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|Chamber = Alabama House of Representatives

Revision as of 15:51, 25 August 2014

Alabama House of Representatives

Alabama State Senate Seal.jpg
General Information
Type:   Lower house
Term limits:   None
2015 session start:   January 14, 2014
Website:   Official House Page
House Speaker:  Mike Hubbard (R)
Majority Leader:   Micky Hammon (R)
Minority Leader:   Craig Ford (D)
Members:  105
   Independent (1)
Vacant (1)
Length of term:   4 years
Authority:   Art IV, Alabama Constitution
Salary:   $10/day + $4,308/month
Last Election:  November 2, 2010 (105 seats)
Next election:  November 4, 2014 (105 seats)
Redistricting:  Alabama Legislature has control
Meeting place:

The Alabama House of Representatives is the lower house of the Alabama State Legislature. There are 105 members to the Assembly, representing a relatively equal amount of constituencies. Each member represents an average of 45,521 residents, as of the 2010 Census.[1] After the 2000 census, each member represented about 42,353 residents.[2]

Elected officials are not subjected to term limits and Alabama House members are one of only five lower house officials in the United States that are elected every four years. The majority of state legislatures abide by the model set in place by the U.S. House of Representatives, which are two-year terms.

As of April 2015, Alabama is one of 23 Republican state government trifectas.

See also: Alabama State Legislature, Alabama State Senate, Alabama Governor


Section 48 of Article IV of the Alabama Constitution initially set the rules for the timing and length of sessions for the Alabama State Legislature, which the House is a part of. However, these rules have been changed by state statute.

The Alabama Legislature convenes in regular annual sessions on the first Tuesday in February, except during the first year of the four-year term, when the session begins on the first Tuesday in March. In the last year of a four-year term, the legislative session begins on the second Tuesday in January. The length of the regular session is limited to 30 meeting days within a period of 105 calendar days. There are usually two meeting or "legislative" days per week, with other days devoted to committee meetings.

The Governor of Alabama can call, by proclamation, special sessions of the Alabama legislature. The governor must list the subjects on which legislation will be debated upon. These sessions are limited to 12 legislative days within a 30 calendar day span. In a regular session, bills may be enacted on any subject. In a special session, legislation must be enacted only on those subjects which the governor announces on their proclamation or "call." Anything not in the "call" requires a two-thirds vote of each house to be enacted.[3]

The Alabama Legislature has a constitutional session length limit of 105 calendar days.


See also: Dates of 2014 state legislative sessions

In 2014, the Legislature was in session from January 14 through April 4.

Major issues

Major issues during the 2014 legislative session included creating a new budget, a pay raise for teachers, Common Core and banning legislators from serving as lobbyists immediately following their departure.[4]


See also: Dates of 2013 state legislative sessions

In 2013, the Legislature was in session from February 5 through May 20.

Major issues

Major issues during the 2013 legislative session included the general fund, maintaining Medicaid, raises for teachers, giving schools more flexibility over state policies, and gun laws.[5] Heading into the session, the general fund was estimated to be $200 million short of requests.


See also: Dates of 2012 state legislative sessions

In 2012, the legislature was in regular session from February 7 through May 16. It held a special session from May 17 through May 24 to address redistricting.[6]


See also: Dates of 2011 state legislative sessions

In 2011, the Legislature was in session from March 1 through June 9.[7]


See also: Dates of 2010 state legislative sessions

In 2010, the House of Representatives was in session from January 12 through April 12.

Role in state budget

See also: Alabama state budget

The state operates on an annual budget cycle. Alabama's fiscal year runs from October 1 and ends September 30 of the following year. The sequence of key events in the budget process is as follows:[8][9]

  1. In September of the year preceding the start of the new fiscal year, budget instructions are sent to state agencies.
  2. In November, agencies submit their budget requests to the governor.
  3. Budget hearings are held with state agencies in January.
  4. By the second legislative day of each regular session of the legislature, the governor must submit his or her proposed budget to the state legislature. These dates vary from session to session, occurring as early as January and as late as March.
  5. The legislature must pass a budget with a simple majority. The fiscal year begins in October.

The governor is required to submit a balanced budget to the legislature. In turn, the legislature must pass a balanced budget.[9]

Alabama is one of 44 states in which the governor has line item veto authority.[9][10][9]

Cost-benefit analyses

See also: Pew-MacArthur Results First Initiative Cost-Benefit Study
Map showing results of the Pew-MacArthur cost-benefit study.

