2004 ballot measures

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2005
2003

On November 2, 2004, voters in 34 states took action on a total of 162 ballot measures.[1]

The most common measure offered to voters were same-sex marriage bans which appeared on eleven statewide ballots--in Arkansas, Georgia, Kentucky, Michigan, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon and Utah. (All eleven passed).

Alabama

See also: Alabama 2004 ballot measures

Type Title Subject Description Result
LRCA Amendment 1 Taxes Powers granted to Baldwin County for economic and industrial development. Approveda
LRCA Amendment 2 Constitution Reference in constitution to separation of schools by race and poll tax deleted Defeatedd
LRCA Amendment 3 Taxes County commissions authorized regarding economic and industrial development Approveda
LRCA Amendment 4 Business Provide for the promotion of shrimp and seafood. Approveda
LRCA Amendment 5 Taxes Annexation rights in certain parts of Alabama Defeatedd
LRCA Amendment 6 Judicial reform Salaries of probate and district judges Defeatedd
LRCA Amendment 7 Taxes Macon County allowed to levy tax on tobacco and liquor Defeatedd
LRCA Amendment 8 Taxes Excise tax on vehicles Defeatedd

Alaska

See also: Alaska 2004 ballot measures

Type Title Subject Description Result
LRCA Measure 1 Direct democracy measures Imposes a distribution requirement on initiatives in Alaska Approveda
IndISS Measure 2 Marijuana Legalize marijuana for those 21 and above Defeatedd
IndISS Measure 3 Hunting Prohibiting intentional feeding of bears Defeatedd
IndISS Measure 4 Administration of Government Vacancy filing for US Senator Approveda

Arizona

See also: Arizona 2004 ballot measures

Type Title Subject Description Result
LRCA Proposition 100 Environment Allow state to exchange trust land for other land Defeatedd
LRCA Proposition 101 Elections Funding for ballot measures must be allocated Approveda
LRCA Proposition 102 Education Transfer intellectual property created by universities Defeatedd
LRCA Proposition 103 Judicial Reform Temporary Justice of the Peace to live outside the precinct Approveda
LRCA Proposition 104 Elections Initiative must filed 7 months prior to an election Defeatedd
LRCA Proposition 105 Federalism Replace by a president or chancellor of a community college district Approveda
CISS Proposition 200 Elections Would require proof of US citizenship in order to vote ApprovedaOverturnedot
CR Proposition 300 Legislature Increase pay to $36,000 Defeatedd

Arkansas

See also: Arkansas 2004 ballot measures

Type Title Subject Description Result
LRCA Amendment 1 Term Limits Extends the term limits applicable to members of legislature Defeatedd
LRCA Amendment 2 Bond Issue Allows the General Assembly to approve general obligation bonds Approveda
CICA Amendment 3 Marriage Provides that marriage consists only of a union between a man and a woman Approveda
LRSS Question 1 Tax Increase Increase the statewide uniform rate of ad valorem property tax for maintenance of schools Defeatedd

California

See also: California 2004 ballot propositions

March 2

Type Title Subject Description Result
LBM Proposition 55 Bonds $12.3 billion in bonds for education Approveda
CICA Proposition 56 State spending State legislature can pass appropriation bills with 55% rather than 67% Defeatedd
LBM Proposition 57 Bonds $15 billion in bonds to pay off state's accumulated deficit Approveda
LRCA Proposition 58 State spending Requires that the State of California's budget be balanced Approveda

November 2

Type Title Subject Description Result
LRCA Proposition 1A State budget Local government revenues Approveda
LRCA Proposition 59 Admin of gov't Public records, open meetings Approveda
LRCA Proposition 60 Elections Election rights of political parties Approveda
LRCA Proposition 60A Admin of gov't Surplus property Approveda
CISS Proposition 61 Bonds $750 million in bonds for children's hospital projects Approveda
CICA Proposition 62 Elections Elections, primaries Defeatedd
CISS Proposition 63 Tax increase Mental health services expansion Approveda
CISS Proposition 64 Business regulation Limits on private enforcement of unfair business competition laws Approveda
CICA Proposition 65 State budget Local government funds, mandates Defeatedd
CISS Proposition 66 Law enforcement "Three strikes" law, sex crimes Defeatedd
CICA Proposition 67 Taxes Fund emergency medical services with tax increase Defeatedd
CICA Proposition 68 Gambling Tribal gaming compact amendments Defeatedd
CISS Proposition 69 Law enforcement DNA samples, collection, database Approveda
CICA Proposition 70 Gambling Tribal gaming compacts Defeatedd
CICA Proposition 71 Stem cells Allow and fund stem cell research Approveda
VR Proposition 72 Healthcare Health care coverage requirements Defeatedd

