United States District Court for the District of Maryland
- 1 Vacancy warning level
- 2 Active judges
- 3 Jurisdiction
- 4 Caseloads
- 5 Notable cases
- 6 History
- 7 Federal courthouse
- 8 See also
- 9 External links
- 10 References
The United States District Court for the District of Maryland is one of ninety-four United States district courts. When decisions of the court are appealed, they are appealed to the Fourth Circuit Court of Appeals based in downtown Richmond, Virginia, at the Lewis F. Powell Federal Courthouse.
Vacancy warning level
|Paula Xinis||University of Virginia, 1991||Yale Law School, 1997|
Article III judges
|Judge Richard Bennett (Maryland)||1947||Baltimore, MD||W. Bush||04/10/2003 - Present||Frederic Smalkin||University of Pennsylvania, B.A., 1969||University of Maryland Law, J.D., 1973|
|Judge Catherine Blake||1950||Boston, MA||Clinton||08/14/1995 - Present||John Hargrove||Harvard-Radcliffe College, A.B., 1972||Harvard Law, J.D., 1975|
|Judge William Quarles||1948||Baltimore, MD||W. Bush||03/14/2003 - Present||William Nickerson||University of Maryland, B.S., 1976||Catholic U. of America, J.D., 1979|
|Judge Ellen Hollander||May 24, 1949||New York, NY||Obama||12/28/2010 - Present||Andre Davis||Goucher College, B.A., 1971||Georgetown U. Law, J.D., 1974|
|Judge James Bredar||February 6, 1957||Omaha, Nebraska||Obama||12/16/2010 - Present||Frederick Motz||Harvard University, B.A., 1979||Georgetown University, J.D., 1982|
|Judge Paul Grimm||December 26, 1951||Yokohama, Japan||Obama||12/3/2012 - Present||Benson Everett Legg||University of California, Davis, A.B., 1973||University of New Mexico Law, J.D., 1976|
|Judge George L. Russell, III||1965||Baltimore, MD||Obama||5/14/2012-Present||Peter Messitte||Morehouse College, B.A., 1988||University of Maryland Law, J.D., 1991|
|Judge Theodore Chuang||1969||Bethesda, Maryland||Obama||5/1/2014-Present||Roger Titus||Harvard, B.A., 1991||Harvard Law School, J.D., 1994|
|Judge George Jarrod Hazel||1975||New York, New York||Obama||5/2/2014-Present||Morehouse College, B.A., 1996||Georgetown U. Law, J.D., 1999|
Active Article III judges by appointing political party
This graph displays the percent of active judges by the party of the appointing president and does not reflect how a judge may rule on specific cases or their own political preferences.
|Senior Judge Walter Black||Reagan||04/21/1982 - 10/20/1994||1991 - 1994||10/21/1994 - Present||Harvard, A.B., 1947||Harvard Law, LL.B., 1949|
|Senior Judge Marvin Garbis||W. Bush||10/25/1989 - 06/13/2003||06/14/2003 - Present||Johns Hopkins U., B.E.S., 1958||Harvard Law, J.D., 1961|
|Senior Judge Alex Harvey||L.B. Johnson||09/22/1966 - 03/07/1991||1986 - 1991||03/08/1991 - Present||Yale, B.A., 1947||Columbia Law, LL.B., 1950|
|Senior Judge Frederick Motz||Reagan||07/12/1985 - 12/16/2010||1991 - 2001||12/17/2010 - Present||Wesleyan U., A.B., 1964||University of Virginia Law, LL.B., 1967|
|Senior Judge William M. Nickerson||H.W. Bush||05/14/1990 - 06/10/2002||06/11/2002 - Present||University of Virginia, B.A., 1955||University of Maryland Law, LL.B., 1962|
|Senior Judge Roger Titus||W. Bush||11/06/2003 - 1/17/2014||1/17/2014 - Present||Johns Hopkins U., B.A., 1963||Georgetown U. Law, J.D., 1966|
|Senior Judge Peter Messitte||Clinton||10/20/1993 - 08/31/2008||09/01/2008 - Present||Amherst College, B.A., 1963||University of Chicago Law School, J.D., 1966|
|Senior Judge Deborah Chasanow||Clinton||10/20/1993-10/2/2014||2010-2014||10/3/2014-Present||Rutgers University, 1970||Stanford University Law, 1974|
|Senior judge Frederic Smalkin||Reagan||09/26/1986-01/07/2003||2001-2003||01/08/2003-Present||Johns Hopkins University, 1968||University of Maryland, 1971|
Senior judges by appointing political party
This graph displays the percent of senior judges by the party of the appointing president and does not reflect how a judge may rule on specific cases or their own political preferences.
