Difference between revisions of "Alabama Constitution"

From Ballotpedia
Jump to: navigation, search
m (Text replace - ". <ref " to ".<ref ")
m
Line 1: Line 1:
 
{{ALConstitution}}{{TOCnestright}}
 
{{ALConstitution}}{{TOCnestright}}
  
The '''Alabama Constitution''' is the basic governing document of [[Alabama]].  It was adopted in 1901 and is the sixth [[state constitution|constitution]] that the state has had.<ref name="An Overview of Alabama's Six Constitutions">[http://www.legislature.state.al.us/misc/history/constitutions/constitutions.html ''An Overview of Alabama's Six Constitutions'']</ref>
+
The '''Alabama Constitution''' is the basic governing document of [[Alabama]].  It was adopted in 1901 and is the sixth [[state constitution|constitution]] that the state has had.<ref name="An Overview of Alabama's Six Constitutions">[http://www.legislature.state.al.us/misc/history/constitutions/constitutions.html ''Alabama State Legislature'', "An Overview of Alabama's Six Constitutions", accessed March 25, 2014]</ref>
==Notable features==
+
==Features==
The Alabama Constitution has been amended more than 800 times since 1901 and is the longest constitution in the world.<ref name="Constitutional reform in Alabama">[http://www.encyclopediaofalabama.org/face/Article.jsp?id=h-2925 ''Constitutional reform in Alabama'']</ref>
+
The Alabama Constitution has been amended more than 800 times since 1901 and is the longest constitution in the world.<ref name="Constitutional reform in Alabama">[http://www.encyclopediaofalabama.org/face/Article.jsp?id=h-2925 ''Encyclopedia of Alabama'', "Constitutional reform in Alabama", accessed March 25, 2014]</ref>
  
 
==[[Preamble, Alabama Constitution|Preamble]]==
 
==[[Preamble, Alabama Constitution|Preamble]]==
Line 18: Line 18:
 
|}
 
|}
  
==Articles==
+
==[[Article I, Alabama Constitution|Article I: Declaration of Rights]]==
===[[Article I, Alabama Constitution|Article I: Declaration of Rights]]===
+
 
Article I of the Alabama Constitution is entitled Declaration of Rights and consists of 36 sections.  
 
Article I of the Alabama Constitution is entitled Declaration of Rights and consists of 36 sections.  
===[[Article II, Alabama Constitution|Article II: State and County Boundaries]]===
+
==[[Article II, Alabama Constitution|Article II: State and County Boundaries]]==
 
Article II of the Alabama Constitution is entitled State and County Boundaries and consists of five sections.  
 
Article II of the Alabama Constitution is entitled State and County Boundaries and consists of five sections.  
===[[Article III, Alabama Constitution|Article III: Distribution of Powers of Government]]===
+
==[[Article III, Alabama Constitution|Article III: Distribution of Powers of Government]]==
 
Article III of the Alabama Constitution is entitled Distribution of Powers of Government and consists of two sections.  
 
Article III of the Alabama Constitution is entitled Distribution of Powers of Government and consists of two sections.  
===[[Article IV, Alabama Constitution|Article IV: Legislative Department]]===
+
==[[Article IV, Alabama Constitution|Article IV: Legislative Department]]==
 
Article IV of the Alabama Constitution is entitled Legislative Department and consists of 68 sections.  
 
Article IV of the Alabama Constitution is entitled Legislative Department and consists of 68 sections.  
===[[Article V, Alabama Constitution|Article V: Executive Department]]===
+
==[[Article V, Alabama Constitution|Article V: Executive Department]]==
 
Article V of the Alabama Constitution is entitled Executive Department and consists of 27 sections.  
 
Article V of the Alabama Constitution is entitled Executive Department and consists of 27 sections.  
===[[Article VI, Alabama Constitution|Article VI: Judicial Department]]===
+
==[[Article VI, Alabama Constitution|Article VI: Judicial Department]]==
 
Article VI of the Alabama Constitution is entitled Judicial Department and consists of 34 sections.  
 
Article VI of the Alabama Constitution is entitled Judicial Department and consists of 34 sections.  
===[[Article VII, Alabama Constitution|Article VII: Impeachments]]===
+
==[[Article VII, Alabama Constitution|Article VII: Impeachments]]==
 
Article VII of the Alabama Constitution is entitled Impeachments and consists of four sections.
 
Article VII of the Alabama Constitution is entitled Impeachments and consists of four sections.
===[[Article VIII, Alabama Constitution|Article VIII: Suffrage and Elections]]===
+
==[[Article VIII, Alabama Constitution|Article VIII: Suffrage and Elections]]==
 
Article VIII of the Alabama Constitution is entitled Suffrage and Elections and consists of 20 sections.  
 
Article VIII of the Alabama Constitution is entitled Suffrage and Elections and consists of 20 sections.  
===[[Article IX, Alabama Constitution|Article IX: Representation]]===
+
==[[Article IX, Alabama Constitution|Article IX: Representation]]==
 
Article IX of the Alabama Constitution is entitled Representation and consists of seven sections.  
 
