Alan Grayson

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Alan Grayson
Alan Grayson.jpg
U.S. House, Florida, District 9
In office
January 3, 2013-Present
Term ends
January 3, 2015
Years in position 2
PredecessorGus M. Bilirakis (R)
Base salary$174,000/year
Elections and appointments
Last electionNovember 6, 2012
Cost per vote$28.10 in 2012
First electedNovember 2007
Next primaryAugust 26, 2014
Next generalNovember 4, 2014
Campaign $$13,902,928
Term limitsN/A
Prior offices
U.S. House, Florida, District 8
Bachelor'sHarvard University
J.D.Harvard University
Date of birthMarch 13, 1958
Place of birthNew York City, New York
Net worth$40,362,024
Office website
Campaign website
Alan Grayson campaign logo


Alan Mark Grayson (b. March 13, 1958, in New York City, New York) is a Democratic member of the United States House of Representatives representing Florida's 9th Congressional District. Grayson won election to the U.S. House on November 6, 2012.[1][2]

Grayson previously served in District 8 of the U.S. House from 2008 to 2010.[3]

In February 2012, the grassroots organization Democracy for America, founded by Howard Dean, named Grayson one of the top 10 progressive candidates in the 2012 U.S. House races.[4]

Grayson is one of nine individuals elected to the U.S. House in 2012 who had prior congressional experience, and one of five House Democrats ousted in 2010 to make a successful comeback bid two years later.[5][6]

He is set to run for re-election to the U.S. House in 2014. If he runs, he will seek the Democratic nomination in the primary election. The general election took place November 4, 2014.

Based on analysis of multiple outside rankings, Grayson is an average Democratic member of Congress, meaning he will vote with the Democratic Party on the majority of bills.



  • PhD, Government, Harvard University
  • MA, Government, Harvard University
  • JD, Harvard University
  • BA, Harvard University


In the early 1990s, Grayson co-founded an internet/telecom company, IDT Corporation, that pioneered discount pricing in the long-distance telecommunications industry.[8][3]

After several years in the telecommunications industry, Grayson returned to the practice of law at his firm, Grayson & Kubli.[3]

Committee assignments

U.S. House


Grayson serves on the following committees:[9][10]



Comparing Tea Party to KKK

See also: BP NEWS: Grayson sends campaign email comparing tea party to KKK

In October 2013, Grayson’s re-election campaign sent out a fundraising email and tweet that compared the tea party movement to the KKK, titled, “The Tea Party: No More Popular Than The Klan.”[11] The email included a graphic image of two Klansmen standing near a giant burning cross. The cross is used to spell out “tea party” in burning flames.[12]

Grayson’s campaign twitter account also tweeted a link to the same email on October 21, 2013, saying: "The Tea Party: “No More Popular Than the Klan.”"[11]

Allen West's response

West commented on Grayson's controversial email and tweet and called on President Barack Obama and other Democratic leaders to condemn Grayson's actions.[13]

“The president came out and started talking about civility in our dialogue. Where is President Obama?” West said on October 22, 2013. “I think that the president should be speaking out about this. He should reprimand and censor Alan Grayson for what he said.”

“Why isn’t [House Minority Leader] Nancy Pelosi speaking out about this? Why isn’t [Democratic National Chairwoman] Debbie Wasserman Schultz or [Senate Majority Leader] Harry Reid?... You know, we continue to hear the use of this extremist language, jihadist language, arsonist, extortionist and now this equating constitutional conservatives, people who just believe in a constitutional way of government to operate, with people who were responsible for lynchings, and horrible things in the South and all across this country,” he added.[13]

"Taliban Dan" ad

During Grayson's 2010 campaign, he aired an ad that referred to his Republican opponent, Daniel Webster, as "Taliban Dan." According to, the ad "used edited video to make his rival appear to be saying the opposite of what he really said."[14]

Death threat and comments about Republicans

In March 2010, Grayson told a radio show host that a woman had called his home and threatened his life over his support for the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. Grayson then compared the Republican Party to Nazis, saying "Well, I think that's what they said about the burning of the Reichstag, if I recall correctly."[15]

Derogatory comment about Linda Robertson

In October 2009, Grayson called Federal Reserve Chairman Ben Bernake's advisor Linda Robertson a "whore." Grayson later apologized, saying, "I offer my sincere apology to Linda Robertson, an adviser to Fed Chairman Ben Bernanke. I did not intend to use a term that is often, and correctly, seen as disrespectful of women.”[16]