|Magistrate Judge William Connelly (Maryland)||03/31/1995 - Present||University of Maryland, B.A., 1973||University of Maryland Law, J.D., 1976|
|Magistrate judge Charles Day||2/18/1997 - Present||University of Maryland '78||University of Maryland Law '84|
|Magistrate Judge Thomas M. DiGirolamo||11/06/1998 - Present||Rutgers College, B.A., 1978||Pennsylvania State U. Law, J.D., 1981|
|Magistrate Judge Susan Gauvey||02/26/1996 - Present||Rosary College, B.A., 1970||Northwestern U. Law, J.D., 1973|
|Magistrate Judge Beth Gasner||05/1999 - Present||Indiana U. of Pennsylvania, 1979||Georgetown U. Law, J.D., 1983|
|Magistrate Judge Jillyn Schulze||10/24/1994 - Present||Western Maryland College, B.A., 1973||University of Maryland Law, J.D., 1980|
|Judge Timothy J. Sullivan||2012-Present||Marquette University, 1984||Georgetown University Law Center, 1987|
|Magistrate Judge C. Bruce Anderson||3/2012 - Present||Western Maryland College, 1975||University of Baltimore Law, J.D., 1992|
|Magistrate Judge Stephanie A. Gallagher||4/18/2011 - Present||Georgetown U., 1994||Harvard Law, J.D., 1997|
The District of Maryland has original jurisdiction over cases filed within its jurisdiction. These cases can include civil and criminal matters that fall under federal law.
There are two court divisions, each covering the following counties:
The Baltimore (Northern) Division, covering Allegany, Anne Arundel, Baltimore, Balitmore City, Caroline, Carroll, Cecil, Dorchester, Frederick, Garrett, Harford, Howard, Kent, Queen Anne's, Somerset, Talbot, Washington, Wicomico, and Worcester counties
|Federal Court Caseload Statistics*|
|Year||Starting case load:||Cases filed:||Total cases:||Cases terminated:||Remaining cases:||Median time(Criminal)**:||Median time(Civil)**:||3 Year Civil cases#:||Vacant posts:##||Trials/Post|
|*All statistics are taken from the Official Federal Courts' Website and reflect the calendar year through September. **Time in months from filing to completion.|
#This statistic includes cases which have been appealed in higher courts. ##This is the total number of months that any judicial posts had spent vacant that year.
For a searchable list of opinions, please see Opinions of the District of Maryland.
|• Maryland assault rifle ban is constitutional (2014)||Click for summary→|
|United States District Court Judge Catherine Blake ruled that the Maryland assault rifle ban is constitutional, as those guns fall outside of Second Amendment protection because they are dangerous and unusual arms. Further, Judge Blake noted that, at heart, the Second Amendment is about protecting one's self and one's home. Judge Blake reasoned that the ban will have little impact as these types of guns are rarely used for Second Amendment purposes and are not widely owned in any event.
