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United States House of Representatives Committee on Foreign Affairs

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Background
United States CongressUnited States SenateUnited States House of RepresentativesUnited States Constitution113th United States Congress112th United States Congress
The United States House of Representatives Committee on Foreign Affairs is a standing committee of the U.S. House of Representatives.

Some version of the Committee of Foreign Affairs has always existed since 1775.[1]

Leadership

114th Congress

The committee chairman in the 114th Congress is Edward R. Royce (R).

113th congress

Edward R. Royce (R) was appointed committee chair in the 113th Congress.[2]

112th congress

The committee chair in the 112th Congress was Ileana Ros-Lehtinen (R).

Membership

2015-2016 (114th Congress)

Committee on Foreign Affairs Members, 2015-2016
Democratic members (19)Republican members (25)
Eliot L. Engel (New York) Ranking MemberEdward R. Royce (California) Chairman
Brad Sherman (California) Christopher H. Smith (New Jersey)
Gregory W. Meeks (New York) Ileana Ros-Lehtinen (Florida)
Albio Sires (New Jersey) Dana Rohrabacher (California)
Gerald E. Connolly (Virginia) Steve Chabot (Ohio)
Theodore E. Deutch (Florida) Joe Wilson (South Carolina)
Brian Higgins (New York) Michael T. McCaul (Texas)
Karen Bass (California) Ted Poe (Texas)
William Keating (Massachusetts) Matt Salmon (Arizona)
David Cicilline (Rhode Island) Darrell Issa (California)
Alan Grayson (Florida) Tom Marino (Pennsylvania)
Ami Bera (California) Jeff Duncan (South Carolina)
Alan Lowenthal (California) Mo Brooks (Alabama)
Grace Meng (New York) Paul Cook (California)
Lois Frankel (Florida) Randy Weber (Texas)
Tulsi Gabbard (Hawaii) Scott Perry (Pennsylvania)
Joaquin Castro (Texas) Ron DeSantis (Florida)
Robin Kelly (Illinois) Mark Meadows (North Carolina)
Brendan Boyle (Pennsylvania) Ted Yoho (Florida)
Curt Clawson (Florida)
Scott DesJarlais (Tennessee)
Reid Ribble (Wisconsin)
David Trott (Michigan)
Lee Zeldin (New York)
Tom Emmer (Minnesota)

2013-2014 (113th Congress)

2011-2012 (112th Congress)

Committee legislation

The below chart from Find The Best tracks the legislation coming out of each committee.


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

Subcommittees

Africa, Global Health, Global Human Rights, and International Organizations

Subcommittee on Africa, Global Health, Global Human Rights, and International Organizations Members, 2015-2016
Democratic members (3)Republican members (5)
Karen Bass Ranking MemberChristopher Smith Chairman
David Cicilline Mark Meadows
Ami Bera Curt Clawson
Scott Desjarlais
Tom Emmer

Jurisdiction: The subcommittee has jurisdiction over the following within Sub-Saharan Africa: (1) Matters affecting the political relations between the United States and other countries and regions, including resolutions or other legislative measures directed to such relations; (2) Legislation with respect to disaster assistance outside the Foreign Assistance Act, boundary issues, and international claims; (3) Legislation with respect to region- or country-specific loans or other financial relations outside the Foreign Assistance Act; (4) Legislation and oversight regarding human rights practices in particular countries; (5) Oversight of regional lending institutions; (6) Oversight of matters related to the regional activities of the United Nations, of its affiliated agencies, and of other multilateral institutions; (7) Identification and development of options for meeting future problems and issues relating to U.S. interests in the region; (8) Oversight of base rights and other facilities access agreements and regional security pacts; (9) Concurrent oversight jurisdiction with respect to matters assigned to the functional subcommittees insofar as they may affect the region; (10) Oversight of foreign assistance activities affecting the region, with the concurrence of the Chairman of the full Committee; and (11) Such other matters as the Chairman of the full Committee may determine.

In addition to its regional jurisdiction, the subcommittee may conduct oversight of: international health issues, including transboundary infectious diseases, maternal health and child survival, and programs related to the global ability to address health issues; population issues; the United Nations and its affiliated agencies (excluding peacekeeping and enforcement of United Nations or other international sanctions); the American Red Cross; and the Peace Corps. In addition, the subcommittee may conduct oversight of, or consider legislation pertaining to: implementation of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights; other matters relating to internationally-recognized human rights, including legislation aimed at the promotion of human rights and democracy generally; and the Hague Convention on the Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction, and related issues.[4]
Note: The name of this committee changed from “Africa, Global Health, and Human Rights” to “Africa, Global Health, Global Human Rights, and International Organizations”.[5]

