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Washington Employer-Employee Relations, Initiative 198 (1956)

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The Washington Employer-Employee Relations Initiative, also known as Initiative 198, was on the November 6, 1956 ballot in Washington as an Initiative to the People, where it was defeated. The measure would have banned and criminalized union membership or non-membership requirements for employment.[1]

Election results

Washington Initiative 198 (1956)
Defeatedd No704,90368.14%
Yes 329,653 31.86%

Election results via: Washington Secretary of State

Text of measure

The language appeared on the ballot as:[1]


An act defining the terms "employer" and "labor organization" and declaring unlawful certain agreements and practices relating to membership in such an organization, payments to such an organization as a condition of employment, discrimination and coercion in connection with employment, and providing civil actions and criminal penalties for violations.[2]

Path to the ballot

Initiative 198 was filed on January 19, 1956. Signatures were submitted to qualify it for the ballot. The measure was placed on the ballot as provided for by the state constitution.[3]

See also

Suggest a link

External links


  1. 1.0 1.1 Office of the Secretary of State, "1956 Voters Pamphlet," accessed September 10, 2013
  2. Note: This text is quoted verbatim from the original source. Any inconsistencies are attributed to the original source.
  3. Washington Secretary of State, "Initiatives to the People," accessed September 10, 2013