Colorado

See also: Colorado 2004 ballot measures

November 2
Type Title Subject Description Result
CICA Initiative 34 Business regulation Prohibits limits, with some exceptions, on a property owner's ability to recover damages Defeatedd
CICA Initiative 35 Tobacco Increases the tax on a pack of cigarettes by 64 cents Approveda
CICA Initiative 36 Elections Determines presidential electoral votes based on popular vote Defeatedd
CISS Initiative 37 Utility regulation Requires set percentages of renewable energy in electricity production Approveda
LRCA Referendum A Admin of Gov't Exempts about 140 state employees from the state civil service system Defeatedd
LRCA Referendum B Constitutions Removes obsolete and unconstitutional provisions in state constitution Approveda

Florida

See also: Florida 2004 ballot measures

November 2
Type Title Subject Description Result
LRCA Amendment 1 Abortion Requires a minor's parent or guardian shall to be notified before the termination of pregnancy Approveda
LRCA Amendment 2 Direct Democracy Requires initiative petitions to file by Feb. 1 of general election year and Supreme Court advisory opinions by Apr. 1 Approveda
CICA Amendment 3 Tort law Limits contingency fees paid to attorneys in malpractice suits Approveda
CICA Amendment 4 Gambling Allows voters in two counties to approve slot machines at existing racing facilities Approveda
CICA Amendment 5 Minimum wage Raise minimum wage to $6.15 and then indexes it to inflation Approveda
CICA Amendment 6 Transportation Repeals constitutional requirement to build a high speed rail system Approveda
CICA Amendment 7 Healthcare Provides right to request and review records of health care facilities regarding adverse medical episodes Approveda
CICA Amendment 8 Healthcare Prohibits medical doctors who have three or more incidents of medical malpractice from being licensed Approveda

Georgia

See also: Georgia 2004 ballot measures

Type Title Subject Description Result
LRCA Amendment 1 Marriage Define marriage as union of man and woman Approveda
LRCA Amendment 2 Judicial reform Georgia Supreme Court to interpret questions of law, including from federal courts Approveda

Hawaii

See also: Hawaii 2004 ballot measures

Type Title Subject Description Result
LRCA Amendment 1 Criminal Justice Define what constitutes a continuing course of conduct in sexual assault crimes Approveda
LRCA Amendment 2 Criminal Justice Public has right to registration information of convicted persons in sexual offenses Approveda
LRCA Amendment 3 Criminal Justice Legislature to provide confidential communications between victim and victim's health professional Approveda
LRCA Amendment 4 Criminal Justice Permit criminal charges for felonies to be initiated by a legal prosecuting office Approveda

Indiana

See also: Indiana 2004 ballot measures

Type Title Subject Description Result
LRCA Question 1 Taxes Property tax exemptions Approveda
LRCA Question 2 Admin of gov't Uniform terms for county officials Approveda
LRCA Question 3 Admin of gov't Define who governs state if governor and lt. gov. are unavailable Approveda

Kentucky

See also: Kentucky 2004 ballot measures

Type Title Subject Description Result
LRCA Marriage Amendment Marriage Require that marriage in the state shall consist only of the union of one man and one woman ApprovedaOverturnedot

Louisiana

See also: Louisiana 2004 ballot measures

September 18
Type Title Subject Description Result
LRCA Amendment 1 Marriage Require that marriage in the state shall consist only of the union of one man and one woman Approveda

November 2

Type Title Subject Description Result
LRCA Amendment 1 Hunting Preserve the freedom to hunt, fish, and trap, subject to regulation. Approveda
LRCA Amendment 2 Taxes Homestead Exemption from Property Taxes Act Approveda
LRCA Amendment 3 Labor Preference Points for Veterans for Civil and State Police Service Act Approveda
LRCA Amendment 4 State finance Establish the Agricultural and Seafood Products Support Fund as a special fund in the state treasury Approveda