The Pew-MacArthur Results First Initiative released a report in July 2013 indicating that cost-benefit analysis in policymaking led to more effective uses of public funds. Looking at data from 2008 through 2011, the study's authors found that some states were more likely to use cost-benefit analysis, while others were facing challenges and lagging behind the rest of the nation. The challenges states faced included a lack of time, money and technical skills needed to conduct comprehensive cost-benefit analyses. Alabama was one of 29 states with mixed results regarding the frequency and effectiveness in its use of cost-benefit analysis.[11]

Ethics and transparency

Following the Money report

See also: "Following the Money" report, 2014

The U.S. Public Interest Research Group, a consumer-focused nonprofit organization based in Washington, D.C., released its annual report on state transparency websites in April 2014. The report, entitled "Following the Money," measured how transparent and accountable state websites are with regard to state government spending.[12] According to the report, Alabama received a grade of D and a numerical score of 55, indicating that Alabama was "lagging" in terms of transparency regarding state spending.[12]

Open States Transparency

See also: Open States' Legislative Data Report Card

The Sunlight Foundation released an "Open Legislative Data Report Card" in March 2013. Alabama was given a grade of F in the report. The report card evaluated how adequate, complete and accessible legislative data was to the general public. A total of 10 states received an A: Arkansas, Connecticut, Georgia, Kansas, New Hampshire, New York, North Carolina, Texas, Virginia and Washington.[13]



See also: Alabama House of Representatives elections, 2014

Elections for the office of Alabama House of Representatives took place in 2014. A primary election took place on June 3, 2014; a runoff election took place where necessary on July 15, 2014. The general election was held on November 4, 2014. The signature-filing deadline for candidates wishing to run in this election was February 7, 2014.


See also: Alabama House of Representatives elections, 2010

Elections for the office of Alabama State Representative were held in Alabama on November 2, 2010. State house seats in all 105 districts were on the ballot in 2010.

The signature-filing deadline for candidates wishing to run in these elections was April 2, 2010, and the primary Election Day was June 1, 2010.

During the 2010 election, the total value of contributions to House candidates was $19,792,124. The top 10 contributors were:[14]

2010 Donors, Alabama House of Representatives
Donor Amount
Alabama Republican Party $1,170,549
Alabama Education Association $1,097,446
Business Council of Alabama $716,500
Alabama Farmers Federation $597,594
Charles Bishop $502,000
Alabama Democratic Party $385,421
Alabama Association of Realtors $340,772
136 Years PAC $330,728
Alabama State Employees Association $277,600
NETPAC $215,500


See also: Alabama House of Representatives elections, 2006

Elections for the office of Alabama House of Representatives consisted of a primary election on June 6, 2006 and a general election on November 7, 2006.

During the 2006 election, the total value of contributions to House candidates was $17,109,524. The top 10 contributors were:[15]


See also: Alabama House of Representatives elections, 2002

Elections for the office of Alabama House of Representatives consisted of a primary election on June 4, 2002 and a general election on November 5, 2002.

During the 2002 election, the total value of contributions to House candidates was $12,397,003. The top 10 contributors were:[16]


Members of the House must be 21 at the time of their election, must be citizens and residents of the State of Alabama for at least 3 years and residents of their district at least one year prior to election.[17]


See also: How vacancies are filled in state legislatures
How Vacancies are filled in State Legislatures
NevadaMassachusettsColoradoNew MexicoWyomingArizonaMontanaCaliforniaOregonWashingtonIdahoTexasOklahomaKansasNebraskaSouth DakotaNorth DakotaMinnesotaIowaMissouriArkansasLouisianaMississippiAlabamaGeorgiaFloridaSouth CarolinaIllinoisWisconsinTennesseeNorth CarolinaIndianaOhioKentuckyPennsylvaniaNew JerseyNew YorkVermontVermontNew HampshireMaineWest VirginiaVirginiaMarylandMarylandConnecticutConnecticutDelawareDelawareRhode IslandRhode IslandMassachusettsNew HampshireMichiganMichiganAlaskaVacancy fulfillment map.png

If there is a vacancy in the House, a special election must be conducted in order to fill the vacant seat. The Governor must call for a special election if the vacancy happened before next scheduled general election and the House is in session.[18][19] The Governor has all discretion in setting the date of the election along with nominating deadlines.[19]


See also: Redistricting in Alabama

The Alabama Legislative Committee on Reapportionment is responsible for drafting plans for redistricting in the state House and Senate.

