Difference between revisions of "Ami Bera"

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===2010===
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Bera challenged Republican incumbent Dan Lungren in the general election. Also running were American Independent Jerry Leidecker, Peace and Freedom nominee Mike Roskey, and Libertarian Douglas Art Tuma.<ref>[http://www.nationaljournal.com/archives/2009/11/lungren_foe_avo.php "National Journal","Lungren Foe Avoids Primary Battle", November 20, 2009]</ref> In November, Lungren won re-election, defeating Bera 51%-43%.<ref>[http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-srv/special/politics/election-results-2010/#/house/CA3 "Washington Post","Live Results", accessed August 7, 2014]</ref>
  
 
==Polls==
 
==Polls==

Revision as of 16:13, 8 August 2014

Ami Bera
Ami Bera.jpg
U.S. House, California, District 7
Incumbent
In office
January 3, 2013-Present
Term ends
January 3, 2015
Years in position 1
PartyDemocratic
PredecessorGeorge Miller (D)
Compensation
Base salary$174,000/year
Elections and appointments
Cost per vote$25.00 in 2012
First electedNovember 6, 2012
Next generalNovember 4, 2014
Campaign $$3,632,282
Term limitsN/A
Education
High schoolKennedy High School (1983)
Bachelor'sUniversity of California-Irvine (1987)
M.D.University of California-Irvine (1991)
Personal
BirthdayMarch 2, 1965
Place of birthHollywood, California
ProfessionPhysician
Net worth$5,128,535
ReligionUnitarian
Websites
Office website
Campaign website
Ami Bera (b. March 2, 1965, in Hollywood, CA) is a Democratic member of the U.S. House representing the 7th Congressional District of California. He was first elected in 2012.

Bera defeated incumbent Dan Lungren (R) in the general election on November 6, 2012. The race was too close to call for over a week after the polls closed.[1][2]

Bera is a member of the Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee's Frontline Program. The program is designed to help protect vulnerable Democratic incumbents heading into the 2014 election. Bera is seeking re-election.[3] The 7th Congressional District is a battleground in 2014. His seat is considered one of the most vulnerable in the country.[4][5]

Based on analysis of multiple outside rankings, Bera is a more moderate left of center Democratic Party vote. As a result, he may break with the Democratic Party line more than his fellow members.

Career

Below is an abbreviated outline of Bera's academic, professional and political career:[6]

  • 1987: Graduated from the University of California-Irvine, with B.S.
  • 1991: Graduated from the University of California-Irvine, with M.D.
  • 2004-2007: Associate dean, University of California-Irvine School of Medicine
  • 2013-Present: U.S. Representative from California

Committee assignments

2013-2014

Bera serves on the following committees:[7]

Key votes

113th Congress

CongressLogo.png

The 113th Congress has had 55 out of 5,401 introduced bills enacted into law (1 percent) as of November 30, 2013. Comparatively, the 112th Congress had 1.14 percent of introduced bills enacted into law in the first session.[8] For more information pertaining to Bera's voting record in the 113th Congress, please see the below sections.[9]

National security

NDAA

Yea3.png Bera voted for HR 1960 - the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014. The bill passed the House on June 14, 2013, with a vote of 315 - 108. Both parties were somewhat divided on the vote.[10]

DHS Appropriations

Yea3.png Bera voted for HR 2217 - the DHS Appropriations Act (2014) Act of 2014. The bill passed the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 245 - 182 that was largely along party lines.[11]

CISPA (2013)

Yea3.png Bera voted for HR 624 - the CISPA (2013). The bill passed the House on April 18, 2013, with a vote of 288 - 127. The bill would allow federal intelligence agencies to share cybersecurity intelligence and information with private entities and utilities. The bill was largely supported by Republicans, but divided the Democratic Party.[12]

Economy

Farm bill

Yea3.png On January 29, 2014, the U.S. House approved the Federal Agriculture Reform and Risk Management Act of 2013, H.R. 2642, also known as the Farm Bill.[13] The bill passed by a vote of 251-166. The nearly 1,000-page bill reformed and continued various programs of the Department of Agriculture through 2018. The $1 trillion bill expanded crop insurance for farmers by $7 billion over the next decade and created new subsidies for rice and peanut growers that would kick in when prices drop.[14][15] However, cuts to the food stamp program cut an average of $90 per month for 1.7 million people in 15 states.[15] Bera voted with 88 other Democratic representatives in favor of the bill.

