Governor of Wyoming
|Office website:||Official Link|
|2013 FY Budget:||$35,761,497|
|Term limits:||8 years in a 16 year period|
|Length of term:||4 years|
|Authority:||Wyoming Constitution, Article 4, Section 1|
|Assumed office:||January 3, 2011|
|Next election:||November 6, 2018|
|Last election:||November 4, 2014|
|Other Wyoming Executive Offices|
|Governor • Lieutenant Governor • Secretary of State • Attorney General • Treasurer • Auditors: Auditor • Director • Superintendent of Education • Director of Education • Agriculture Commissioner • Insurance Commissioner • Labor Commissioner • Public Service Commission|
- 1 Current officer
- 2 Authority
- 3 Qualifications
- 4 Vacancies
- 5 Duties
- 6 Divisions
- 7 Elections
- 8 State budget
- 9 Compensation
- 10 Historical officeholders
- 11 History
- 12 State profile
- 13 Recent news
- 14 Contact information
- 15 See also
- 16 External links
- 17 References
As of April 2015, Wyoming is one of 23 Republican state government trifectas.
Under Article 4, Section I:
The executive power shall be vested in a governor...
|2015 • 2014 • 2013 • 2012 • 2011 • 2010|
|Current Lt. Governors|
|Lt. Governor Elections|
|2015 • 2014 • 2013 • 2012 • 2011 • 2010|
A candidate for governor must be:
- a citizen of the United States
- a resident of Wyoming for at least five years preceding the election
- a qualified elector of Wyoming on the day of the election
- at least 30 years old
Additionally, a sitting governor is ineligible for any other office.
Any governor who asks for, receives, or agrees to receive a bribe automatically forfeits his office and his right to hold any other office in Wyoming upon his conviction.
- See also: How gubernatorial vacancies are filled
Details of vacancy appointments are addressed under Article 4, Section 6.
Wyoming has no office of the lieutenant governor; the Secretary of State serves as an ex officio Lieutenant Governor.
If the sitting Governor dies, resigns, is removed or impeached, is absent, or is temporarily or permanently unable to discharge the office, the Secretary of State shall serve as the Acting Governor for the remainder of the term or until the disability or absence ends.
The Governor is the commander-in-chief of the state's military forces and upholds and executes all laws faithfully (§ 4).
The governor does not have the power to create a law but does have the power to veto or reject a proposed law, subject to a majority override of the legislature (§ 8). He has a similar veto over appropriations (§ 9).
The governor is responsible for presenting revenue and expenditure data along with a state budget recommendation to the Wyoming Legislature.
Other duties and privileges of the office include:
- Addressing the General Assembly at the commencement of each session concerning the state of the state and making recommendations for legislation (§ 4)
- Transacting all civil and military business of the state and expediting all measures the legislature has resolved upon (§ 4)
- Remitting fines and forfeitures, and granting reprieves, pardons, and commutations, excepting cases of treasons, where her power is limited to suspending the sentence pending the legislature's action (§ 5)
- Filling all vacancies not otherwise provided for (§ 7)
Note: Ballotpedia's state executive officials project researches state official websites for information that describes the divisions (if any exist) of a state executive office. That information for the Governor of Wyoming has not yet been added. After extensive research we were unable to identify any relevant information on state official websites. If you have any additional information about this office for inclusion on this section and/or page, please email us.
Wyoming elects governors in the midterm elections, that is, even years that are not presidential election years. For Wyoming, 2018, 2022, 2026, 2030 and 2034 are all gubernatorial election years. Legally, the gubernatorial inauguration is always set for the first Monday in the January following an election.
If two candidates are tied after the general election, the legislature shall jointly cast ballots to choose between the two top vote getters.
