The Washington Bone Dry Act, Referendum 10
was on the November 5, 1918 ballot
in the State of Washington
as a veto referendum
, where it ratified an act
of the Washington State Legislature
. The vote was considered a triumph for the prohibition movement.
| Referendum 10|
| Yes|| 96,100|| 63.89%|
A "yes" vote for a veto referendum is a vote in favor of the legislative act that those who collected signatures to force onto the ballot are hoping to overturn. A "no" vote is a vote against the legislative act that provoked the veto referendum.
In this case, Chapter 19, Laws of 1917 pertaining to the Bone Dry Act became law.
- 1916: Neighboring Oregon passed a bone dry law. It prohibited any importation of alcohol and ended the state's alcohol permitting system.
- January 8, 1917: The U.S. Supreme Court upheld the constitutionality of bone-dry laws.
- Early 1917: The Washington State Legislature considered HB 4, a bone-dry measure which would end the state's permitting system except for druggists and clergymen.
- HB 4 reached the floor of the legislature with help from the Women's Christian Temperance Union and The Grange.
- George Conger, president of the Anti-Saloon League (ASL) in Washington, thought things were moving too fast.
- A legislator moved to amend HB 4 to place it before the people for a statewide vote as a legislatively-referred state statute, but this amendment was rejected.
- The vote to pass HB 4 in the house was 75-18.
- Only three senators voted against it. All of them were "dry"s who only objected to the refusal to submit it to a popular vote.
- Gov. Lister signed the bill on February 19, 1917.
- The next day -- February 20, 1917 -- opponents of the Bone Dry Act filed notice that they would circulate a petition to attempt to overthrow HB 4 through a popular vote.
- While the petition was circulating, the federal government passed the Reed-Randall Bone Dry Act, which forbade permitting systems. Once this federal law passed, what happened with the Washington referendum was a moot point.
Alcohol on the Washington ballot
- Washington Beer and Wine Only Sold in State Liquor Stores, Initiative 13 (1948)
- Washington Beverage Container Deposit, Initiative 414 (1982)
- Washington Brewer's Bill, Initiative 24 (1916)
- Washington Brewers' Hotel Bill, Initiative 1A (1916)
- Washington Implied Consent for Driver Intoxication Tests, Initiative 242 (1968)
- Washington Intoxicating Liquor Act, Initiative 61 (1932)
- Washington Liquor State Licensing, Initiative 1183 (2011)
- Washington Liquor by the Drink With Restrictions, Initiative 171 (1948)
- Washington Minimum Drinking Age Act, Referendum 36 (1973)
- Washington Privatization of Liquor Sales, Initiative 261 (1972)
- Washington Privatize Liquor Distribution, Initiative 1100 (2010)
- Washington Repeal of Sunday Blue Laws, Initiative 229 (1966)
- Washington Restriction of Television Advertising for Alcohol, Initiative 194 (1954)
- Washington Revise State Liquor Laws, Initiative 1105 (2010)
- Washington Spirituous Liquor Licenses for Taverns, Initiative 205 (1960)
- Washington Statewide Prohibition Act, Initiative 3 (1914)