Washington House of Representatives

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Washington House of Representatives

Seal of Washington.jpg
General Information
Type:   Lower house
Term limits:   None
2014 session start:   January 13, 2014
Website:   Official House Page
Leadership
House Speaker:  Frank Chopp (D)
Majority Leader:   Pat Sullivan (D)
Minority leader:   Dan Kristiansen (R)
Structure
Members:  98
   Vacant (1)
Length of term:   2 years
Authority:   Art II, Washington Constitution
Salary:   $42,106/year + per diem
Elections
Last Election:  November 6, 2012 (98 seats)
Next election:  November 4, 2014 (98 seats)
Redistricting:   Washington State Redistricting Commission
The Washington State House of Representatives is the lower house of the Washington State Legislature, the state legislature of Washington. A total of 98 members serve in the lower house of the Washington State Legislature and meet at the State Capitol in Olympia. Each member represents an average of 68,618 residents, as of the 2010 Census.[1] After the 2000 Census, each member represented approximately 60,144 residents.[2] Each district has two House members for each senate district being denoted as "1A" or "1B" for example. Representatives serve a two-year term.

The legislature is a part-time citizen legislature that meets annually on the second Monday. In odd-numbered years, the budget year the Legislature meets for 105 days, and in even-numbered years for 60 days. If necessary, the Governor can call legislators in for a special session for a 30-day period. Legislators can call themselves into special session with a two-thirds vote of the two bodies[3].

As of July 2014, Washington is one of 13 Democratic state government trifectas.

See also: Washington State Legislature, Washington State Senate, Washington Governor

Sessions

Article II of the Washington Constitution establishes when the Washington State Legislature, of which the House is a part, is to be in session. Section 12 of Article II allows the dates of regular sessions to be determined by statute. Section 12 limits the length of regular sessions to 105 days in odd-numbered years and 60 days in even-numbered years.

Section 12 also establishes rules for convening special sessions of the Legislature. It states that special sessions can be called by the Governor of Washington or by resolution of two-thirds of the members of each legislative house. Special sessions are not to exceed 30 days in length.

2014

See also: Dates of 2014 state legislative sessions

In 2014, the Legislature was in session from January 13 through March 14.

Major issues

Major issues during the 2014 legislative session included a court-mandated $5 billion education funding package, transportation funding through a gas tax increase and climate change proposals.[4]

2013

See also: Dates of 2013 state legislative sessions

In 2013, the Legislature was in session from January 14 through April 29.

Major issues

The budget remains the most pressing issue for the state. Other agenda items include marijuana, child sex abuse, gun control, wolves, small businesses, human trafficking, and healthcare.[5]

2012

See also: Dates of 2012 state legislative sessions

In 2012, the House was in session from January 9 through March 8.

2011

See also: Dates of 2011 state legislative sessions

In 2011, the House was in session from January 10 through April 24.[6]

2010

See also: Dates of 2010 state legislative sessions

In 2010, the House was in regular session from January 11 to March 11. Additionally, the Legislature was in special session from March 15 to April 12 to deal with issues related to the economy and the state budget.[7][8]

Role in state budget

See also: Washington state budget

The state operates on a biennial budget cycle. The sequence of key events in the budget process is as follows:[9][10]

  1. Budget instruction guidelines are sent to state agencies in April.
  2. State agency budget requests are submitted in September.
  3. The governor submits his or her proposed budget to the Washington State Legislature on or before December 20.
  4. The legislature adopts a budget in April or May. A simple majority is required to pass a budget.
  5. The biennial budget cycle begins in July.

In Washington, the governor has line item veto and item veto of appropriations authority.[10]

The governor is required by statute to submit a balanced budget to the legislature. Though the legislature is not required to pass a balanced budget, state law does forbid expenditures without supporting revenues.[10]

Cost-benefit analyses

See also: Pew-MacArthur Results First Initiative Cost-Benefit Study
Map showing results of the Pew-MacArthur cost-benefit study.