Maine

See also: Maine 2004 ballot measures

June 8
Type Title Subject Description Result
ABR Question 1 Education Requires the state to pay 55% of public education costs for K-12 and 100% of cost of special education Approveda

November 2

Type Title Subject Description Result
IndISS Question 1 Taxes Limits property taxes to one percent of the assessed value of the property Defeatedd
IndISS Question 2 Hunt & Fish Criminalizes hunting bears with bait, traps, or dogs with some exceptions Defeatedd

Michigan

See also: Michigan 2004 ballot measures

Type Title Subject Description Result
CICA Proposal 1 Gambling Requires voter approval for new gambling, exempting Indian tribal gaming and three casinos in Detroit Approveda
CICA Proposal 2 Marriage Allowing the marriage between man and woman as only acceptable union Approveda

Mississippi

See also: Mississippi 2004 ballot measures

Type Title Subject Description Result
LRCA Amendment 1 Marriage Provides that marriage may take place and be valid only between a man and a woman Approveda

Missouri

See also: Missouri 2004 ballot measures

August 3
Type Title Subject Description Result
CICA Amendment 1 Gambling Authorizes floating gambling facilities Defeatedd
LRCA Amendment 2 Marriage & family Amends constitution to recognize a marriage as valid only between a man and a woman Approveda

November 2

Type Title Subject Description Result
CICA Amendment 3 Taxes Requires that all revenues from the existing motor vehicle fuel tax be used only for specific purposes Approveda

Montana

See also: Montana 2004 ballot measures

Type Title Subject Description Result
LRCA C-40 Land management Establish a trust fund for management of noxious weeds. Approveda
LRCA C-41 Hunting Preserving the heritage of Montanans' opportunity to harvest wild fish and game. Approveda
LRCA C-42 Term limits Extending term limits for legislators to twelve years. Defeatedd
CICA CI-96 Marriage Provide that only marriage between a man and a woman may be valid Approveda
CISS I-147 Natural resources A measure to allow cyanide leach processing Defeatedd
CISS I-148 Marijuana Allow the limited use of marijuana, under medical supervision Approveda
CISS I-149 Tobacco Increase tobacco taxes and change the use of tobacco tax revenues Approveda

Nebraska

See also: Nebraska 2004 ballot measures

Type Title Subject Description Result
LRCA Amendment 1 Taxes Would authorize property tax exemptions for historical significant real property Approveda
LRCA Amendment 2 Admin of Gov't Would remove lieutenant governor and designate speaker as presiding officer Defeatedd
LRCA Amendment 3 Gambling Would define and allow casino gaming in up to two casinos with authorization by the legislature. Defeatedd
LRCA Amendment 4 Gambling Would guarantee 10% of lottery funds to be used for Nebraska State Fair Board. Approveda
CICA Measure 417 Gambling Laws regarding gambling can be created through initiatives. Defeatedd
CICA Measure 418 Legislature A 2/3 majority of state legislatures required to modify initiatives approved by voters. Approveda
CISS Measure 419 Gambling Would establish an annual tax on gross gaming revenue. Approveda
CISS Measure 420 Gambling Create gaming regulations and a Gaming Commission. Defeatedd

Nevada

See also: Nevada 2004 ballot measures

Type Title Subject Description Result
CICA Question 1 Education Fund the operation of public schools before funding any other part of the state budget. Approveda
CICA Question 2 Education Requires that the annual per-pupil expenditure for Nevada's schools equals or exceeds the national average Defeatedd
CISS Question 3 Tort Reform Limits attorney's fees in actions against providers of healthcare based upon professional negligence Approveda
CICA Question 4 Tort Reform Adds provisions to the Nevada Constitution governing insurance rates and practices Defeatedd
CICA Question 5 Tort Reform Provides that a lawyer willfully involved in vexatious and frivolous litigation is liable Defeatedd
CICA Question 6 Minimum wage Amends the Nevada Constitution to raise the minimum wage Approveda
LRCA Question 7 Civil rights Amends Nevada Constitution concerning mentally incompetent's eligibility to vote. Approveda
LRSS Question 8 Taxes Revises the sales tax exemptions in the Sales and Use Tax Act of 1955 Defeatedd

