Tulsi Gabbard

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Tulsi Gabbard
Tulsi Gabbard.jpg
U.S. House, Hawaii, District 2
Incumbent
Assumes office
January 3, 2013
Term ends
January 3, 2015
Years in position 1
PartyDemocratic
PredecessorMazie K. Hirono (D)
Compensation
Base salary$174,000/year
Elections and appointments
Last electionNovember 4, 2014
Cost per vote$8.61 in 2012
First electedNovember 6, 2012
Campaign $$1,772,211
Term limitsN/A
Prior offices
Hawaii House of Representatives, District 42
2002-2004
Education
Bachelor'sHawaii Pacific University
Military service
Service/branchArmy National Guard
Years of service2003-Present
Personal
BirthdayApril 12, 1981
Place of birthAmerican Samoa
Net worth$411,006
ReligionHindu
Websites
Office website
Campaign website
Tulsi Gabbard campaign logo
Tulsi Gabbard (b. April 12, 1981, in American Samoa) is a Democratic representative to the U.S. House representing Hawaii's 2nd Congressional District.[1] Gabbard was first elected to the U.S. House in the general election on November 6, 2012.[2][3]

She ran for re-election to the U.S. House in 2014. Gabbard defeated challengers Kawika Crowley (R) and Joe Kent (L) in the general election.[4] She ran unopposed in the Democratic primary on August 9, 2014.[5]

She was the first Hindu elected to Congress.[6]

She previously served in the Hawaii House of Representatives from District 42 from 2002 to 2004.[7]

Based on analysis of multiple outside rankings, Gabbard is an average Democratic member of Congress, meaning she will vote with the Democratic Party on the majority of bills.

Biography

Gabbard is a native of American Samoa, but was raised primarily in Hawaii with her four siblings by parents Mike and Carol Gabbard, each a member of Hawaii's political elite. Mike Gabbard is a current state Senator and Carol Gabbard was on the Hawaii state Board of Education. In addition to serving in public office, the Gabbard's ran a family restaurant, where the five children all worked.

After being home-schooled through high school graduation, Gabbard went to Hawaii Pacific University to pursue an undergraduate degree, and graduated with a B.S. in business administration in 2009.

She is a Company Commander with the Hawaii Army National Guard and served two deployments in the Middle East.

Gabbard was a member of the Hawaii House of Representatives, District 42 from 2002-2004. She was the youngest woman in U.S. history elected to a state office.[1]

Career

  • Cofounder, Healthy Hawaii Coalition (2000-present)
  • Hawaii House of Representatives (2002-2004)
  • Company Commander, Hawaii Army National Guard (2003-present, Iraq 2003-2004)
  • Legislative aide to Senator Daniel Akaka (2006-2007)
  • Elected to the Honolulu City Council (2010-present)
  • Founder of Kanu Productions (2011-present)

Committee assignments

U.S. House

2013-2014

Gabbard serves on the following committees:[8][9]

Key votes

113th Congress

CongressLogo.png
The 113th Congress has had 55 out of 5,401 introduced bills enacted into law (1 percent) as of November 30, 2013. Comparatively, the 112th Congress had 1.14 percent of introduced bills enacted into law in the first session.[10] For more information pertaining to Gabbard's voting record in the 113th Congress, please see the below sections.[11]

National security

DHS Appropriations

Nay3.png Gabbard voted against HR 2217 - the DHS Appropriations Act (2014) Act of 2014. The bill passed the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 245 - 182 and was largely along party lines.[12]

Keystone Pipeline Amendment

Yea3.png Gabbard voted in favor of House Amendment 69, which would have amended HR 3 to "require that the Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration, in consultation with the Department of Homeland Security, conduct a study of the vulnerabilities of the Keystone XL pipeline to a terrorist attack and certify that necessary protections have been put in place." The amendment failed on May 22, 2013, with a vote of 176 - 239 and was largely along party lines.[12]

CISPA (2013)

Nay3.png Gabbard voted against HR 624 - the CISPA (2013). The bill passed the House on April 18, 2013, with a vote of 288 - 127. The bill permitted federal intelligence agencies to share cybersecurity intelligence and information with private entities and utilities.[13] The bill was largely supported by Republicans, but divided the Democratic Party.[12]