2014 Budget

Yea3.png On January 15, 2014, the Republican-run House approved H.R. 3547, a $1.1 trillion spending bill to fund the government through September 30, 2014.[16][17] The House voted 359-67 for the 1,582 page bill, with 64 Republicans and three Democrats voting against the bill.[17] The omnibus package included 12 annual spending bills to fund federal operations.[18] It included a 1 percent increase in the paychecks of federal workers and military personnel, a $1 billion increase in Head Start funding for early childhood education, reduced funding to the Internal Revenue Service and the Environmental Protection Agency and protected the Affordable Care Act from any drastic cuts. Bera joined with the majority of the Democratic party and voted in favor of the bill.[16][17]

Government shutdown

See also: United States budget debate, 2013

Nay3.png On September 30, 2013, the House passed a final stopgap spending bill before the shutdown went into effect. The bill included a one-year delay of the Affordable Care Act's individual mandate and would have also stripped the bill of federal subsidies for congressional members and staff. It passed through the House with a vote of 228-201.[19] At 1 a.m. on October 1, 2013, one hour after the shutdown officially began, the House voted to move forward with going to a conference. In short order, Sen. Harry Reid rejected the call to conference.[20] Bera voted against the stopgap spending bill that would have delayed the individual mandate.[21]

Yea3.png The shutdown finally ended on October 16, 2013, when the House took a vote on HR 2775 after it was approved by the Senate. The bill to reopen the government lifted the $16.7 trillion debt limit and funded the government through January 15, 2014. Federal employees also received retroactive pay for the shutdown period. The only concession made by Senate Democrats was to require income verification for Obamacare subsidies.[22] The House passed the legislation shortly after the Senate, by a vote of 285-144, with all 144 votes against the legislation coming from Republican members. Bera voted for HR 2775.[23]

Bera declined his pay because "Congress should lead by example and put people before politics,” he said in a statement. “If Congress can't do its job and put the American people first, then they certainly shouldn't get paid during a crisis that they are causing. We must stop the finger-pointing, start acting like adults, and make Washington work for the people again.”[24]

Federal Pay Adjustment Act

Yea3.png Bera voted for HR 273 - Eliminates the 2013 Statutory Pay Adjustment for Federal Employees. The bill passed the House on February 15, 2013, with a vote of 261 - 154. The bill would prevent a 0.5% pay increase for all federal workers from taking effect, saving the federal government $11 billion over 10 years. Bera was 1 of 44 Democrats who supported the bill, while 144 voted against it.[25]

Immigration

Morton Memos Prohibition

Nay3.png Bera voted against House Amendment 136 - Prohibits the Enforcement of the Immigration Executive Order. The amendment was adopted by the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 224 - 201. The purpose of the amendment as stated on the official text is to "prohibit the use of funds to finalize, implement, administer, or enforce the Morton Memos." These memos would have granted administrative amnesty to certain illegal aliens residing in the United States.[26] The vote largely followed party lines.[27]

Healthcare

Healthcare Reform Rules

Nay3.png Bera voted against House Amendment 450 - Requires Congressional Approval for Any Rules Under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. The amendment was adopted by the House on August 2, 2013, with a vote of 227-185. The amendment requires that all changes to the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act be approved by Congress before taking effect. The vote was largely along party lines.[28]

Social issues

Abortion

Nay3.png Bera voted against HR 1797 - Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act. The resolution passed the House on June 18, 2013, with a vote of 228 - 196 that largely followed party lines. The purpose of the bill is to ban abortions that would take place 20 or more weeks after fertilization.[29]

Issues

On The Issues Vote Match

Ami Bera's Vote Match results from On The Issues.
See also: On The Issues Vote Match

On The Issues conducts a VoteMatch analysis of elected officials based on 20 issue areas. Rather than relying on incumbents to complete the quiz themselves, the VoteMatch analysis is conducted using voting records, statements to the media, debate transcripts or citations from books authored by or about the candidate. Based on the results of the quiz, Bera is a Liberal Populist. Bera received a score of 52 percent on social issues and 23 percent on economic issues.[30]

On The Issues organization logo.