New Hampshire

See also: New Hampshire 2004 ballot measures

Type Title Subject Description Result
LRCA Constitutional Amendment Elections Authority to regulate court practices and procedures Approveda

New Mexico

See also: New Mexico 2004 ballot measures

Type Title Subject Description Result
LRCA Amendment 3 Elections Allow run-off elections for municipalities with a population of over 20,000. Approveda
LRCA Amendment 4 Taxes Expand eligibility for property tax exemption to all honorably discharged veterans Approveda
LRCA Amendment 5 Education Change name of New Mexico school for visually handicapped Approveda
BI Question A Bonds $94.9 million library acquisition bonds. Approveda
BI Question B Bonds $6.06 million for senior citizen facility improvement and construction. Approveda
BI Question C Bonds $16.3 million library acquisition bonds. Approveda
BI Question D Bonds $5.1 million kindergarten classroom construction and renovation bonds Approveda

North Carolina

See also: North Carolina 2004 ballot measures

Type Title Subject Description Result
LRCA Amendment 1 Admin of gov't To promote local economic development projects Approveda
LRCA Amendment 2 Education Fines to be used for school funding. Approveda
LRCA Amendment 3 Judicial reform Redefining terms of elected office. Approveda

North Dakota

See also: North Dakota 2004 ballot measures

June 8
Type Title Subject Description Result
LRCA Constitutional Measure 1 Business Allows corporations to limit voting for the election of directors Defeatedd
LRCA Constitutional Measure 2 Gov't Finances Provides by law a procedure for determining the fiscal impact of initiated measures Approveda

November 2

Type Title Subject Description Result
CICA Constitutional Measure 1 Marriage Defines marriage as only between one man and one woman Approveda

Ohio

See also: Ohio 2004 ballot measures

November 2
Type Title Subject Description Result
CICA Issue 1 Marriage Mandates that only a marriage between one man and one woman may be valid in or recognized by the state Approveda

Oklahoma

See also: Oklahoma 2004 ballot measures

Type Title Subject Description Result
LRSS Question 705 Gambling Net proceeds used for education purposes Approveda
LRCA Question 706 Gambling Create the Oklahoma Education Lottery Trust Fund Approveda
LRCA Question 707 Gov't Finances Use of certain city, town and county taxes and fees Approveda
LRCA Question 708 Gov't Finances Creates spending rules for the Rainy Day Fund, Approveda
LRCA Question 711 Marriage & Family Marriage as one man and one woman Approveda
LRSS Question 712 Gambling Enacts the State-Tribal Gaming Act Approveda
LRSS Question 713 Tobacco Ends sales tax on cigarettes and other tobacco products Approveda
LRCA Question 714 Taxes Determines the fair cash value of the homestead of certain heads of household Approveda
LRCA Question 715 Taxes Property tax exemption to veterans Approveda

Oregon

See also: Oregon 2004 ballot measures

February 3:

Type Title Subject Description Result
VR Measure 30(Primary) Taxes Enacts Temporary Personal Income Tax Surcharge Defeatedd

November 2:

Type Title Subject Description Result
LRCA Measure 31 Elections Authorizes law permitting postponement of election for particular public office Approveda
LRCA Measure 32 Taxes Deletes reference to mobile homes from provision dealing with taxes and fees on motor vehicles. Approveda
CISS Measure 33 Marijuana Requires marijuana dispensaries for supplying patients/caregivers. Defeatedd
CISS Measure 34 Resources Requires balancing timber production Defeatedd
CICA Measure 35 Tort Limits noneconomic damages for patient injuries caused by healthcare provider negligence Defeatedd
CICA Measure 36 Marriage & Family Only marriage between man and woman is valid ApprovedaOverturnedot
CISS Measure 37 Property Governments must pay owners, or forgo enforcement Approveda
CISS Measure 38 Gov't Finances Dedicates proceeds, potential surplus to public purposes Defeatedd

Pennsylvania

See also: Pennsylvania 2004 ballot measures

April 27
Type Title Subject Description Result
BI Question 1 Bonds Use as grants and loans for construction of water and wastewater infrastructure Approveda

