United States Senate Committee on the Judiciary

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Background
United States CongressUnited States SenateUnited States House of RepresentativesUnited States Constitution113th United States Congress112th United States Congress

The Judiciary Committee of the United States Senate, commonly known as the Senate Judiciary Committee, is a standing committee of the United States Senate. It considers matters related to the federal judiciary and the administration of justice in the United States. The committee has the responsibility to consider and confirm or deny presidential nominations to the federal justice system, including justices, judges, attorneys general and other top Justice Department officials.

The committee was created in 1816.[1]

Leadership

114th Congress

The committee chairman in the 114th Congress is Chuck Grassley (R).

113th Congress

The committee chairman in the 113th Congress was Patrick Leahy (D).[2]

112th Congress

The committee chairman in the 112th Congress was Patrick Leahy (D).

History

Beginning of the committee

The Senate Judiciary Committee was created in the early 1800s in response to growing complexities in American government. The Senate established the body's original standing committees, including the Senate Judiciary Committee, in a resolution adopted on December 10, 1816. The United States House of Representatives Committee on Judiciary had been established three years prior. The first chairman of the committee was Senator Dudley Chase of Vermont, who was appointed and served during the second session of the 14th Congress.[1]

Membership

2015-2016 (114th Congress)

Committee on the Judiciary Members, 2015-2016
Democratic members (9)Republican members (11)
Patrick J. Leahy (Vermont) Ranking MemberCharles Grassley (Iowa) Chairman
Dianne Feinstein (California) Orrin Hatch (Utah)
Charles E. Schumer (New York) Jeff Sessions (Alabama)
Dick Durbin (Illinois) Lindsey Graham (South Carolina)
Sheldon Whitehouse (Rhode Island) John Cornyn (Texas)
Amy Klobuchar (Minnesota) Mike Lee (Utah)
Al Franken (Minnesota) Ted Cruz (Texas)
Chris Coons (Delaware) Jeff Flake (Arizona)
Richard Blumenthal (Connecticut) David Vitter (Louisiana)
David Perdue (Georgia)
Thom Tillis (North Carolina)

2013-2014 (113th Congress)

2011-2012 (112th Congress)

Committee legislation

The below chart from Find The Best tracks the legislation coming out of each committee.


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

Subcommittees

Antitrust, Competition Policy and Consumer Rights

To view the jurisdiction and recent activities of this subcommittee, please see the official committee page here.

Antitrust, Competition Policy and Consumer Rights Members, 2015-2016
Democratic members (4)Republican members (5)
Amy Klobuchar Ranking MemberMichael S. Lee Chairman
Christopher A. Coons David Perdue
Al Franken Thom Tillis
Richard Blumenthal Chuck Grassley
Orrin Hatch

The Constitution

To view the jurisdiction and recent activities of this subcommittee, please see the official committee page here.

The Constitution Members, 2015-2016
Democratic members (5)Republican members (5)
Richard Durbin Ranking MemberJohn Cornyn Chairman
Sheldon Whitehouse Thom Tillis
Christopher Coons Lindsey Graham
Richard Blumenthal Ted Cruz
Al Franken David Vitter

Note: Beginning in 2015, the name of this committee changed from The Constitution, Civil Rights and Human Rights to The Constitution.[3]

Crime and Terrorism

To view the jurisdiction and recent activities of this subcommittee, please see the official committee page here.

Crime and Terrorism Members, 2015-2016
Democratic members (4)Republican members (5)
Sheldon Whitehouse Ranking MemberLindsey Graham Chairman
Chuck Schumer David Vitter
Amy Klobuchar Jeff Sessions
Al Franken John Cornyn
Jeff Flake

Immigration and The National Interest

To view the jurisdiction and recent activities of this subcommittee, please see the official committee page here.

Immigration and The National Interest Members, 2015-2016
Democratic members (7)Republican members (8)
Chuck Schumer Ranking MemberJeff Sessions Chairman
Patrick Leahy David Vitter
Dianne Feinstein David Perdue
Dick Durbin Chuck Grassley
Amy Klobuchar John Cornyn
Al Franken Mike Lee
Richard Blumenthal Ted Cruz
Thom Tillis

Note: Beginning in 2015, the name of this committee changed from Immigration, Refugees and Border Security to Immigration and The National Interest[3]

Oversight, Federal Rights and Agency Action

To view the jurisdiction and recent activities of this subcommittee, please see the official committee page here.

Members, 2015-2016
Democratic members (7)Republican members (8)
Chris Coons Ranking MemberTed Cruz Chairman
Dianne Feinstein Chuck Grassley
Dick Durbin Orrin Hatch
Chuck Schumer Jeff Sessions
Sheldon Whitehouse Jeff Flake
Amy Klobuchar Lindsey Graham
Richard Blumenthal Mike Lee
David Vitter

Note: Beginning in 2015, the name of this committee changed from Oversight, Federal Rights and Agency Action to Oversight, Agency Action, Federal Rights and Federal Courts [3]

Privacy, Technology and the Law

To view the jurisdiction and recent activities of this subcommittee, please see the official committee page here.

Privacy, Technology and the Law Members, 2015-2016
Democratic members (5)Republican members (6)
Al Franken Ranking MemberJeff Flake Chairman
Dianne Feinstein Orrin Hatch
Chuck Schumer David Perdue
Sheldon Whitehouse Michael Lee
Christopher Coons Thom Tillis
Lindsey Graham

Bankruptcy and the Courts

Note: This sub-committee was not active in the 114th Congress.[3]
Former Jurisdiction: (1) Federal court jurisdiction, administration and management; (2) Rules of evidence and procedure; (3) Creation of new courts and judgeships; (4) Bankruptcy; (5) Legal reform and liability issues; (6) Local courts in territories and possessions.[4]

Jurisdiction

According to the official Senate website, the jurisdiction of the Judiciary Committee includes its role in conducting oversight and consideration of nominations. The committee also considers legislation, resolutions, messages, petitions, memorials and other matters, as provided for in the Standing Rules of the Senate. These areas include all of the following:[5]

  1. Apportionment of Representatives.
  2. Bankruptcy, mutiny, espionage, and counterfeiting.
  3. Civil liberties.
  4. Constitutional amendments.
  5. Federal courts and judges.
  6. Government information.
  7. Holidays and celebrations.
  8. Immigration and naturalization.
  9. Interstate compacts generally.
  10. Judicial proceedings, civil and criminal, generally.
  11. Local courts in territories and possessions.
  12. Measures relating to claims against the United States.
  13. National penitentiaries.
  14. Patent Office.
  15. Patents, copyrights, and trademarks.
  16. Protection of trade and commerce against unlawful restraints and monopolies.
  17. Revision and codification of the statutes of the United States.
  18. State and territorial boundary lines.
  19. Oversight of the Department of Justice and the agencies under the Department's jurisdiction, including the Federal Bureau of Investigation, and the Department of Homeland Security.
  20. Executive nominations for positions in the Department of Justice, Office of National Drug Control Policy, the United States Parole Commission, the United States Sentencing Commission, and the State Justice Institute, as well as select nominations for the Department of Homeland Security and the Department of Commerce are referred to the Senate Judiciary Committee.
  21. The consideration of all Article III judicial nominations. These include Supreme Court nominations, appellate court nominations, and district court nominations. The Committee also considers nominations to the Court of International Trade.

[6]

—United States Senate Committee on the Judiciary[7]

Contact

224 Dirksen Senate Office Building
Washington, D.C. 20510

Majority Phone: 202-224-7703
Majority Fax: 202-224-9516


Minority Phone: 202-224-5225
Minority Fax: 202-224-9102

See also

External links

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References