Asia and the Pacific

Subcommittee on Asia and the Pacific Members, 2015-2016
Democratic members (6)Republican members (8)
Brad Sherman Ranking MemberMatt Salmon Chairman
Ami Bera Dana Rohrabacher
Tulsi Gabbard Steve Chabot
Alan Lowenthal Tom Marino
Gerald Connolly Jeff Duncan
Grace Meng Mo Brooks
Scott Perry
Scott DesJarlais

Jurisdiction: The subcommittee has jurisdiction over the following within Asia and the Pacific: (1) Matters affecting the political relations between the United States and other countries and regions, including resolutions or other legislative measures directed to such relations; (2) Legislation with respect to disaster assistance outside the Foreign Assistance Act, boundary issues, and international claims; (3) Legislation with respect to region- or country-specific loans or other financial relations outside the Foreign Assistance Act; (4) Legislation and oversight regarding human rights practices in particular countries; (5) Oversight of regional lending institutions; (6) Oversight of matters related to the regional activities of the United Nations, of its affiliated agencies, and of other multilateral institutions; (7) Identification and development of options for meeting future problems and issues relating to U.S. interests in the region; (8) Oversight of base rights and other facilities access agreements and regional security pacts; (9) Concurrent oversight jurisdiction with respect to matters assigned to the functional subcommittees insofar as they may affect the region; (10) Oversight of foreign assistance activities affecting the region, with the concurrence of the Chairman of the full Committee; and (11) Such other matters as the Chairman of the full Committee may determine.[6]

Europe, Eurasia, and Emerging Threats

Europe, Eurasia, and Emerging Threats Members, 2015-2016
Democratic members (6)Republican members (8)
Gregory Meeks Ranking MemberDana Rohrabacher Chairman
Albio Sires Ted Poe
Theodore Deutch Thomas Marino
William Keating Mo Brooks
Lois Frankel Paul Cook
Tulsi Gabbard Randy Weber
Reid Ribble
David Trott

Jurisdiction: The subcommittee has jurisdiction over the following within Europe and Eurasia: (1) Matters affecting the political relations between the United States and other countries and regions, including resolutions or other legislative measures directed to such relations; (2) Legislation with respect to disaster assistance outside the Foreign Assistance Act, boundary issues, and international claims; (3) Legislation with respect to region- or country-specific loans or other financial relations outside the Foreign Assistance Act; (4) Legislation and oversight regarding human rights practices in particular countries; (5) Oversight of regional lending institutions; (6) Oversight of matters related to the regional activities of the United Nations, of its affiliated agencies, and of other multilateral institutions; (7) Identification and development of options for meeting future problems and issues relating to U.S. interests in the region; (8) Oversight of base rights and other facilities access agreements and regional security pacts; (9) Concurrent oversight jurisdiction with respect to matters assigned to the functional subcommittees insofar as they may affect the region; (10) Oversight of foreign assistance activities affecting the region, with the concurrence of the Chairman of the full Committee; and (11) Such other matters as the Chairman of the full Committee may determine.

In addition to its regional jurisdiction, with the concurrence of the Chairman of the full Committee, the subcommittee may conduct oversight related to emerging foreign threats to the national security and interests of the United States.[7]

The Middle East and North Africa

Subcommittee on the Middle East and North Africa Members, 2015-2016
Democratic members (8)Republican members (11)
Ted Deutch Ranking MemberIleana Ros-Lehtinen Chairman
Gerald Connolly Steve Chabot
Brian Higgins Joe Wilson
David Cicilline Darrell Issa
Alan Grayson Randy Weber
Grace Meng Ron DeSantis
Lois Frankel Mark Meadows
Brendan Boyle Ted Yoho
Curt Clawson
David Trott
Lee Zeldin

Jurisdiction: The subcommittee has jurisdiction over the following within the Middle East and North Africa: (1) Matters affecting the political relations between the United States and other countries and regions, including resolutions or other legislative measures directed to such relations; (2) Legislation with respect to disaster assistance outside the Foreign Assistance Act, boundary issues, and international claims; (3) Legislation with respect to region- or country-specific loans or other financial relations outside the Foreign Assistance Act; (4) Legislation and oversight regarding human rights practices in particular countries; (5) Oversight of regional lending institutions; (6) Oversight of matters related to the regional activities of the United Nations, of its affiliated agencies, and of other multilateral institutions; (7) Identification and development of options for meeting future problems and issues relating to U.S. interests in the region; (8) Oversight of base rights and other facilities access agreements and regional security pacts; (9) Concurrent oversight jurisdiction with respect to matters assigned to the functional subcommittees insofar as they may affect the region; (10) Oversight of foreign assistance activities affecting the region, with the concurrence of the Chairman of the full Committee; and (11) Such other matters as the Chairman of the full Committee may determine.[8]

