Washington Public Utility Districts, Referendum 25 (1944)

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The Washington Utility Districts Referendum, also known as Referendum 25, was on the November 7, 1944 ballot in Washington as a veto referendum, where it was defeated, thus overturning the legislation. The measure would have permitted joint public utility districts, allowed them to act together in condemnation proceedings, taxed their operations rather than property and permitted a unionized public utilities labor force.[1]

Election results

Washington Referendum 25 (1944)
Defeatedd No373,05155.6%
Yes 297,919 44.4%

Election results via: Washington Secretary of State

Text of measure

The language appeared on the ballot as:[1]

An act pertaining to public power resources and public utilities and acquisition and operation thereof by certain public authoritiies and municipal corporations; authorizing public utility district commissioners to create joint commissions; relating to composition, government, powers, funds, business and properties thereof; applying certain public utility district laws thereto; empowering them to acquire electrical properties solely by issuing revenue bonds and warrants; requiring deposit of funds with State Treasurer and audit of accounts by State Auditor; taxing their operations instead of property; permititng their union; ofsetting earnings against interest on certain condemnation awards; declaring emergency and that act take effect immediately.[2]


Chapter 15, Laws of 1943, regarding public utility districts, did not become law. Chapter 15, Laws of 1943 had itself been enacted as the result of an earlier petition process in the state that led to the adoption of Initiative 12 as Chapter 15, Laws of 1943.

Path to the ballot

Referendum 25 was filed on March 18, 1943. Signatures were submitted on to qualify it for the ballot. The measure was placed on the ballot as provided for by the state constitution.[3]

See also

Suggest a link

External links


  1. 1.0 1.1 Office of the Secretary of State, "1944 Voters Pamphlet," accessed September 11, 2013
  2. Note: This text is quoted verbatim from the original source. Any inconsistencies are attributed to the original source.
  3. Washington Secretary of State, "History of Referendum Measures," accessed September 12, 2013