2010 census

Census date was shipped to Alabama on February 23, 2011. The state population increased by over 300,000 residents (~7.5%).[20] 2011 was the first year in which the state's redistricting process was done using a GIS online platform.[21] The legislative maps, however, were not worked on until May 2012, and Republicans were in charge of the process for the first time since Reconstruction. Maps for both chambers were passed in a controversial special session, in which a final vote was taken in the Senate without a reading of the bill originated in the House. It next went to Gov. Robert Bentley (R) for his signature, and then had to be approved by the U.S. Justice Department.[22]


Partisan composition

See also: Partisan composition of state houses
Party As of April 2015
     Democratic Party 33
     Republican Party 72
Total 105

The chart below shows the partisan composition of the Alabama State House of Representatives from 1992-2013.
Partisan composition of the Alabama State House.PNG


The Speaker of the House is the presiding officer of the body. Duties of the Speaker include preserving order and decorum and appointing all committee and subcommittee members.[23]

Current leadership

Current Leadership, Alabama House of Representatives
Office Representative Party
Speaker of the House Mike Hubbard Ends.png Republican
State House Majority Leader Micky Hammon Ends.png Republican
State House Minority Leader Craig Ford Electiondot.png Democratic


See also: Comparison of state legislative salaries

As of 2013, members of the Alabama legislature are paid $10/day plus $4,308/month plus $50/day for three days during each week that the legislature actually meets during any session.[24]


Alabama does not provide pensions for legislators.[25]

When sworn in

See also: When state legislators assume office after a general election

Alabama's state representatives assume office on midnight of the day that they are elected.[17]

Current members

Alabama State Capitol in Montgomery
Current members, Alabama House of Representatives
District Representative Party Assumed office
1 Greg Burdine Electiondot.png Democratic 2010
2 Lynn Greer Ends.png Republican 2010
3 Marcel Black Electiondot.png Democratic 1990
4 Micky Hammon Ends.png Republican 2002
5 Dan Williams Ends.png Republican 2010
6 Phil Williams Ends.png Republican 2009
7 Ken Johnson Ends.png Republican 2010
8 Terri Collins Ends.png Republican 2010
9 Ed Henry Ends.png Republican 2010
10 Mike Ball Ends.png Republican 2002
11 Randall Shedd Ends.png Republican 2013
12 Mac Buttram Ends.png Republican 2010
13 Bill Roberts Ends.png Republican 2010
14 Richard Baughn Ends.png Republican 2010
15 Allen Farley Ends.png Republican 2010
16 Daniel H. Boman Electiondot.png Democratic 2010
17 Mike Millican Ends.png Republican 1990
18 Johnny Mack Morrow Electiondot.png Democratic 1990
19 Laura Hall Electiondot.png Democratic 1992
20 Howard Sanderford Ends.png Republican 1988
21 Jim Patterson Ends.png Republican 2010
22 Wayne Johnson Ends.png Republican 2010
23 John Robinson Electiondot.png Democratic 1994
24 Todd Greeson Ends.png Republican 1998
25 Mac McCutcheon Ends.png Republican 2006
26 Kerry Rich Ends.png Republican 2010
27 Wes Long Ends.png Republican 2010
28 Craig Ford Electiondot.png Democratic 2000
29 Becky Nordgren Ends.png Republican 2010
30 Mack Butler Ends.png Republican 2012
31 Mike Holmes Ends.png Republican 2014
32 Barbara Boyd Electiondot.png Democratic 1994
33 Ronald Johnson Ends.png Republican 1978
34 David Standridge Ends.png Republican 2012
35 Steve Hurst Ends.png Republican 1998
36 Randy Wood Ends.png Republican 2002
37 Richard Laird Grey.png Nonpartisan 1978
38 DuWayne Bridges Ends.png Republican 2000
39 Richard Lindsey Electiondot.png Democratic 1982
40 K.L. Brown Ends.png Republican 2010
41 Mike Hill Ends.png Republican 1986
42 Kurt Wallace Ends.png Republican 2010
43 Mary Sue McClurkin Ends.png Republican 1998
44 Arthur Payne Ends.png Republican 1978
45 Dickie Drake Ends.png Republican 2011
46 Paul DeMarco Ends.png Republican 2005
47 Jack Williams Ends.png Republican 2004
48 Jim Carns Ends.png Republican 2011
49 April Weaver Ends.png Republican 2010
50 Jim McClendon Ends.png Republican 2002
51 Allen Treadaway Ends.png Republican 2006
52 John Rogers Electiondot.png Democratic 1982
53 Anthony "Alann" Johnson Electiondot.png Democratic 2014
54 Patricia Todd Electiondot.png Democratic 2006
55 Rod Scott Electiondot.png Democratic 2006
56 Lawrence McAdory Electiondot.png Democratic 2009
57 Merika Coleman-Evans Electiondot.png Democratic 2002
58 Oliver Robinson Electiondot.png Democratic 1998
59 Mary Moore Electiondot.png Democratic 2002
60 Juandalynn Givan Electiondot.png Democratic 2010
61 Alan Harper Ends.png Republican 2006
62 John Merrill Ends.png Republican 2010
63 Bill Poole Ends.png Republican 2010
64 Harry Shiver Ends.png Republican 2006
65 Elaine Beech Electiondot.png Democratic 2009
66 Alan Baker Ends.png Republican 2006
67 Darrio Melton Electiondot.png Democratic 2010
68 Thomas Jackson Electiondot.png Democratic 1994
69 David Colston Electiondot.png Democratic 2010
70 Christopher J. England Electiondot.png Democratic 2006
71 Artis J. McCampbell Electiondot.png Democratic 2006
72 Ralph Anthony Howard Electiondot.png Democratic 2005
73 Joseph Lister Hubbard Electiondot.png Democratic 2010
74 Dimitri Polizos Ends.png Republican 2013
75 Vacant
76 Thad McClammy Electiondot.png Democratic 1994
77 John Knight Electiondot.png Democratic 1992
78 Alvin Holmes Electiondot.png Democratic 1974
79 Mike Hubbard Ends.png Republican 1998
80 Lesley Vance Ends.png Republican 2006
81 Mark M. Tuggle Ends.png Republican 2010
82 Pebblin Warren Electiondot.png Democratic 2005
83 George Bandy Electiondot.png Democratic 1994
84 Berry Forte Electiondot.png Democratic 2010
85 Dexter Grimsley Electiondot.png Democratic 2010
86 Paul Lee Ends.png Republican 2010
87 Donnie Chesteen Ends.png Republican 2010
88 Paul Beckman Ends.png Republican 2010
89 Alan Boothe Ends.png Republican 1998
90 Charles Newton Electiondot.png Democratic 1988
91 Barry Moore Ends.png Republican 2010
92 Mike Jones, Jr. Ends.png Republican 2010
93 Steve Clouse Ends.png Republican 1994
94 Joe Faust Ends.png Republican 2004
95 Steve McMillan Ends.png Republican 1982
96 Randy Davis Ends.png Republican 2002
97 Adline C. Clarke Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
98 Napoleon Bracy, Jr. Electiondot.png Democratic 2010
99 James Buskey Electiondot.png Democratic 1976
100 Victor Gaston Ends.png Republican 1982
101 Jamie Ison Ends.png Republican 2002
102 Chad Fincher Ends.png Republican 2006
103 Joseph C. Mitchell Electiondot.png Democratic 1994
104 Margie Wilcox Ends.png Republican 2014
105 David Sessions Ends.png Republican 2011

