819,056
2010 U.S. House (Indiana, District 9) Won $1,964,952
Grand Total Raised $5,940,596


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

2014

Young won re-election to the U.S. House in 2014. During that election cycle, Young's campaign committee raised a total of $2,156,588 and spent $1,405,164.[40] This is less than the average $1.45 million spent by House winners in 2014.[41]

Cost per vote

Young spent $13.83 per general election vote received in 2014.

U.S. House, Indiana District 9, 2014 - Todd Young Campaign Contributions
Total Raised $2,156,588
Total Spent $1,405,164
Total Raised by Election Runner-up $114,584
Total Spent by Election Runner-up $112,786
Top contributors to Todd Young's campaign committee
Eli Lilly & Co$20,350
Padgett Inc$20,100
Geo Pfau's Sons$18,000
Mainstream Investment Advisors$15,600
Venture Logistics$15,400
Top 5 industries that contributed to campaign committee
Retired$120,000
Health Professionals$113,950
Securities & Investment$108,900
Real Estate$94,550
Insurance$83,650

Below are Young's FEC reports.[42]

2012

Young won re-election to the U.S. House in 2012. During that election cycle, Young's campaign committee raised a total of $1,819,056 and spent $1,823,459.[48] This was more than the average $1.5 million spent by House winners in 2012.[49]

Cost per vote

Young spent $11.03 per vote received in 2012.


2010

Young won election to the U.S. House of Representatives in 2010. During that election cycle, Young's campaign committee raised a total of $1,964,852 and spent $1,950,159.[50]


Personal Gain Index

Congressional Personal Gain Index graphic.png
See also: Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress)

The Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress) is a two-part measurement that illustrates the extent to which members of the U.S. Congress have prospered during their tenure as public servants.
It consists of two different metrics:

PGI: Change in net worth

See also: Changes in Net Worth of U.S. Senators and Representatives (Personal Gain Index) and Net worth of United States Senators and Representatives
Net Worth Metric graphic.png

Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by OpenSecrets.org, Young's net worth as of 2012 was estimated between -$496,995 and $629,998. That averages to $66,501.50, which was lower than the average net worth of Republican representatives in 2012 of $6,956,438.47. Young ranked as the 388th most wealthy representative in 2012.[51] Between 2009 and 2012, Young's calculated net worth[52] increased by an average of 1 percent per year. Between 2004 and 2012, the average annual percentage increase for a member of Congress was 15.4 percent.[53]

Todd Young Yearly Net Worth
YearAverage Net Worth
2009$64,747
2012$66,501.50
Growth from 2009 to 2012:3%
Average annual growth:1%[54]
Comparatively, the American citizen experienced a median yearly decline in net worth of -0.94%.[55]
The data used to calculate changes in net worth may include changes resulting from assets gained through marriage, inheritance, changes in family estates and/or trusts, changes in family business ownership and many other variables unrelated to a member's behavior in Congress.

PGI: Donation Concentration Metric

See also: The Donation Concentration Metric (U.S. Congress Personal Gain Index)

Filings required by the Federal Election Commission report on the industries that give to each candidate. Using campaign filings and information calculated by OpenSecrets.org, Ballotpedia calculated the percentage of donations by industry received by each incumbent over the course of his or her career (or 1989 and later, if elected prior to 1988). Young received the most donations from individuals and PACs employed by the Retired industry.