Legislative actions

113th Congress

The second session of the 113th Congress enacted into law 114 out of the 3,036 introduced bills (3.8 percent). Comparatively, the 112th Congress had 4.2 percent of introduced bills enacted into law in the second session.[17] For more information pertaining to Grayson's voting record in the 113th Congress, please see the below sections.[18]

National security

American response in Syria
See also: United States involvement in Syria

Grayson outright opposes any intervention in Syria.[19]

"We are not the world's policemen. That is not our responsibility...The secretary certainly overstated the evidence that this was a deliberate decision made by the high command in Syria," said Grayson.[19]

Grayson was referring to Secretary of State John Kerry's comments on August 27, 2013, when he said that evidence "strongly indicates" chemical weapons were used in the attack on a Damascus suburb that reportedly killed and wounded more than 3,000 people. Kerry added, "we know the Syrian regime maintains custody" of such weapons and has the rockets to use them.[19]

"If the United Nations decides to authorize members including the United States to do something about that, then that is a bridge we can cross at that point. But just because the United Nations inspectors would come and say chemical weapons were used, without even identifying whether it was a high command decision on that subject or even who did it, no, that doesn't satisfy me at all," said Grayson.[19]

Grayson said the Obama administration has not explained why a U.S. strike in Syria affects vital American interest. "I think the only people who really want it to happen are the military industrial complex. I just don't understand how this involves us, Americans. The British had estimated the strike will cost Americans billions of dollars ... And at a time when the budgets are so tight, and we're cutting veterans' benefits, and we're cutting education, and we're cutting health care, why are we spending billions of dollars?...I don't know where we got this odd notion that every time we see something bad happen in the world, we should bomb it," said Grayson.[19]

Obama told PBS August 28, 2013, that the situation in Syria does affect the U.S., saying, "You are not only breaking international norms and standards of decency, but you're also creating a situation where U.S. national interests are affected. And that needs to stop."[19]

"I don't see how this tragedy, it's a tragedy, affects U.S. national interests," Grayson said in response, adding that "the highest norm in international law is that you don't attack another country unilaterally without the authorization of the United Nations."[19]

DHS Appropriations

Voted "No" Grayson voted against HR 2217 - the Department of Homeland Security Appropriations Act of 2014. The bill passed the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 245 - 182 and was largely along party lines.[20]

Keystone Pipeline Amendment

Voted "Yes" Grayson voted in favor of House Amendment 69, which would have amended HR 3 to "require that the Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration, in consultation with the Department of Homeland Security, conduct a study of the vulnerabilities of the Keystone XL pipeline to a terrorist attack and certify that necessary protections have been put in place." The amendment failed on May 22, 2013, with a vote of 176 - 239 and was largely along party lines.[20]

CISPA (2013)

Voted "No" Grayson voted in opposition to HR 624 - the CISPA (2013). The bill passed the House on April 18, 2013, with a vote of 288 - 127. The bill would allow federal intelligence agencies to share cybersecurity intelligence and information with private entities and utilities.[21] The bill was largely supported by Republicans, but divided the Democratic Party.[20]


Voted "Yes" Grayson voted in support of HR 1960 - the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014. The bill passed the House on June 14, 2013, with a vote of 315 - 108. Both parties were somewhat divided on the vote.[20]


Farm bill

Nay3.png On January 29, 2014, the U.S. House approved the Federal Agriculture Reform and Risk Management Act of 2013, H.R. 2642, known as the Farm Bill.[22] The bill passed by a vote of 251-166. The nearly 1,000-page bill provides for the reform and continuation of agricultural and other programs of the Department of Agriculture through 2018. The $1 trillion bill expanded crop insurance for farmers by $7 billion over the next decade and created new subsidies for rice and peanut growers that would kick in when prices drop.[23][24] However, cuts to the food stamp program cut an average of $90 per month for 1.7 million people in 15 states.[24] Grayson voted with 102 other Democratic representatives against the bill.