NDAA

Yea3.png Gabbard voted in support of HR 1960 - the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014. The bill passed the House on June 14, 2013, with a vote of 315 - 108. Both parties were somewhat divided on the vote.[12]

Economy

Farm bill

Yea3.png On January 29, 2014, the U.S. House approved the Federal Agriculture Reform and Risk Management Act of 2013, H.R. 2642, also known as the Farm Bill.[14] The bill passed by a vote of 251-166. The nearly 1,000-page bill reformed and continued various programs of the Department of Agriculture through 2018. The $1 trillion bill expanded crop insurance for farmers by $7 billion over the next decade and created new subsidies for rice and peanut growers that would kick in when prices drop.[15][16] However, cuts to the food stamp program cut an average of $90 per month for 1.7 million people in 15 states.[16] Gabbard voted with 88 other Democratic representatives in favor of the bill.

2014 Budget

Neutral/Abstain On January 15, 2014, the Republican-run House approved H.R. 3547, a $1.1 trillion spending bill to fund the government through September 30, 2014.[17][18] The House voted 359-67 for the 1,582 page bill, with 64 Republicans and 3 Democrats voting against the bill.[18] The omnibus package included 12 annual spending bills to fund federal operations.[19] It included a 1% increase in the paychecks of federal workers and military personnel, a $1 billion increase in Head Start funding for early childhood education, reduced funding to the Internal Revenue Service and the Environmental Protection Agency and left the Affordable Care Act without any drastic cuts. Gabbard did not vote on the bill.[17][18]

Government shutdown

See also: United States budget debate, 2013

Nay3.png On September 30, 2013, the House passed a final stopgap spending bill before the shutdown went into effect. The bill included a one-year delay of the Affordable Care Act's individual mandate and would have also stripped the bill of federal subsidies for congressional members and staff. It passed through the House with a vote of 228-201.[20] At 1 a.m. on October 1, 2013, one hour after the shutdown officially began, the House voted to move forward with going to a conference. In short order, Sen. Harry Reid rejected the call to conference.[21] Gabbard voted against the stopgap spending bill that would have delayed the individual mandate.[22]

Yea3.png The shutdown ended on October 16, 2013, when the House took a vote on HR 2775 after it was approved by the Senate. The bill to reopen the government lifted the $16.7 trillion debt limit and funded the government through January 15, 2014. Federal employees also received retroactive pay for the shutdown period. The only concession made by Senate Democrats was to require income verification for Obamacare subsidies.[23] The House passed the legislation shortly after the Senate, by a vote of 285-144, with all 144 votes against the legislation coming from Republican members. Gabbard voted for HR 2775.[24]

Statement on government shutdown

See also: United States budget debate, 2013

Gabbard said on September 27, 2013, that "If a common-sense agreement is not reached, our hard-working troops, law enforcement and other essential personnel will continue to report for duty while receiving no pay, leaving their families at home with nothing but uncertainty. I sincerely hope a government shutdown does not occur, but if no deal is struck by next Tuesday, then Members of Congress should not be exempt from its very real, tough consequences."[25]

Federal Pay Adjustment Act

Nay3.png Gabbard voted against HR 273 - Eliminates the 2013 Statutory Pay Adjustment for Federal Employees. The bill passed the House on February 15, 2013, with a vote of 261 - 154. The bill called for a stop to a 0.5 percent pay increase for all federal workers from taking effect, saving the federal government $11 billion over 10 years.[12]

Immigration


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

Morton Memos Prohibition

Nay3.png Gabbard voted against House Amendment 136 - Prohibits the Enforcement of the Immigration Executive Order. The amendment was adopted by the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 224 - 201. The purpose of the amendment as stated on the official text is to "prohibit the use of funds to finalize, implement, administer, or enforce the Morton Memos." These memos would have granted administrative amnesty to certain illegal aliens residing in the United States. The vote largely followed party lines.[12]

Healthcare

Healthcare Reform Rules

Nay3.png Gabbard voted against House Amendment 450 - Requires Congressional Approval for Any Rules Under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. The amendment was adopted by the House on August 2, 2013, with a vote of 227-185. The amendment requires all changes to the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act be approved by Congress before taking effect. The vote was largely along party lines.[12]

