1978 ballot measures

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See also: Alabama 1978 ballot measures


See also: Alaska 1978 ballot measures

Type Title Subject Description Result
AQ Proposition 1 Legislature Asks voters whether legislative sessions should be 120 days long Approveda
LRCA Proposition 2 Legislature Empowers a interim committee to share the authority with the Governor to approve or disapprove revisions to the budget Defeatedd
IndISS Proposition 3 Capitals Requires a vote on all bondable costs of capital relocation Approveda
IndISS Proposition 4 Property Makes all vacant and unreserved state general grant land available for homesteading until a certain number of acres of the land pass into private ownership Approveda
IndISS Proposition 5 Environment Provides that all beer and carbonated beverage containers sold in the certain areas of Alaska have refund value of at least ten cents Defeatedd
BI Proposition 6 Bonds Issues $33,290,000 in bonds for erosion flood control, port facilities and small boat landing projects Approveda
BI Proposition 7 Bonds Issues $5,850,000 in bonds for parks, trails and recreational facilities Approveda
BI Proposition 8 Bonds Issues $25,000,000 in bonds for health facilities, senior centers and pioneers' homes Approveda
BI Proposition 9 Bonds Issues $33,656,000 in bonds for vocational training and University of Alaska educational facilities Approveda
BI Proposition 10 Bonds Issues $88,450,000 in bonds for transportation projects Approveda
BI Proposition 11 Bonds Issues $30,504,000 in bonds for correctional and public safety facilities Approveda
BI Proposition 12 Bonds Issues $29,965,000 in bonds for fisheries management and facilities Approveda
BI Proposition 13 Bonds Issues $3,645,000 in bonds for National Guard facilities Defeatedd
BI Proposition 14 Bonds Issues $27,640,000 in bonds for water supply and sewage systems Approveda
BI Proposition 15 Bonds Issues $966 million in bonds for the new state capital Defeatedd


See also: Arizona 1978 ballot measures

Type Title Subject Description Result
LRCA Proposition 100 Education Allows the voters of school districts to authorize exceeding the debt limit of the district Defeatedd
LRCA Proposition 101 State budget Limits state appropriations to a percentage of state personal income Approveda
LRSS Proposition 300 Salaries Increases the salaries of members of the state legislative Defeatedd


See also: Arkansas 1978 ballot measures

November 7
Type Title Subject Description Result
LRCA Proposed Amendment 58 Judiciary Provides for the creation of a state Court of Appeals Approveda
CICA Proposed Amendment 59 Taxes Exempts certains foods and medicines from the state sales tax Defeatedd
LRSS Referred Question Act 3 Elections Offers two calendar options on which to vote on the new proposed state constitution 1980


See also: California 1978 ballot propositions

June 6

Type Title Subject Description Result
LBM Proposition 1 Bonds $350 million in bonds for state-run schools Defeatedd
LBM Proposition 2 Bonds $375 million in bonds for water pollution control and water conservation Approveda
LRCA Proposition 3 Taxes Tax exemptions for alternative energy projects Defeatedd
LRCA Proposition 4 Elections Any charter provision changing how local officials are elected must be voted on by the public Approveda
LRCA Proposition 5 Admin of gov't Administrative agencies prohibited from declaring statutes unconstitutional and refusing to enforce Approveda
LRCA Proposition 6 Elections State legislature and counties must allow for elected sheriffs Approveda
LRCA Proposition 7 Insurance Local government agencies allowed to seek pooled insurance Approveda
LRCA Proposition 8 Taxes Rules for setting property tax rates on owner-occupied dwellings Defeatedd
LRCA Proposition 9 Judiciary Interest rates charged on unpaid state court judgments Approveda
LRCA Proposition 10 Taxes Tax rates on rehabilitated residential dwellings Defeatedd
LRCA Proposition 11 Taxes Taxation of county-owned real estate Defeatedd
LRCA Proposition 12 Admin of gov't Creation of a salary commission to set salaries for state executive officials, legislators and judges Defeatedd
CICA Proposition 13 Taxes The famous Howard Jarvis-led cap on property tax rates Approveda