The table below contains the results of analysis compiled by staff at On The Issues.

On The Issues Vote Quiz[31]
Economic Issues Social Issues
Issue Stance Issue Stance
Legally require hiring women & minorities Strongly Favors Abortion is a woman's unrestricted right Strongly Favors
Expand ObamaCare Strongly Favors Comfortable with same-sex marriage Strongly Favors
Vouchers for school choice Unknown Keep God in the public sphere Unknown
Absolute right to gun ownership Strongly Opposes Human needs over animal rights Opposes
Higher taxes on the wealthy Strongly Favors Stricter punishment reduces crime Favors
Support & expand free trade Unknown Pathway to citizenship for illegal aliens Favors
Stricter limits on political campaign funds Strongly Favors Maintain US sovereignty from UN Unknown
Prioritize green energy Strongly Favors Expand the military Opposes
Stimulus better than market-led recovery Opposes Stay out of Iran Opposes
Privatize Social Security Strongly Opposes Never legalize marijuana Unknown
Note: Information last updated: 2014.[30]

Campaign themes

2014

Bera's campaign website lists the following issues:[32]

  • National Security: "In Congress, I will uphold our most enduring principles, while protecting America from those who threaten our freedoms. I believe we must be tough and smart not only about today's challenges, such as terrorism and homeland security, but also about emerging threats, such as nuclear proliferation."
  • Medicare: "Glaringly absent from the current debate about Medicare is the Doctor’s perspective. As a physician who has worked at every level of the health care system and a candidate for Congress, I bring a unique perspective to the Medicare discussion."
  • Job Creation and Economic Recovery: "Living in Sacramento County, it is obvious that people are hurting. They are trying to do the right thing, to work hard and care for their families. But too often this is not enough. For too many, America’s promise of opportunity is beginning to seem empty."
  • Creating a New Energy Economy: "Central to our national mission is the mandate to build for future generations. We now know, however, that many of our present patterns of development and growth are both economically and environmentally unsustainable. The long-term health, security and prosperity of our nation and world require a transition in how we think about our relationship to energy use and natural ecosystems."
  • Moving Forward with Healthcare: "I have spent my professional life caring for people and educating the next generation of doctors. Unfortunately, the system consistently puts bureaucracies before the health of our patients. I have witnessed medical costs skyrocket without seeing patient care improve. And I have treated patients who would be healthier if they could have afforded basic preventive care. This is the result of an industry that puts profits before patients."

[33]

—Ami Bera's campaign website, http://www.beraforcongress.com/issues

Elections

2014

See also: California's 7th Congressional District elections, 2014
BattlegroundRace.jpg

Bera is running for re-election to the U.S. House in 2014. He and Doug Ose (R) advanced past the blanket primary on June 3, 2014, defeating Igor Birman (R), Elizabeth Emken (R), Douglas Arthur Tuma (L) and Phill Tufi (I). They will face off in the general election on November 4, 2014.[34]

Bera is a member of the Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee's Frontline Program. The program is designed to help protect vulnerable Democratic incumbents heading into the 2014 election.[3]

U.S. House, California District 7 Primary, 2014
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Democratic Green check mark transparent.pngAmi Bera Incumbent 46.7% 51,878
     Republican Green check mark transparent.pngDoug Ose 26.4% 29,307
     Republican Igor Birman 17.5% 19,431
     Republican Elizabeth Emken 7.1% 7,924
     Libertarian Art Tuma 1.5% 1,629
     Independent Phill Tufi 0.8% 869
Total Votes 111,038
Source: California Secretary of State

