Difference between revisions of "Aaron Schock"

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Based on an analysis of bill sponsorship by ''GovTrack'', Schock is a "[[GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking|moderate Republican leader]]," as of July 29, 2014. This was the same rating Schock received in June 2013. <ref>[http://www.govtrack.us/congress/members/aaron_schock/412314 ''GovTrack'', "Aaron Schock," accessed July 29, 2014]</ref>
 
Based on an analysis of bill sponsorship by ''GovTrack'', Schock is a "[[GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking|moderate Republican leader]]," as of July 29, 2014. This was the same rating Schock received in June 2013. <ref>[http://www.govtrack.us/congress/members/aaron_schock/412314 ''GovTrack'', "Aaron Schock," accessed July 29, 2014]</ref>
 
+
{{Find the best|title=<htmlet>FindTheBest-AaronSchock-IdeologyBreakdown/htmlet>|width=450px}}
 
===Like-minded colleagues===
 
===Like-minded colleagues===
 
The website ''OpenCongress'' tracks the voting records of each member to determine with whom he or she votes most and least often. The results include a member from each party.<ref>[http://www.opencongress.org/people/show/412314_Aaron_Schock ''OpenCongress'', "Rep. Aaron Schock," accessed July 29, 2014]</ref>
 
The website ''OpenCongress'' tracks the voting records of each member to determine with whom he or she votes most and least often. The results include a member from each party.<ref>[http://www.opencongress.org/people/show/412314_Aaron_Schock ''OpenCongress'', "Rep. Aaron Schock," accessed July 29, 2014]</ref>

Revision as of 14:15, 13 August 2014

Aaron Schock
Aaron Schock.jpg
U.S. House, Illinois, District 18
Incumbent
In office
January 3, 2009-Present
Term ends
January 3, 2015
Years in position 5
PartyRepublican
PredecessorRay LaHood (R)
Leadership
President of the Peoria, Illinois, School Board
2004-2005
Compensation
Base salary$174,000/year
Elections and appointments
Last electionNovember 6, 2012
Cost per vote$8.85 in 2012
First electedNovember 4, 2008
Next generalNovember 4, 2014
Campaign $$8,129,615
Term limitsN/A
Prior offices
Illinois House of Representatives, District 92
2005-2009
Peoria, Illinois, School Board
2001-2005
Education
High schoolRichwoods High School
Bachelor'sIllinois Central College, Bradley University
Personal
BirthdayMay 30, 1981
Place of birthMorris, Minnesota
ProfessionReal Estate Investor
Net worth$535,087
ReligionConservative Baptist
Websites
Office website
Campaign website
Aaron Schock campaign logo
Aaron Schock (b. May 28, 1981, in Morris, MN) is a Republican member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Illinois' 18th Congressional District since 2008.

Schock won re-election on November 6, 2012.[1]

He previously represented District 92 of the Illinois House of Representatives from 2005 to 2009.[2]

Schock ran for re-election to the U.S. House in 2014. He ran unopposed in the Republican primary on March 18, 2014.[3] The general election took place November 4, 2014.

Based on analysis of multiple outside rankings, Schock is a more moderate right of center Republican Party vote. As a result, he may break with the Republican Party line more than his fellow members.

Biography

Schock graduated from Rolling Acres Middle School and Richwoods High School in Peoria, IL, in 2000. He then graduated from Bradley University in Peoria with a B.S. in Finance (a four year degree) in only two years.[2]

Career

Committee assignments

U.S. House

2013-2014

Schock serves on the following committees:[4][5]

2011-2012

Schock served on the following committees:[6]

Key votes

113th Congress

CongressLogo.png
The 113th Congress has had 55 out of 5,401 introduced bills enacted into law (1 percent) as of November 30, 2013. Comparatively, the 112th Congress had 1.14 percent of introduced bills enacted into law in the first session.[7] For more information pertaining to Schock's voting record in the 113th Congress, please see the below sections.[8]

National security

DHS Appropriations

Yea3.png Schock voted in favor of HR 2217 - the DHS Appropriations Act (2014) Act of 2014. The bill passed the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 245 - 182 and was largely along party lines.[9]