Article IX of the Alabama Constitution is entitled Representation and consists of seven sections.  
===[[Article X, Alabama Constitution|Article X: Exemptions]]===
+
==[[Article X, Alabama Constitution|Article X: Exemptions]]==
 
Article X of the Alabama Constitution is entitled Exemptions and consists of seven sections.  
 
Article X of the Alabama Constitution is entitled Exemptions and consists of seven sections.  
===[[Article XI, Alabama Constitution|Article XI: Taxation]]===
+
==[[Article XI, Alabama Constitution|Article XI: Taxation]]==
 
Article XI of the Alabama Constitution is entitled Taxation and consists of nine sections.  
 
Article XI of the Alabama Constitution is entitled Taxation and consists of nine sections.  
===[[Article XII, Alabama Constitution|Article XII: Corporations]]===
+
==[[Article XII, Alabama Constitution|Article XII: Corporations]]==
 
Article XII of the Alabama Constitution is entitled Corporations and consists of 26 sections.  
 
Article XII of the Alabama Constitution is entitled Corporations and consists of 26 sections.  
===[[Article XIII, Alabama Constitution|Article XIII: Banks and Banking]]===
+
==[[Article XIII, Alabama Constitution|Article XIII: Banks and Banking]]==
 
Article XIII of the Alabama Constitution is entitled Banks and Banking and consists of nine sections.  
 
Article XIII of the Alabama Constitution is entitled Banks and Banking and consists of nine sections.  
===[[Article XIV, Alabama Constitution|Article XIV: Education]]===
+
==[[Article XIV, Alabama Constitution|Article XIV: Education]]==
 
Article XIV of the Alabama Constitution is entitled Education and consists of 15 sections.  
 
Article XIV of the Alabama Constitution is entitled Education and consists of 15 sections.  
===[[Article XV, Alabama Constitution|Article XV: Militia]]===
+
==[[Article XV, Alabama Constitution|Article XV: Militia]]==
 
Article XV of the Alabama Constitution is entitled Militia and consists of eight sections.  
 
Article XV of the Alabama Constitution is entitled Militia and consists of eight sections.  
===[[Article XVI, Alabama Constitution|Article XVI: Oath of Office]]===
+
==[[Article XVI, Alabama Constitution|Article XVI: Oath of Office]]==
 
Article XVI of the Alabama Constitution is entitled Oath of Office and consists of one sections.  
 
Article XVI of the Alabama Constitution is entitled Oath of Office and consists of one sections.  
===[[Article XVII, Alabama Constitution|Article XVII: Miscellaneous Provisions]]===
+
==[[Article XVII, Alabama Constitution|Article XVII: Miscellaneous Provisions]]==
 
Article XVII of the Alabama Constitution is entitled Miscellaneous Provisions and consists of four sections.  
 
Article XVII of the Alabama Constitution is entitled Miscellaneous Provisions and consists of four sections.  
===[[Article XVIII, Alabama Constitution|Article XVIII: Mode of Amending the Constitution]]===
+
==[[Article XVIII, Alabama Constitution|Article XVIII: Mode of Amending the Constitution]]==
 
Article XVIII of the Alabama Constitution is labeled Mode of Amending the Constitution. It has four sections (Sections 284, 285, 286 and 287) which taken together lay out the ways in which the Alabama Constitution can go through the process of constitutional amendment.  
 
Article XVIII of the Alabama Constitution is labeled Mode of Amending the Constitution. It has four sections (Sections 284, 285, 286 and 287) which taken together lay out the ways in which the Alabama Constitution can go through the process of constitutional amendment.  
  
Line 65: Line 64:
 
:*Amendments can be voted on either at the next general election, or at a special election date determined by the [[Alabama State Legislature|state legislature]].  Any such special elections must take place "not less than" three months after the final adjournment of the session of the legislature during which the amendment(s) was proposed.
 
:*Amendments can be voted on either at the next general election, or at a special election date determined by the [[Alabama State Legislature|state legislature]].  Any such special elections must take place "not less than" three months after the final adjournment of the session of the legislature during which the amendment(s) was proposed.
 
:*Notice of the fact that an election on a proposed amendment is going to take place must be published in each county of the state for at least eight successive weeks prior to the election.
 
:*Notice of the fact that an election on a proposed amendment is going to take place must be published in each county of the state for at least eight successive weeks prior to the election.
* If both chambers of the state legislature agree by a simple majority vote, then a ballot question about whether to have a statewide [[constitutional convention]] can be placed on the ballot; if that question is approved by a majority of those voting in that election, then a constitutional convention will be called.<ref>[http://www.judicialselection.us/judicial_selection/reform_efforts/altering_selection_methods.cfm?state=AL ''Reform efforts in Alabama'']</ref>
+
* If both chambers of the state legislature agree by a simple majority vote, then a ballot question about whether to have a statewide [[constitutional convention]] can be placed on the ballot; if that question is approved by a majority of those voting in that election, then a constitutional convention will be called.<ref>[http://www.judicialselection.us/judicial_selection/reform_efforts/altering_selection_methods.cfm?state=AL ''Judicial Selection.us'', "Reform efforts in Alabama", accessed March 25, 2014]</ref>
  