The Pew-MacArthur Results First Initiative released a report in July 2013 which indicated that cost-benefit analysis in policymaking led to more effective uses of public funds. Looking at data from 2008 through 2011, the study's authors found that some states were more likely to use cost-benefit analysis while others were facing challenges and lagging behind the rest of the nation. Among the challenges states faced were a lack of time, money and technical skills needed to conduct comprehensive cost-benefit analyses. Washington was one of the 10 states that used cost-benefit analysis more than the rest of the states with respect to determining return on investment regarding state programs. In addition, these states were more likely to use cost-benefit analysis with respect to large budget areas and when making policy decisions.[11]

Ethics and transparency

Following the Money report

See also: Following the Money 2014 Report

The U.S. Public Interest Research Group, a consumer-focused nonprofit organization based in Washington, D.C., released its annual report on state transparency websites in April 2014. The report, entitled "Following the Money," measured how transparent and accountable state websites are with regard to state government spending.[12] According to the report, Washington received a grade of B and a numerical score of 85, indicating that Washington was "advancing" in terms of transparency regarding state spending.[12]

Missed Votes Report

See also: Washington State Senate

In March 2014, Washington Votes, the state’s premier legislative information website, released its annual Missed Votes Report, which provides detailed missed roll call votes on bills for every state legislator during the 2014 legislative session.[13] The 2014 regular session included a total of 515 votes in the State House and 396 in the State Senate, as well as 1,372 bills introduced total in the legislature and 237 bills passed. Out of all roll call votes, 90 individual legislators did not miss any votes. 3 individual legislators missed more than 50 votes.[13] Below is a table showing legislators, their total roll calls, and the total votes missed.

Open States Transparency

See also: Open States' Legislative Data Report Card

The Sunlight Foundation released an "Open Legislative Data Report Card" in March 2013. Washington was given a grade of A in the report. The report card evaluated how adequate, complete and accessible legislative data is to the general public. A total of 10 states received an A -- Arkansas, Connecticut, Georgia, Kansas, New Hampshire, New York, North Carolina, Texas, Virginia and Washington.[14]

Elections

2014

See also: Washington House of Representatives elections, 2014

Elections for the office of Washington House of Representatives will consist of a blanket primary election on August 5, 2014, and a general election on November 4, 2014. The signature-filing deadline for candidates wishing to run in this election was May 17, 2014.

2012

See also: Washington House of Representatives elections, 2012

Elections for the office of Washington House of Representatives were held in Washington on November 6, 2012. All 98 seats were up for election.

The signature filing deadline for candidates wishing to run in the elections was June 8, 2012. The primary election day was August 7, 2012.

The following table details the 10 districts with the smallest margin of victory in the November 6 general election.

2010

See also: Washington House of Representatives elections, 2010

The signature-filing deadline for candidates wishing to run in these elections was June 11, 2010. The primary Election Day was August 17, 2010. The enactment of Initiative 872 in 2004 means that in the August 17 primary, the top two vote-getting candidates in each primary contest, regardless of party, moved on to the final November 2 vote.

Washington State Representatives serve a two-year term and are not subject to term limits. All members are up for election on even years. Of the 98 seats up for re-election, incumbents ran in 81 of them.

The partisan breakdown of the House before and after the election was as follows:


Washington House of Representatives
Party As of November 1, 2010 After the 2010 Election
     Democratic Party 61 57
     Republican Party 37 41
Total 98 98


In 2010, the candidates for state house raised a total of $15,999,632 in campaign contributions. The top 10 donors were:[15]

2008

See also: Washington House of Representatives elections, 2008

Elections for the office of Washington House of Representatives consisted of a primary election on August 19, 2008, and a general election on November 4, 2008.

During the 2008 election, the total value of contributions to House candidates was $15,450,663. The top 10 contributors were:[16]

2006

See also: Washington House of Representatives elections, 2006

Elections for the office of Washington House of Representatives consisted of a primary election on September 19, 2006, and a general election on November 7, 2006.

During the 2006 election, the total value of contributions to House candidates was $13,723,444. The top 10 contributors were:[17]

2004

See also: Washington House of Representatives elections, 2004

Elections for the office of Washington House of Representatives consisted of a primary election on September 14, 2004, and a general election on November 2, 2004.

During the 2004 election, the total value of contributions to House candidates was $12,635,786. The top 10 contributors were:[18]

2002

See also: Washington House of Representatives elections, 2002

Elections for the office of Washington House of Representatives consisted of a primary election on September 17, 2002, and a general election on November 5, 2002.

During the 2002 election, the total value of contributions to House candidates was $12,776,890. The top 10 contributors were:[19]

2000

See also: Washington House of Representatives elections, 2000

Elections for the office of Washington House of Representatives consisted of a primary election on September 19, 2000, and a general election on November 7, 2000.

During the 2000 election, the total value of contributions to House candidates was $12,789,859. The top 10 contributors were:[20]

Qualifications

Section 7 of Article 2 of the Washington State Constitution states, "No person shall be eligible to the legislature who shall not be a citizen of the United States and a qualified voter in the district for which he is chosen."