DHS Appropriations

Yea3.png Schock voted in favor of HR 2217 - the DHS Appropriations Act (2014) Act of 2014. The bill passed the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 245 - 182 and was largely along party lines.[9]

Keystone Pipeline Amendment

Nay3.png Schock voted against House Amendment 69, which would have amended HR 3 to "require that the Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration, in consultation with the Department of Homeland Security, conduct a study of the vulnerabilities of the Keystone XL pipeline to a terrorist attack and certify that necessary protections have been put in place." The amendment failed on May 22, 2013, with a vote of 176 - 239 and was largely along party lines.[9]

CISPA (2013)

Yea3.png Schock voted in favor of HR 624 - the CISPA (2013). The bill passed the House on April 18, 2013, with a vote of 288 - 127. The bill would allow federal intelligence agencies to share cybersecurity intelligence and information with private entities and utilities.[10] The bill was largely supported by Republicans, but divided the Democratic Party.[9]

NDAA

Yea3.png Schock voted in favor of HR 1960 - the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014. The bill passed the House on June 14, 2013, with a vote of 315 - 108. Both parties were somewhat divided on the vote.[9]

Economy

Farm bill

Yea3.png On January 29, 2014, the U.S. House approved the Federal Agriculture Reform and Risk Management Act of 2013, H.R. 2642, also known as the Farm Bill.[11] The bill passed by a vote of 251-166. The nearly 1,000-page bill reformed and continued various programs of the Department of Agriculture through 2018. The $1 trillion bill expanded crop insurance for farmers by $7 billion over the next decade and created new subsidies for rice and peanut growers that would kick in when prices drop.[12][13] However, cuts to the food stamp program cut an average of $90 per month for 1.7 million people in 15 states.[13] Schock voted with 161 other Republican representatives in favor of the bill.

2014 Budget

Yea3.png On January 15, 2014, the Republican-run House approved H.R. 3547, a $1.1 trillion spending bill to fund the government through September 30, 2014.[14][15] The House voted 359-67 for the 1,582 page bill, with 64 Republicans and three Democrats voting against the bill.[15] The omnibus package included 12 annual spending bills to fund federal operations.[16] It included a 1% increase in the paychecks of federal workers and military personnel, a $1 billion increase in Head Start funding for early childhood education, reduced funding to the Internal Revenue Service and the Environmental Protection Agency and protected the Affordable Care Act from any drastic cuts. Schock voted with the majority of the Republican party in favor of the bill.[14]

Government shutdown

See also: United States budget debate, 2013

Yea3.png On September 30, 2013, the House passed a final stopgap spending bill before the shutdown went into effect. The bill included a one-year delay of the Affordable Care Act's individual mandate and would have also stripped the bill of federal subsidies for congressional members and staff. It passed through the House with a vote of 228-201.[17] At 1 a.m. on October 1, 2013, one hour after the shutdown officially began, the House voted to move forward with going to a conference. In short order, Sen. Harry Reid rejected the call to conference.[18] Schock voted to approve the stopgap spending bill that would have delayed the individual mandate.[19]

Yea3.png The shutdown finally ended on October 16, 2013, when the House took a vote on HR 2775 after it was approved by the Senate. The bill to reopen the government lifted the $16.7 trillion debt limit and funded the government through January 15, 2014. Federal employees also received retroactive pay for the shutdown period. The only concession made by Senate Democrats was to require income verification for Obamacare subsidies.[20] The House passed the legislation shortly after the Senate, by a vote of 285-144, with all 144 votes against the legislation coming from Republican members. Schock voted for HR 2775.[21]

Immigration


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

Morton Memos Prohibition

Yea3.png Schock voted in favor of House Amendment 136 - Prohibits the Enforcement of the Immigration Executive Order. The amendment was adopted by the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 224 - 201. The purpose of the amendment as stated on the official text is to "prohibit the use of funds to finalize, implement, administer, or enforce the Morton Memos." These memos would have granted administrative amnesty to certain illegal aliens residing in the United States. The vote largely followed party lines.[9]

Healthcare

Healthcare Reform Rules

Yea3.png Schock voted in favor of House Amendment 450 - Requires Congressional Approval for Any Rules Under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. The amendment was adopted by the House on August 2, 2013, with a vote of 227-185. The amendment requires all changes to the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act be approved by Congress before taking effect. The vote was largely along party lines.[9]