 
==[[Amendments, Alabama Constitution|Amendments]]==
 
==[[Amendments, Alabama Constitution|Amendments]]==

Revision as of 18:53, 25 March 2014

Alabama Constitution
Seal of Alabama.png
Preamble
Articles
IIIIIIIVVVIVIIVIIIIXXXIXIIXIIIXIVXVXVIXVIIXVIII
Amendments

The Alabama Constitution is the basic governing document of Alabama. It was adopted in 1901 and is the sixth constitution that the state has had.[1]

Features

The Alabama Constitution has been amended more than 800 times since 1901 and is the longest constitution in the world.[2]

Preamble

See also: Preambles to state constitutions

The Preamble of the Alabama Constitution states:

We the people of the State of Alabama, invoking the favor and guidance of Almighty God, do ordain and establish the following Constitution.

Article I: Declaration of Rights

Article I of the Alabama Constitution is entitled Declaration of Rights and consists of 36 sections.

Article II: State and County Boundaries

Article II of the Alabama Constitution is entitled State and County Boundaries and consists of five sections.

Article III: Distribution of Powers of Government

Article III of the Alabama Constitution is entitled Distribution of Powers of Government and consists of two sections.

Article IV: Legislative Department

Article IV of the Alabama Constitution is entitled Legislative Department and consists of 68 sections.

Article V: Executive Department

Article V of the Alabama Constitution is entitled Executive Department and consists of 27 sections.

Article VI: Judicial Department

Article VI of the Alabama Constitution is entitled Judicial Department and consists of 34 sections.

Article VII: Impeachments

Article VII of the Alabama Constitution is entitled Impeachments and consists of four sections.

Article VIII: Suffrage and Elections

Article VIII of the Alabama Constitution is entitled Suffrage and Elections and consists of 20 sections.

Article IX: Representation

Article IX of the Alabama Constitution is entitled Representation and consists of seven sections.

Article X: Exemptions

Article X of the Alabama Constitution is entitled Exemptions and consists of seven sections.

Article XI: Taxation

Article XI of the Alabama Constitution is entitled Taxation and consists of nine sections.

Article XII: Corporations

Article XII of the Alabama Constitution is entitled Corporations and consists of 26 sections.

Article XIII: Banks and Banking

Article XIII of the Alabama Constitution is entitled Banks and Banking and consists of nine sections.

Article XIV: Education

Article XIV of the Alabama Constitution is entitled Education and consists of 15 sections.

Article XV: Militia

Article XV of the Alabama Constitution is entitled Militia and consists of eight sections.

Article XVI: Oath of Office

Article XVI of the Alabama Constitution is entitled Oath of Office and consists of one sections.

Article XVII: Miscellaneous Provisions

Article XVII of the Alabama Constitution is entitled Miscellaneous Provisions and consists of four sections.

Article XVIII: Mode of Amending the Constitution

Article XVIII of the Alabama Constitution is labeled Mode of Amending the Constitution. It has four sections (Sections 284, 285, 286 and 287) which taken together lay out the ways in which the Alabama Constitution can go through the process of constitutional amendment.

Amending state constitutions

See also: Laws governing ballot measures in Alabama and Laws governing ballot measures in Alabama

Article XVIII of the Alabama Constitution defines two ways to amend the state constitution:

  • If both houses of the Alabama State Legislature by a three-fifths (60%) vote agree, then a proposed constitutional amendment shall go on a statewide election ballot. If that amendment is approved by a simple majority of those voting in that election, it becomes part of the constitution.
  • Amendments can initiate in either the Alabama State Senate or the Alabama House of Representatives.
  • Amendments can be voted on either at the next general election, or at a special election date determined by the state legislature. Any such special elections must take place "not less than" three months after the final adjournment of the session of the legislature during which the amendment(s) was proposed.
  • Notice of the fact that an election on a proposed amendment is going to take place must be published in each county of the state for at least eight successive weeks prior to the election.
  • If both chambers of the state legislature agree by a simple majority vote, then a ballot question about whether to have a statewide constitutional convention can be placed on the ballot; if that question is approved by a majority of those voting in that election, then a constitutional convention will be called.[3]

Amendments

As of January 2014, there were 880 amendments to the state of Alabama's Constitution. See a list of amendments to Alabama's constitution here.

History

Alabama has had six constitutions to date, all established via State Conventions: 1819 (Converting Alabama Territory into a State), 1861 (Secession), 1865 (Reconstruction), 1868 (Ending reconstruction), 1875 and the current 1901 constitution.[1] Many of the original provisions that were blatantly racist or were aimed at disenfranchising black and poor white voters have been removed, and current efforts focus on repealing provisions that prevent counties from deciding issues of local importance and cripple economic development and on reforming burdensome tax policies. The document, having been amended more than 800 times, remains the longest in the world, containing numerous detailed provisions not found in any other constitution.[2]

See also

StateConstitutions Ballotpedia.jpg

External links

BallotpediaAvatar bigger.png
Suggest a link

Further reading

References