Vacancies

See also: How vacancies are filled in state legislatures
How Vacancies are filled in State Legislatures
NevadaMassachusettsColoradoNew MexicoWyomingArizonaMontanaCaliforniaOregonWashingtonIdahoTexasOklahomaKansasNebraskaSouth DakotaNorth DakotaMinnesotaIowaMissouriArkansasLouisianaMississippiAlabamaGeorgiaFloridaSouth CarolinaIllinoisWisconsinTennesseeNorth CarolinaIndianaOhioKentuckyPennsylvaniaNew JerseyNew YorkVermontVermontNew HampshireMaineWest VirginiaVirginiaMarylandMarylandConnecticutConnecticutDelawareDelawareRhode IslandRhode IslandMassachusettsNew HampshireMichiganMichiganAlaskaVacancy fulfillment map.png

If there is a vacancy in the house, the Board of County Commissioners where the vacant seat is located has the responsibility to select a replacement. The state central committee of the political party that last held the seat must submit a list of three candidates to the Board of County Commissioners representing the vacant district. A selection must be made within 60 days after the vacancy happened.[21]

Redistricting

See also: Redistricting in Washington

Legislative redistricting in Washington has been handled by the Washington State Redistricting Commission since 1983. The majority and minority leaders of the state House and Senate each appoint one member, and collectively select a non-voting chairperson. If they cannot agree on the chair, the judgepedia:Washington Supreme Court decides. The Governor does not hold veto power, and the Legislature can only make changes by two-thirds vote.

2010 census

Washington received its local census data on February 23, 2011. The state increased in population by 14.1 percent from 2000 to 2010. The major outlier was Franklin County, which jumped 58.4 percent. As far as the most populous cities, Seattle grew by 8.0 percent, Spokane grew by 6.8 percent, Tacoma grew by 2.5 percent, Vancouver grew by 12.7 percent, and Bellevue grew by 11.7 percent.[22]

The Commission released first draft maps on September 13, 2011. For the third time in a row, the Commission went down to the wire in agreeing on new legislative districts, finishing two hours and five minutes before New Year's Day 2012, at which point the Washington Supreme Court would have taken over. The Commission had mainly been concerned with the eastern districts and how to distribute Yakima Hispanics. The Legislature followed with tweaks, approving the final maps on January 27, 2012.

Representatives

Partisan composition

See also: Partisan composition of state houses
Party As of July 2014
     Democratic Party 55
     Republican Party 42
     Vacancy 1
Total 98


The chart below shows the partisan composition of the Washington State House from 1992-2013.

Partisan composition of the Washington State House.PNG

Salaries

See also: Comparison of state legislative salaries

As of 2013, members of the Washington Legislature are paid $42,106/year. Legislators receive $90/day per diem.[23]

When sworn in

See also: When state legislators assume office after a general election

Washington legislators assume office the first day of session.

Leadership

The Speaker of the House is the presiding officer of the body.[24][25]

This image shows the state capitol under construction in the 1920s.

Current leadership

Current Leadership, Washington House of Representatives
Office Representative Party
State Speaker of the House Frank Chopp Electiondot.png Democratic
State House Speaker Pro Tempore James Moeller Electiondot.png Democratic
State House Assistant Speaker Pro Tempore Tina Orwall Electiondot.png Democratic
State House Majority Leader Pat Sullivan Electiondot.png Democratic
State House Majority Caucus Leader Eric Pettigrew Electiondot.png Democratic
State House Majority Whip Kevin Van De Wege Electiondot.png Democratic
State House Deputy Majority Whip Marcus Riccelli Electiondot.png Democratic
State House Assistant Majority Whip Vacant Electiondot.png Democratic
State House Assistant Majority Whip Vacant Electiondot.png Democratic
State House Majority Floor Leader Tami Green Electiondot.png Democratic
State House Deputy Majority Leader Larry Springer Electiondot.png Democratic
State House Deputy Majority Floor Leader Kristine Lytton Electiondot.png Democratic
State House Minority Leader Dan Kristiansen Ends.png Republican
State House Deputy Minority Leader Joel Kretz Ends.png Republican
State House Minority Caucus Leader Judith Warnick Ends.png Republican
State House Minority Whip Paul Harris Ends.png Republican
State House Minority Floor Leader J.T. Wilcox Ends.png Republican
State House Minority Caucus Vice Chair Shelly Short Ends.png Republican
State House Assistant Minority Floor Leader Matthew Shea Ends.png Republican
State House Assistant Minority Whip Elizabeth Scott Ends.png Republican
State House Assistant Minority Whip Drew MacEwen Ends.png Republican
State House Assistant Minority Whip Elizabeth Scott Ends.png Republican