2012

See also: California's 7th Congressional District elections, 2012

Bera won election to the U.S. House, representing California's 7th District. He and district 3 incumbent Dan Lungren (R) advanced past the blanket primary on June 5, 2012, defeating Douglas Arthur Tuma (L) and Curt Taras (Ind). Bera was victorious over Lungren in the general election on November 6, 2012, in a race that was too close to call until a week after the election.[35][36]

U.S. House, California District 7 General Election, 2012
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Democratic Green check mark transparent.pngAmi Bera 51.7% 141,241
     Republican Dan Lungren Incumbent 48.3% 132,050
Total Votes 273,291
Source: California Secretary of State "Official Election Results, 2012 General Election"
U.S. House, California District 7 Open Primary, 2012
Candidate Vote % Votes
Green check mark transparent.pngDan Lungren (R) Incumbent 52.7% 63,586
Green check mark transparent.pngAmi Bera (D) 41% 49,433
Curt Taras (NPP) 3.2% 3,854
Douglas Arthur Tuma (L) 3.1% 3,707
Total Votes 120,580

2010

Bera challenged Republican incumbent Dan Lungren in the general election. Also running were American Independent Jerry Leidecker, Peace and Freedom nominee Mike Roskey, and Libertarian Douglas Art Tuma.[37] In November, Lungren won re-election, defeating Bera 51%-43%.[38]

Polls

2012

Dan Lungren V. Ami Bera
Poll Dan Lungren Ami BeraUndecidedMargin of ErrorSample Size
Public Policy Polling
(October 25-26, 2012)
46%46%8%+/-3.7792
Note: The polls above may not reflect all polls that have been conducted. Those displayed are a random sampling chosen by Ballotpedia staff. If you would like to nominate another poll for inclusion in the table, send an email to editor@ballotpedia.org


Campaign donors

Comprehensive donor information for Bera is available dating back to 2012. Based on available campaign finance records, Bera raised a total of $3,632,282 during that time period. This information was last updated on March 22, 2013.[39]

Ami Bera's Campaign Contribution History
Year Office Result Contributions
2012 US House (California, District 7) Won $3,632,282
Grand Total Raised $3,632,282

2014

Candidates for Congress are required to file reports with the Federal Election Commission during the 2014 elections season. Below are Bera's reports.[40]

Ami Bera (2014) Campaign Finance Reports
ReportDate FiledBeginning BalanceTotal Contributions
for Reporting Period
ExpendituresCash on Hand
April Quarterly[41]April 15, 2013$107,506.27$303,492.73$(80,953.03)$330,045.97
July Quarterly[42]July 15, 2013$330,045.97$272,095.66$(97,097.63)$505,044.00
October Quarterly[43]October 15, 2013$505,044.00$462,073.51$(68,369.39)$898,748.12
Year-End[44]January 31, 2014$898,748$340,671$(87,782)$1,151,637
April Quarterly[45]April 15, 2014$1,151,637$491,299$(173,962)$1,468,974
Pre-Primary[46]May 22, 2014$1,468,974$281,601$(152,654)$1,597,921
July Quarterly[47]July 15, 2014$1,597,921$439,933$(71,635)$1,966,219
October Quarterly[48]October 15, 2014$1,966,219$892,403$(2,044,043)$814,579
Running totals
$3,483,568.9$(2,776,496.05)

2012

Breakdown of the source of Bera's campaign funds before the 2012 election.

Bera won election to the U.S. House in 2012. During that election cycle, Bera's campaign committee raised a total of $3,632,282 and spent $3,531,711.[49] This is more than the average $1.5 million spent by House winners in 2012.[50]

Cost per vote

Bera spent $25.00 per vote received in 2012.