November 7

Type Title Subject Description Result
LBM Proposition 1 Veterans $500 million in bonds for veterans Approveda
LRCA Proposition 2 Admin of gov't Public Utilities Commission not allowed to appoint commissioners to conduct hearings and investigations Defeatedd
LRCA Proposition 3 Land State legislature authorized to sell public lands in the coastal zone Approveda
LRSS Proposition 4 Health Accreditation of chiropractic schools and colleges Approveda
CISS Proposition 5 Smoking Smoking prohibited in enclosed public spaces Defeatedd
CISS Proposition 6 LGBT Prohibit gays and supporters of gay rights from teaching in public schools Defeatedd
CISS Proposition 7 Judiciary Expand types of murder for which death penalty can be imposed Approveda
LRCA Proposition 8 Taxes Rules for tax assessments of property rebuilt after a disaster Approveda


See also: Colorado 1978 ballot measures

November 7
Type Title Subject Description Result
LRCA Measure 1 Local Gov't Establishes a method for filling a vacancy in the position of county commissioner Approveda
CICA Measure 2 State Finances Limits annual increases in expenditures by the state and its political subdivisions, except when approved by voters Defeatedd


See also: Florida 1978 ballot measures

November 7
Type Title Subject Description Result
CR Amendment 1 Constitutions Revises the Florida Constitution in general Defeatedd
CR Amendment 2 Civil Rights Provides that no person would be deprived of any right because of sex Defeatedd
CR Amendment 3 Redistricting Requires single-member legislative districts and establishes a commission to prepare a reapportionment plan of districts Defeatedd
CR Amendment 4 State Exec Eliminates the executive cabinet in Florida Defeatedd
CR Amendment 5 Admin of Gov't Establishes a five-member public service commission Defeatedd
CR Amendment 6 Judiciary Requires circuit and county judges to submit themselves for retention or rejection by the electors every six years Defeatedd
CR Amendment 7 Taxes Revises tax and government finance laws Defeatedd
CR Amendment 8 Education Provides that the Governor appoint the State Board of Education, and the board appoint the Commissioner of Education Defeatedd
CICA Amendment 9 Gambling Authorizes privately owned casinos within a restricted geographic area Defeatedd


See also: Idaho 1978 ballot measures

November 7
Type Title Subject Description Result
LRCA HJR 6 Legislature Authorizes the legislature to provide mandatory minimum sentences Approveda
LRCA SJR 102 Bonds Allows port districts to issue revenue bonds Approveda
LRCA SJR 110 Healthcare Empowers Idaho Health Facilities to finance or operate health facilities Defeatedd
LRCA SJR 115 Bonds Reduces vote needed to use revenue bonds for airport facilities Defeatedd
LRCA SJR 116 Firearms Reinforces the right to keep and bear arms Approveda
CISS INIT 1 Property Restricts governmental ability to change property valuations or taxes Approveda


See also: Illinois 1978 ballot measures

Type Title Subject Description Result
LRCA Amendment 1 Taxes Prevent abolition of remaining taxation of personal property Defeatedd
LRCA Amendment 2 Veterans Exempt veterans' organizations from property taxation Defeatedd


See also: Maine 1978 ballot measures

November 7
Type Title Subject Description Result
BI Referendum Question Housing Issues $2.1 million in bonds for construction of a dormitory at Northern Maine Vocational-Technical Institute Approveda
LRCA Proposed Constitutional Amendment No. 1 Judiciary Eliminates justice of the peace as a constitutional office Approveda
LRCA Proposed Constitutional Amendment No. 2 Constitutions Repeals obsolete language requiring the payment of poll tax and for exemption from military service Approveda
LRCA Proposed Constitutional Amendment No. 3 Bonds Reduces and combines two separate insurance limits under which the Maine Guarantee Authority operates Approveda
LRCA Proposed Constitutional Amendment No. 4 Legislatures Moves convening of the legislature from January to December following a general election Approveda
LRCA Proposed Constitutional Amendment No. 5 Taxes Requires state to reimburse municipalities for losses caused by property tax exemptions Approveda
LRCA Proposed Constitutional Amendment No. 6 Taxes Allows for taxes levied by school administrative districts to be assessed according to cost-sharing formulas Approveda