Terrorism, Nonproliferation, and Trade

Subcommittee on Terrorism, Nonproliferation, and Trade Members, 2015-2016
Democratic members (5)Republican members (7)
William Keating Ranking MemberTed Poe Chairman
Brad Sherman Joe Wilson
Brian Higgins Darrell Issa
Joaquin Castro Paul Cook
Robin Kelly Scott Perry
Reid Ribble
Lee Zeldin

Jurisdiction: The subcommittee has oversight and legislative jurisdiction over U.S. efforts to manage and coordinate international programs to combat terrorism (as coordinated by the Department of State and other agencies), and efforts to bring international terrorists to justice. With the concurrence of the Chairman of the full Committee, it may conduct oversight of, and consider legislation pertaining to, nonproliferation matters involving nuclear, chemical, biological and other weapons of mass destruction, except for legislation involving the Foreign Assistance Act, the Arms Export Control Act, the Export Administration Act, and sanctions laws pertaining to individual countries and the provision of foreign assistance (which is reserved to the full Committee). The subcommittee may conduct oversight of matters relating to: international economic and trade policy; commerce with foreign countries; international investment policy; the Overseas Private Investment Corporation and the Trade and Development Agency; commodity agreements; and special oversight of international financial and monetary institutions; the Export-Import Bank, and customs. With the concurrence of the Chairman of the full Committee, it may exercise legislative jurisdiction over measures related to export promotion and measures related to the Overseas Private Investment Corporation and the Trade and Development Agency.[9]

Western Hemisphere

Subcommittee on the Western Hemisphere Members, 2015-2016
Democratic members (6)Republican members (8)
Albio Sires Ranking Member Jeff Duncan Chairman
Joaquin Castro Chris Smith
Robin Kelly Ileana Ros-Lehtinen
Gregory Meeks Michael McCaul
Alan Grayson Matt Salmon
Alan Lowenthal Ron DeSantis
Ted Yoho
Tom Emmer

Jurisdiction: The subcommittee has jurisdiction over the following within the Western Hemisphere: (1) Matters affecting the political relations between the United States and other countries and regions, including resolutions or other legislative measures directed to such relations; (2) Legislation with respect to disaster assistance outside the Foreign Assistance Act, boundary issues, and international claims; (3) Legislation with respect to region- or country-specific loans or other financial relations outside the Foreign Assistance Act; (4) Legislation and oversight regarding human rights practices in particular countries; (5) Oversight of regional lending institutions; (6) Oversight of matters related to the regional activities of the United Nations, of its affiliated agencies, and of other multilateral institutions; (7) Identification and development of options for meeting future problems and issues relating to U.S. interests in the region; (8) Oversight of base rights and other facilities access agreements and regional security pacts; (9) Concurrent oversight jurisdiction with respect to matters assigned to the functional subcommittees insofar as they may affect the region; (10) Oversight of foreign assistance activities affecting the region, with the concurrence of the Chairman of the full Committee; and (11) Such other matters as the Chairman of the full Committee may determine.[10]

Oversight and Investigations

The Oversight and Investigations subcommittee was eliminated in the 113th Congress.

Jurisdiction

According to the official House website, the jurisdiction of the Foreign Affairs committee includes the following:

  1. foreign assistance (including development assistance, Millennium Challenge Corporation, the Millennium Challenge Account, HIV/AIDS in foreign countries, security assistance, and Public Law 480 programs abroad);
  2. the Peace Corps;
  3. national security developments affecting foreign policy;
  4. strategic planning and agreements; war powers, treaties, executive agreements, and the deployment and use of United States Armed Forces;
  5. peacekeeping, peace enforcement, and enforcement of United Nations or other international sanctions;
  6. arms control and disarmament issues;
  7. the United States Agency for International Development;
  8. activities and policies of the State, Commerce and Defense Departments and other agencies related to the Arms Export Control Act, and the Foreign Assistance Act including export and licensing policy for munitions items and technology and dual-use equipment and technology;
  9. international law;
  10. promotion of democracy;
  11. international law enforcement issues, including narcotics control programs and activities;
  12. Broadcasting Board of Governors;
  13. embassy security; international broadcasting;
  14. public diplomacy, including international communication, information policy, international education, and cultural programs;
  15. and all other matters not specifically assigned to a subcommittee.
  16. over legislation with respect to the administration of the Export Administration Act, including the export and licensing of dual-use equipment and technology and other matters related to international economic policy and trade not otherwise assigned to a subcommittee and with respect to the United Nations, its affiliated agencies and other international organizations, including assessed and voluntary contributions to such organizations.

Contact

2170 Rayburn House Office Building
Washington, DC 20515

Phone: (202) 225-5021

See also

External links

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References