Keep the IRS Off Your Healthcare Act

Yea3.png Schock voted in favor of HR 2009 - Keep the IRS Off Your Healthcare Act of 2013. The bill passed through the House on August 2, 2013, with a vote of 232-185. The bill would prevent the IRS and Treasury Secretary from enforcing the powers provided to them in the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. The vote largely followed party lines.[9]

Social issues

Amash amendment

Neutral/Abstain Schock did not vote on House Amendment 413 - Prohibits the National Security Agency from Collecting Records Under the Patriot Act. The amendment failed on July 4, 2013, by a vote of 205-217. The amendment would have prohibited the collection of records by the National Security Agency under the Patriot Act. Both parties were split on the vote.[9] Project Vote Smart, "Aaron Schock Key Votes," accessed October 11, 2013]</ref>

Government affairs

HR 676

See also: Boehner's lawsuit against the Obama administration

Yea3.png On July 30, 2014, the U.S. House approved a resolution 225 to 201 to sue President Barack Obama for exceeding his constitutional authority. Five Republicans--Thomas Massie of Kentucky, Paul Broun of Georgia, Scott Garrett of New Jersey, Walter Jones of North Carolina and Steve Stockman of Texas-- voted with Democrats against the lawsuit.[22] Schock joined the other 224 Republicans in favor of the lawsuit. All Democrats voted against the resolution.[23][24]

Previous congressional sessions

Fiscal Cliff

Yea3.png Schock voted for the fiscal cliff compromise bill, which made permanent most of the Bush tax cuts originally passed in 2001 and 2003 while also raising tax rates on the highest income levels. He was 1 of 85 Republicans that voted in favor of the bill. The bill was passed in the House by a 257 - 167 vote on January 1, 2013.[25]

Issues

On The Issues Vote Match

Aaron Schock's Vote Match results from On The Issues.
See also: On The Issues Vote Match

On The Issues conducts a VoteMatch analysis of elected officials based on 20 issue areas. Rather than relying on incumbents to complete the quiz themselves, the VoteMatch analysis is conducted using voting records, statements to the media, debate transcripts or citations from books authored by or about the candidate. Based on the results of the quiz, Schock is a Libertarian-Leaning Conservative. Schock received a score of 31 percent on social issues and 78 percent on economic issues.[26]

On The Issues organization logo.

The table below contains the results of analysis compiled by staff at On The Issues.

On The Issues Vote Quiz[27]
Economic Issues Social Issues
Issue Stance Issue Stance
Legally require hiring women & minorities Favors Abortion is a woman's unrestricted right Strongly Opposes
Expand ObamaCare Opposes Comfortable with same-sex marriage Opposes
Vouchers for school choice Strongly Favors Keep God in the public sphere Unknown
Absolute right to gun ownership Strongly Favors Human needs over animal rights Unknown
Higher taxes on the wealthy Strongly Opposes Stricter punishment reduces crime Unknown
Support & expand free trade Unknown Pathway to citizenship for illegal aliens Unknown
Stricter limits on political campaign funds Favors Maintain US sovereignty from UN Strongly Favors
Prioritize green energy Strongly Opposes Expand the military Unknown
Stimulus better than market-led recovery Opposes Stay out of Iran Opposes
Privatize Social Security Unknown Never legalize marijuana Strongly Favors
Note: Information last updated: 2014.[26]

Chair of 2014 NRCC dinner

On January 28, 2014, National Republican Congressional Committee (NRCC) Chairman Greg Walden announced that Schock was selected as the host of the NRCC's annual March dinner, the NRCC's biggest fundraising event of the year.[28]

Targeted by Club for Growth Action

In February 2013, the Club for Growth Action, a fiscally conservative Super PAC, launched a website called "www.PrimaryMyCongressman.com." According to the Club for Growth Action, "the purpose of the website is to raise awareness of Republicans In Name Only (RINOs) who are currently serving in safe Republican seats....The website will offer Club members and the general public the opportunity to recommend primary opponents to the incumbents highlighted by Club for Growth Action, as well as to recommend primary challengers for any Republican member of Congress. Club for Growth Action will rotate liberal Republicans through the website to highlight their failed records on limiting government." Schock was one of the first nine incumbent Republicans to be targeted by the site, which gave him a lifetime Club for Growth rating of 61%.[29][30]