2014 Budget

Yea3.png On January 15, 2014, the Republican-run House approved H.R. 3547, a $1.1 trillion spending bill to fund the government through September 30, 2014.[25][26] The House voted 359-67 for the 1,582 page bill, with 64 Republicans and three Democrats voting against the bill.[26] The omnibus package included 12 annual spending bills to fund federal operations.[27] It included a 1 percent increase in the paychecks of federal workers and military personnel, a $1 billion increase in Head Start funding for early childhood education, reduced funding to the Internal Revenue Service and the Environmental Protection Agency, and the protection of the Affordable Care Act from any drastic cuts. Grayson joined with the majority of the Democratic party and voted in favor of the bill.[25][26]

Government shutdown
See also: United States budget debate, 2013

Voted "No" On September 30, 2013, the House passed a final stopgap spending bill before the shutdown went into effect. The bill included a one-year delay of the Affordable Care Act's individual mandate and would have also stripped the bill of federal subsidies for congressional members and staff. It passed through the House with a vote of 228-201.[28] At 1 a.m. on October 1, 2013, one hour after the shutdown officially began, the House voted to move forward with going to a conference. In short order, Sen. Harry Reid rejected the call to conference.[29] Grayson voted against the stopgap spending bill that would have delayed the individual mandate.[30]

Voted "Yes" The shutdown finally ended on October 16, 2013, when the House took a vote on HR 2775 after it was approved by the Senate. The bill to reopen the government lifted the $16.7 trillion debt limit and funds the government through January 15, 2014. Federal employees also received retroactive pay for the shutdown period. The only concession made by Senate Democrats was to require income verification for Obamacare subsidies.[31] The House passed the legislation shortly after the Senate, by a vote of 285-144, with all 144 votes against the legislation coming from Republican members. Grayson voted for HR 2775.[32]

Federal Pay Adjustment Act

Voted "No" Grayson voted against HR 273 - Eliminates the 2013 Statutory Pay Adjustment for Federal Employees. The bill passed the House on February 15, 2013, with a vote of 261 - 154. The bill would prevent a 0.5% pay increase for all federal workers from taking effect, saving the federal government $11 billion over 10 years.[20]


Morton Memos Prohibition

Voted "No" Grayson voted against House Amendment 136 - Prohibits the Enforcement of the Immigration Executive Order. The amendment was adopted by the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 224 - 201. The purpose of the amendment as stated on the official text is to "prohibit the use of funds to finalize, implement, administer, or enforce the Morton Memos." These memos would have granted administrative amnesty to certain illegal aliens residing in the United States. The vote largely followed party lines.[20]


Healthcare Reform Rules

Voted "No" Grayson voted against House Amendment 450 - Requires Congressional Approval for Any Rules Under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. The amendment was adopted by the House on August 2, 2013, with a vote of 227-185. The amendment requires all changes to the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act be approved by Congress before taking effect. The vote was largely along party lines.[20]

Keep the IRS Off Your Healthcare Act

Voted "No" Grayson voted against HR 2009 - Keep the IRS Off Your Healthcare Act of 2013. The bill passed through the House on August 2, 2013, with a vote of 232-185. The bill would prevent the IRS and Treasury Secretary from enforcing the powers provided to them in the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. The vote largely followed party lines.[20]

Social issues

Amash amendment

Voted "Yes" Grayson voted in favor of House Amendment 413 - Prohibits the National Security Agency from Collecting Records Under the Patriot Act. The amendment failed on July 4, 2013, by a vote of 205-217. The amendment would have prohibited the collection of records by the National Security Agency under the Patriot Act. Both parties were split on the vote.[20]

Minimum wage

Grayson introduced H.R. 1346, the “Catching Up to 1968 Act of 2013,” to raise the minimum wage to $10.50 an hour and index it to inflation.[33]

2013 introduced bills

According to a January 2014 Politico report, Grayson introduced 45 bills, the most of any representative in 2013.[34]

Previous congressional sessions

Voting Record

Grayson voted for the stimulus bill.[35] 57% of U.S. voters believe that the stimulus has either hurt the economy (36%) or had no impact (21%). 38% believe the stimulus helped the economy.[36]

Grayson also voted in favor of the "Cash for Clunkers" bill.[37] According to a June 2009 Rasmussen Reports poll, 54% of likely U.S. voters opposed Cash for Clunkers, while 35% supported it.[38]

Grayson supported the "Cap and Trade" bill.[39] Just after the bill’s passage, 42% of likely U.S. voters said that cap and trade would hurt the economy, while 19% believed it would help. 15% said that the bill would have no impact.[40]

Healthcare reform

Grayson voted in favor of the health care reform bill.[41] 57% of likely voters at least somewhat favor repeal of the health care reform bill, including 46% who strongly favor repeal. 35% of likely voters oppose repeal. 51% of likely voters believe the health care reform bill will be bad for the country, while 36% believe it will be beneficial.[42]

Voting with Democratic leadership

According to a July 2010 analysis of 1,357 votes cast from January 1, 2009 to June 16, 2010, Grayson voted with the House Democratic leadership 97.6% of the time.[43] That same analysis reported that he had voted with party leadership 98.6% of the time in 2010.