See also: Maryland 1978 ballot measures

November 7
Type Title Subject Description Result
LRCA Question 1 Admin of gov't Requires that amendments that affect only one county or the city of Baltimore receive local approval Approveda
LRCA Question 2 Constitutions Provides for provisions of limited duration which implement a Constitutional Amendment Approveda
LRCA Question 3 Constitutions Removes or corrects obsolete or inaccurate language in the Constitution Approveda
LRCA Question 4 Local gov't Allows members of Prince George's County Council to be elected by district or the whole county Approveda
LRCA Question 5 Eminent domain Repeals the authority of Montgomery County to acquire land for the Washington Suburban Sanitary Commission Approveda
LRCA Question 6 Gov't Finances Authorizes the general assembly to mandate the governor to provide funding for specific programs in the budget Approveda
LRCA Question 7 Eminent domain Provides Anne Arundel County Council the authority to take lands for public use Defeatedd
LRCA Question 8 Gov't Finances Authorizes the Treasurer to make and sell short-term notes to meet temporary deficiencies Defeatedd
LRCA Question 9 Legislature Gives the general assembly the authority to provide temporary replacements for elected officials unable to perform duties of the office Approveda
LRCA Question 10 Admin of gov't Authorizes alternative means of publicizing amendments by order of the Governor Approveda
LRCA Question 11 Gov't salaries Reduces the number of years served before an incumbent officer's salary may be altered Approveda
LRCA Question 12 Eminent domain Allows Kent County to take land in Chestertown for public purposes Defeatedd


See also: Massachusetts 1978 ballot measures

November 7
Type Title Subject Description Result
LRCA Question 1 Taxes Permits the classification of property for taxation purposes Approveda
LRCA Question 2 Gov't Finance Provides a deadline for the state budget Approveda
LRCA Question 3 Direct Democracy Requires that "Information for Voters" be sent to every residence Approveda
LRCA Question 4 Admin of Gov't Provides residence standards for the state census Approveda
LRCA Question 5 Admin of Gov't Provides a deadline for charter commissions to submit charters to voters Approveda
LRCA Question 6 Civil Rights Prohibits the assigning or denial of a student to a public school based on "race, color, national origin or creed" Approveda
LRCA Question 7 Taxes Provides a method for taxing recreational and conservation lands to encourage such uses Approveda


See also: Michigan 1978 ballot measures

Type Title Subject Description Result
ABR Proposal A Constitutional convention Call for a constitutional convention Defeatedd
IndISS Proposal B Law enforcement Revise standards for grant of parole and to prohibit grant of parole for certain defined crimes Approveda
LRCA Proposal C Admin of gov't Authorize deposit of state funds in savings and load associations and credit unions as well as banks Approveda
CICA Proposal D Alcohol Prohibit alcoholic beverages from being sold to, or possessed by a person under the age of 21 Approveda
CICA Proposal E Taxes Establishes limits on taxes imposed by legislature and units of local government Approveda
CICA Proposal G Unions Grant Michigan troopers the right to collect bargaining and binding arbitration Approveda
CICA Proposal H Education Prohibit use of property taxes for school operating expenses and establish a voucher system for financing education of students at public and nonpublic schools Defeatedd
CICA Proposal J Taxes Reduce property tax assessments to establish a maximum 5.6% on the rate of the state income tax Defeatedd
LRCA Proposal K Judicial reform Allow courts to deny bail under certain circumstances involving violent crimes Approveda
LRCA Proposal M Taxes Allocate 90 percent of gas tax revenues for general road purposes; replace state highway commission with transportation commission Approveda
LRCA Proposal R Admin of gov't Create a railroad redevelopment authority to make loans to railroads Defeatedd