Schock's response

In response to the Club's attacks, Schock gave an interview on MSNBC during which he stated, "With all due respect to the Club and these other quote think tanks, special interest groups in Washington, D.C., I go home to my district every weekend, I know my constituents better than they do. And I don’t need a score sheet or some lobbyist in Washington to tell me what my constituents think."[31]

Presidential preference

2012

See also: Endorsements by state officials of presidential candidates in the 2012 election

Aaron Schock endorsed Mitt Romney in the 2012 presidential election. [32]

Elections

2014

See also: Illinois' 18th Congressional District elections, 2014

Schock ran for re-election to the U.S. House in 2014. He ran unopposed in the Republican primary on March 18, 2014.[3] The general election took place November 4, 2014.

Fundraising events


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.


2012

See also: Illinois' 18th Congressional District elections, 2012

Schock won re-election in the 2012 election for the U.S. House, representing Illinois' 18th District. Schock ran unopposed in the Republican primary and defeated Democrat Steve Waterworth in the general election.[33][34]

U.S. House, Illinois District 18 General Election, 2012
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Republican Green check mark transparent.pngAaron Schock Incumbent 74.2% 244,467
     Democratic Steve Waterworth 25.8% 85,164
Total Votes 329,631
Source: Illinois Board of Elections "2012 General Election Official Vote Totals"

Full history


Campaign donors

Comprehensive donor information for Schock is available dating back to 2008. Based on available campaign finance records, Schock raised a total of $8,129,615 during that time period. This information was last updated on April 7, 2013.[37]

Aaron Schock's Campaign Contribution History
Year Office Result Contributions
2012 U.S. House (Illinois, District 18) Won $3,220,549
2010 U.S. House (Illinois, District 18) Won $2,300,387
2008 U.S. House (Illinois, District 18) Won $2,608,679
Grand Total Raised $8,129,615

2014

Candidates for Congress are required to file up to seven main reports with the Federal Election Commission during the 2014 elections season. Below are Schock's reports.[38]

Aaron Schock (2014) Campaign Finance Reports
ReportDate FiledBeginning BalanceTotal Contributions
for Reporting Period
ExpendituresCash on Hand
April Quarterly[39]April 15, 2013$2,098,507.39$716,766.76$(81,183.95)$2,734,090.20
July Quarterly[40]July 12, 2013$2,734,090.20$302,457.99$(185,779.63)$2,851,011.56
October Quarterly[41]October 13, 2013$2,851,011.56$304,122.30$(190,582.80)$2,964,551.06
Year End[42]December 31, 2014$2,964,551$186,763$(120,507)$3,030,807
Pre-Primary[43]March 6, 2014$3,030,807$63,767$(91,692)$3,002,882
April Quarterly[44]April 15, 2014$3,002,882$250,595$(48,292)$3,205,185
July Quarterly[45]July 15, 2014$3,205,185.00$325,934.00$(173,931.00)$3,373,057.00
Running totals
$2,150,406.05$(891,968.38)

2012

Breakdown of the source of Schock's campaign funds before the 2012 election.

Shock won re-election to the U.S. House in 2012. During that election cycle, Shock's campaign committee raised a total of $3,220,549 and spent $2,164,695.[46] This is more than the average $1.5 million spent by House winners in 2012.[47]

Cost per vote

Schock spent $8.85 per vote received in 2012.

2010

Breakdown of the source of Schock's campaign funds before the 2010 election.