Current members

Current members, Washington House of Representatives
District Representative Party Assumed office
1 Derek Stanford Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
1 Luis Moscoso Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
2 Graham Hunt Ends.png Republican 2014
2 J.T. Wilcox Ends.png Republican 2011
3 Marcus Riccelli Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
3 Timm Ormsby Electiondot.png Democratic 2003
4 Leonard Christian Ends.png Republican 2014
4 Matthew Shea Ends.png Republican 2009
5 Jay Rodne Ends.png Republican 2004
5 Chad Magendanz Ends.png Republican 2013
6 Kevin Parker Ends.png Republican 2009
6 Jeff Holy Ends.png Republican 2013
7 Shelly Short Ends.png Republican 2009
7 Joel Kretz Ends.png Republican 2005
8 Brad Klippert Ends.png Republican 2009
8 Larry Haler Ends.png Republican 2005
9 Susan Fagan Ends.png Republican 2009
9 Joe Schmick Ends.png Republican 2007
10 Norma Smith Ends.png Republican 2007
10 Dave Hayes Ends.png Republican 2013
11 Zack Hudgins Electiondot.png Democratic 2003
11 Steve Bergquist Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
12 Cary Condotta Ends.png Republican 2003
12 Brad Hawkins Ends.png Republican 2013
13 Judith Warnick Ends.png Republican 2007
13 Matt Manweller Ends.png Republican 2013
14 Norm Johnson Ends.png Republican 2009
14 Charles Ross Ends.png Republican 2007
15 Bruce Chandler Ends.png Republican 1999
15 David Taylor Ends.png Republican 2009
16 Maureen Walsh Ends.png Republican 2005
16 Terry Nealey Ends.png Republican 2011
17 Monica Stonier Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
17 Paul Harris Ends.png Republican 2011
18 Brandon Vick Ends.png Republican 2013
18 Liz Pike Ends.png Republican 2013
19 Dean Takko Electiondot.png Democratic 2005
19 Brian Blake Electiondot.png Democratic 2002
20 Richard DeBolt Ends.png Republican 1997
20 Ed Orcutt Ends.png Republican 2003
21 Mary Helen Roberts Electiondot.png Democratic 2005
21 Lillian Ortiz-Self Electiondot.png Democratic 2014
22 Chris Reykdal Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
22 Sam Hunt Electiondot.png Democratic 2001
23 Sherry Appleton Electiondot.png Democratic 2005
23 Drew Hansen Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
24 Kevin Van De Wege Electiondot.png Democratic 2007
24 Steve Tharinger Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
25 Dawn Morrell Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
25 Hans Zeiger Ends.png Republican 2011
26 Jesse L. Young Ends.png Republican 2014
26 Larry Seaquist Electiondot.png Democratic 2007
27 Laurie Jinkins Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
27 Jake Fey Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
28 Dick Muri Ends.png Republican July 2013
28 Tami Green Electiondot.png Democratic 2005
29 David Sawyer Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
29 Steve Kirby Electiondot.png Democratic 2001
30 Linda Kochmar Ends.png Republican 2013
30 Roger Freeman Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
31 Cathy Dahlquist Ends.png Republican 2011
31 Christopher Hurst Electiondot.png Democratic 2007
32 Cindy Ryu Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
32 Ruth Kagi Electiondot.png Democratic 1999
33 Tina Orwall Electiondot.png Democratic 2009
33 Mia Gregerson Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
34 Eileen Cody Electiondot.png Democratic 1995
34 Joe Fitzgibbon Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
35 Kathy Haigh Electiondot.png Democratic 1999
35 Drew MacEwen Ends.png Republican 2013
36 Reuven Carlyle Electiondot.png Democratic 2009
36 Gael Tarleton Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
37 Sharon Tomiko Santos Electiondot.png Democratic 1999
37 Eric Pettigrew Electiondot.png Democratic 2003
38 June Robinson Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
38 Mike Sells Electiondot.png Democratic 2005
39 Dan Kristiansen Ends.png Republican 2003
39 Elizabeth Scott Ends.png Republican 2013
40 Kristine Lytton Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
40 Jeff Morris Electiondot.png Democratic 1997
41 Tana Senn Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
41 Judy Clibborn Electiondot.png Democratic 2003
42 Jason Overstreet Ends.png Republican 2011
42 Vincent Buys Ends.png Republican 2011
43 Brady Walkinshaw Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
43 Frank Chopp Electiondot.png Democratic 1995
44 Hans Dunshee Electiondot.png Democratic 1997
44 Vacant
45 Roger Goodman Electiondot.png Democratic 2007
45 Larry Springer Electiondot.png Democratic 2005
46 Gerry Pollet Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
46 Jessyn Farrell Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
47 Mark Hargrove Ends.png Republican 2011
47 Pat Sullivan Electiondot.png Democratic 2005
48 Ross Hunter Electiondot.png Democratic 2003
48 Cyrus Habib Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
49 Sharon Wylie Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
49 James Moeller Electiondot.png Democratic 2003

