West Virginia's 1st Congressional District elections, 2012

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West Virginia's 1st Congressional District

General Election Date
November 6, 2012

Primary Date
May 8, 2012

November 6 Election Winner:
David McKinley Republican Party
Incumbent prior to election:
David McKinley Republican Party
David McKinley.jpg

West Virginia U.S. House Elections
District 1District 2District 3

2012 U.S. Senate Elections

Flag of West Virginia.png
The 1st Congressional District of West Virginia held an election for the U.S. House of Representatives on November 6, 2012.
This is the 1st Congressional District prior to the 2011 redistricting.

David McKinley was re-elected on November 6, 2012.[1]

Candidate Filing Deadline Primary Election General Election
January 28, 2012
May 8, 2012
November 6, 2012

Primary: West Virginia has a mostly closed primary system, in which the selection of a party's candidates in an election is limited to registered party members, although unaffiliated voters may pick which party's primary to vote in.

Voter registration: Voters had to register to vote in the primary by April 17, 2012. For the general election, the voter registration deadline was October 16, 2012.[2]

See also: West Virginia elections, 2012

Incumbent: Heading into the election the incumbent was David McKinley (R), who was first elected to the House in 2010.

This was the first election which used new district maps based on 2010 Census data. West Virginia's 1st Congressional District is located in the northern portion of the state, and includes Hancock, Brooke, Ohio, Marshall, Wetzel, Wood, Pleasant, Tyler, Doddridge, Gilmer, Ritchie, Marion, Preston, Tucker, Mineeral, Grant, and Monogalla counties.[3]


Note: Election results were added on election night as races were called. Vote totals were added after official election results had been certified. For more information about Ballotpedia's election coverage plan, click here. If you find any errors in this list, please email: Geoff Pallay.

General election candidates

Democratic Party Sue Thorn
Republican Party David McKinley Green check mark transparent.png

May 8, 2012, primary results

Democratic Party Democratic primary


Republican Party Republican Primary

Election results

General Election

U.S. House, West Virginia District 1 General Election, 2012
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Democratic Sue Thorn 37.7% 73,468
     Republican Green check mark transparent.pngDavid McKinley Incumbent 62.3% 121,395
Total Votes 194,863
Source: West Virginia Secretary of State "Official Election Results, 2012 General Election"

Impact of redistricting

See also: Redistricting in West Virginia

West Virginia did not gain or lose a congressional seat following the 2010 Census. The state produced a map that involved minimal changes, but did shift Mason County from the 2nd to 3rd Congressional District.

A three-judge panel ruled West Virginia's redistricting plan unconstitutional for its unequal distribution of population among its three congressional districts. The court gave the West Virginia Legislature until January 17, 2012, to come up with a new map.[7]

Registration statistics

As of October 30, 2012, District 1 had the following partisan registration breakdown according to the West Virginia Secretary of State:

West Virginia Congressional District 1[8]
Congressional District District Total Democrats Republicans Other & Unaffiliated Advantage Party Advantage Change in Advantage from 2010
District 1 401,124 194,012 128,148 78,964 Democratic 51.40% N/A
"Party advantage" is the percentage gap between the two major parties in registered voters. "Change in advantage" is the spread in difference of party advantage between 2010 and 2012 based on the congressional district number only.

District partisanship

FairVote's Monopoly Politics 2012 study

See also: FairVote's Monopoly Politics 2012

In 2012, FairVote did a study on partisanship in the congressional districts, giving each a percentage ranking (D/R) based on the new 2012 maps and comparing that to the old 2010 maps. West Virginia's 1st District became more Republican because of redistricting.[9]

  • 2012: 39D / 61R
  • 2010: 39D / 61R

Cook Political Report's PVI

See also: Cook Political Report's Partisan Voter Index

In 2012, Cook Political Report released its updated figures on the Partisan Voter Index, which measured each congressional district's partisanship relative to the rest of the country. West Virginia's 1st Congressional District had a PVI of R+9, which was the 121st most Republican district in the country. In 2008, this district was won by John McCain (R), 58-42 percent over Barack Obama (D). In 2004, George W. Bush (R) won the district 58-42 percent over John Kerry (D).[10]

District history

Candidate ballot access
Ballot Access Requirements Final.jpg

Find detailed information on ballot access requirements in all 50 states and Washington D.C.


On November 2, 2010, David McKinley won election to the U.S. House of Representatives, defeating Mike Oliverio (D).[11]

U.S. House of Representatives General Election, West Virginia, Congressional District 1, 2010
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Republican Green check mark transparent.pngDavid B. McKinley 50.4% 90,660
     Democratic Mike Oliverio 49.6% 89,220
Total Votes 179,880

See also