Standing committees

The Alabama House of Representatives has 31 standing committees. Per the House Rules, committees of the Alabama House of Representatives are assigned by the Speaker of the House.[26] A majority of appointed members make up a committee's quorum.[27] The Speaker is not recognized as an "ex officio" member of any committee.

DocumentIcon.jpg See rules: House Rules

House of Representatives
SLP badge.png
House Committees
Agriculture and Forestry
Baldwin County Legislation
Boards, Agencies and Commissions
Children and Senior Advocacy
Commerce and Small Business
Constitution, Campaigns and Elections
County and Municipal Government
Economic Development and Tourism
Education Policy
Ethics and Campaign Finance
Financial Services
Internal Affairs
Jefferson County Legislation
Lee County Legislation
Local Legislation
Madison County Legislation
Military and Veterans' Affairs
Mobile County Legislation
Montgomery County Legislation
Public Safety and Homeland Security
Shelby County Legislation
State Government
Technology and Research
Transportation, Utilities and Infrastructure
Tuscaloosa County Legislation
Ways and Means Education
Ways and Means General Fund
Joint Committees
Senate Committees


Partisan balance 1992-2013

Who Runs the States Project
See also: Ballotpedia:Who Runs the States and Ballotpedia:Who Runs the States, Alabama

From 1992-2013, the Democratic Party was the majority in the Alabama State House of Representatives for 19 years while the Republicans were the majority for three years. The Alabama State House is one of 18 state Houses that was Democratic for more than 80 percent of the years between 1992-2013. Since Alabamans have elected Republican governors since November 2002, the state has had a Republican trifecta as of the November 2010 elections.