See also: Missouri 1978 ballot measures

August 8
Type Title Subject Description Result
LRCA Amendment 1 Local Gov't Allows counties to adopt a charter form of government Approveda
LRCA Amendment 2 State exec Changes treasurer duties in regards to investment of state funds Defeatedd
LRCA Amendment 3 Redistricting Appoints a commission of appellate judges to perform redistricting Defeatedd
LRCA Amendment 4 Pension Requires public statement of cost before changing retirement benefits for public officials and employees Approveda
CICA Amendment 5 Taxes Enacts a $0.10 gasoline tax Defeatedd

November 7

Type Title Subject Description Result
LRCA Amendment 6 Bonds Allows municipalities and counties to issue utility or airport bonds Approveda
LRCA Amendment 7 Bonds Authorizes contracted officers of municipalities to issue revenue bonds Approveda
LRCA Amendment 8 Lottery Defines lottery permit games where nothing of value is exchanged Approveda
LRCA Amendment 9 Elections Authorizes earlier time for vote canvassing after general elections Approveda
LRCA Amendment 10 Taxes Allows voters to authorize an additional tax for road and bridge use Approveda
LRCA Amendment 21 Taxes Allows sales tax for conservation revenue to be used for payments in lieu of taxes on commissioned lands Defeatedd
LRCA Amendment 22 Taxes Authorizes legislature to enact laws to reduce rates of levy for taxes Approveda
CICA Amendment 23 Labor Gives individuals the right to work regardless of membership or non-membership in labor organizations Defeatedd


See also: Montana 1978 ballot measures

November 7
Type Title Subject Description Result
LRCA C-4 Alcohol Allows the legislature or the people by initiative to establish the drinking age Approveda
LRCA C-5 Gov't Finances Creates a legislative committee to make budget amendments Defeatedd
LRCA C-6 Gov't Acc Provides for a review of local governments by the voters Approveda
LRCA C-7 Legislature Gives the legislature the power to disapprove of bar admission rules Defeatedd
LRCA C-8 Legislature Allows members of the legislature to run for public office during terms Defeatedd
CICA CI-8 Taxes Returns a portion of property tax assessing to counties Defeatedd
LRSS LR-74 Alcohol Raises the drinking age to nineteen Approveda
LRSS LR-75 Education Continues a levy to support the University system Approveda
CISS I-79 Obscenity Allows municipalities to adopt obscenity ordinances more restrictive than state law Approveda
CISS I-80 Nuclear Empowers voters to approve or reject any proposed nuclear facility Approveda
CISS I-81 Business reg Allows grocery and drug stores to sell table wine Approveda


See also: Nevada 1978 ballot measures

Type Title Subject Description Result
Property Tax Taxes Sets property tax limits Approveda

North Dakota

See also: North Dakota 1978 ballot measures

September 5
Type Title Subject Description Result
LRCA Amendment 1 Legislature Amends deadlines for introduction of bills in the legislature and general appropriation bill Defeatedd
LRCA Amendment 2 Redistricting Repeals the transition schedule of the Constitution of the State of North Dakota Approveda
LRCA Amendment 3 Taxes Limits the raising of revenue by the state Defeatedd
LRCA Amendment 4 Bonds Limits debt of any political subdivision to no more than eight percent of the assessed value of all its taxable property Defeatedd
LRCA Amendment 5 Legislature Empowers the lieutenant governor to vote as a tie breaker if the senate was equally divided Approveda
LRCA Amendment 6 Bonds Repeals bond amendments to pay for bonuses to veterans Approveda
LRCA Amendment 7 Business Repeals multiple sections regarding the charters and administration of corporations Defeatedd
LRCA Amendment 8 Gov't Salaries Deposits all fees and profits arising from any of the offices whose salaries were prescribed by law in the state treasury Defeatedd
LRSS Measure 1 Resources Authorizes sale of land being used by the Dickinson experiment station and buying of new lands Approveda