Keep the IRS Off Your Healthcare Act

Nay3.png Gabbard voted against HR 2009 - Keep the IRS Off Your Healthcare Act of 2013. The bill passed through the House on August 2, 2013, with a vote of 232-185. The bill would prevent the IRS and Treasury Secretary from enforcing the powers provided to them in the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. The vote largely followed party lines.[12]

Social issues

Amash amendment

Yea3.png Gabbard voted in favor of House Amendment 413 - Prohibits the National Security Agency from Collecting Records Under the Patriot Act. The amendment failed on July 4, 2013, by a vote of 205-217. The amendment would have prohibited the collection of records by the National Security Agency under the Patriot Act. Both parties were split on the vote.[12]

Issues

On The Issues Vote Match

Tulsi Gabbard's Vote Match results from On The Issues.
See also: On The Issues Vote Match

On The Issues conducts a VoteMatch analysis of elected officials based on 20 issue areas. Rather than relying on incumbents to complete the quiz themselves, the VoteMatch analysis was conducted using voting records, statements to the media, debate transcripts or citations from books authored by or about the candidate. Based on the results of the quiz, Gabbard is a Moderate Liberal. Gabbard received a score of 71 percent on social issues and 30 percent on economic issues.[26]

On The Issues organization logo.

The table below contains the results of analysis compiled by staff at On The Issues.

On The Issues Vote Quiz[27]
Economic Issues Social Issues
Issue Stance Issue Stance
Legally require hiring women & minorities Strongly Favors Abortion is a woman's unrestricted right Strongly Favors
Expand ObamaCare Favors Comfortable with same-sex marriage Strongly Favors
Vouchers for school choice Unknown Keep God in the public sphere Unknown
Absolute right to gun ownership Unknown Human needs over animal rights Unknown
Higher taxes on the wealthy Strongly Favors Stricter punishment reduces crime Unknown
Support & expand free trade Unknown Pathway to citizenship for illegal aliens Favors
Stricter limits on political campaign funds Strongly Favors Maintain US sovereignty from UN Unknown
Prioritize green energy Strongly Favors Expand the military Strongly Opposes
Stimulus better than market-led recovery Opposes Stay out of Iran Strongly Favors
Privatize Social Security Strongly Opposes Never legalize marijuana Opposes
Note: Information last updated: 2014.[26]

National security

American response in Syria

See also: United States involvement in Syria

On August 29, 2013, more than 50 House Democrats signed a letter written by California Rep. Barbara Lee that called for a congressional resolution on strikes, and cautioned that the dire situation in Syria "should not draw us into an unwise war—especially without adhering to our constitutional requirements."[28][29] The letter also called on the Obama administration to work with the U.N. Security Council “to build international consensus” condemning the alleged use of chemical weapons. Gabbard was one of the 50 Democrats in the House to sign the letter.[28][29]

On September 9, 2013, Gabbard announced that she was against intervention in Syria, calling it a “serious mistake.”[30]

“I am sickened and outraged by the carnage and loss of lives caused by the use of chemical weapons in Syria. It is with gravity that I have carefully considered all the facts, arguments, and evidence and soberly weighed concerns regarding our national security and moral responsibility. As a result, I have come to the conclusion that a U.S. military strike against Syria would be a serious mistake,” Gabbard said in a press release.[30]

She also said will vote against a resolution authorizing military force against Syria and would lobby other members of Congress against it.[30]

Social issues

Gay marriage

Despite her parents' firm activism against gay marriage, Gabbard supports extending equal marriage rights to same-sex couples.[31]

Controversy

Man charged in threats against Gabbard

See also: BP News: Man charged in threats against Tulsi Gabbard

Anirruddha Sherbow was apprehended by Mexican law enforcement officers in Tijuana on August 28, 2013. The FBI and U.S. Capitol Police said Sherbow made threats against Gabbard in August 2013 that were "deemed credible."[32]

Sherbow, a former resident of Hawaii, reportedly sent an e-mail to the FBI threatening to decapitate Gabbard.[32] According to reports, Gabbard previously obtained a three-year restraining order against Sherbow in 2011.[32]