Personal Gain Index

Congressional Personal Gain Index graphic.png
See also: Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress)

The Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress) is a four-part measurement that illustrates the extent to which members of the U.S. Congress have prospered during their tenure as public servants.
It consists of four different metrics:

PGI: Change in net worth

See also: Changes in Net Worth of U.S. Senators and Representatives (Personal Gain Index) and Net worth of United States Senators and Representatives
Net Worth Metric graphic.png

Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by OpenSecrets.org, Bera's net worth as of 2012 was estimated between $2,147,078 and $8,109,993. That averages to $5,128,535, which is lower than the average net worth of Democratic representatives in 2012 of $5,700,168.36. Bera ranked as the 73rd most wealthy representative in 2012.[51] Between 2011 and 2012, Bera's calculated net worth[52] increased by an average of 39 percent per year. Between 2004 and 2012, the average annual percentage increase for a member of Congress was 15.4 percent.[53]

Ami Bera Yearly Net Worth
YearAverage Net Worth
2011$3,691,386
2012$5,128,535
Growth from 2011 to 2012:39%
Average annual growth:39%[54]
Comparatively, the American citizen experienced a median yearly decline in net worth of -0.94%.[55]
The data used to calculate changes in net worth may include changes resulting from assets gained through marriage, inheritance, changes in family estates and/or trusts, changes in family business ownership and many other variables unrelated to a member's behavior in Congress.

Analysis

Ideology and leadership

See also: GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking

Based on an analysis of bill sponsorship by GovTrack, Bera is a "centrist Democratic follower" as of July 2014.[56]

Lifetime voting record

See also: Lifetime voting records of United States Senators and Representatives

According to the website GovTrack, Bera missed 6 of 1,072 roll call votes from January 2013 to July 2014. This amounts to 0.6 percent, which is better than the median of 2.5 percent among current congressional representatives as of July 2014.[57]

Like-minded colleagues

The website OpenCongress tracks the voting records of each member to determine with whom he or she votes most and least often. The results include a member from each party.[58]

Bera most often votes with:

Bera least often votes with:

National Journal vote ratings

See also: National Journal vote ratings

Each year National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted in the previous year. Click the link above for the full ratings of all members of Congress.

2013

Bera ranked 178th in the liberal rankings in 2013.[59]

Voting with party

The website OpenCongress tracks how often members of Congress vote with the majority of the chamber caucus.

2014

Bera voted with the Democratic Party 87.3 percent of the time, which ranked 171st among the 204 House Democratic members as of July 2014.[60]

2013

Bera voted with the Democratic Party 89.2 percent of the time, which ranked 184th among the 201 House Democratic members as of June 2013.[61]

Personal

Bera lives in Elk Grove, California with his wife, Janine, and daughter, Sydra.[62]

Recent news

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See also

External links

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Political Tracker has an article on:
Ami Bera

