Writing:Full electoral history for Congress

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Main article: Congress Project writing guidelines

This page is a content-and-style guide about how to create comprehensive electoral histories for members of Congress. These histories incorporate all prior congressional general elections for incumbents, back until the first year they were elected.
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The House clerk has complete records of all congressional general elections. Here is the URL for the 2010 election: http://clerk.house.gov/member_info/electionInfo/2010election.pdf The URLs are consistent dating back, so you need only change the year to the one you are looking for to find the document detailing that year's results.


Here's an example of the code that goes on an incumbent's page from Jo Bonner, Alabama's 1st Congressional District incumbent. It creates a section heading and template for each year.

===Full history===
{{Collapsible history section
|Type = electoral 
|Name = Jo Bonner
|Content = 






Once this code is placed on the page, the election box templates must then be created.

Copy this code in the election boxes

{{Congress election box YEAR
|winner = 
|pronoun = 
|new = 
|losers = 
|congress = 
|winner1 = 
|candidate2 = 
}}<noinclude>[[Category:YEAR congress general election boxes, STATE]]</noinclude>


Here is an explanation of each parameter. The parameters may seem a bit redundant, but that is because they are used for different things. The first 5 parameters are used to automate the intro sentence before the election box. The rest of the parameters are used in the election box itself.

{{Congress election box YEAR
|winner = This designates the winner of the election.
|pronoun = This designates the gender of the incumbent (He/She).
|new = This designates whether the incumbent was first elected or re-elected in the given year, (Yes for newly elected, No for already in office)
|losers = This is the list of general election losers who were defeated by the incumbent in the election.  If there was no opposition it is left blank.
|congress = This designates the chamber and is filled in with either House or Senate
|chamber = This is the header of the election box.  It is filled in with the chamber and state/district followed by General Election
|party1 = The party of the first candidate
|party2 = The party of the second candidate
|winner1 = The winner of the election
|candidate2 = The second candidate
|votes1 = The number of votes received by candidate 1 (No Commas)
|votes2 = The number of votes received by candidate 2 (No Commas)
|inc1 = This denotes whether a candidate was the incumbent and is filled in with a Y if so


Here is an example of a template filled in.

{{Congress election box 2010
|winner = Jo Bonner
|pronoun = He
|new = No
|losers = David Walter ([[Constitution Party|Constitution]])
|congress = House
|chamber=U.S. House, Alabama District 1 General Election
|winner1 = Jo Bonner
|candidate2 = David Walter
}}<noinclude>[[Category:2010 congress general election boxes, Alabama]]</noinclude>

Finally, this is how that template would look on a page.

On November 2, 2010, Jo Bonner won re-election to the United States House. He defeated David Walter (Constitution) in the general election.[1]

U.S. House, Alabama District 1 General Election, 2010
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Republican Green check mark transparent.pngJo Bonner incumbent 83% 129,063
     Constitution David Walter 17% 26,357
Total Votes 155,420

Special elections

Special elections require slightly different code

Use the following:

{{Congress special election box
|winner =
|pronoun =
|new =
|losers =
|congress =
|winner1 =
|candidate2 =
}}<noinclude>[[Category:Congress special election boxes]]</noinclude>

These boxes require three additional parameters.

Here's a filled out example:

|date=October 5, 2010
|ref=<ref>[http://clerk.house.gov/member_info/electionInfo/2010election.pdf U.S. Congress House Clerk "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2010"]</ref>

See also