Sherbow also faced a charge of transmission of threats in interstate commerce.[32]

Gabbard's press secretary, Heather Fluit, said the congresswoman was "grateful for the work of the U.S. Capitol Police, FBI and all law enforcement officers involved in this investigation."[32]

Elections

2014

See also: United States Senate special election in Hawaii, 2014 and Hawaii's 2nd Congressional District elections, 2014

Gabbard was rumored as a possible appointee to Daniel Inouye's U.S. Senate seat following his death on December 17, 2012. On December 26, 2012, Governor Neil Abercrombie (D) named his Lieutenant Governor, Brian E. Schatz, to fill the vacancy. Although she was not appointed, Gabbard could still potentially run for election to the remainder of the term in 2014.[33][34]


She ran for re-election to the U.S. House in 2014. She ran unopposed in the Democratic primary on August 9, 2014.[5] The general election took place November 4, 2014.

U.S. House, Hawaii District 2 General Election, 2014
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Democratic Green check mark transparent.pngTulsi Gabbard Incumbent 75.8% 141,996
     Republican Kawika Crowley 17.9% 33,624
     Libertarian Joe Kent 2.5% 4,692
Total Votes 180,312
Source: Hawaii Secretary of State

2012

See also: Hawaii's 2nd Congressional District elections, 2012

Gabbard won the 2012 election for the U.S. House, representing Hawaii's 2nd District. She won the nomination on the Democratic ticket after winning the primary on August 11, 2012.[3][35] Incumbent Mazie Hirono vacated the seat, leaving it open. Gabbard defeated Mufi Hannemann, Rafael del Castillo, Esther Kiaaina, Bob Marx and Miles Shiratori in the primary. She then defeated David Crowley (R) and Patric Brock in the general election on November 6, 2012.[36]

U.S. House, Hawaii District 2 General Election, 2012
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Democratic Green check mark transparent.pngTulsi Gabbard 76.9% 168,503
     Republican Kawika "David" Crowley 18.6% 40,707
     n/a Blank Votes 4.5% 9,952
Total Votes 219,162
Source: Hawaii Office of Elections "Official Election Results, 2012 General Election"
U.S. House, Hawaii District 2 Democratic Primary, 2012
Candidate Vote % Votes
Green check mark transparent.pngTulsi Gabbard 55.1% 62,882
Mufi Hannemann 34.3% 39,176
Esther Kia'Aina 5.9% 6,681
Bob Marx 3.8% 4,327
Miles Shiratori 0.5% 573
Rafael Del Castillo 0.5% 520
Total Votes 114,159

Endorsements 2012

Gabbard reportedly received endorsements from VoteVets, EMILY's List and the Sierra Club.[37]

2004

Gabbard ran for re-election to the Hawaii House of Representatives District 42. She lost in the Democratic primary on September 18, 2004 to Rida Cabanilla.[38]

Hawaii House of Representatives District 42 Democratic Primary, 2004
Candidate Vote % Votes
Green check mark transparent.pngRida Cabanilla 58% 1,463
Tulsi Gabbard Incumbent 22.9% 579
Blank 9% 227
Genaro Bimbo 6.3% 158
Gerald Vidal 3.8% 96
Total Votes 2,523

2002

Gabbard won election to the Hawaii House of Representatives District 42 in the 2002 general election. She defeated Alfonso Jimenez in the general election on November 5, 2002.[39]

Hawaii House of Representatives District 42 General Election, 2002
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Democratic Green check mark transparent.pngTulsi Gabbard 60.7% 3,106
     Republican Alfonso Jimenez 32.9% 1,682
     None Blank 6.4% 329
Total Votes 5,117

Campaign donors

Fundraising events

The below chart from Find The Best tracks the fundraising events Gabbard attends.


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.