From 2009-2014, 19.61 percent of Young's career contributions came from the top five industries as listed below.[56]

Donation Concentration Metric graphic.png
Todd Young Campaign Contributions
Total Raised $5,396,874
Total Spent $4,506,287
Top five industries that contributed to campaign committee
Retired$350,507
Health Professionals$215,108
Leadership PACs$174,248
Real Estate$168,300
General Contractors$150,385
% total in top industry6.49%
% total in top two industries10.48%
% total in top five industries19.61%

Analysis

Ideology and leadership

See also: GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking

Based on an analysis of bill sponsorship by GovTrack, Young was a "rank-and-file Republican," as of July 30, 2014. This was the same rating Young received in June 2013.[57]

Like-minded colleagues

The website OpenCongress tracks the voting records of each member to determine with whom he or she votes most and least often. The results include a member from each party.[58]

Young most often votes with:

Young least often votes with:


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

Lifetime voting record

See also: Lifetime voting records of United States Senators and Representatives

According to the website GovTrack, Young missed 23 of 2,710 roll call votes from January 2011 to July 2014. This amounts to 0.8 percent, which was better than the median of 2.5 percent among current congressional representatives as of July 2014.[59]

Congressional staff salaries

See also: Staff salaries of United States Senators and Representatives

The website Legistorm compiles staff salary information for members of Congress. Young paid his congressional staff a total of $747,084 in 2011. He ranked 24th on the list of the lowest paid Republican representative staff salaries and ranked 26th overall of the lowest paid representative staff salaries in 2011. Overall, Indiana ranked 35th in average salary for representative staff. The average U.S. House of Representatives congressional staff was paid $954,912.20 in fiscal year 2011.[60]

National Journal vote ratings

See also: National Journal vote ratings

Each year National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted in the previous year.

2013

Young ranked 147th in the conservative rankings in 2013.[61]

2012

Young ranked 71st in the conservative rankings in 2012.[62]

2011

Young ranked 76th in the conservative rankings in 2011.[63]

Voting with party

The website OpenCongress tracks how often members of Congress vote with the majority of the chamber caucus.

2014

Young voted with the Republican Party 95.7 percent of the time, which ranked 45th among the 234 House Republican members as of July 2014.[64]

2013

Young voted with the Republican Party 96.3 percent of the time, which ranked 118th among the 233 House Republican members as of June 2013.[65]

Personal

Young and his wife, Jenny, currently live in Bloomington, IN, and have four children.[3]

Recent news

This section displays the most recent stories in a Google news search for the term Todd + Young + Indiana + House

All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.