- See also: States with gubernatorial term limits
Wyoming governors are restricted to 8 years in office during any 16 year period.
|The person, by the end of the current term of office will have served, or but for resignation, would have served eight (8) or more years in any sixteen (16) year period in the office for which the candidate is seeking nomination or election, except, that any time served in that particular office prior to January 1, 1993, shall not be counted for purposes of this term limit. This provision shall apply to the offices of governor...|
- Note on Wyoming: Wyoming has no constitutional term limits. The statute was adapted in a 1992 ballot measure. Part of that measure relating to legislative term limits was declared unconstitutional by the state supreme court, in the case of Cathcart v. Meyer. It is unclear whether entire of the provision is legal.
The chart below shows the partisan composition of the Office of the Governor of Wyoming from 1992-2013.
- See also: Wyoming gubernatorial election, 2014
|Governor of Wyoming, 2014|
|Republican||Matt Mead Incumbent||59.4%||99,700|
|Election Results via Wyoming Secretary of State.|
To view the electoral history dating back to 2002 for the office of Governor of Wyoming, Click [show] to expand the section.
Role in state budget
- See also: Wyoming state budget and finances
- Budget instruction guidelines are sent to state agencies on or before June 15.
- State agencies submit their budget requests in September.
- Agency hearings are held by November 20.
- The Wyoming State Legislature adopts a budget in March. A simple majority is required to pass a budget.
- The biennial budget cycle begins in July.
Governor's office budget
The budget for the Governor's Office in Fiscal Year 2013-2014 is $35,761,497.
See statutes: Title 9, Chapter 3 of the Wyoming Statutes
Title 9, Chapter 3, Article 1 (§9‑3-101) of the Wyoming Statutes sets the governor's annual salary at $105,000. The amount of compensation the governor receives is fixed by law, pursuant to Article 4, Section 13 of the Wyoming Constitution. Under this article, the salaries of the governor and other constitutionally specified executives "shall not be increased or diminished during the period for which they were elected, and all fees and profits arising from any of the said offices shall be covered into the state treasury."
In 2013, the governor's salary remained at $105,000.
In 2010, the Governor of Wyoming was paid $105,000 a year, the 40th highest gubernatorial salary in America.
There have been 32 governors of Wyoming since 1890. Of the 32 officeholders, 21 were Republican, 10 were Democrats, and 1 was Democratic (Fusion).
|List of Former Officeholders from 1890-Present|
|1||Francis E. Warren||1890 - 1890||Republican|
|2||Amos Walker Barber||1890 - 1893||Republican|
|3||John Eugene Osborne||1893 - 1895||Democratic|
|4||William Alford Richards||1895 - 1899||Republican|
|5||De Forest Richards||1899 - 1903||Republican|
|6||Fenimore Chatterton||1903 - 1905||Republican|
|7||Bryant B. Brooks||1905 - 1911||Republican|
|8||Joseph Maull Carey||1911 - 1915||Democratic|
|9||John Benjamin Kendrick||1915 - 1917||Democratic|
|10||Frank L. Houx||1917 - 1919||Republican|
|11||Robert Davis Carey||1919 - 1923||Democratic|
|12||William Bradford Ross||1923 - 1924||Republican|
|13||Franklin Earl Lucas||1924 - 1925||Republican|
|14||Nellie Tayloe Ross||1925 - 1927||Democratic|
|15||Frank Collins Emerson||1927 - 1931||Democratic|
|16||Alonzo M. Clark||1931 - 1933||Republican|
|17||Leslie A. Miller||1933 - 1939||Republican|
|18||Nels H. Smith||1939 - 1943||Republican|
|19||Lester Calloway Hunt||1943 - 1949||Republican|
|20||Arthur Griswold Crane||1949 - 1951||Republican|
|21||Frank A. Barrett||1951 - 1953||Republican|
|22||Clifford Joy Rogers||1953 - 1955||Democratic (Fusionist)|
|23||Milward L. Simpson||1955 - 1959||Republican|
|24||John Joseph Hickey||1959 - 1961||Republican|
|25||Jack Robert Gage||1961 - 1963||Republican|
|26||Clifford P. Hansen||1963 - 1967||Republican|
|27||Stanley K. Hathaway||1967 - 1975||Democratic|
|28||Edward Herschler||1975 - 1987||Democratic|
|29||Michael J. Sullivan||1987 - 1995||Democratic|
|30||Jim Geringer||1995 - 2003||Republican|
|31||Dave Freudenthal||2003 - 2011||Democratic|
|32||Matt Mead||2011 - present||Republican|
Partisan balance 1992-2013
From 1992-2013, in Wyoming there were Democratic governors in office for 11 years while there were Republican governors in office for 11 years, including the last three. Wyoming was under Republican trifectas for the last three years of the study period.
