|U.S. Senate, Maine|
|January 3, 2013-Present|
|January 3, 2019|
|Years in position||1|
|Predecessor||Olympia Snowe (R)|
|Elections and appointments|
|Last election||November 6, 2012|
|Cost per vote||$7.70 in 2012|
|First elected||November 6, 2012|
|Next general||November 2018|
|Governor of Maine|
|J.D.||University of Virginia School of Law|
|Birthday||March 31, 1944|
|Place of birth||Alexandria, Virginia|
- 1 Biography
- 2 Career
- 3 Committee assignments
- 4 Issues
- 4.1 Legislative actions
- 4.1.1 113th Congress
- 4.1.2 National security
- 4.1.3 Economy
- 4.1.4 Immigration
- 4.1.5 Social Issues
- 4.2 Endorsements
- 4.3 Party affiliation
- 4.1 Legislative actions
- 5 Elections
- 6 Campaign donors
- 7 Analysis
- 8 Personal
- 9 Recent news
- 10 See also
- 11 External links
- 12 References
King is set to run for re-election in Maine in November of 2018.
Prior to his election to the Senate, King served as Governor of Maine from 1995 to 2003.
Based on analysis of multiple outside rankings, King is a more moderate left of center Democratic Party vote. As a result, he may break with the Democratic Party line more than his fellow members.
King was born in Alexandria, Virginia, and has spent most of his life in Maine. He graduated from the University of Virginia's School of Law in 1969. He has since served as one of just two independent governors in the United States. King is also a Distinguished Lecturer at Bowdoin College.
- After Law School, King became a staff attorney at Pine Tree Legal Assistance in Skowhegan, Maine
- In 1972, he became Chief Counsel to the U.S. Senate Subcommittee on Alcoholism and Narcotics
- Host and co-producer of “Maine Watch,” a TV show on the Maine Public Broadcasting Network
- Vice-president of Swift River/Hafslund Company, "an alternative energy development company" (1983)
- Founder of Northeast Energy Management, Inc., "a developer of large-scale energy conservation projects" (1989)
- Governor of Maine 1995-2003
- United States Senate Committee on Armed Services
- Subcommittee on Strategic Forces
- Subcommittee on SeaPower
- Subcommittee on Personnel
- United States Senate Committee on Budget
- United States Senate Committee on Rules and Administration
- United States Senate Committee on Intelligence (Select)
The 113th Congress has had 55 out of 5,401 introduced bills enacted into law (1 percent) as of November 30, 2013. Comparatively, the 112th Congress had 1.14 percent of introduced bills enacted into law in the first session. The Senate has confirmed 16,878 out of 19,009 executive nominations received thus far (88.8 percent). For more information pertaining to King's voting record in the 113th Congress, please see the below sections.
John Brennan CIA nomination
King voted for the confirmation of John Brennan as Director of the Central Intelligence Agency. The nomination was confirmed by the Senate on March 7, 2013, with a vote of 63 - 34. Most Democrats supported the nomination, while Republicans were somewhat divided with roughly one-third supporting the nomination.
Paycheck Fairness Act
King voted with Republicans in the Senate to block a vote on April 9, 2014, to open debate on the Paycheck Fairness Act, which would prohibit retaliation against employees who share their salary information with each other. It would also require the Department of Labor to collect wage data from employers, broken down by race and gender, and require employers to show that wage differentials between men and women in the same jobs are for a reason other than sex.
The Senate voted 53 to 44 to move forward on the bill, which was short of the 60 votes needed to overcome a Republican filibuster.
King explained his "no" vote in this statement:
“Discrimination of all kinds is wrong. I think a woman ought to get paid as much as men for the same work — that’s just common sense and it’s the law. But I’ve looked at this from all sides — I’ve talked to Mainers, to business leaders, to men and women, and this particular bill, in my view, fails to address the real causes that are driving the wage gap. In addition, the bill could impose substantial burdens on businesses in justifying pay differentials. The way to narrow the wage gap between men and women includes facilitating more family-friendly workplaces, which will allow women to stay in the workforce if they choose to have children; encouraging more girls and young women to pursue higher-paying professions, like science, engineering, law, and medicine; and improving the earning potential for low-wage workers, who are disproportionately women. That’s why I support raising the minimum wage, which the President’s Council on Economic Advisers says will help narrow the wage gap. I support equal pay for equal work, and this was a very difficult vote. In the end, however, I felt this bill will not get us there — and I look forward to working with my colleagues on legislation that will.”
