Voting in West Virginia

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West Virginia permits online voter registration but has not yet implemented it. West Virginia also allows early voting. West Virginia does not, however, allow no-excuse absentee voting. Voters in West Virginia are not required to show identification at the polls, but first-time voters may be asked to.

For full information about voting in West Virginia, contact the state election agency.


To vote in West Virginia, you must be:[1]

  • a resident of West Virginia,
  • a United States citizen,
  • "17 years old and 18 before the next general election,"
  • not currently "under conviction, probation, or parole for treason, bribery in an election, or any felony," and
  • not "ruled mentally incompetent by a court of law."

When and where

The deadline for registration is 21 days prior to an election. You may register to vote by submitting a form by mail to the County Clerk or the Secretary of State's Office, or in person at the following locations:[1]

  • County Clerk's Office
  • The Secretary of State's Office
  • The DMV
  • Public assistance offices
  • Agencies who serve people with disabilities
  • Marriage license offices
  • Military recruiting agencies[2]

—West Virginia Secretary of State

Online registration

See also: Online voter registration in the 50 states

West Virginia passed legislation in 2013 authorizing online voter registration, but a system has not yet been implemented.[3][4]

Voting on Election Day

Voter identification

See also: Voter identification laws by state

First-time voters who registered by mail must present identification. Valid identification includes photo and non-photo identification.[1]

Poll times

See also: State Poll Opening and Closing Times

In West Virginia, all polling places are open from 6:30 a.m. to 7:30 p.m. Eastern Time. If the polls close while you are still in line, you will be permitted to vote.[5]

Primary voting

West Virginia is one of 21 states with a mixed primary system. Parties decide who may vote. Both parties allow unaffiliated voters to vote in their primaries.[6]

Absentee voting

See also: Absentee voting


Voters are eligible to vote absentee in an election for any of the following reasons:[7]

  • They will be "working or traveling all 13 days" prior to Election Day
  • Their "hours of employment make voting impossible"
  • They "live another place during part of the year"
  • They have "been given a job assignment which requires They to live outside of Theyr county or West Virginia"
  • They have "health problems or a physical disability"
  • They have "been hospitalized because of an emergency and will be in the hospital or care facility 7 days leading up to and including Election Day"
  • They are in the military or overseas
  • They attend school away from home
  • They are under incarceration or detention in jail or in home (not for any felony, treason or bribery in an election)


To vote absentee a request must be received by the county clerk no later than the sixth day prior to the election. The ballot must then be postmarked no later than Election Day and received by the canvass day (the Friday after a primary and the Monday after a general election).[7]

Military and overseas voting

For full details regarding military and overseas voting, visit the Federal Voting Assistance Program.

Early voting

See also: Early voting

West Virginia is one of 34 states that has early voting with no specific requirements as to who can vote early. Early voting begins 13 days before an election and ends three days prior to Election Day.[8] The average number of days prior to an election that voters can cast an early ballot is 21 days in states with a definitive starting date.

Election policy ballot measures

Voting on
elections and campaigns
Ballot measures
By state
By year
Not on ballot
See also: Elections and campaigns on the ballot and List of West Virginia ballot measures

Ballotpedia has tracked the following ballot measures relating to election and campaign policy in West Virginia.

  1. West Virginia Board of Education Membership Amendment (2016)

Recent news

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See also

Elections in West Virginia

External links