Washington Post Analysis

A separate analysis from The Washington Post, concluded that he voted 98.3% of the time with a majority of Democrats in the House of Representatives.[44]

Campaign themes


  • War Profiteering
  • Healthcare
  • Financial Industry
  • Economy
  • Education
  • GOP
  • Campaign Finance



See also: Florida's 9th Congressional District elections, 2014

Grayson is set to run for re-election to the U.S. House in 2014. If he runs, he will seek the Democratic nomination in the primary election. The general election took place November 4, 2014.


See also: Florida's 9th Congressional District elections, 2012

Grayson ran in the 2012 election for the U.S. House to represent Florida's 9th District. Grayson won the nomination on the Democratic ticket.[45] The signature filing deadline was May 7, 2012, with the primary taking place on August 14, 2012. Grayson ran unopposed in the Democratic primary, and defeated Todd Long (R) in the general election on November 6, 2012.[1] He was elected on November 6, 2012.[46]

U.S. House, Florida District 9 General Election, 2012
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Democratic Green check mark transparent.pngAlan Grayson 62.5% 164,891
     Republican Todd Long 37.5% 98,856
Total Votes 263,747
Source: Florida Secretary of State "Official Election Results, 2012 General Election"


On November 2, 2010, Daniel Webster won election to the United States House. He defeated Alan Grayson (D), Pag Dunmire (I), Georgia L. Metcalfe (I) and Steven J. Gerritzen (I) in the general election.[47]

U.S. House, Florida District 8 General Election, 2010
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Republican Green check mark transparent.pngDaniel Webster 56.1% 123,586
     Democratic Alan Grayson incumbent 38.2% 84,167
     Tea Party Peg Dunmire 3.8% 8,337
     Independent George L. Metcalfe 1.9% 4,143
     Independent Steven J. Gerritzen 0% 11
Total Votes 220,244

Full history

Campaign donors

Comprehensive donor information for Grayson is available dating back to 2008. Based on available campaign finance records, Grayson raised a total of $13,902,928 during that time period. This information was last updated on April 5, 2013.[49]

Alan Grayson's Campaign Contribution History
Year Office Result Contributions
2012 U.S. House (Florida, District 9) Won $4,676,186
2010 U.S. House (Florida, District ) Defeated $5,928,282
2008 U.S. House (Florida, District 8) Won $3,298,460
Grand Total Raised $13,902,928


Candidates for Congress are required to file up to seven main reports with the Federal Election Commission during the 2014 elections season. Below are Grayson's reports.[50]


Breakdown of the source of Grayson's campaign funds before the 2012 election.

Grayson won election to the U.S. House in 2012. During that election cycle, Grayson's campaign committee raised a total of $4,676,186 and spent $4,634,161.[59] This is more than the average $1.5 million spent by House winners in 2012.[60]

Cost per vote

Grayson spent $28.10 per vote received in 2012.


Ideology and leadership

See also: GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking

Based on an analysis of bill sponsorship by GovTrack, Grayson is a " rank-and-file Democrat," as of June 11, 2013.[61]

Like-minded colleagues

The website OpenCongress tracks the voting records of each member to determine with whom he or she votes most and least often. The results include a member from each party.[62]

Grayson most often votes with:

Grayson least often votes with:

Lifetime voting record

See also: Lifetime voting records of United States Senators and Representatives

According to the website GovTrack, Grayson missed 43 of 1,744 roll call votes from January 2009 to March 2013. This amounts to 2.5%, which is worse than the median of 2.2% among current congressional representatives as of March 2013.[63]

Net worth

See also: Net Worth of United States Senators and Representatives

Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by, Grayson's net worth as of 2012 was estimated between $-2,212,951 to $82,936,999. That averages to $40,362,024, which is higher than the average net worth of Democratic representatives in 2012 of $5,700,168.36. Grayson ranked as the 16th most wealthy representative in 2012.[64]

Alan Grayson Yearly Net Worth
YearAverage Net Worth
The data used to calculate changes in net worth may include changes resulting from assets gained through marriage, inheritance, changes in family estates and/or trusts, changes in family business ownership and many other variables unrelated to a member's behavior in Congress.

National Journal vote ratings

See also: National Journal vote ratings

Each year National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted in the previous year.


Information on 2012 vote rating is unavailable.