Comprehensive donor history

Comprehensive donor information for Gabbard is available dating back to 2012. Based on available campaign finance records, Gabbard raised a total of $1,772,211 during that time period. This information was last updated on April 5, 2012.[40]

Tulsi Gabbard's Campaign Contribution History
Year Office Result Contributions
2012 U.S. House (Hawaii, District 2) Won $1,772,211
Grand Total Raised $1,772,211


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

2014

Candidates for Congress were required to file up to seven main reports with the Federal Election Commission during the 2014 elections season. Below are Gabbard's reports.[41]

Tulsi Gabbard (2014) Campaign Finance Reports
ReportDate FiledBeginning BalanceTotal Contributions
for Reporting Period
ExpendituresCash on Hand
April Quarterly[42]April 15, 2013$312,383.30$84,360.10$(75,875.34)$320,868.06
July Quarterly[43]July 15, 2013$32,088.06$150,232.31$(50,505.33)$410,495.04
October Quarterly[44]October 13, 2013$410,495.04$276,944.85$(75,342.14)$612,097.75
Year-end[45]January 31, 2014$612,097$319,491$(117,516)$814,072
April Quarterly[46]April 15, 2014$814,072$274,697$(216,306)$872,463
July QuarterlyJuly 15, 2014$872,463$238,105$(147,072)$964,611
Running totals
$1,343,830.26$(682,616.81)

2012

Gabbard won election to the U.S. House in 2012. During that election cycle, Gabbard's campaign committee raised a total of $1,772,211 and spent $1,451,619.[47] This is less than the average $1.5 million spent by House winners in 2012.[48]

Cost per vote

Gabbard spent $8.61 per vote received in 2012.


Gabbard led all 2nd Congressional District candidates in fundraising in the second quarter of 2012, according to contribution reports filed with the Federal Election Commission.[49] Gabbard’s campaign raised $320,505 from April 1 through June 30, outpacing former Honolulu Mayor Mufi Hannemann’s campaign, which closed the quarter with 252,392 in contributions.[49] Gabbard's total included a $10,000 personal loan to her campaign.[49]

Personal Gain Index

Congressional Personal Gain Index graphic.png
See also: Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress)

The Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress) is a four-part measurement that illustrates the extent to which members of the U.S. Congress have prospered during their tenure as public servants.
It consists of four different metrics:

PGI: Change in net worth

See also: Changes in Net Worth of U.S. Senators and Representatives (Personal Gain Index) and Net worth of United States Senators and Representatives
Net Worth Metric graphic.png

Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by OpenSecrets.org, Gabbard's net worth as of 2012 was estimated between $45,014 and $776,998. That averages to $411,006, which is lower than the average net worth of Democratic representatives in 2012 of $5,700,168.36. Gabbard ranked as the 292nd most wealthy representative in 2012.[50] Between 2011 and 2012, Gabbard's calculated net worth[51] increased by an average of 15 percent per year. Between 2004 and 2012, the average annual percentage increase for a member of Congress was 15.4 percent.[52]

Tulsi Gabbard Yearly Net Worth
YearAverage Net Worth
2011$358,780
2012$411,006
Growth from 2011 to 2012:15%
Average annual growth:15%[53]
Comparatively, the American citizen experienced a median yearly decline in net worth of -0.94%.[54]
The data used to calculate changes in net worth may include changes resulting from assets gained through marriage, inheritance, changes in family estates and/or trusts, changes in family business ownership and many other variables unrelated to a member's behavior in Congress.

PGI: Donation Concentration Metric

See also: The Donation Concentration Metric (U.S. Congress Personal Gain Index)

Filings required by the Federal Election Commission report on the industries that give to each candidate. Using campaign filings and information calculated by OpenSecrets.org, Ballotpedia calculated the percentage of donations by industry received by each incumbent over the course of his or her career (or 1989 and later, if elected prior to 1988). Gabbard received the most donations from individuals and PACs employed by the Retired industry.

