Governor of West Virginia
|West Virginia Governor|
|Office website:||Official Link|
|2013 FY Budget:||$5,547,731|
|Term limits:||2 consecutive terms|
|Length of term:||4 years|
|Authority:||West Virginia Constitution, Article VII, Section 5|
|Name:||Earl Ray Tomblin|
|Assumed office:||November 15, 2010|
|Next election:||November 8, 2016|
|Last election:||November 6, 2012|
|Other West Virginia Executive Offices|
|Governor • Lieutenant Governor • Secretary of State • Attorney General • Treasurer • Auditor • Superintendent of Education• Agriculture Commissioner • Insurance Commissioner• Natural Resources Commissioner • Secretary of Commerce • Commissioner of Labor • Public Service Commission|
- 1 Current officeholder
- 2 Authority
- 3 Qualifications
- 4 Vacancies
- 5 Duties
- 6 Elections
- 7 Divisions
- 8 State budget
- 9 Compensation
- 10 Historical officeholders
- 11 Recent news
- 12 Contact information
- 13 History
- 14 See also
- 15 External links
- 16 References
As of September 2014, West Virginia is one of 13 Democratic state government trifectas.
The 35th and current governor is Earl Ray Tomblin a Democrat who succeeded to the office when Joe Manchin won a U.S. Senate seat in 2010. He then won the October 4, 2011 West Virginia special gubernatorial election.
Under Article VII, Section 5:
The chief executive power shall be vested in the governor...
|2014 • 2013 • 2012 • 2011 • 2010|
|Current Lt. Governors|
|Lt. Governor Elections|
|2014 • 2013 • 2012 • 2011 • 2010|
A candidate for governor must be:
- a citizen of the United States
- a resident of West Virginia for at least give years preceding the election
- a duly qualified elector of West Virginia
- at least 30 years old
Additionally, the Governor may hold no federal office and no state office aide from the governorship.
Under Article IV, Section 10, which governors Elections and Officers, no individual who has fought a duel with deadly weapons, sent a challenge for such a duel, or knowingly acted as a second in such a duel in West Virginia or in any other state may hold any office in West Virginia.
- See also: How gubernatorial vacancies are filled
Details of vacancy appointments are addressed under Article VII, Section 16.
If a sitting Governor dies, resigns, is removed or impeached, is absent, or is unable to discharge the office, temporarily or permanently, the President of the Senate shall succeed to the office as Acting Governor.
After the President of the Senate, the Speaker of the House of Delegates is the next in line. If the governorship if vacant and neither of the two aforementioned officers are able to serve, a joint session of the legislature shall vote on an Acting Governor.
The Acting Governor only completes the term when less than one year remains; otherwise a special election is held at the next general election.
The Governor is the chief executive of West Virginia. She is the commander-in-chief of the state's military forces (§ 12) and is charged by the West Virginia Constitution with carrying out the state's laws (§ 5).
Other duties and privileges of the office include:
- Addressing the General Assembly at the commencement of each regular legislative session on the state of the state, making recommendation for legislation, and giving an accounting of the budget to the legislature (§ 6)
- Convening the legislature in extraordinary session by proclamation (§ 7)
- Nominating and, with the advice and the consent of the Senate, appointing all officers not otherwise provided for (§ 8)
- Making recess appointments to fill vacancies for all non-elective offices when the Senate is not meeting (§ 9)
- Removing any appointed officer for "...incompetency, neglect of duty, gross immorality, or malfeasance in office..." (§ 10)
- Remitting fines and forfeitures, remitting capital sentences unless the conviction was made by the House of Delegates, and granting pardons and commutations (§ 11)
- Requiring additional security from state officers required to execute bonds at her discretion and declaring the office vacant if the officeholder does not make the additional security (§ 13)
- Vetoing bills (§ 14), including appropriations (§ 15), subject to a majority override of the legislature
- Filling vacancies in the offices of the Secretary of State, Auditor, Treasurer, Commissioner of Agriculture and Attorney General (§ 17)
- Requiring a semiannual report, under oath or affirmation, from the subordinate officers of all executive departments and public institutions, concerning each office's collection and disbursement of public moneys (§ 17)
- Requiring reports from the heads of each executive department and state institution concerning each office's "condition, management, and expenses," not to be made less than ten days before the start of the regular legislative session. The governor shall communicate the findings of such reports to the legislature in her address (§ 18)
West Virginia elects governors in the Presidential election years. For West Virginia, 2008, 2012, 2016, and 2020 are all gubernatorial election years. Legally, the gubernatorial inauguration is always set for the first Monday after the second Wednesday in January following the election. Thus, January 14, 2013 and January 16, 2017 are inaugural days.
- See also: States with gubernatorial term limits
West Virginia governors are restricted to two consecutive terms in office, after which they must wait one term before being eligible to run again.
|A person who has been elected or who has served as governor during all or any part of two consecutive terms shall be ineligible for the office of governor during any part of the term immediately following the second of the two consecutive terms.|
The chart below shows the partisan composition of the Office of the Governor of West Virginia from 1992-2013.
To view the electoral history dating back to 2000 for the office of Governor of West Virginia, Click [show] to expand the section.
Note: Ballotpedia's state executive officials project researches state official websites for information that describes the divisions (if any exist) of a state executive office. That information for the Governor of West Virginia has not yet been added. After extensive research we were unable to identify any relevant information on state official websites. If you have any additional information about this office for inclusion on this section and/or page, please email us.
Role in state budget
- See also: West Virginia state budget
- Budget instruction guidelines are sent to state agencies in July.
- State agencies submit budget requests in September.
- Agency hearings are held in October and November.