Schock won re-election to the U.S. House of Representatives in 2010. During that re-election cycle, Schock's campaign committee raised a total of $2,300,387 and spent $1,303,848 .[48]

Personal Gain Index

Congressional Personal Gain Index graphic.png
See also: Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress)

The Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress) is a four-part measurement that illustrates the extent to which members of the U.S. Congress have prospered during their tenure as public servants.
It consists of four different metrics:

PGI: Change in net worth

See also: Changes in Net Worth of U.S. Senators and Representatives (Personal Gain Index) and Net worth of United States Senators and Representatives
Net Worth Metric graphic.png

Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by OpenSecrets.org, Schock's net worth as of 2012 was estimated between $-114,911 and $1,185,085. That averages to $535,087, which is lower than the average net worth of Republican representatives in 2012 of $6,956,438.47. Schock ranked as the 261st most wealthy representative in 2012.[49] Between 2007 and 2012, Schock's calculated net worth[50] increased by an average of 11 percent per year. Between 2004 and 2012, the average annual percentage increase for a member of Congress was 15.4 percent.[51]

Aaron Schock Yearly Net Worth
YearAverage Net Worth
2007$348,879
2012$535,087
Growth from 2007 to 2012:53%
Average annual growth:11%[52]
Comparatively, the American citizen experienced a median yearly decline in net worth of -0.94%.[53]
The data used to calculate changes in net worth may include changes resulting from assets gained through marriage, inheritance, changes in family estates and/or trusts, changes in family business ownership and many other variables unrelated to a member's behavior in Congress.

Analysis

Ideology and leadership

See also: GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking

Based on an analysis of bill sponsorship by GovTrack, Schock is a "moderate Republican leader," as of July 29, 2014. This was the same rating Schock received in June 2013. [54] {{Find the best|title=

