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Wisconsin State Assembly

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Wisconsin State Assembly

Seal of Wisconsin.svg.png
General Information
Type:   Lower house
Term limits:   None
2015 session start:   January 5, 2015
Website:   Official House Page
House Speaker:  Robin Vos (R)
Majority Leader:   Jim Steineke (R)
Minority Leader:   Peter Barca (D)
Members:  99
Length of term:   2 years
Authority:   Art IV, Wisconsin Constitution
Salary:   $49,943/year + per diem
Last Election:  November 4, 2014 (99 seats)
Next election:  November 8, 2016 (99 seats)
Redistricting:  Wisconsin Legislature has control
Meeting place:
Wisconsin Assembly.jpg
The Wisconsin State Assembly is the lower house of the Wisconsin State Legislature, the state legislature of Wisconsin. There are 99 members that serve in the State House of Representatives, and all members are up for election every two years. Each member represents an average of 57,444 residents, as of the 2010 Census.[1] After the 2000 Census, each member represented approximately 54,178 residents.[2] The Wisconsin State Assembly operates in a biennial session that lasts from early January of the odd numbered year to early January of the odd numbered year two years later. The session is referred to by the odd-numbered year, for example, acts from the 2001-2002 Legislative Session are called 2001 Wisconsin Acts. During the session, business is conducted during scheduled floor-periods.[3]

As of March 2015, Wisconsin is one of 23 Republican state government trifectas.

See also: Wisconsin State Legislature, Wisconsin State Senate, Wisconsin Governor


Article IV of the Wisconsin Constitution contains provisions related to the meeting of the Wisconsin State Legislature, of which the Assembly is a part. Section 11 of Article IV states that the times for regular sessions are to be provided by law. Section 11 also states that the Governor of Wisconsin has the power to call the Legislature into special session.


See also: Dates of 2015 state legislative sessions

In 2015, the Legislature will be in session from January 5 through December 31 .

Major issues

Like many states, the issue that tops the Wisconsin State Legislature's to-do list is the state's budget. Wisconsin currently faces a $2.2 million budget shortfall, and lawmakers will be forced to address the issue before any other projects. The Republican agenda will also focus on reducing the size of government, tax cuts, entitlement reform and school accountability. The Democrats, on the other hand, have emphasized their interest in focusing the debate on raising the minimum wage, income inequality and other issues Democrats say the middle class is concerned about.

Alongside those issues will be the media and some lawmaker's preoccupation with whether or not Governor Scott Walker will announce a presidential bid for 2016. But, Walker says that his ability to run for the country's highest office will largely depend on how his state fares, and so his potential bid is a motivation for the state.[4]


See also: Dates of 2014 state legislative sessions

In 2014, the Legislature was in session from January 14 through June 4.

Major issues

Major issues during the 2014 legislative session included income tax, public school funding, health care and jobs.[5]


See also: Dates of 2013 state legislative sessions

In 2013, the Legislature was in session from January 7 to December 31.

Major issues

Following the extreme polarization of the last two years, Gov. Scott Walker (R) said he would push for a more moderate agenda in 2013. Alongside the creation of a new budget, main issues will include job creation, workforce development, tax cuts, education reform and transportation infrastructure.[6]


See also: Dates of 2012 state legislative sessions

In 2012, the Assembly was in session from January 10 through March 16 with a return for limited business on April 24.

Major issues

With potential recalls of Governor Scott Walker (R), Lieutenant Governor Rebecca Kleefisch (R) and four Republican state senators, debate on major legislation was expected to be limited.[7] Going into the session, Republican leaders said they were focused on passing bills on only four main issues - clearing the way for on ore mine in northern Wisconsin, easing laws regarding development on wetlands, environmental regulation, and creating a venture capital fund to help start-up businesses.[8]

The six recalls dominated the session. Ultimately on June 5, recalls against the Governor, Lt. Governor, and three of the state senators were unsuccessful. The fourth recall, that against Van Wanggaard, went to a recount. Wanggaard was defeated, giving Democrats control of the Senate.