- The governor submits his or her proposed budget to the West Virginia State Legislature on or before the second Wednesday in January.
- The legislature adopts a budget in March or April. A simple majority is required to pass a budget.
Governor's office budget
The budget for the Governor's Office in Fiscal Year 2013 was $5,547,731.
The governor's salary is set by law and may not be raised or diminished effective during the current term. Constitutionally, no Governor, after leaving office, may receive any additional compensation or reimbursement.
In 2013, the governor's salary remained at $150,000.
In 2010, the Governor of West Virginia was paid $95,000 a year, the 46th highest gubernatorial salary in America.
There have been 36 governors of West Virginia since 1863. Of the 36 officeholders, 15 were Republican, 19 were Democrats, 1 was a Democrat/Independent, and 1 was a Unionist.
|List of Former Officeholders from 1863-Present|
|1||Arthur Ingraham Boreman||1863 - 1869||Republican|
|2||Francis Harrison Pierpont||1865 - 1868||Unionist (Republican)|
|3||Daniel Duane Tompkins Farnsworth||1869 - 1869||Republican|
|4||William Erskine Stevenson||1869 - 1871||Republican|
|5||John Jeremiah Jacob||1871 - 1877||Democratic, Independent|
|6||Henry Mason Mathews||1877 - 1881||Democratic|
|7||Jacob Beeson Jackson||1881 - 1885||Democratic|
|8||Emanuel Willis Wilson||1885 - 1890||Democratic|
|9||Aretas Brooks Fleming||1890 - 1893||Democratic|
|10||William Alexander MacCorkle||1893 - 1897||Democratic|
|11||George Wesley Atkinson||1897 - 1901||Republican|
|12||Albert Blakeslee White||1901 - 1905||Republican|
|13||William M.O. Dawson||1905 - 1909||Republican|
|14||William E. Glasscock||1909 - 1913||Republican|
|15||Henry Drury Hatfield||1913 - 1917||Republican|
|16||John Jacob Cornwell||1917 - 1921||Democratic|
|17||Ephriam Franklin Morgan||1921 - 1925||Republican|
|18||Howard M. Gore||1925 - 1929||Republican|
|19||William Gustavus Conley||1929 - 1933||Republican|
|20||Herman Guy Kump||1933 - 1937||Democratic|
|21||Homer Adams Holt||1937 - 1941||Democratic|
|22||Matthew Mansfield Neely||1941 - 1945||Democratic|
|23||Clarence W. Meadows||1945 - 1949||Democratic|
|24||Okey Leonidas Patteson||1949 - 1953||Democratic|
|25||William Casey Marland||1953 - 1957||Democratic|
|26||Cecil H. Underwood||1957 - 1961||Republican|
|27||William W. Barron||1961 - 1965||Democratic|
|28||Hulett Carlson Smith||1965 - 1969||Democratic|
|29||Arch A. Moore||1969 - 1977||Republican|
|30||John Davison Rockefeller||1977 - 1985||Democratic|
|31||Arch A. Moore||1985 – 1989||Republican|
|32||Gaston Caperton||1989 - 1997||Democratic|
|33||Cecil H. Underwood||1997 – 2001||Republican|
|34||Bob Wise||2001 - 2005||Democratic|
|35||Joe Manchin III||2005 - 2010||Democratic|
|36||Earl Ray Tomblin||2010 - present||Democratic|
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1900 Kanawha Boulevard, E.
Charleston, WV 25305
Partisan balance 1992-2013
From 1992-2013, in West Virginia there were Democratic governors in office for 18 years, including the last 13, while there were Republican governors in office for four years. West Virginia is one of seven states that were run by a Democratic governor for more than 80 percent of the years between 1992-2013. West Virginia was under Democratic trifectas for the final 13 years.
Across the country, there were 493 years of Democratic governors (44.82%) and 586 years of Republican governors (53.27%) from 1992-2013.
Over the course of the 22-year study, state governments became increasingly more partisan. At the outset of the study period (1992), 18 of the 49 states with partisan legislatures had single-party trifectas and 31 states had divided governments. In 2013, only 13 states had divided governments, while single-party trifectas held sway in 36 states, the most in the 22 years studied.
SQLI and partisanship
The chart below depicts the partisanship of West Virginia state government and the state's SQLI ranking for the years studied. For the SQLI, the states were ranked from 1-50, with 1 being the best and 50 the worst. West Virginia never finished higher than 48th in any year of the study.
- Governor: Earl Ray Tomblin (D)
- Attorney General: Patrick Morrisey (R)
- Auditor of State: Glen Gainer (D)
- Secretary of State: Natalie Tennant (D)
- Commissioner of Agriculture: Walt Helmick (D)
- Treasurer of State: John Perdue (D)
- West Virginia Governor, " Homepage," accessed April 10, 2013
- West Virginia Watchdog, "VIDEO: Acting Gov. Tomblin Takes Oath of Office," November 16, 2010
- National Conference of State Legislatures, "State Experiences with Annual and Biennial Budgeting," updated April 2011
- National Association of State Budget Officers, "Budget Processes in the States, Summer 2008," accessed February 21, 2014
- West Virginia State Budget Office, "Legislature's Enrolled FY 2013 Budget Bill," accessed April 3, 2013
- Council of State Governments, "CSG Releases 2013 Governor Salaries," June 25, 2013
- National Governors Association, " Former governors of West Virginia," accessed June 13, 2013
State of West Virginia
|State executive officers||
Governor | Lieutenant Governor | Attorney General | Secretary of State | Treasurer | State Auditor | Superintendent of Schools | Commissioner of Insurance | Commissioner of Agriculture | Director of Natural Resources | Commissioner of Labor | Chairman of Public Service Commission |