Cannot find HTML file FindTheBest-AaronSchock-IdeologyBreakdownhtmlet>|width=450px}} ===Like-minded colleagues=== The website ''OpenCongress'' tracks the voting records of each member to determine with whom he or she votes most and least often. The results include a member from each party.<ref>[http:www.opencongress.orgpeopleshow412314_Aaron_Schock ''OpenCongress'', "Rep. Aaron Schock," accessed July 29, 2014]<ref> {{col-begin}} {{col-break}} Schock most often votes with: *{{reddot}} [[Adam Kinzinger]] *{{bluedot}} [[Jim Matheson]] {{col-break}} Schock least often votes with: *{{reddot}} [[Walter Jones]] *{{bluedot}} [[Barbara Lee]] {{col-end}} ===National Journal vote ratings=== :: ''See also: [[National Journal vote ratings]]'' Each year ''National Journal'' publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted in the previous year. ====2013==== Schock ranked 183rd in the liberal rankings in 2013.<ref>[http:www.nationaljournal.com2013-vote-ratings ''National Journal'', "2013 Congressional Vote Ratings," accessed July 29, 2014]<ref> ====2012==== Schock ranked 205th in the conservative rankings in 2012.<ref>[http:www.nationaljournal.com2012-vote-ratings ''National Journal'', "2012 Congressional Vote Ratings," accessed February 27, 2013]<ref> ====2011==== Schock ranked 189th in the conservative rankings in 2011.<ref>[http:www.nationaljournal.comvoteratings2011searchable-vote-ratings-tables-house-20120223 ''National Journal'', "Searchable Vote Ratings Tables: House," accessed February 23, 2012]<ref> ===Voting with party=== The website ''OpenCongress'' tracks how often members of Congress vote with the majority of the chamber caucus. ====2014==== {{Congress vote percent |name=Schock |party=Republican |percent=93.4 percent |rank=151st |total=234 |chamber=House |year=July 2014 |RHouse=Y }} ====2013==== {{Congress vote percent |name=Schock |party=Republican |percent=96.2 percent |rank=122nd |total=233 |chamber=House |year= June 2013 |RHouse=Y }} ===Lifetime voting record=== ::''See also: [[Lifetime voting records of United States Senators and Representatives]]'' According to the website ''GovTrack,'' Schock missed 213 of 4,358 roll call votes from January 2009 to July 2014. This amounts to 4.9 percent, which is worse than the median of 2.5 percent among current congressional representatives as of July 2014.<ref>[http:www.govtrack.uscongressmembersaaron_schock412314 ''GovTrack'', "Aaron Schock," accessed July 29, 2014]<ref> ===Congressional staff salaries=== ::''See also: [[Staff salaries of United States Senators and Representatives]]'' The website ''Legistorm'' compiles staff salary information for members of Congress. Schock paid his congressional staff a total of $1,018,767 in 2011. He ranked 34th on the list of the highest paid Republican representative staff salaries and ranked 141st overall of the highest paid representative staff salaries in 2011. Overall, [[Illinois]] ranked 46th in average salary for representative staff. The average [[U.S. House of Representatives]] congressional staff was paid $954,912.20 in fiscal year 2011.<ref>[http:www.legistorm.commember949Rep_Aaron_Schock.html ''LegiStorm'', "Aaron Schock," accessed 2012]<ref> ==Personal== Schock resides in Peoria, [[Illinois|IL]].<ref name="biography"> ===Sexual preference=== In a post on Facebook on January 3, 2014, journalist Itay Hod, without directly naming Schock, implied that he was gay.<ref>[https:www.facebook.comiamitayhodposts10153719602440624 ''Facebook'', "Itay Hod," accessed January 6, 2014]<ref> In the post Hod wrote: "Here's a hypothetical: what if you know a certain GOP congressman, let's just say from Illinois, is gay... and you know this because one of your friends, a journalist for a reputable network, told you in no uncertain terms that he caught that GOP congressman and his male roommate in the shower... together. now they could have been good friends just trying to conserve water. but there's more. what if this congressman has also been caught by tmz cameras trolling gay bars. now what if you know that this very same guy, the darling of the gop, has also voted against repeal of don’t ask don’t tell, opposed the repeal of doma, is against gay marriage; and for the federal marriage amendment, which would add language to the us constitution banning gay marriage and would likely strike down every gay rights law and ordinance in the country?"<ref>[http:www.huffingtonpost.com20140104aaron-schock-outed_n_4542133.html?ir=Gay+Voices ''Huffington Post'', "Aaron Schock Outed As Gay By Itay Hod, Journalist, On Facebook?," accessed January 6, 2014]<ref> ==Recent news== This section displays the most recent stories in a Google news search for the term '''Aaron + Schock + Illinois + House''' :''All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.'' {{RSS|feed=http:news.google.comnews?hl=en&gl=us&q=Aaron+Schock+Illinois+Congress&um=1&ie=UTF-8&output=rss|template=slpfeed|max=10|title=Aaron Schock News Feed}} ==See also== *[[Illinois]] *[[United States congressional delegations from Illinois]] *[[United States House of Representatives]] *[[Illinois' 18th Congressional District]] ==External links== {{submit a conglink}} *[http:schock.house.gov Official House website] *[http:aaronschock.com Official campaign website] {{CongLinks | fb = | flickr = | twitter = repaaronschock | linked = | youtube = repaaronschock | congbio = S001179 | nndb = 648000180108 | wikipedia = Aaron_Schock | govtrack = 412314 | natjournal = 446 | opencong = 412314 | votesmart = 33428 | rollcall = 27815 | merge = IL18 | fec = H8IL18043 | opensecrets = N00029273 | followthemoney = 4945 | legistorm = 949Rep_Aaron_Schock.html | assets = aaron-schock | ontheissues = ILAaron_Schock.htm | congress = aaron-schock1920 | cspan = 1030003 | rose = | imdb = nm3278856 | bloomberg = | nyt = saaron_schock | wsj = | washpo = gIQAh1zkMP }} ==References== {{reflist}} {{start box}} {{s-off}} {{succession box | before = Ray LaHood | title = [[U.S. House of Representatives]] - Illinois, District 18 | years = 2009–Present | after = }} {{succession box | before = | title = [[Illinois House of Representatives]], District 92 | years = 2005-2009 | after = }} {{succession box | before = | title = Peoria, [[Illinois]], School Board | years = 2001-2005 | after = }} {{end box}} {{Illinois congress}} {{Illinois}} {{congcandidate|Year=2012|Status=incumbent|Chamber=U.S. House|Primary=W|General=W}} [[category:Current member, U.S. House]] [[category:U.S. House, Illinois]] [[category:Illinois]] [[category: 112th Congress]] [[Category:113th Congress]] [[category:Republican Party]] [[Category:Congress test pages, 2012]] <--2014 categories--> {{congcandidate|Year=2014|Status=incumbent|Chamber=U.S. House|Primary=W|General=Y}}.html

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