Voting in Iowa

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Iowa did not permit online voter registration as of January 2015. It did permit no-excuse absentee voting and early voting. Iowa is one of only three states whose polls close at 9:00 p.m., the latest poll closing time in the country. First-time voters in Iowa may be asked to present valid identification at the polls.[1]

For full information about voting in Iowa, contact the state election agency.


Iowa has a mixed primary system. The caucuses are closed, but voters may change registration at polls.[2]

To vote in Iowa, you must be:[3]

  • A U.S. citizen,
  • An Iowa resident, and
  • At least 17 1/2 years old (must be 18 years old by Election Day to vote.)

You cannot:

  • Be a convicted felon (unless your voting rights have been restored),
  • Be judged mentally incompetent to vote by a court, or
  • Claim the right to vote in any other place.[4]

—Iowa Secretary of State

When and where

The deadline for registration is 10 days prior to the election. You may register by filling out a form and returning it by mail or in person. Registration is allowed on Election Day with proof of identification.[5][6]

Online registration

See also: Online voter registration in the 50 states

As of May 2015, Iowa is one of 30 states that have not implemented full online voter registration.

Voting on Election Day

Voter identification

See also: Voter identification laws by state

First-time voters may be asked to present identification for proof of residency. Generally speaking, identification is not required.[7]

Poll times

See also: State Poll Opening and Closing Times

In Iowa, all polls will be open from 7:00 a.m. to 9:00 p.m. Central Time, one of the longest poll open and close times in the nation.[8]

Absentee voting

See also: Absentee voting


All voters are eligible to vote absentee in Iowa. There are no special eligibility requirements for voting absentee.[9]


To vote absentee, an absentee ballot application must be received by the election office by 5 p.m. the Friday before the election. A returned absentee ballot must then be postmarked the day before Election Day and received by noon on the Monday following the election.[9]

Military and overseas voting

For full details regarding military and overseas voting, visit the Federal Voting Assistance Program.

Early voting

See also: Early voting

Iowa is one of 34 states that has early voting with no specific requirements as to who can vote early. Early voting begins as soon as ballots are made available and ends on the day prior to Election Day. If polls open at noon, then early voting would occur from 8:00 a.m. until 11:00 a.m. on Election Day as well.[10]

Election policy ballot measures

Voting on
elections and campaigns
Ballot measures
By state
By year
Not on ballot
See also: Elections and campaigns on the ballot and List of Iowa ballot measures

Ballotpedia has tracked no ballot measures relating to election and campaign policy in Iowa.

Recent news

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See also

Elections in Iowa

External links