Voting with party


Alan Grayson voted with the Democratic Party 95.6% of the time, which ranked 55th among the 201 House Democratic members as of June 2013.[65]


Grayson and his wife, Lolita, live in Orlando, Florida, with their five children.[66]

Wife files for diviorce

Lolita Grayson filed for divorce in Orange County Family Court on January 6, 2014.[67]

Protective injunction

A judge granted a temporary protective injunction against Grayson after his wife filed paperwork accusing him of shoving and injuring her during an incident on March 1, 2014.[68][69]

Lolita Grayson's petition for the injunction, dated March 3, 2014, said her husband pushed her against a door, causing her to fall to the ground, during a confrontation at their home on Oak Park Road near Windermere.[69]

In a statement, Alan Grayson's press secretary, Lauren Doney, said that the allegations "are absolutely false, completely unfounded, and clearly designed to vilify and harm Congressman Grayson...Congressman Grayson firmly denies Ms. Grayson's frivolous accusations.[69]

Wife drops order

On March 12, 2014, Grayson's wife voluntarily dropped a temporary restraining order against him following an allegation that he shoved her.[70]

Lauren Doney, a spokeswoman for Grayson, released a statement: “Ms. Carson-Grayson has apparently dropped the petition for injunction that she levied against the congressman last week, and will no longer pursue a restraining order against him. Ms. Carson-Grayson’s complaint was voluntarily dismissed today...While this is certainly positive news, we want to emphasize that these baseless charges should never have been brought in the first place. Two eyewitness accounts, video evidence, a thorough police investigation and Ms. Carson-Grayson’s own 911 call confirmed the congressman’s innocence — and that Ms. Carson-Grayson was, in fact, the aggressor...For the sake of the all parties involved, we sincerely hope that this concludes Ms. Carson-Grayson’s efforts to misrepresent and exploit the family’s private affairs...As many Americans know, dealing with the intensely personal and emotional matter of divorce is challenging enough — the added pressure of trying to protect your family’s privacy, while being forced to defend yourself from false accusations as awful as these ones, has made for an emotional and stressful time for all members of the Grayson family.”[71]

$18 million loss in portfolio scheme

Grayson lost approximatley $18 million when he was the victim of a portfolio scheme in December 2013. According to court documents, Grayson was set to receive tens of millions of dollars in returns on his stock portfolio. However, a Virginia man, William Dean Chapman, sold the stocks out from under Grayson, and others, as part of a scheme. He was sentenced to 12 years in prison on December 6, 2013, for cheating 122 investors out of more than $35 million.[72]

