Writing:Ballot measure research sources
One of the trickiest parts of writing good ballot measure articles is finding good, creditable sources. This page is a dedicated list of starting sources.
A list of individual state blue books. Blue books often have election results and biographies of state officials.
A list of voter guides. Some voter guides have detailed information on ballot measures, others have information on candidates for office
A list of official election result sources.
- Ballotpedia:WikiProject State Ballot Measures/ICPSR - An extensive set of documentation provided to ballotpedia by the ICPSR for ballot measure mainly between 1968 and 1990.
- File:Special Report 1990 Ballot Measures Post-Election Survey - Free Congress Foundation - LQ.pdf (1990 Ballot Measure Report - All States)
- File:Special Report 1992 State Ballot Listing - Free Congress Foundation - LQ.pdf (1992 Ballot Measure Report - All States)
Google has newspaper archives going back well over one hundred years, much of which is free to browse. Old newspaper articles can be a good source of election information, particularly the state's "official" newspaper.
This site has links to various newspapers available online
- Secretary of State, Legislative Reference Bureau, etc.
The Secretary of State, and other publications/research divisions within state governments can often lead to useful historical state documentation.
While relying on the NCSL as a single source of information should be avoided and information should not be copied verbatim, the site can be a good starting reference. Also note that Historical information is missing from the site in many instances.
I&R has historical information on citizen initiatives and referendums for each state, not legislative.
Database of historical citizen initiatives, with information of court challenges
Database of committee contribution totals by topic, year and state
List of newspaper archives by state
A database of historical newspapers by the Library of Congress (Pre-1922)
A list of online newspaper sources by Washington State University
A list of online newspaper sources by the University of Pennsylvania List
Database of archived small town newspapers dating back from 1846. Newspapers are not available for all states.
- List of Alaska election results 1960 to present
- List of ballot measures with election results 1960 to present
- Ballot measure pamphlets with elections results 1912 to present
- List of election results 1974 to present
- List of ballot measures and results 1938 to 2010
- University of Arkansas Cooperative Extension Service Public Policy Center 2005 - present
- Ballot measures pamphlets 1911 - 2010 (dead link)
- Election results from 1990-2008 provided by the California Secretary of State
- Historical Resources Provided by the California Secretary of State
- List of potential election resources Generated by UC San Diego
- List of ballot measures and results 1908 to present
- Sample ballots from El Paso County, CO from 1964 to Present
- Florida election results 1978 to present
- List of all Florida constitutions and amendments
- Report of the Secretary of State of the State of Florida (Biennial) (Late 1800s to 1961/62)
- Report of the Secretary of State of the State of Florida (Biennial) (A few additional ones)
- State Library and Archives of Florida (At Archive.org)
- Florida Digital Newspaper Library
- Florida Online Historical Newspapers
- The Miami News
- The Evening Independent
- The Sarasota Herald-Tribune
- The St. Petersburg Times
- List of Initiatives and Amendments 1892 to present
- List of Initiatives and referendums 1936 to present
- Sample ballots from Douglas County (1984 - present)
- List of all Maine initiatives from 1911-present, provided by the Maine State Law and Legislative Reference Library.
- List of all People's Vetoes from 1909-present.
- List of all Maine referenda from 1915-present, provided by the Maine State Law and Legislative Reference Library.
- Constitutional amendments from 1911-present.
- Votes on Maine bond issues
- All proposed constitutional amendments, 1820-present
- Montana Constitutional Ballot Measures from 1974-2010 (PDF)
- Montana Statutory Ballot Issues from 1906-2010
- Montana ballot issues 1906 to 2010 index page
- A History of Statewide Issue Votes in Ohio 1912 to 2012
- Ohio Secretary of State: Historical Election Comparisons
- Various Annual Reports from the Ohio Secretary of State
- Election results relating to votes on constitutional conventions
- Ohio Memory Project
- Youngstown Vindicator (Google)
- Youngstown Vindicator (Some Sunday Editions on Google)
- Toledo Blade (Google)
- Minister Newspaper
- The Bryan Times
- Painesville Telegraph
Secretary of State Annual Reports
- Detailed documents (including voter pamphlets) on Oklahoma ballot from the Oklahoma Secretary of State, 1908 to present
- Oregon Blue Book: Historical ballot measures and election results 1902-2008
- University of Oregon's Historic Oregon Newspapers
- Amendments to the Texas Constitution (including approved and defeated) 1876 - 2010
- Texas Constitutional amendment by election dates (Chronological order) 1879 to present
- List of Initiatives to the People 1914 - 2009
- List of Initiatives to the Legislature 1914 - 2009
- List of Referendum Bills 1919 - 2006
- History of Referendum Measures 1913 - 2009
- Election result search 1896 - Present
- Information on access of historical newspapers from the late 1800s and early 1900s
- The Arlington Times (1945- 2009)
- Ellensburg Daily Record (1854 - 2005)
- Spokane Daily Chronicle (1884-1982)
- Spokesman-Review (1893 - 2007)