From 2011-2014, 16.45 percent of Gabbard's career contributions came from the top five industries as listed below.[55]

Donation Concentration Metric graphic.png
Tulsi Gabbard Campaign Contributions
Total Raised $3,128,003
Total Spent $2,142,677
Top five industries that contributed to campaign committee
Retired$139,266
Lawyers/Law Firms$102,485
Real Estate$99,939
Women's Issues$87,418
Construction Services$85,353
% total in top industry4.45%
% total in top two industries7.73%
% total in top five industries16.45%

Analysis

Ideology and leadership

See also: GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking

Based on an analysis of bill sponsorship by GovTrack, Gabbard is a "centrist Democratic follower" as of July 29, 2014. This was the same rating Gabbard received in June 2013.[56]

Like-minded colleagues

The website OpenCongress tracks the voting records of each member to determine with whom he or she votes most and least often. The results include a member from each party.[57]

Gabbard most often votes with:

Gabbard least often votes with:


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

Lifetime voting record

See also: Lifetime voting records of United States Senators and Representatives

According to the website GovTrack, Gabbard missed 46 of 1,097 roll call votes from January 2013 to July 2014. This amounts to 4.2 percent, which is worse than the median of 2.5 percent among current congressional representatives as of July 2014.[58]

National Journal vote ratings

See also: National Journal vote ratings

Each year National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted in the previous year.

2013

Gabbard ranked 165th in the liberal rankings in 2013.[59]

2012

Information on 2012 vote rating is unavailable.

Voting with party

The website OpenCongress tracks how often members of Congress vote with the majority of the chamber caucus.

2014

Gabbard voted with the Democratic Party 90.2 percent of the time, which ranked 154th among the 204 House Democratic members as of July 2014.[60]

2013

Tulsi Gabbard voted with the Democratic Party 94.7 percent of the time, which ranked 110th among the 201 House Democratic members as of June 2013.[61]

Personal

Gabbard was one of the first two female combat veterans. She also was the first Hindu and first female of Samoan ancestry to ever serve as a member of Congress.[62]

Recent news

This section displays the most recent stories in a Google news search for the term Tulsi + Gabbard + Hawaii + House

All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.