Partisan breakdown of the Alabama legislature from 1992-2013

Across the country, there were 577 Democratic and 483 Republican State Houses of Representatives from 1992 to 2013.

Over the course of the 22-year study, state governments became increasingly more partisan. At the outset of the study period (1992), 18 of the 49 states with partisan legislatures had single-party trifectas and 31 states had divided governments. In 2013, only 13 states had divided governments, while single-party trifectas held sway in 36 states, the most in the 22 years studied.

The chart below shows the partisan composition of the Office of the Governor of Alabama, the Alabama State Senate and the Alabama House of Representatives from 1992-2013. Partisan composition of Alabama state government(1992-2013).PNG

SQLI and partisanship

The chart below depicts the partisanship of the Alabama state government and the state's SQLI ranking for the years studied. For the SQLI, the states were ranked from 1-50, with 1 being the best and 50 the worst. Between the years 1993-1994 and 1999-2002, Alabama had Democratic trifectas, and since 2011, Alabama has had a Republican trifecta. In every remaining year between 1992 and 2012, Alabama had a Republican governor with a Democratic legislature. In every year of the study, Alabama ranked in the bottom-10 on the SQLI ranking. Its lowest ranking occurred during the Democratic trifectas of 1999 and 2000 (46th), while the state’s highest ranking occurred during the divided government years of 2005 and 2006.

  • SQLI average with Democratic trifecta: 44.33
  • SQLI average with Republican trifecta: 43.50
  • SQLI average with divided government: 42.83
Chart displaying the partisanship of Alabama government from 1992-2013 and the State Quality of Life Index (SQLI).

External links


  1. U.S. Census Bureau, "Population in 2010 of the American states," accessed January 6, 2014
  2. U.S. Census Bureau, "States Ranked by Population: 2000," April 2, 2001
  3. Alabama State Legislature, "Visitor's Guide to the Alabama Legislature," accessed May 15, 2014
  4. blog.al.com, "Seven issues to watch in the 2014 legislative session," January 12, 2014
  5. AL.com, "Alabama Legislature 2013: 10 hot issues to watch in the upcoming session," February 2, 2013
  6. WAAY, "Alabama Legislature passes redistricting plans," May 24, 2012
  7. South Carolina Policy Council, "50 State Legislative Session Interactive Map," February 2011
  8. National Conference of State Legislatures, "State Experiences with Annual and Biennial Budgeting," updated April 2011
  9. 9.0 9.1 9.2 9.3 National Association of State Budget Officers, "Budget Processes in the States, Summer 2008," accessed February 21, 2014
  10. NCSL "Gubernatorial Veto Authority with Respect to Major Budget Bill(s)," accessed March 2, 2014
  11. Pew Charitable Trusts, "States’ Use of Cost-Benefit Analysis," July 29, 2013
  12. 12.0 12.1 U.S. Public Interest Research Group, "Following the Money 2014 Report," accessed April 15, 2014
  13. Sunlight Foundation, "Ten Principles for Opening Up Government Information," accessed June 16, 2013
  14. Follow the Money, "Alabama House of Representatives 2010 Campaign Contributions," accessed May 15, 2014
  15. Follow the Money, "Alabama 2006 Candidates," accessed April 9, 2013
  16. Follow the Money, "Alabama 2002 Candidates," accessed April 9, 2013
  17. 17.0 17.1 Alabama State Legislature, "The Alabama House of Representatives," accessed December 12, 2013
  18. Alabama State Legislature, "Code of Alabama Section 17-15-1," accessed December 12, 2013
  19. 19.0 19.1 Alabama State Legislature, "Code of Alabama Section 17-15-3," accessed December 12, 2013
  20. News Courier, "Census: Alabama won't gain, lose House seats," December 21, 2010
  21. Geo Community, "Alabama moves its redistricting process to the web," January 20, 2011
  22. WAAY, "Alabama Legislature passes redistricting plans," May 24, 2012
  23. Alabama State Legislature, "Rules Relating to the Presiding Officer," accessed May 15, 2014
  24. NCSL.org, "2012 State Legislator Compensation and Per Diem Table," accessed March 18, 2013
  25. USA Today, "State-by-state: Benefits available to state legislators," September 23, 2011
  26. Alabama State Legislature, "House Rules," accessed January 15, 2014 (Rule 63)
  27. Alabama State Legislature, "House Rules," accessed January 15, 2014 (Rule 70)