United States House of Representatives
Members in the House are called representatives. Each state receives representation in the House in proportion to the size of its population, but is entitled to at least one Representative. There are currently 435 representatives, a number fixed by law since 1911. The most populous state, California, currently has 53 representatives. There are seven states with only one representative: Alaska, Delaware, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, and Wyoming.
Each representative serves for a two-year term. There are no term limits.
According to the U.S. Constitution, Representatives must meet the following requirements: 
Additionally, all 50 states maintain requirements related to running for election. These filing requirements vary, and can include:
Delegates and the Resident Commissioner
Besides the representative from each state, there are a small number of Delegates and a Resident Commission.
There are several important leadership position in the House of Representatives:
There are five main house officer positions:
There are 20 regular standing committees, and one permanent select committee the U.S. House has created. There are also several joint committees with the U.S. Senate. The committees are permanent panels governed by House chamber rules, with responsibility to consider bills and issues and to have general oversight relating to their area of jurisdiction.
They regular standing and select committees and are:
Elections to the U.S. house will be held on November 4, 2014. All 435 seats will be up for election.
Elections to the U.S. House were held on November 6, 2012. All 435 seats were up for election. In a year where Barack Obama won re-election by 126 electoral votes, the Republican party maintained their control of the U.S. House winning 234 seats. The Democrats did make some gains, winning 201 seats. This is up from the 193 seats they held prior to the election. This election marks only the fourth time in 100 years that the party that pulled the most total popular votes nationwide did not win control of the House. Democratic candidates held on to nine seats that had a political lean favoring Republicans by 54% or more. This is down from prior to 2010 where Democrats held 32 seats in that same environment. With regards to ticket-splitting, there were 24 districts in which one party's nominee carried the presidential vote and the other party's nominee won the congressional race. All but four of which were won by an incumbent. Of the 435 districts, 241 had a Republican lean and this has parity to the partisan distribution in the 1990s when Democratic candidates were winning in many Republican leaning districts.
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Apportionment is the process by which seats in the House of Representatives are divided up among the states.
As of 2009, most representatives are paid $174,000 per year. Majority and minority leaders receive $193,400, while the Speaker of the House receives $223,500.
Some historical facts about the salary of U.S. House members:
Voting with the party
According to Open Congress, a website that tracks how often members of Congress vote with the majority of their party caucus. In June of 2012 there were 190 Democrats and 242 republicans tracked.
The average net worth of members of the Senate, based on data from OpenSecrets.org - The Center for Responsive Politics, is as follows:
Note: Report numbers may reflect incoming and outgoing members of congress.
113th Congress: U.S. House Demographic summary
The 113th Congress is the most diverse Congress in the nation's history, owing to a record number of newly elected women and minorities. Six years after House Minority Leader Nancy Pelosi (D) was elected the first female Speaker, the chamber's Democrats broke ground once again when they swore in 58 women and 72 minorities, making it the first ever congressional caucus from either party or chamber where Caucasian men do not make up the majority.
There are currently 42 African Americans, 29 Latinos, and 81 women serving in the U.S. House.
The following data lists the professions of the members of the U.S. Senate and the change in their numbers from the 112th congress.
The following data lists the professions of the members of the U.S. House and the change in their numbers from the 112th congress.
The Current House of Representatives
The following is a simple list of the current members of the U.S. Representatives broken down by state.