See also: Dates of 2011 state legislative sessions

In 2011, the Assembly convened a special session at the request of Governor Scott Walker on January 4, 2011. The special session was called to consider legislation regarding tax credits, tort law, medical savings accounts, other legislation relating to taxation, and the budget repair bill.[9] The regular session began on January 11. Two extraordinary sessions were called by the Legislature in 2011. The first was held from June 13-30 followed by a second extraordinary session from July 19-29.[10]


See also: Dates of 2010 state legislative sessions

In 2010, the Assembly convened its legislative session on January 19, and it ended its last scheduled floor-period on April 22.[11]

Role in state budget

See also: Wisconsin state budget and finances
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Wisconsin operates on a biennial budget cycle. The sequence of key events in the budget process is as follows:[12][13]

  1. Budget instruction guidelines are sent to state agencies in June.
  2. State agencies submit budget requests in September.
  3. The governor submits his or her proposed budget to the Wisconsin State Legislature in January.
  4. The legislature adopts a budget in June or July. A simple majority is needed to pass a budget.
  5. The biennial budget cycle begins in July.

Wisconsin is one of 44 states in which the governor has line item veto authority.[13]

The governor is constitutionally required to submit a balanced budget. In addition, the legislature is constitutionally required to pass a balanced budget.[13]

Cost-benefit analyses

See also: Pew-MacArthur Results First Initiative Cost-Benefit Study
Map showing results of the Pew-MacArthur cost-benefit study.

The Pew-MacArthur Results First Initiative released a report in July 2013 indicating that cost-benefit analysis in policymaking led to more effective uses of public funds. Looking at data from 2008 through 2011, the study's authors found that some states were more likely to use cost-benefit analysis, while others were facing challenges and lagging behind the rest of the nation. The challenges states faced included a lack of time, money and technical skills needed to conduct comprehensive cost-benefit analyses. Wisconsin was one of the 10 states that used cost-benefit analysis more than the rest of the states with respect to determining return on investment regarding state programs. In addition, these states were more likely to use cost-benefit analysis with respect to large budget areas and when making policy decisions.[14]

Ethics and transparency

Following the Money report

See also: "Following the Money" report, 2014

The U.S. Public Interest Research Group, a consumer-focused nonprofit organization based in Washington, D.C., released its annual report on state transparency websites in April 2014. The report, entitled "Following the Money," measured how transparent and accountable state websites are with regard to state government spending.[15] According to the report, Wisconsin received a grade of A- and a numerical score of 90, indicating that Wisconsin was "leading" in terms of transparency regarding state spending.[15]

Open States Transparency

See also: Open States' Legislative Data Report Card

The Sunlight Foundation released an "Open Legislative Data Report Card" in March 2013. Wisconsin was given a grade of D in the report. The report card evaluated how adequate, complete and accessible legislative data was to the general public. A total of 10 states received an A: Arkansas, Connecticut, Georgia, Kansas, New Hampshire, New York, North Carolina, Texas, Virginia and Washington.[16]



See also: Wisconsin State Assembly elections, 2014

Elections for all 99 seats in the Wisconsin State Assembly took place in 2014. A primary election took place on August 12, 2014. The general election was held on November 4, 2014. The signature-filing deadline for candidates wishing to run in this election was June 2, 2014.


See also: Wisconsin State Assembly elections, 2012

Elections for the office of Wisconsin State Assembly were held in Wisconsin on November 6, 2012. All 99 seats were up for election.

The signature filing deadline for candidates wishing to run in these elections was July 10, 2012.

The following table details the 10 districts with the smallest margin of victory in the November 6 general election.


See also: Wisconsin State Assembly elections, 2010

Elections for the office of Wisconsin's State Assembly were held in Wisconsin on November 2, 2010. The signature-filing deadline for candidates wishing to run in these elections was July 13, 2010. The primary Election Day was September 14, 2010. Out of the 99 districts up for re-election, incumbents ran in 80 of them.

In 2010, the candidates for state assembly raised a total of $7,619,470 in campaign contributions. The top 10 donors were:[17]


See also: Wisconsin State Assembly elections, 2008

Elections for the office of Wisconsin State Assembly consisted of a primary election on September 9, 2008, and a general election on November 4, 2008.

During the 2008 election, the total value of contributions to Senate candidates was $8,861,552. The top 10 contributors were:[18]


See also: Wisconsin State Assembly elections, 2006

Elections for the office of Wisconsin State Assembly consisted of a primary election on September 12, 2006, and a general election on November 7, 2006.