Tulsi Gabbard News Feed

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See also

External links

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Tulsi Gabbard

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 Hawaii Reporter, "Hannemann All a Twitter About His Congressional Run, But for Some, Bad Memories Still Linger," accessed August 30, 2011
  2. ABC News, "General Election Results 2012-Hawaii," accessed November 7, 2012
  3. 3.0 3.1 AP Results, "Hawaii U.S. House Primary Election Results," accessed August 12, 2012
  4. Politico, "House Elections Results," accessed November 11, 2014
  5. 5.0 5.1 Associated Press, "Primary Results 2014," accessed August 9, 2014
  6. The Examiner, "Woman first Hindu elected to Congress," accessed November 8, 2012
  7. Project Vote Smart, "Biography," accessed June 14, 2013
  8. CQ.com, "House Committee Rosters for the 113th Congress," accessed March 3, 2013
  9. U.S. House of Representatives, "Committee Assignments," accessed March 29, 2014
  10. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, First Session of the 112th Congress," accessed September 5, 2013
  11. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, Second Session of the 113th Congress," accessed March 4, 2014
  12. 12.0 12.1 12.2 12.3 12.4 12.5 12.6 12.7 12.8 Project Vote Smart, "Tulsi Gabbard Key Votes," accessed September 30, 2013
  13. The Library of Congress, "Bill Summary & Status - 113th Congress (2013 - 2014) - H.R.624," accessed August 27, 2013
  14. Clerk of U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote 31: H.R. 2642," accessed February 12, 2014
  15. Politico, "House clears farm bill," accessed February 12, 2014
  16. 16.0 16.1 NY Times, "Senate Passes Long-Stalled Farm Bill, With Clear Winners and Losers," accessed February 12, 2014
  17. 17.0 17.1 CNN.com, "House passes compromise $1.1 trillion budget for 2014," accessed January 20, 2014
  18. 18.0 18.1 18.2 U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote 21," accessed January 20, 2014
  19. Roll Call, "House Passes $1.1 Trillion Omnibus," accessed January 20, 2014
  20. Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
  21. Buzzfeed, "Government Shutdown: How We Got Here," accessed October 1, 2013
  22. Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
  23. The Washington Post, "Reid, McConnell propose bipartisan Senate bill to end shutdown, extend borrowing," accessed October 16, 2013
  24. U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 550," accessed October 31, 2013
  25. Washington Post, "Which lawmakers will refuse their pay during the shutdown?," accessed October 2, 2013
  26. 26.0 26.1 On The Issues, "Tulsi Gabbard Vote Match," accessed June 25, 2014
  27. The questions in the quiz are broken down into two sections -- social and economic. In social questions, liberals and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while conservatives and populists agree in choosing the more-restrictive answers. For the economic questions, conservatives and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while liberals and populists agree in choosing the more-restrictive answers.
  28. 28.0 28.1 Office of Barbara Lee, "Lee Letter to President Obama," accessed September 2, 2013
  29. 29.0 29.1 Washington Post, "More than 50 House Democrats also want Syria strike resolution," accessed September 2, 2013
  30. 30.0 30.1 30.2 Politico, "Tulsi Gabbard: Military strike a ‘mistake’," accessed September 9, 2013
  31. Honolulu Civil Beat, "Tulsi Gabbard's Leftward Journey," accessed August 29, 2013
  32. 32.0 32.1 32.2 32.3 32.4 CNN.com, "Man charged in threats to Rep. Tulsi Gabbard," accessed August 29, 2013
  33. Washington Post, "Gov. Abercrombie to appoint Inouye’s replacement," accessed December 17, 2012
  34. The Washington Post, "Hawaii governor picks Brian Schatz for Inouye’s seat," accessed December 26, 2012
  35. Roll Call, "Tulsi Gabbard Running to Succeed Hirono in Hawaii (VIDEO)," accessed December 5, 2011
  36. ABC News, "General Election Results 2012-Hawaii," accessed November 7, 2012
  37. Washington Times, "Hawaii’s August 11th primary a hot race in paradise to watch," accessed August 9, 2012
  38. State of Hawaii, "September 18, 2004 Primary Election Results," 2004
  39. State of Hawaii, "November 5, 2002 Election Results," 2002
  40. Open Secrets, "Tulsi Gabbard," accessed April 5, 2013
  41. Federal Election Commission, "Tulsi Gabbard 2014 Summary reports," accessed July 23, 2013
  42. Federal Election Commission, "April Quarterly" accessed July 23, 2013
  43. Federal Election Commission, "July Quarterly" accessed July 23, 2013
  44. Federal Election Commission, "October Quarterly," accessed October 23, 2013
  45. Federal Election Commission, "Year End Report," accessed February 11, 2014
  46. Federal Election Commission, "April Quarterly," accessed April 21, 2014
  47. Open Secrets, "Tulsi Gabbard 2012 Election Cycle," accessed February 22, 2013
  48. Open Secrets, "Election 2012: The Big Picture Shows Record Cost of Winning a Seat in Congress," accessed June 19, 2013
  49. 49.0 49.1 49.2 Star Advertiser, "Gabbard outpaces Hannemann in April-June fundraising for U.S. House race," accessed July 23, 2012
  50. OpenSecrets, "Tulsi Gabbard (D-HI), 2012," accessed February 18, 2014
  51. This figure represents the total percentage growth from either 2004 (if the member entered office in 2004 or earlier) or their first year in office (as noted in the chart below).
  52. This number was found by dividing each member's total net worth growth percentage by the number of years included in the calculation.
  53. This figure represents the total percentage growth divided by the number of years for which there are net worth figures for each member.
  54. This figure was calculated using median asset data from the Census Bureau. Please see the Congressional Net Worth data for Ballotpedia spreadsheet for more information on this calculation.
  55. OpenSecrets.org, "Rep. Tulsi Gabbard," accessed September 23, 2014
  56. GovTrack, "Tulsi Gabbard," accessed July 29, 2014
  57. OpenCongress, "Rep. Tulsi Gabbard," accessed July 29, 2014
  58. GovTrack, "Tulsi Gabbard," accessed July 29, 2014
  59. National Journal, "2013 Congressional Vote Ratings," accessed July 29, 2014
  60. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
  61. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
  62. U.S. House of Representatives, "Gabbard Full Biography," accessed December 9, 2013 (dead link)
Political offices
Preceded by
Mazie K. Hirono (D)
U.S. House of Representatives - Hawaii District 2
2013–present
Succeeded by
NA
Preceded by
'
Hawaii House of Representatives - District 42
2002–2004
Succeeded by
'