Todd Young News Feed

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See also

External links

BP-Initials-UPDATED.png
Suggest a link


References

  1. ‘’Politico’’, “House Election Results,” accessed November 10, 2014
  2. 2.0 2.1 Associated Press, "2014 primary results," accessed May 6, 2014
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 Congressman Todd C. Young, "About Todd," accessed November 5, 2011
  4. Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, "YOUNG, Todd, (1972 - )," accessed February 10, 2015
  5. U.S. House of Representatives, Office of the Clerk, "Committee Information," accessed February 18, 2015
  6. CQ.com, "House Committee Rosters for the 113th Congress," accessed March 3, 2013
  7. U.S. House of Representatives, "Committee Assignments," accessed March 29, 2014
  8. 8.0 8.1 Congressman Todd Young, "Committees," accessed November 5, 2011
  9. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, First Session of the 113th Congress," accessed April 29, 2015
  10. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, First Session of the One Hundred Fourteenth Congress," April 13, 2015
  11. Congress.gov, "S.Con.Res.11," accessed May 5, 2015
  12. Clerk.House.gov, "Final Vote Results for Roll Call 183," accessed May 5, 2015
  13. The Hill, "Republicans pass a budget, flexing power of majority," accessed May 5, 2015
  14. Congress.gov, "H.R.1191 - Iran Nuclear Agreement Review Act of 2015," accessed May 16, 2015
  15. Clerk.House.gov, "Final Vote Results for Roll Call 226," accessed May 16, 2015
  16. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, First Session of the 112th Congress," accessed September 5, 2013
  17. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, Second Session of the 113th Congress," accessed March 4, 2014
  18. 18.0 18.1 18.2 18.3 18.4 18.5 18.6 18.7 Project Vote Smart, "Todd Young Key Votes," accessed October 11, 2013
  19. The Library of Congress, "Bill Summary & Status - 113th Congress (2013 - 2014) - H.R.624," accessed August 27, 2013
  20. Clerk of U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote 31: H.R. 2642," accessed February 12, 2014
  21. Politico, "House clears farm bill," accessed February 12, 2014
  22. 22.0 22.1 New York Times, "Senate passes long-stalled farm bill, with clear winners and losers," accessed February 12, 2014
  23. 23.0 23.1 CNN.com, "House passes compromise $1.1 trillion budget for 2014," accessed January 20, 2014
  24. 24.0 24.1 U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote 21," accessed January 20, 2014
  25. Roll Call, "House passes $1.1 trillion omnibus," accessed January 20, 2014
  26. Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
  27. Buzzfeed, "Government Shutdown: How We Got Here," accessed October 1, 2013
  28. Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
  29. The Washington Post, "Reid, McConnell propose bipartisan Senate bill to end shutdown, extend borrowing," accessed October 16, 2013
  30. U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 550," accessed October 31, 2013
  31. Politico, "Hill pols plan to donate, halt salary," accessed October 1, 2013
  32. U.S. House, "House Resolution 676," accessed July 30, 2014
  33. Yahoo News, "Suing Obama: GOP-led House gives the go-ahead," accessed July 30, 2014
  34. Washington Post, "House clears way for lawsuit against Obama," accessed July 30, 2014
  35. U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote on the Fiscal Cliff," accessed January 4, 2013
  36. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named ontheissues
  37. Indiana Secretary of State, "2012 Primary Election Results," accessed May 8, 2012
  38. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2010," accessed March 28, 2013
  39. Open Secrets, "Todd C. Young," accessed April 15, 2015
  40. Open Secrets, "Todd Young 2014 Election Cycle," accessed April 6, 2015
  41. Open Secrets, "Winning vs. Spending," accessed April 6, 2015
  42. Federal Election Commission, "Todd C. Young 2014 Summary reports," accessed July 24, 2013
  43. Federal Election Commission, "April Quarterly," accessed July 25, 2013
  44. Federal Election Commission, "July Quarterly," accessed July 25, 2013
  45. Federal Election Commission, "October Quarterly," accessed October 23, 2013
  46. Federal Election Commission, "Year End Report," accessed February 17, 2014
  47. Federal Election Commission, "April Quarterly," accessed April 21, 2014
  48. Open Secrets, "Todd Young 2012 Election Cycle," accessed February 20, 2013
  49. Open Secrets, "Election 2012: The Big Picture Shows Record Cost of Winning a Seat in Congress," accessed June 19, 2013
  50. Open Secrets, "Todd C. Young 2010 Election Cycle," accessed November 5, 2011
  51. OpenSecrets, "Young, (R-IN), 2012," accessed February 18, 2014
  52. This figure represents the total percentage growth from either 2004 (if the member entered office in 2004 or earlier) or their first year in office (as noted in the chart below).
  53. This number was found by dividing each member's total net worth growth percentage by the number of years included in the calculation.
  54. This figure represents the total percentage growth divided by the number of years for which there are net worth figures for each member.
  55. This figure was calculated using median asset data from the Census Bureau. Please see the Congressional Net Worth data for Ballotpedia spreadsheet for more information on this calculation.
  56. OpenSecrets.org, "Rep. Todd Young," accessed September 24, 2014
  57. GovTrack, "Young" accessed July 30, 2014
  58. OpenCongress, "Rep. Todd C. Young," accessed July 30, 2014
  59. GovTrack, "Todd Young," accessed July 30, 2014
  60. LegiStorm, "Todd C. Young," accessed 2012
  61. National Journal, "2013 Congressional Vote Ratings," accessed July 30, 2014
  62. National Journal, "2012 Congressional Vote Ratings," February 28, 2013
  63. National Journal, "Searchable Vote Ratings Tables: House," accessed February 23, 2012
  64. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
  65. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
Political offices
Preceded by
Baron Hill
U.S. House of Representatives - Indiana District 9
2011–present
Succeeded by
-