During the 2006 election, the total value of contributions to Senate candidates was $6,451,473. The top 10 contributors were:[19]


See also: Wisconsin State Assembly elections, 2004

Elections for the office of Wisconsin State Assembly consisted of a primary election on September 14, 2004, and a general election on November 2, 2004.

During the 2004 election, the total value of contributions to Senate candidates was $6,098,873. The top 10 contributors were:[20]


See also: Wisconsin State Assembly elections, 2002

Elections for the office of Wisconsin State Assembly consisted of a primary election on September 10, 2002, and a general election on November 5, 2002.

During the 2002 election, the total value of contributions to Senate candidates was $4,168,776. The top 10 contributors were:[21]


See also: Wisconsin State Assembly elections, 2000

Elections for the office of Wisconsin State Assembly consisted of a primary election on September 12, 2000, and a general election on November 7, 2000.

During the 2000 election, the total value of contributions to Senate candidates was $6,788,646. The top 10 contributors were:[22]


Section 6 of Article 4 of the Wisconsin Constitution states, "No person shall be eligible to the legislature who shall not have resided one year within the state, and be a qualified elector in the district which he may be chosen to represent."


See also: How vacancies are filled in state legislatures
How Vacancies are filled in State Legislatures
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In the event of a vacancy in the assembly, the Governor must call for a special election when allowed by law.[23] Special elections to fill legislative vacancies cannot be held after February 1st preceding a spring election or September 1st preceding a fall election.[24] If the vacancy happens before May 15th, the Governor must fill the vacancy as soon as possible.[25]


See also: Redistricting in Wisconsin

Redistricting in Wisconsin is under the control of the state legislature. If the state legislature fails to reach an agreement, the maps are drawn by either state or federal courts. The State Senate and State Assembly draft maps for the new state legislative districts and the U.S. Congressional districts. Both chambers must pass the new map, and the governor can sign or veto the map for any reason.[26]


According to the 2010 U.S. Census, Wisconsin's population increased from 5.36 million to 5.69 million between 2000 and 2010.[27] This population growth was large enough to allow the state to retain its eight Congressional seats.[28]

Republicans held the majority in the State Senate, State Assembly, and the governorship after the 2010 elections. As a result, the redistricting process was completely under the control of one party.

The Republican leadership dismissed the Democratic-hired firm that was going to aid with redistricting and instead brought in an outside group to aid the process. This new firm's leader had donated to Republican candidates in the past.[29] The redistricting process was accelerated by the summer 2011 recall elections, and Governor Scott Walker signed a bill that gave the legislature the power to redistrict state boundaries before the localities finished their redistricting processes.[30] The state Republicans unveiled their plan on July 8, 2011. Democrats criticized the plan as gerrymandering, but Republicans defended their map.[31] The maps passed the legislature on July 19, 2011, and signed into law by Governor Walker on August 9, 2011.[32]

Several lawsuits were filed as a result of the new maps.[33] The Wisconsin Government Accountability Board identified errors in the maps, likely due to the creation of the state boundaries before the localities finished drawing their boundaries. A court also determined that two Milwaukee-area districts needed to be redrawn to better represent minority-area populations.[34]


Partisan composition

See also: Partisan composition of state houses
Party As of March 2015
     Democratic Party 36
     Republican Party 63
Total 99

The chart below shows the partisan composition of the Wisconsin State Assembly from 1992-2013.

Partisan composition of the Wisconsin State House.PNG


Mural in the Wisconsin State Assembly chambers. Stuffed eagle "Old Abe" is halfway between the flags
See also: Comparison of state legislative salaries

As of 2013, members of the Wisconsin Legislature are paid $49,943/year. Legislators receive a maximum of $88/day per diem, set by the compensation commission. Based on the maximum, the leadership of each house determines what amount to authorize for each session.[35]

When sworn in

See also: When state legislators assume office after a general election

Wisconsin legislators assume office the first Monday in January following the election.