On February 4, 2014, the Democratic controlled Senate approved the Federal Agriculture Reform and Risk Management Act of 2013, H.R. 2642, also known as the Farm Bill. It passed the Senate with a vote of 68-32. The nearly 1,000-page bill reformed and continued various programs of the Department of Agriculture through 2018. The $1 trillion bill expanded crop insurance for farmers by $7 billion over the next decade and created new subsidies for rice and peanut growers that would kick in if or when prices were to drop. However, cuts to the food stamp program cut an average of $90 per month for 1.7 million people in 15 states. King voted in favor of the bill.
On January 16, 2014, the Democratic-controlled Senate approved H.R. 3547, a $1.1 trillion spending bill to fund the government through September 30, 2014. The Senate voted 72-26 for the 1,582 page bill, with 17 Republicans and 55 Democrats voting in favor of the bill. The omnibus package included 12 annual spending bills to fund federal operations. It included a 1% increase in the paychecks of federal workers and military personnel, a $1 billion increase in Head Start funding for early childhood education, reduced funding to the Internal Revenue Service and the Environmental Protection Agency and left the Affordable Care Act without any drastic cuts. King voted in favor of the bill.
- See also: United States budget debate, 2013
During the shutdown in October 2013, the Senate rejected, down party lines, every House-originated bill that stripped the budget of funding for the Affordable Care Act. A deal was reached late on October 16, 2013, just hours before the debt ceiling deadline. The bill to reopen the government, H.R. 2775, lifted the $16.7 trillion debt limit and funded the government through January 15, 2014. Federal employees also received retroactive pay for the shutdown period. The only concession made by Senate Democrats was to require income verification for Obamacare subsidies. The final vote on H.R. 2775 was 81-18, with all 18 votes against the bill from Republican members. King voted with the Democratic Party for the bill.
“There is a company up here in Maine that has a sign … the sign says, ‘All of us are always smarter than any of us,’” King said of the budget debate on November 10, 2013. “There is a lot of validity to that. Nobody has all the right answers. No party has all the right answers.”
He added, “I’m not one of those who say, ‘Oh it’s no big deal; we’ll just grow our way out of it. This is a serious problem, and those who say, ‘Oh, we don’t need to worry about it; we don’t need to do this austerity stuff,’ I don’t think we need to do the austerity stuff, but I do think we need to take the problem seriously.”
King also hinted that his support for a Republican proposal to require Congress to actually balance the budget, stopping just short of endorsing a balanced budget amendment, may be growing.
“This is a new position for me because all my life I have been opposed to artificial budget constraints, like a balanced budget amendment,” he said. “I’m starting to think that something like that is necessary in order to provide the discipline to balance budgets...The budget is hard because it goes to the core values of the two parties. To me, there is an obvious middle ground.”
Pay during government shutdown
King decided to place his earnings in an escrow account "and will only accept it if federal employees who work during the shutdown are also ultimately compensated for their work," a spokesman said. "In the event they are not, Senator King intends to donate his pay to charities in Maine."
Climate change and lobsters
On September 18, 2013, King became involved in the climate change debate when he made a speech on the Senate floor regarding changes in water temperature and the migration of lobsters to colder waters because of the changes.
King presented a range of data indicating that global levels of carbon dioxide are reaching a historical tipping point that could raise the levels of the oceans and move water temperatures off the Maine coast high enough to drive lobsters away.
In the speech King said, “The lobster makes up about 70 percent to 80 percent of our fisheries’ value, and what’s happening in Maine is that as the water gets warmer, the lobsters go north...So this isn’t something where we can just say oh, well, we’ll do a few little things now and maybe it will be OK, and 100 years from now or 500 years from now somebody else will worry about it. There could be a catastrophic event within years, certainly within decades.”
“They were doing great in Rhode Island and Connecticut until the temperature started to kill them off,” said King. “We certainly hope it won’t happen [in Maine], but there’s a danger of a collapse and that’s what’s happened to our south. The lobster fishery in southern New England has essentially collapsed.”
No Budget, No Pay Act of 2013
King voted for H.R.325 -- No Budget, No Pay Act of 2013. The bill passed the Senate on January 31, 2013, with a vote of 64 - 34. The purpose of the bill was to temporarily suspend the debt ceiling and withhold the pay of members of Congress until a budget could be passed. The vote largely followed party lines with Democrats overwhelmingly supporting it and many Republicans in opposition to the bill.
