113th United States Congress

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112th Congress
The 113th United States Congress is the current meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the Senate and the House of Representatives. The 113th Congress first convened in Washington, D.C. on January 3, 2013 and will conclude on January 3, 2015. It is the most diverse Congress in the nation's history, owing to a record number of newly elected women and minorities. Six years after House Minority Leader Nancy Pelosi (D) was elected the first female Speaker, the chamber's Democrats broke ground once again when they swore in 58 women and 72 minorities, making it the first ever congressional caucus from either party or chamber where Caucasian men do not make up the majority.[1]

New members, including the first Buddhist Senator, first Hindu Rep. and first open bisexual female Rep., were elected on November 6, 2012.[1]

The appointments of Tim Scott and Mo Cowan mark the first time in United States history where two black senators are serving in the U.S. Senate at the same time.[2]



Position Representative Party
President of the Senate Joe Biden Electiondot.png Democratic
Senate Majority Leadership
President pro tempore Patrick Leahy Electiondot.png Democratic
Senate Majority Leader Harry Reid Electiondot.png Democratic
Senate Majority Whip Richard Durbin Electiondot.png Democratic
Senate Minority Leadership
Senate Minority Leader Mitch McConnell Ends.png Republican
Senate Minority Whip John Cornyn Ends.png Republican

House of Representatives

Position Representative Party
Speaker of the House John Boehner Ends.png Republican
House Majority Leadership
House Majority Leader Eric Cantor Ends.png Republican
House Majority Whip Kevin McCarthy Ends.png Republican
House Minority Leadership
House Minority Leader Nancy Pelosi Electiondot.png Democratic
House Minority Whip Steny Hoyer Electiondot.png Democratic

Speaker of the House Election

During the 113th Congress swearing in ceremony and election for Speaker of the House, Ohio representative and Speaker of the 112th Congress John Boehner (R) saw nine Republican members of congress either vote for someone else or abstain and vote present. This is a change from the Speaker election in 2010, where Boehner received votes from the entire 241 member Republican caucus. Boehner won re-election to the speakership with 220 votes. He needed a majority of members voting, which would be 214 of the 426 who voted. Former Speaker and California representative Nancy Pelosi (D) in turn received 192 votes.[3]

The nine Republican members who voted for someone other than Boehner include: Justin Amash, Steve Pearce, Jim Bridenstine, Ted Yoho, Paul Broun, Louie Gohmert, Walter Jones, Thomas Massie, and Tim Huelskamp. Not all members who voted for someone other the Boehner or Pelosi voted for a current member of the U.S. House. Outgoing member Allen West, former Comptroller General David Walker, and former Secretary of State Colin Powell all received votes.[3] This highlights the fact that the speaker does not have to be a member of the U.S. House, although all previous speakers have been.[4]

Following the vote, the leadership of the U.S. House of Representatives remained the same as it was in the 112th United States Congress.


U.S. Senate

Click [show] below to see a list of U.S. Senate members of the 113th Congress.

U.S. House

Click [show] below to see a list of U.S. House members of the 113th Congress.




The following data lists the professions of the members of the U.S. Senate and the change in their numbers from the 112th congress.[5]

  • 45 lawyers (-1)
  • 22 businesspeople (0)
  • 9 career politicians and government employees (-1)
  • 7 educators (0)
  • 4 nonprofit and community workers (+1)
  • 3 medical professionals (0)
  • 3 farmers and ranchers (+1)
  • 3 career military and law enforcement (+1)
  • 2 entertainment and media (-1)
  • 2 other (+1): 1 social worker, 1 engineer


The following data lists the professions of the members of the U.S. House and the change in their numbers from the 112th congress.[5]

  • 128 lawyers (+3)
  • 108 businesspeople (-7)
  • 55 career politicians and government employees (+2)
  • 44 educators (+2)
  • 29 medical professionals (+1)
  • 19 career military and law enforcement (+2)
  • 12 farmers and ranchers (-1)
  • 10 nonprofit and community workers (0)
  • 8 entertainment and media (+4)
  • 7 accountants (0)
  • 13 other (-4): 2 social workers, 1 microbiologist, 1 legal secretary, 2 clergy, 2 engineers, 1 youth camp director, 1 mill supervisor, 1 physicist, 1 carpenter, 1 union rep

Election rivals serving concurrently

There are several members of the U.S. House that were one-time rivals who faced off in previous elections. This is not a normal occurrence but does happen after redistricting or when a former candidate moves. The following is a list of such cases in the 113th Congress.

See also