References

  1. Modesto Bee, "Outcome in tight Lungren-Bera contest could take weeks," November 8, 2012
  2. Sacramento Bee, "Ami Bera ousts Rep. Dan Lungren in congressional race," November 15, 2012
  3. 3.0 3.1 Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee, "DCCC Chairman Steve Israel Announces 2013-2014 Frontline Members," accessed March 5, 2013
  4. "Roll Call","Ami Bera Challenger Starts Television Ads in California Race (Video)", April 12, 2014
  5. "Sacramento Bee","Election 2014: Elk Grove Democrat Ami Bera will have to fight for a second congressional term", March 31, 2014
  6. Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, "Ami Bera," accessed June 13, 2013
  7. CQ.com - Roll Call, "House Committee Rosters for the 113th Congress," accessed January 18, 2013
  8. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, First Session of the 112th Congress," accessed September 5, 2013
  9. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, Second Session of the 113th Congress," accessed March 4, 2014
  10. Project Vote Smart, "HR 1960 - National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014 - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  11. Project Vote Smart, "HR 2217 - DHS Appropriations Act (2014) Act of 2014 - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  12. Project Vote Smart, "HR 624 - CISPA (2013) - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  13. Clerk of U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote 31: H.R. 2642," accessed February 12, 2014
  14. Politico, "House clears farm bill," accessed February 12, 2014
  15. 15.0 15.1 NY Times, "Senate Passes Long-Stalled Farm Bill, With Clear Winners and Losers," accessed February 12, 2014
  16. 16.0 16.1 CNN.com, "House passes compromise $1.1 trillion budget for 2014," accessed January 20, 2014
  17. 17.0 17.1 17.2 U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote 21," accessed January 20, 2014
  18. Roll Call, "House passes $1.1 trillion omnibus," accessed January 20, 2014
  19. Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
  20. Buzzfeed, "Government Shutdown: How We Got Here," accessed October 1, 2013
  21. Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
  22. The Washington Post, "Reid, McConnell propose bipartisan Senate bill to end shutdown, extend borrowing," accessed October 16, 2013
  23. U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 550," accessed October 31, 2013
  24. Washington Post, "Which lawmakers will refuse their pay during the shutdown?," accessed October 2, 2013
  25. Project Vote Smart, "HR 273 - Eliminates the 2013 Statutory Pay Adjustment for Federal Employees - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  26. The Library of Congress, "H.AMDT.136," accessed September 16, 2013
  27. Project Vote Smart, "H Amdt 136 - Prohibits the Enforcement of the Immigration Executive Order - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  28. Project Vote Smart, "H Amdt 450 - Requires Congressional Approval for Any Rules Under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  29. Project Vote Smart, "HR 1797 - Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  30. 30.0 30.1 On The Issues, "Ami Bera Vote Match," accessed June 19, 2014
  31. The questions in the quiz are broken down into two sections -- social and economic. In social questions, liberals and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while conservatives and populists agree in choosing the more-restrictive answers. For the economic questions, conservatives and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while liberals and populists agree in choosing the more-restrictive answers.
  32. Campaign website, "Issues," accessed April 14, 2014
  33. Note: This text is quoted verbatim from the original source. Any inconsistencies are attributed to the original source.
  34. The New York Times, "California Primary Results," May 3, 2014
  35. California Secretary of State, "Official primary candidate list," accessed March 13, 2014
  36. California Secretary of State, "Unofficial election results," November 6, 2012
  37. "National Journal","Lungren Foe Avoids Primary Battle", November 20, 2009
  38. "Washington Post","Live Results", accessed August 7, 2014
  39. Open Secrets, "Career Fundraising for Ami Bera," accessed March 22, 2013
  40. Federal Election Commission, "Ami Bera Summary Report," accessed July 23, 2013
  41. Federal Election Commission, "Ami Bera April Quarterly," accessed July 23, 2013
  42. Federal Election Commission, "Ami Bera July Quarterly," accessed July 23, 2013
  43. Federal Election Commission, "Ami Bera October Quarterly," accessed October 21, 2013
  44. Federal Election Commission, "Ami Bera Year-End," accessed February 4, 2014
  45. Federal Election Commission, "Ami Bera April Quarterly," accessed April 21, 2014
  46. Federal Election Commission, "Ami Bera Pre-Primary," accessed June 2, 2014
  47. Federal Election Commission, "Ami Bera July Quarterly," accessed July 23, 2014
  48. Federal Election Commission, "Ami Bera October Quarterly," accessed October 20, 2014
  49. Open Secrets, "Ami Bera 2012 Election Cycle," accessed February 20, 2013
  50. Open Secrets, "Election 2012: The Big Picture Shows Record Cost of Winning a Seat in Congress," accessed June 19, 2013
  51. OpenSecrets, "Ami Bera (D-Calif), 2012," accessed February 18, 2014
  52. This figure represents the total percentage growth from either 2004 (if the member entered office in 2004 or earlier) or their first year in office (as noted in the chart below).
  53. This number was found by dividing each member's total net worth growth percentage by the number of years included in the calculation.
  54. This figure represents the total percentage growth divided by the number of years for which there are net worth figures for each member.
  55. This figure was calculated using median asset data from the Census Bureau. Please see the Congressional Net Worth data for Ballotpedia spreadsheet for more information on this calculation.
  56. GovTrack, "Ami Bera," accessed July 21, 2014
  57. GovTrack, "Ami Bera," accessed July 21, 2014
  58. OpenCongress, "Ami Bera," accessed July 18, 2014
  59. National Journal, "2013 Congressional Vote Ratings," accessed July 18, 2014
  60. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
  61. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
  62. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named bio
Political offices
Preceded by
George Miller
U.S. House, California, District 7
January 3, 2013-Present
Succeeded by
'