The Speaker of the House is the presiding officer of the body and is elected by its membership. Duties of the speaker include appointing members to legislative committees, authenticating acts, orders, and proceedings of the Assembly, and supervising all other officers of the Assembly. In the absence of the Speaker, the Speaker Pro Tempore assumes all duties of the position.[36][37]

Current leadership

Current Leadership, Wisconsin State Assembly
Office Representative Party
State Speaker of the Assembly Robin Vos Ends.png Republican
State Assembly Speaker Pro Tempore Tyler August Ends.png Republican
State Assembly Majority Leader Jim Steineke Ends.png Republican
State Assembly Assistant Majority Leader Daniel Knodl Ends.png Republican
State Assembly Majority Caucus Chair John Murtha Ends.png Republican
State Assembly Majority Caucus Vice Chair Lee Nerison Ends.png Republican
State Assembly Majority Caucus Secretary Jessie Rodriguez Ends.png Republican
State Assembly Majority Caucus Sergeant Samantha Kerkman Ends.png Republican
State Assembly Minority Leader Peter Barca Electiondot.png Democratic
State Assembly Assistant Minority Leader Katrina Shankland Electiondot.png Democratic
State Assembly Minority Caucus Chair Andy Jorgensen Electiondot.png Democratic
State Assembly Minority Caucus Vice Chair JoCasta Zamarripa Electiondot.png Democratic
State Assembly Minority Caucus Secretary Beth Meyers Electiondot.png Democratic
State Assembly Minority Caucus Sergeant Josh Zepnick Electiondot.png Democratic

Current members

Current members, Wisconsin State Assembly
District Representative Party Assumed office
1 Joel Kitchens Ends.png Republican 2015
2 Andre Jacque Ends.png Republican 2011
3 Alvin R. Ott Ends.png Republican 1987
4 David Steffen Ends.png Republican 2015
5 Jim Steineke Ends.png Republican 2011
6 Gary Tauchen Ends.png Republican 2007
7 Daniel Riemer Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
8 JoCasta Zamarripa Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
9 Josh Zepnick Electiondot.png Democratic 2003
10 David Bowen Electiondot.png Democratic 2015
11 Mandela Barnes Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
12 Frederick P. Kessler Electiondot.png Democratic 2005
13 Rob Hutton Ends.png Republican 2013
14 Dale Kooyenga Ends.png Republican 2011
15 Joe Sanfelippo Ends.png Republican 2013
16 Leon D. Young Electiondot.png Democratic 1993
17 LaTonya Johnson Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
18 Evan Goyke Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
19 Jonathan Brostoff Electiondot.png Democratic 2015
20 Christine Sinicki Electiondot.png Democratic 1999
21 Jessie Rodriguez Ends.png Republican 2013
22 Janel Brandtjen Ends.png Republican 2015
23 Jim Ott Ends.png Republican 2007
24 Daniel Knodl Ends.png Republican 2009
25 Paul Tittl Ends.png Republican 2013
26 Terry Katsma Ends.png Republican 2015
27 Tyler Vorpagel Ends.png Republican 2015
28 Adam Jarchow Ends.png Republican 2015
29 John Murtha Ends.png Republican 2007
30 Dean Knudson Ends.png Republican 2011
31 Amy Loudenbeck Ends.png Republican 2011
32 Tyler August Ends.png Republican 2011
33 Cody Horlacher Ends.png Republican 2015
34 Rob Swearingen Ends.png Republican 2013
35 Mary Czaja Ends.png Republican 2013
36 Jeffrey Mursau Ends.png Republican 2005
37 John Jagler Ends.png Republican 2013
38 Joel Kleefisch Ends.png Republican 2005
39 Mark Born Ends.png Republican 2013
40 Kevin Petersen Ends.png Republican 2007
41 Joan Ballweg Ends.png Republican 2011
42 Keith Ripp Ends.png Republican 2009
43 Andy Jorgensen Electiondot.png Democratic 2007
44 Debra Kolste Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
45 Mark Spreitzer Electiondot.png Democratic 2015
46 Gary Hebl Electiondot.png Democratic 2005
47 Robb Kahl Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
48 Melissa Sargent Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
49 Travis Tranel Ends.png Republican 2011
50 Ed Brooks Ends.png Republican 2009
51 Todd Novak Ends.png Republican 2015
52 Jeremy Thiesfeldt Ends.png Republican 2011
53 Michael Schraa Ends.png Republican 2013
54 Gordon Hintz Electiondot.png Democratic 2007
55 Mike Rohrkaste Ends.png Republican 2015
56 Dave Murphy Ends.png Republican 2013
57 Amanda Stuck Electiondot.png Democratic 2015
58 Bob Gannon Ends.png Republican 2015
59 Jesse Kremer Ends.png Republican 2015
60 Robert Brooks Ends.png Republican 2015
61 Samantha Kerkman Ends.png Republican 2001
62 Tom Weatherston Ends.png Republican 2013
63 Robin Vos Ends.png Republican 2005
64 Peter Barca Electiondot.png Democratic 2009
65 Tod Ohnstad Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
66 Cory Mason Electiondot.png Democratic 2007
67 Tom Larson Ends.png Republican 2011
68 Kathy Bernier Ends.png Republican 2011
69 Bob Kulp Ends.png Republican 2013
70 Nancy VanderMeer Ends.png Republican 2015
71 Katrina Shankland Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
72 Scott Krug Ends.png Republican 2011
73 Nick Milroy Electiondot.png Democratic 2009
74 Beth Meyers Electiondot.png Democratic 2015
75 Romaine Quinn Ends.png Republican 2015
76 Chris Taylor Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
77 Terese Berceau Electiondot.png Democratic 1999
78 Lisa Subeck Electiondot.png Democratic 2015
79 Dianne Hesselbein Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
80 Sondy Pope Electiondot.png Democratic 2003
81 Dave Considine Electiondot.png Democratic 2015
82 Ken Skowronski Ends.png Republican 2014
83 Dave Craig Ends.png Republican 2011
84 Mike Kuglitsch Ends.png Republican 2011
85 Dave Heaton Ends.png Republican 2015
86 John Spiros Ends.png Republican 2013
87 James Edming Ends.png Republican 2015
88 John Macco Ends.png Republican 2015
89 John Nygren Ends.png Republican 2007
90 Eric Genrich Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
91 Dana Wachs Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
92 Chris Danou Electiondot.png Democratic 2009
93 Warren Petryk Ends.png Republican 2011
94 Steve Doyle Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
95 Jill Billings Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
96 Lee A. Nerison Ends.png Republican 2005
97 Scott Allen Ends.png Republican 2015
98 Adam Neylon Ends.png Republican 2013
99 Chris Kapenga Ends.png Republican 2011