Rhode Island

See also: Rhode Island 2004 ballot measures

Type Title Subject Description Result
LRCA Question 1 Administration of Government Separation of powers in the legislative, executive, and judicial branches of government Approveda
ABR Question 2 State Legislature Whether or not to hold a Constitutional Convention Defeatedd
LBM Question 3 Bond Issue, Transportation Transportation Bonds Approveda
LBM Question 4 Education Regional Career and Technical Schools Bonds Approveda
LBM Question 5 Education Higher Education Residence Halls Bonds Approveda
LBM Question 6 Bond Issue Cranston Street Armory Bonds Defeatedd
LBM Question 7 Natural Resources Emergency Water Interconnect Bonds Approveda
LBM Question 8 Environment Open Space, Recreation, Bay and Watershed Protection Bonds Approveda
LBM Question 9 Education Pell Library-Undersea Exploration Center Bonds Approveda
LBM Question 10 Education Athletic Performance Center/Meade Stadium Bonds Defeatedd
LBM Question 11 Bonds Historic Preservation and Heritage Bonds Approveda
LBM Question 12 Bonds Rehabilitation of State Owned Facilities Bonds Defeatedd
LBM Quesiton 13 Education University of Rhode Island Center for Biotechnology and Life Sciences Bonds Approveda
LBM Question 14 Bond Issue Quonset Point/Davisville Bonds Approveda

South Carolina

See also: South Carolina 2004 ballot measures

Type Title Subject Description Result
LRCA Amendment 1 Alcohol Establish the size of containers which alcohol may be sold. Approveda
LRCA Amendment 2 Taxes Property tax assessment for agricultural land Defeatedd

South Dakota

See also: South Dakota 2004 ballot measures

Type Title Subject Description Result
LRCA Merit Selection of Judges Elections & Redistricting Providing for the merit selection of circuit court judges. Defeatedd
LRCA School Services for all Children Education Authorizing the provision of certain services to all children of school age. Defeatedd
CICA No Tax on Food Tax & Revenue An Act to Exempt Food from Sales and Use Taxes Defeatedd

Utah

See also: Utah 2004 ballot measures

Type Title Subject Description Result
LRCA Amendment 1 Government Sets forth rules for state legislature to convene impeachment sessions Approveda
LRCA Amendment 2 Education Allow state and public universities to own stock in private corporations Approveda
LRCA Amendment 3 Marriage Defines marriage as one man/one woman Approveda
CISS Initiative 1 Environment 1/20th of a cent sales tax; $150 million bond for water, land projects Defeatedd

Virginia

See also: Virginia 2004 ballot measures

Type Title Subject Description Result
LRCA Amendment 1 Redistricting Implements effective date of redistricting laws Approveda
LRCA Amendment 2 Governor Provides successor to governor in case of death Approveda

Washington

See also: Washington 2004 ballot measures

November 2
Type Title Subject Description Result
ITP Initiative 872 Elections Establishes a top-two primary for state elections Approveda
ITP Initiative 884 Taxes Increases retail sales tax by 1% and allocates increased tax revenues on education Defeatedd
ITP Initiative 892 Gambling Authorizes licensed non-tribal gambling establishments to operate the same type and number of machines as tribal governments Defeatedd
VR Referendum 55 Education Authorizes charter public schools and sets conditions on operations Defeatedd
ITL Initiative 297 Environment Adds new provisions concerning 'mixed' radioactive and nonradioactive hazardous waste Approveda


West Virginia

See also: West Virginia 2004 ballot measures

Type Title Subject Description Result
LRCA Amendment 1 Bonds Permit state legislature to issue bonds funded through raised taxes to pay for veterans benefits Approveda

Wyoming

See also: Wyoming 2004 ballot measures

Type Title Subject Description Result
LRCA Amendment A Education Eliminates amount of revenues rebated from school districts Defeatedd
LRCA Amendment B Development Authorizes the legislature to enact laws for local governments to use local sources of revenue. Approveda
LRCA Amendment C Healthcare Wyoming legislature to enact laws requiring alternative dispute resolution or medical review. Approveda
LRCA Amendment D Healthcare Limiting amount of loss that could be awarded for injury caused by a health care provider. Defeatedd

External links

References