Standing committees

The Washington State House has 19 standing committees:

History

Partisan balance 1992-2013

Who Runs the States Project
See also: Ballotpedia:Who Runs the States and Ballotpedia:Who Runs the States, Washington
Partisan breakdown of the Washington legislature from 1992-2013

From 1992-2013, the Democratic Party was the majority in the Washington State House of Representatives for 15 years while the Republicans were the majority for four years.

Across the country, there were 577 Democratic and 483 Republican State Houses of Representatives from 1992 to 2013.

Over the course of the 22-year study, state governments became increasingly more partisan. At the outset of the study period (1992), 18 of the 49 states with partisan legislatures had single-party trifectas and 31 states had divided governments. In 2013, only 13 states had divided governments, while single-party trifectas held sway in 36 states, the most in the 22 years studied.

The chart below shows the partisan composition of the Office of the Governor of Washington, the Washington State Senate and the Washington House of Representatives from 1992-2013. Partisan composition of Washington state government(1992-2013).PNG

SQLI and partisanship

The chart below depicts the partisanship of the Washington state government and the state's SQLI ranking for the years studied. For the SQLI, the states were ranked from 1-50, with 1 being the best and 50 the worst. During the course of the study, Washington had a number of Democratic trifectas. The state experienced both high and low rankings during the years with Democratic trifectas. Its highest ranking overall, finishing 8th, occurred in 1998 during a divided government.

Chart displaying the partisanship of the Washington government from 1992-2013 and the State Quality of Life Index (SQLI).

External links

References

  1. census.gov, "Population Distribution and Change: 2000 to 2010," accessed May 15, 2014
  2. U.S. Census Bureau, "States Ranked by Population," April 2, 2001. Accessed February 13, 2014
  3. "Washington House of Representatives" About the Assembly, March 13, 2009
  4. washingtonstatewire.com, "Session Set to Open in ‘Bizarro World’ – Supreme Court Decision Turns Everything Upside Down," January 13, 2014
  5. The Spokesman Review, "Budget remains pressing issue in new legislative session," January 13, 2013
  6. National Conference of State Legislatures, "2011 Legislative Sessions Calendar," accessed June 6, 2014(Archived)
  7. 2010 session convening dates for Washington legislature
  8. 2010 session adjourning dates for Washington legislature
  9. National Conference of State Legislatures, "State Experiences with Annual and Biennial Budgeting," updated April 2011
  10. 10.0 10.1 10.2 National Association of State Budget Officers, "Budget Processes in the States, Summer 2008," accessed February 21, 2014
  11. Pew Charitable Trusts, "States’ Use of Cost-Benefit Analysis," July 29, 2013
  12. 12.0 12.1 U.S. Public Interest Research Group, "Following the Money 2014 Report," accessed April 15, 2014
  13. 13.0 13.1 Washington Policy Center, "2014 Missed Votes Report for Legislators Released," March 18, 2014
  14. Sunlight Foundation, "Ten Principles for Opening Up Government Information," accessed June 16, 2013
  15. Follow the Money: "Washington House 2010 Campaign Contribution"
  16. Follow the Money, "Washington 2008 Candidates," accessed August 5, 2013
  17. Follow the Money, "Washington 2006 Candidates," accessed August 5, 2013
  18. Follow the Money, "Washington 2004 Candidates," accessed August 5, 2013
  19. Follow the Money, "Washington 2002 Candidates," accessed August 5, 2013
  20. Follow the Money, "Washington 2000 Candidates," accessed August 5, 2013
  21. Washington Legislature, "Washington Constitution," accessed December 18, 2013(Referenced Section Article II, Section XV)
  22. U.S. Census Bureau, "U.S. Census Bureau Delivers Washington's 2010 Census Population Totals, Including First Look at Race and Hispanic Origin Data for Legislative Redistricting," February 23, 2011. Retrieved August 21, 2012
  23. NCSL.org, "2012 State Legislator Compensation and Per Diem Table," accessed March 18, 2013
  24. Democratic Leadership of the Washington House
  25. Republican Leadership of the Washington House