Assembly standing committees

The Wisconsin Assembly has the following standing committees:


Partisan balance 1992-2013

Who Runs the States Project
See also: Ballotpedia:Who Runs the States and Ballotpedia:Who Runs the States, Wisconsin
Partisan breakdown of the Wisconsin legislature from 1992-2013

From 1992-2013, the Democratic Party was the majority in the Wisconsin State House of Representatives for 5 years while the Republicans were the majority for 17 years. The final three years of the study depicted a shift in the Wisconsin House with all three years being Republican trifectas.

Across the country, there were 577 Democratic and 483 Republican State Houses of Representatives from 1992 to 2013.

Over the course of the 22-year study, state governments became increasingly more partisan. At the outset of the study period (1992), 18 of the 49 states with partisan legislatures had single-party trifectas and 31 states had divided governments. In 2013, only 13 states had divided governments, while single-party trifectas held sway in 36 states, the most in the 22 years studied.

The chart below shows the partisan composition of the Office of the Governor of Wisconsin, the Wisconsin State Senate and the Wisconsin House of Representatives from 1992-2013. Partisan composition of Wisconsin state government(1992-2013).PNG

SQLI and partisanship

The chart below depicts the partisanship of the Wisconsin state government and the state's SQLI ranking for the years studied. For the SQLI, the states were ranked from 1-50, with 1 being the best and 50 the worst. During the course of the study, Wisconsin experienced both Democratic and Republican trifectas as well as divided governments. The state's SQLI rankings were higher earlier in the study, with its highest ranking, finishing 7th, occurring in 1992, 1995 and 1998 during both Republican trifectas and a divided government. Its lowest ranking, finishing 30th, occurred in 2007 during a divided government. The state's rankings began to improve during the most recent years of the study, finishing 13th in 2012 during a Republican trifecta.