Across the country, there were 493 years of Democratic governors (44.82%) and 586 years of Republican governors (53.27%) from 1992-2013.
Over the course of the 22-year study, state governments became increasingly more partisan. At the outset of the study period (1992), 18 of the 49 states with partisan legislatures had single-party trifectas and 31 states had divided governments. In 2013, only 13 states had divided governments, while single-party trifectas held sway in 36 states, the most in the 22 years studied.
SQLI and partisanship
The chart below depicts the partisanship of the Wyoming state government and the state's SQLI ranking for the years studied. For the SQLI, the states were ranked from 1-50, with 1 being the best and 50 the worst. Though Wyoming had a number of Republican trifectas during the course of the study, both its highest and lowest rankings occurred during divided governments. In 2007 it finished 24th, and in 2010 it finished 4th, marking a large shift in a short amount of time.
Wyoming's population in 2014 was 584,153 according to the United States Census Bureau. This estimate represented a 3.6 percent change from the bureau's 2010 estimate. The state's population per square mile was 5.8 in 2010, trailing the national average of 87.4. Wyoming experienced a 2.8 percent increase in total employment from 2011 to 2012 based on census data, exceeding a 2.2 percent increase at the national level during the same period.
Wyoming fell below the national average for residents who attained at least bachelor's degrees based on census data from 2009 to 2013. The United States Census Bureau found that 24.7 percent of Wyoming residents aged 25 years and older attained bachelor's degrees compared to 28.8 percent at the national level. The median household income in Wyoming was $57,406 between 2009 and 2013 compared to a $53,046 national median income. Census information showed a 10.9 percent poverty rate in Wyoming during the study period compared to a 14.5 percent national poverty rate.
Note: The United States Census Bureau considers "Hispanic or Latino" to be a place of origin rather than a race. Citizens may report both their race and their place of origin, and as a result, the percentages in each column of the racial demographics table may exceed 100 percent.
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200 West 24th Street
Cheyenne, WY 82002-0010
- The Washington Post, "Will Wyoming's Governor Buck Term Limits?," February 16, 2009
- National Conference of State Legislatures, "State Experiences with Annual and Biennial Budgeting," updated April 2011
- National Association of State Budget Officers, "Budget Processes in the States, Summer 2008," accessed February 21, 2014
- Wyoming Department of Administration and Information, "Department Budget Summary Office of the Governor 2013-2014," accessed April 2, 2013
- Wyoming Legislative Service Office, "Wyoming Statutes: Title 9 - Administration of Government: Chapter 3 - Compensatin and Benefits: Article 1 - Salaries and Expenses," accessed February 25, 2015
- Council of State Governments, "SELECTED STATE ADMINISTRATIVE OFFICIALS: ANNUAL SALARIES," accessed December 8, 2014
- Council of State Governments, "CSG Releases 2013 Governor Salaries," June 25, 2013
- National Governors Association, " Former governors of Wyoming," accessed June 12, 2013
- United States Census Bureau, "QuickFacts Beta," accessed April 3, 2015
- Wyoming Secretary of State, "Wyoming Election Results," accessed April 3, 2015
- The American Presidency Project, "Presidential Elections Data," accessed April 3, 2015
- United States Census Bureau, "Frequently Asked Questions," accessed April 21, 2014
- Each column will add up to 100 percent after removing the "Hispanic or Latino" place of origin percentages, although rounding by the Census Bureau may make the total one- or two-tenths off from being exactly 100 percent. This Ballotpedia page provides a more detailed explanation of how the Census Bureau handles race and ethnicity in its surveys.
State of Wyoming
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