United States congressional non-voting members
With Alaska and Hawaii being admitted as states in 1959, Puerto Rico was the only territory left with representation in Congress. This would change in 1970, when Congress allowed the District of Columbia to elect a Delegate. This privilege was extended to Guam and the U.S. Virgin Islands in 1972, American Samoa in 1978, and the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands in elections for the 111th Congress in 2008.
Delegates are able to perform many of the functions of a full representative, such as serve on committees, speak on the U.S. House floor, introduce bills and offer amendments. However, they are not able to vote during business as the Committee as the Whole or on final passage of legislation. Delegates to the U.S. House serve two year terms. The Resident Commissioner functions are similar to the delegates, except that they serve a four year term.
Current Non-Voting Members
- Pedro Pierluisi, Resident Commissioner of Puerto Rico
- Eleanor Holmes Norton, Delegate from Washington D.C.
- Madeleine Z. Bordallo, Delegate from Guam
- Stacey Plaskett, Delegate from the U.S. Virgin Islands
- Aumua Radewagen, Delegate from American Samoa
- Gregorio Sablan, Delegate from The Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands
- U.S. House Clerk FAQ
- CRS Report for Congress on Delegates to the U.S. Congress: History and Current Status