Recent news

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See also

External links

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Political offices
Preceded by
Gus M. Bilirakis (R)
U.S. House of Representatives - Florida, District 9
Succeeded by
Preceded by
Ric Keller (R)
U.S. House of Representatives - Florida, District 8
Succeeded by
Daniel Webster (R)
  1. 1.0 1.1 AP Results, "U.S. House Results," accessed August 14, 2012
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  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 U.S. House, "Full Biography," accessed June 11, 2013
  4. Huffington Post, "Democracy For America Names Top 10 Progressive House Candidates For 2012," accessed February 16, 2012
  5. The New York Times, "Election brings seasoned politicians to congress," accessed December 8, 2012
  6. The Washington Post, "Political comeback kids to take seats again in the House," accessed November 18, 2012
  7. Project Vote Smart, "Biography," accessed June 11, 2013
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  9., "House Committee Rosters for the 113th Congress," accessed March 3, 2013
  10. U.S. House of Representatives, "Committee Assignments," accessed March 29, 2014
  11. 11.0 11.1 ABC News, "Florida Congressman Compares Tea Party to Ku Klux Klan," accessed October 22, 2013
  12. Politico, "Alan Grayson likens tea party to KKK," accessed October 23, 2013
  13. 13.0 13.1 Politico, "Allen West: Why silence on ‘KKK’ mailing?," accessed October 23, 2013
  14. CBS, "Taliban Dan" Ad Spurs Debate Over Dan Webster," accessed September 28, 2010
  15. Talking Points Memo, "Grayson Threatened, Compares GOP To Nazis," accessed March 29, 2010
  16. Politico, "Grayson apologizes for 'whore' remark," accessed October 27, 2009
  17. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, First Session of the 112th Congress," accessed September 5, 2013
  18. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, Second Session of the 113th Congress," accessed March 4, 2014
  19. 19.0 19.1 19.2 19.3 19.4 19.5 19.6 CNN, "Rep. Grayson on U.S. striking Syria: We are not the world's policeman," accessed September 2, 2013
  20. 20.0 20.1 20.2 20.3 20.4 20.5 20.6 20.7 20.8 Project Votesmart, "Alan Grayson Voting Record," accessed September 20, 2013
  21. The Library of Congress, "H.R.624 CISPA (2013) (Referred in Senate - RFS)," accessed August 27, 2013
  22. Clerk of U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote 31: H.R. 2642," accessed February 12, 2014
  23. Politico, "House clears Farm Bill," accessed February 12, 2014
  24. 24.0 24.1 New York Times, "Senate passes long-stalled Farm Bill, with clear winners and losers," accessed February 12, 2014
  25. 25.0 25.1, "House passes compromise $1.1 trillion budget for 2014," accessed January 20, 2014
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  27. Roll Call, "House passes $1.1 trillion omnibus," accessed January 20, 2014
  28. Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
  29. Buzzfeed, "Government Shutdown: How We Got Here," accessed October 1, 2013
  30. Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
  31. The Washington Post, "Reid, McConnell propose bipartisan Senate bill to end shutdown, extend borrowing," accessed October 16, 2013
  32. U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 550," accessed October 31, 2013
  33. Norwich Bulletin, "Letter: Where is Rep. Joe Courtney on the minimum wage issue?," accessed September 13, 2013
  34. Politico, "Report: David Vitter, Alan Grayson introduce most bills," accessed January 9, 2014
  35. US House Clerk, "Roll Call 46," accessed January 28, 2009
  36. Rasmussen, "38% Say Stimulus Plan Helped Economy, 36% Say It Hurt," accessed August 24, 2010
  37. US House Clerk, "Roll Call 314," accessed June 9, 2009
  38. Rasmussen, "54% Oppose “Cash for Clunkers” Plan To Spur Purchase of Greener Cars," accessed June 23, 2009
  39. US House Clerk, "Roll Call 477," accessed June 26, 2009
  40. Rasmussen, "42% Say Climate Change Bill Will Hurt The Economy," accessed June 30, 2009
  41. US House Clerk, "Roll Call 165," accessed March 21, 2010
  42. Rasmussen, "61% Favor Repeal of Healthcare Law," accessed September 20, 2010
  43. A Line of Sight, "2010 House Dem Voting Report," accessed 2012
  44. Washington Post, "U.S. Congress Votes Database, 111th Congress," accessed 2012
  45. "Grayson won't comment on Redistricting" accessed December 15, 2011
  46. ABC News, "2012 General Election Results," accessed November 6, 2012
  47. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2010," accessed March 28, 2013
  48. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 4, 2008," accessed March 28, 2013
  49. Federal Election Commisison, "Alan Grayson," accessed October 23, 2013
  50. Federal Election Commission, "Alan Grayson 2014 Summary reports," accessed July 19, 2013
  51. Federal Election Commission, "April Quarterly" accessed July 19, 2013
  52. Federal Election Commission, "July Quarterly" accessed July 19, 2013
  53. Federal Election Commission, "October Quarterly," accessed October 23, 2013
  54. Federal Election Commission, "Year End Report," accessed February 10, 2014
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  59. Open Secrets, "Alan Grayson 2012 Election Cycle," accessed February 22, 2013
  60. Open Secrets, "Election 2012: The Big Picture Shows Record Cost of Winning a Seat in Congress," accessed June 19, 2013
  61. GovTrack, "Alan Grayson," accessed June 11, 2013
  62. OpenCongress, "Rep. Alan Grayson," accessed July 31, 2013
  63. GovTrack, "Alan Grayson," accessed March 29, 2013
  64., "Alan Grayson (D-Ariz), 2012," accessed February 18, 2014
  65. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
  66. U.S. House of Representatives, "Full Biography," accessed December 10, 2013
  67. Orlando Sentinel, "Alan Grayson's wife files for divorce," accessed January 7, 2014
  68. Orlando Sentinel, "Wife says Alan Grayson shoved her during domestic incident," accessed March 5, 2014
  69. 69.0 69.1 69.2 Talking Points Memo, "Wife Accuses Rep. Alan Grayson Of Pushing Her Into A Door," accessed March 5, 2014
  70. Politico, "Alan Grayson’s wife drops restraining order," accessed March 20, 2014
  71. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named tro
  72. Washington Post, "Rep. Alan Grayson (D-Fla.) loses $18 million to schemer," accessed December 10, 2013