Voting in Michigan

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Michigan does not permit online voter registration or early voting. It does, however, allow absentee voting, although voters must provide a valid excuse to do so. Michigan voters are required to provide photo identification in order to receive a ballot.

For full information about voting in Michigan, contact the state election agency.


Michigan utilizes an open primary system, meaning voters are not required to declare a party preference when registering to vote.

To vote in Michigan, you must meet be:[1]

  • a U.S. citizen;
  • at least 18 years of age by Election Day;
  • a resident of Michigan and the city or township where you are applying to register to vote.[2]

—Michigan Secretary of State

When and where

Voters must register at least 28 days prior to an election. You can register to vote by mail, at the county, city, or township clerk's office, or by visiting any Secretary of State branch office.[1]

Online registration

See also: Online voter registration in the 50 states

As of May 2015, Michigan is one of 30 states that have not implemented full online voter registration.

Voting on Election Day

Voter identification

See also: Voter identification laws by state

Each voter must present photo identification. A voter's photo ID does not need to include an address. A voter without photo identification may sign an affidavit attesting that he or she is not in possession of photo identification.[3]

Poll times

See also: State Poll Opening and Closing Times

In Michigan, all polls are open from 7:00 a.m. to 8:00 p.m. Central and Eastern times.[4]

Absentee voting

See also: Absentee voting


You are eligible to vote absentee in an election if you cannot make it to the polls on Election Day for one of the following reasons:[5]

  • You are 60 years old or older.
  • You are unable to vote without assistance at the polls.
  • You are expecting to be out of town on Election Day.
  • You are in jail awaiting arraignment or trial.
  • You are unable to attend the polls due to religious reasons.
  • You are appointed to work as an election inspector in a precinct outside of your precinct of residence.


To vote absentee a request must be received by 2 p.m. on the Saturday before the election. The ballot must then be returned by 8 p.m. on Election Day.[5]

Military and overseas voting

For full details regarding military and overseas voting, visit the Federal Voting Assistance Program.

Early voting

See also: Early voting

Michigan is one of 14 states that do not permit early voting.[6]

Election policy ballot measures

Voting on
elections and campaigns
Ballot measures
By state
By year
Not on ballot
See also: Elections and campaigns on the ballot and List of Michigan ballot measures

Ballotpedia has tracked the following ballot measures relating to election and campaign policy in Michigan.

  1. Michigan Elimination of Straight Party Vote Amendment, Proposal 1 (2002)
  2. Michigan Minimum Voting Age Amendment, Proposal 1 (1966)
  3. Michigan State Office Amendment, Proposal 5 (1968)
  4. Michigan Straight Party Ticket Referendum, Proposal C (1964)
  5. Michigan Voting Age Amendment, Proposal B (1970)

Recent news

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Some of the stories below may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of Google's news search engine.

Voting in Michigan - Google News Feed

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See also

Elections in Michigan

External links