2013 Senate Budget Proposal
King voted for the 2013 Senate Budget Proposal. On March 23, after an all-night debate that ended just before 5 a.m., by a 50 to 49 vote the Democratically controlled Senate approved its first budget in four years. No Republicans voted for the Senate plan, and four Democrats opposed it. All four are from red states and are up for re-election in 2014. King was one of the four Democrats who voted against the budget proposal.
The approved plan is a $3.7 trillion budget for 2014 and would provide a fast track for passage of tax increases, trim spending modestly and leave the government still deeply in the red for the next decade.
The approval of a budget in the Senate began the process of setting up contentious, and potentially fruitless, negotiations with the Republican-controlled House starting in April to reconcile two vastly different plans for dealing with the nation’s economic and budgetary problems.
The House plan would have brought the government’s taxes and spending into balance by 2023 with cuts to domestic spending even below the levels of automatic across-the-board cuts for federal programs now, and it orders up dramatic and controversial changes to Medicare and the tax code.
The Senate plan differed greatly, and included $100 billion in upfront infrastructure spending to bolster the economy and calls for special fast-track rules to overhaul the tax code and raise $975 billion over 10 years in legislation that could not be filibustered. Even with that tax increase and prescribed spending cuts, the plan approved by the Senate would leave the government with a $566 billion annual deficit in 10 years, and $5.2 trillion in additional debt over that window.
King voted against Senate Amendment 1197 -- Requires the Completion of the Fence Along the United States-Mexico Border. The amendment was rejected by the Senate on June 18, 2013, with a vote of 39 - 54. The purpose of the amendment was to require the completion of 350 miles of fence described in the Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act of 1996 before registered provisional immigrant status may be granted. It would also require 700 miles of fence be completed before the status of registered provisional immigrants may be changed to permanent resident status. The vote followed party lines.
King said: "I would not go, and I don't think I would send my family....It's just such a rich target. It would be a stretch, I think, to say I'd send my family."
King's comments came amid increased concerns from some U.S. officials that Russia did not do enough to combat the possibility of a terrorist attack leading up to the games.
Violence Against Women (2013)
King voted for S.47 -- Violence Against Women Reauthorization Act of 2013. The bill was passed by the Senate on February 12, 2013, with a vote of 78 - 22. The purpose of the bill was to combat violence against women, from domestic violence to international trafficking in persons. All 22 dissenting votes were cast by Republicans.
King ran in the 2012 election for the U.S. Senate, representing Maine. King sought the nomination as an Independent. He defeated Cynthia Dill (D), Charles Summers (R), Andrew Ian Dodge (L), Danny Francis Dalton and Stephen Woods in the general election on November 6, 2012.
|U.S. Senate, Maine General Election, 2012|
|Libertarian||Andrew Ian Dodge||0.8%||5,624|
|Independent||Danny Francis Dalton||0.8%||5,807|
|Source: Maine Secretary of State "United States Senate Election Results"|
|Angus King vs. Charles Summers Jr. vs. Cynthia Dill|
|Poll||Angus King||Charles Summers Jr.||Cynthia Dill||Neither||Don't know||Margin of Error||Sample Size|
|Rasmussen Reports(September 25, 2012)||45%||33%||14%||1%||7%||+/-4.5||500|
|Note: The polls above may not reflect all polls that have been conducted in this race. Those displayed are a random sampling chosen by Ballotpedia staff. If you would like to nominate another poll for inclusion in the table, send an email to|
Comprehensive donor information for King is available dating back to 2012. Based on available campaign finance records, King raised a total of $2,926,581 during that time period. This information was last updated on April 19, 2013.
|Angus King's Campaign Contribution History|
|2012||U.S. Senate (Maine)||$2,926,581|
|Grand Total Raised||$2,926,581|
During the 2012 Election Angus King won election to the U.S. Senate, below are his major donors by industry and organization.
Cost per vote
King spent $7.70 per vote received in 2012.
|U.S. Senate, Maine, 2012 - Angus King Campaign Contributions|
|Total Raised by Election Runner-up||$1,233,121|
|Total Spent by Election Runner-up||$1,225,034|
|Top contributors to Angus King's campaign committee|
|Council for a Livable World||$17,317|
|Pierce Atwood LLP||$16,369|
|Patton Boggs LLP||$16,250|
|Top 5 industries that contributed to campaign committee|
|Securities & Investment||$90,294|
Ideology and leadership
The website OpenCongress tracks the voting records of each member to determine with whom he or she votes most and least often. The results include a member from each party.
King most often votes with:
King least often votes with:
Lifetime voting record
According to the website GovTrack, King missed 2 of 96 roll call votes from January 2013 to April 2013, which is 2.1% of votes during that period. This is worse than the median of 1.7% among the lifetime records of senators currently serving.
Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by OpenSecrets.org, King's net worth as of 2012 was estimated between $5,342,164 and $26,123,995. That averages to $15,733,079.50, which is higher than the average net worth of Independent senators in 2012 of $8,096,792.50. King ranked as the 13th most wealthy senator in 2012.
|Angus King Yearly Net Worth|
|Year||Average Net Worth|
|Growth from 2011 to 2012:||-4%|
|Average annual growth:||-4%|
|Comparatively, the American citizen experienced a median yearly decline in net worth of -0.94%.|
King is married to wife Mary Herman. They have five children together.
This section displays the most recent stories in a Google news search for the term Angus + King + Maine + Senate
- All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.
- Social media:
- Political profiles:
- Financial (federal level):
- Interest group ratings:
- Issue positions:
- Public statements:
- Voting record:
- Works by or about:
- Media appearances:
- Media coverage:
- Politico, "Angus King joins Democrats," accessed November 14, 2012
- The Hill, "King may flip to GOP in 2015," accessed April 12, 2014
- Yahoo News, "Independent King undecided on Senate affiliation," accessed April 12, 2014
- Angus King's Official Campaign Website, "About," accessed 2012
- Congressional Quarterly, "Senate Committee List," accessed January 22, 2013
- United States Senate, "Committee Assignments," accessed March 29, 2014
- Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, First Session of the 112th Congress," accessed September 5, 2013
- Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, Second Session of the 113th Congress," accessed March 4, 2014
- Project Vote Smart, "Angus King Key Votes," accessed October 17, 2013
- Huffington Post, "Senate Republicans Block Paycheck Fairness Act For Third Time," accessed April 12, 2014
- Washington Examiner, "After voting 'no' on Paycheck Fairness Act, Angus King says bill would hurt businesses," accessed April 12, 2014
- Senate.gov, "H.R. 2642 (Federal Agriculture Reform and Risk Management Act of 2013)," accessed February 12, 2014
- NY Times, "Senate Passes Long-Stalled Farm Bill, With Clear Winners and Losers," accessed February 12, 2014
- Politico, "Senate approves $1.1 trillion spending bill," accessed January 20, 2014
- U.S. Senate, "January 16 Vote," accessed January 20, 2014
- Roll Call, "House Passes $1.1 Trillion Omnibus," accessed January 20, 2014
- The Washington Post, "Reid, McConnell propose bipartisan Senate bill to end shutdown, extend borrowing," accessed October 16, 2013
- Senate.gov, "H.R. 2775 As Amended," accessed October 31, 2013
- Politico, "Angus King sees hope in budget battle," accessed November 11, 2013
- Washington Post, "Which lawmakers will refuse their pay during the shutdown?," accessed October 3, 2013
- Bangor Daily News, "King’s climate change speech in Congress ponders disaster for Maine lobster industry," accessed September 19, 2013
- Politico, "Angus King would skip Olympics," accessed January 20, 2014
- Washington Times, "Sen. Angus King on security at Russia Olympics: ‘I would not go’," accessed January 20, 2014
- Roll Call, "Angus King Rolls Out Bipartisan Senate Endorsements," accessed May 19, 2014
- Politico, "Angus King joins Democrats," accessed November 14, 2012
- Maine Public Broadcasting Network, "List of Maine Senate Candidates Grows," accessed March 13, 2012
- The Washington Post, "Why Angus King is the most important Senate candidate in the country," accessed March 13, 2012
- Bangor Daily News, "Angus King enters race for U.S. Senate," accessed March 13, 2012
- Politico, "2012 Election Map, Maine," accessed 2012
- Open Secrets, "Career Fundraising for Angus King," accessed March 2013
- Open Secrets, "Angus King 2012 Election Cycle," accessed February 12, 2013
- GovTrack, "FULLNAME," accessed June 27, 2013
- OpenCongress, "Angus King," accessed August 8, 2013
- GovTrack, "Angus King," accessed April 2013
- OpenSecrets, "Angus King (I-ME), 2012," accessed February 18, 2014
- This figure represents the total percentage growth divided by the number of years for which there are net worth figures for each member.
- This figure was calculated using median asset data from the Census Bureau. Please see the Congressional Net Worth data for Ballotpedia spreadsheet for more information on this calculation.
Olympia Snowe (R)
|U.S. Senate - Maine
| Succeeded by|
|Governor of Maine
| Succeeded by|
John E. Baldacci (D)