November 7

Type Title Subject Description Result
LRCA Amendment 1 Gov't Acc Requires records of governmental entities supported in whole or part by public funds to be open to the public Approveda
LRCA Amendment 2 Suffrage Provides for secrecy in voting, absentee voting, administration of elections and nomination of candidates; Bars felons and persons declared mentally incompetent from voting Approveda
LRCA Amendment 3 Direct Democracy Replaces process for signature requirements, petition forms and proposals regarding referendums, initiatives and recalls Approveda
CISS Measure 1 Gov't Finances Gives five percent of the annual net proceeds from state taxes to a revenue sharing fund Approveda
CISS Measure 2 Taxes Reduces the rate of income tax on individuals and corporations Approveda
CISS Measure 3 Gov't Finances Specifies all income of the State Game and Fish Department would only be used by that department Approveda
CISS Measure 4 Healthcare Reduces size and changes the membership requirements of the state health council; charges Commissioner of Insurance to investigate improving and extending insurance coverage in the state Defeatedd


See also: Ohio 1978 ballot measures

June 6
Type Title Subject Description Result
LRCA Issue 1 Elections Require the Ohio Ballot Board to write ballot language for statewide ballot measures Approveda

November 7

Type Title Subject Description Result
LRCA Issue 1 Local Gov't Modifies procedures for adopting a charter form of county government Approveda
LRCA Issue 2 Law enforcement Allows General Assembly to regulate prison labor by law Approveda


See also: Oklahoma 1978 ballot measures

August 22
Type Title Subject Description Result
LRCA State Question 528 Healthcare Authorizes the creation, organization and operation of hospital districts Defeatedd

November 7

Type Title Subject Description Result
CISS State Question 524 Transportation Staggers motor vehicle registration by the month Approveda
LRCA State Question 525 Law enforcement Gives the legislature authority to prescribe a minimum period of confinement for certain convicted persons Approveda
LRCA State Question 526 Education Establishes a system of public schools for all children Approveda
LRCA State Question 527 Con language Repeals a section of the constitution that defines racial terms Approveda
LRCA State Question 530 Alcohol Allows agreements between brewers and wholesale distributors Defeatedd
LRCA State Question 531 Elections Provides for elector qualifications, election board duties and voter registration Approveda


See also: Oregon 1978 ballot measures

May 23
Type Title Subject Description Result
LRCA Measure 1 Direct Democracy Affects the initiative and referendum process for county home rule charters Approveda
LRCA Measure 2 Legislature Affects the rules applied to open meetings of the Oregon Legislature Approveda
LRCA Measure 3 Housing Provides publicly-funded housing for the low-income elderly Approveda
LRCA Measure 4 Gov't Finances Creates a domestic water fund Defeatedd
LRSS Measure 5 Taxes Increases the gasoline tax and allocated revenues from such tax to highway repair Defeatedd
LRSS Measure 6 Admin of Gov't Reorganizes the Metropolitical Service District for Portland Metropolitan Area and abolishes the Columbia Region Association of Governments Approveda