  • SQLI average with Democratic trifecta: 21.00
  • SQLI average with Republican trifecta: 10.00
  • SQLI average with divided government: 17.27
Chart displaying the partisanship of the Wisconsin government from 1992-2013 and the State Quality of Life Index (SQLI).

See also

External links


  1., "Population Distribution and Change: 2000 to 2010," accessed May 15, 2014
  2., "Population Distribution and Change: 2000 to 2010," accessed May 15, 2014
  3. Wisconsin Assembly, "FAQ's," March 4, 2009
  4. Scott Bauer, The Washington Times, "Walker, Legislature focusing on budget problem in 2015," January 3, 2015
  5. Wisconsin Realtors Association, "2014 Election Themes Take Shape," accessed January 14, 2014
  6. Wisconsin State Journal, "With state bitterly divided, Walker promises more moderate agenda," January 7, 2013
  7. Governor Journal, "Recalls Make for Quiet Session," January 16, 2012
  8. Appleton Post Crescent, "Wisconsin legislative agenda influenced by negative effects of recalls," January 16, 2012
  9., "State of Wisconsin Legislative Reference Bureau," accessed 7 March 2011
  10. National Conference of State Legislatures, "2010 Legislative Sessions Calendar," December 19, 2011
  11. National Conference of State Legislatures, "2010 Legislative Sessions Calendar," December 8, 2010
  12. National Conference of State Legislatures "State Experiences with Annual and Biennial Budgeting," updated April 2011
  13. 13.0 13.1 13.2 National Association of State Budget Officers "Budget Processes in the States, Summer 2008," accessed February 21, 2014
  14. Pew Charitable Trusts, "States’ Use of Cost-Benefit Analysis," July 29, 2013
  15. 15.0 15.1 U.S. Public Interest Research Group, "Following the Money 2014 Report," accessed April 15, 2014
  16. Sunlight Foundation, "Ten Principles for Opening Up Government Information," accessed June 16, 2013
  17. Follow the Money, "Wisconsin Assembly 2010 Campaign Contributions," accessed August 14, 2013
  18. Follow the Money, "Wisconsin 2008 Candidates," accessed August 14, 2013
  19. Follow the Money, "Wisconsin 2006 Candidates," accessed August 14, 2013
  20. Follow the Money, "Wisconsin 2004 Candidates," accessed August 14, 2013
  21. Follow the Money, "Wisconsin 2002 Candidates," accessed August 14, 2013
  22. Follow the Money, "Wisconsin 2000 Candidates," accessed August 14, 2013
  23. Wisconsin Legislature, "Wisconsin Election Law," accessed December 18, 2013(Referenced Statute 17.19 (1), Wisconsin Statutes)
  24. Wisconsin Legislature, "Wisconsin Election Law," accessed December 18, 2013(Referenced Statute 8.50, Wisconsin Statutes)
  25. Wisconsin Legislature, "Wisconsin Election Law," accessed December 18, 2013(Referenced Statute 8.50(4)-(d), Wisconsin Statutes)
  26. Wisconsin Legislature, "Wisconsin Redistricting Profile," accessed August 9, 2014
  27. U.S. Census Bureau, "2010 Census: Wisconsin Profile," accessed August 9, 2014
  28. Northland's News Center, "Minnesota and Wisconsin Both to Keep Eight Seats in House," December 21, 2010
  29. Chicago Tribune, "Democrats cry foul over GOP hiring law firms" January 5, 2011
  30. Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, "Walker allows new legislative mapping, doesn't OK actual maps yet," July 25, 2011
  31. Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, "Parties joust over Wisconsin redistricting plan," July 13, 2011
  32. Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, "Walker signs legislation to redraw district boundaries," August 9, 2011
  33. Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, "Wisconsin's redistricting trial goes to judges," February 24, 2012
  34. Wisconsin State Journal, "Court strikes down GOP redistricting, orders just 2 districts redrawn," March 22, 2012
  35., "2012 State Legislator Compensation and Per Diem Table," accessed March 18, 2013
  36. Wisconsin State Legislature, "Rules of the Wisconsin Assembly," accessed August 9, 2014
  37. Wisconsin State Legislature, "Wisconsin Assembly Leadership," accessed August 9, 2014