| • Ex-stripper entitled to back pay as employee (2013)|
Judge(s):William M. Nickerson (Unique S. Butler v. PP&G, Inc., WMN-13-430)
|Click for summary→|
|Senior Judge William M. Nickerson presided over a case filed by Unique S. Butler, who worked as an exotic dancer at Norma Jean's in Baltimore, Maryland, from 2007 to the summer of 2012. After being fired, Butler sued the club and its parent company, alleging violations of state and federal labor laws. Like many strip clubs, Norma Jeans's classified its dancers as independent contractors, without paying hourly wages. Butler earned income solely from customer tips. Because Norma Jean's had strict control over the club's operation, and thus Butler's "economic opportunity," and because Butler's services performed were integral to the club's operation, Senior Judge Nickerson ruled that she should be classified as an employee deserving of unpaid wages under federal labor law.|
| • Segregation still present in Maryland's higher education (2013)|
Judge(s):Catherine Blake (Coalition for Equity and Excellence in Maryland Higher Education, et al v. Maryland Higher Education Commission, et al, 1:06-cv-02773-CCB)
|Click for summary→|
|On October 7, 2013, Judge Catherine Blake found that the State of Maryland failed to correct segregation issues in public schools of higher education, thus discouraging non-black students from applying to historically black institutions (HBIs).
Judge Blake suggested that the parties attend mediation to come to an agreement on the duplication issue, and delayed entering a final judgment.
The District of Maryland was established by Congress on September 24, 1789, with one post to cover the entire state. Over time, nine additional judicial posts were added to the court for a total of ten current posts.
The following table highlights the development of judicial posts for the District of Maryland:
|September 24, 1789||1 Stat. 73||1|
|February 24, 1910||36 Stat. 201||2 (1 Temporary)|
|March 3, 1927||44 Stat. 1346||2|
|May 19, 1961||75 Stat 80||4|
|March 18, 1966||80 Stat. 75||5|
|June 2, 1970||84 Stat. 294||7|
|October 20, 1978||92 Stat. 1629||9|
|July 10, 1984||98 Stat. 333||10|
Former chief judges
In order to qualify for the office of chief judge in one of the federal courts, a judge must have been in active service on the court for at least one year, be under the age of 65, and have not previously served as chief judge. A vacancy in the office of chief judge is filled by the judge highest in seniority among the group of qualified judges. The chief judge serves for a term of seven years or until age 70, whichever occurs first. The age restrictions are waived if no members of the court would otherwise be qualified for the position. Unlike the Chief Justice of the United States, a chief judge returns to active service after the expiration of his or her term and does not create a vacancy on the bench by the fact of his or her promotion.
For more information about the judges of the District of Rhode Island, see former federal judges of the District of Maryland.
There are two federal courthouses that serve the District of Maryland.
- United States District Court for the District of Maryland Official Website
- United States Attorney for the District of Maryland Official Website
- Opinions of the District of Maryland
- Judges of the District of Maryland
- The Gazette, "Drug company plea, settlement worth $500 million; Maryland getting a share," May 17, 2013
- Offices of the United States Attorneys, Official list
- Baltimore Sun, "Former stripper on The Block is owed back wages under labor laws, judge rules," November 8, 2013
- Blog of Legal Times, "Judge Finds Segregation Persists in Maryland Higher Education," October 8, 2013
- Note: This text is quoted verbatim from the original source. Any inconsistencies are attributed to the original source.
- History of the District of Maryland on the Federal Judicial Center website
- United States Courts, "Frequently Asked Questions"
- United States Courts, "On Being Chief Judge," February 2009
|Magistrate judges||William Connelly (Maryland) • Charles Day • Thomas M. DiGirolamo • Susan Gauvey • Beth Gasner • Jillyn Schulze • Timothy J. Sullivan • C. Bruce Anderson • Stephanie A. Gallagher •|
|Former Article III judges||
Alexander Williams • William Paca • James Winchester • James Houston • Theodorick Bland • Elias Glenn • Upton Scott Heath • John Glenn • William Fell Giles • Thomas John Morris • Paul Niemeyer • John Carter Rose • Benson Legg • Andre Davis • Joseph Young • Morris Ames Soper • William Caldwell Coleman • William Calvin Chesnut • Joseph Clemens Howard • Harrison Winter • Charles Blair • John Hargrove • Shirley Jones • Frank Kaufman • James Rogers Miller, Jr. • Herbert Murray • Edward Northrop • Norman Ramsey • Roszel Thomsen • Robert Watkins •
|Former Chief judges|