November 7

Type Title Subject Description Result
LRCA Measure 1 Judiciary Establishes an appointment and election process for certain types of judges Defeatedd
LRCA Measure 2 Legislature Authorizes the state senate to confirm all appointments and reappoints to state public office made by the governor Approveda
VR Measure 3 Taxes Requires annual registration, increases most motor carrier rates and annual light truck fees, reduces recreational vehicle fees and requires emissions test certification for vehicles in the Portland Metro Area Defeatedd
CISS Measure 4 Utilities Allows for the formation of People’s Utility Districts Approveda
CISS Measure 5 Healthcare Requires the licensing of denturists and their assistants, establishes licensing requirements and creates the Advisory Council on Denture Technology Approveda
CICA Measure 6 Taxes Limits ad valorem real property taxes to 1.5% “full cash value” or appraised value of the property and provides other limitations on property taxes Defeatedd
CICA Measure 7 Abortion Prohibits any state agency from spending any public money for abortions and from providing any programs or services promoting abortion Defeatedd
CISS Measure 8 Death Penalty Requires the death penalty for the convicted upon the judge’s findings that the person has been convicted of murder “beyond reasonable doubt” Approveda
CISS Measure 9 Utilities Prohibits public utilities from collecting rates which are derived from the cost of any construction, building, installation or property not presently used for providing utility service Approveda
CICA Measure 10 Admin of Gov't Requires the Legislative Assembly to perform the policy-making duties of the Land Conservation and Development Commission and requires voter approval before new regional planning districts can be organized Defeatedd
LRCA Measure 11 Taxes Reduces tax payable by homeowners by one-half up to $1,500 and provides similar relief to renters, refunds remaining state surplus to income taxpayers and freezes assessed values for one tax year Defeatedd
AQ Measure 12 Fed Con Petitions the federal government to adopt an amendment to the constitution requiring a balanced federal budget Approveda

South Dakota

See also: South Dakota 1978 ballot measures

November 7
Type Title Subject Description Result
LRCA Amendment A Legislature Provides for forty day legislative sessions Defeatedd
LRCA Amendment B Gov't Finances Provides for more flexibility in school fund investment Defeatedd
LRCA Amendment C Property Protects mineral rights of public lands Approveda
LRCA Amendment D Taxes Prohibits income tax increases without majority vote in legislature Approveda
IndISS Initiative 1 Utilities Redesigns gas and electric rates Defeatedd
IndISS Initiative 2 Business reg Repeals the Dairy Industry Marketing Act Approveda
IndISS Initiative 3 Obscenity Adds new regulations to the Obscenity Statute Defeatedd


See also: Texas 1978 ballot measures

November 7
Type Title Subject Description Result
LRCA Proposition 1 Admin of gov't Allows certain products manufactured by handicapped individuals in nonprofit rehabilitation facilities to be purchased by the State of Texas Approveda
LRCA Proposition 2 Bonds Permits political subdivisions to issue revenue bonds to develop employment opportunities Defeatedd
LRCA Proposition 3 Bonds Authorizes bonds to finance the redevelopment of blighted areas Defeatedd
LRCA Proposition 4 Taxes Authorizes the legislature to exempt solar and wind-powered energy devices from taxes Approveda
LRCA Proposition 5 Judiciary Extends the jurisdiction of justices of the peace in civil cases Approveda
LRCA Proposition 6 Judiciary Permits the legislature to increase the number of justices on a court of civil appeals Approveda
LRCA Proposition 7 Admin of gov't Repeals the constitutional authority for the State Building Commission Approveda
LRCA Proposition 8 Bonds Allows water districts to issue bonds for fire fighting purposes Approveda
LRCA Proposition 9 Taxes Provides tax relief and exemptions for certain persons and property Approveda


See also: Washington 1978 ballot measures

November 7
Type Title Subject Description Result
ITP Initiative 350 Education Prohibits assigning students to other than the nearest or next-nearest school Approveda


See also: Wisconsin 1978 ballot measures

April 4
Type Title Subject Description Result
LRCA Question 1 Administration of government Allows that there may be more than one system of town government. Defeatedd

November 7

Type Title Subject Description Result
LRSS Question 1 Suffrage Permits all bona fide residents of Wisconsin, regardless of length of residency, to vote for president and vice president. Approveda
LRSS Question 2 Suffrage Permits all U.S. citizens who live overseas to vote in federal elections in Wisconsin if it was their last state of residency. Approveda

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