Approval rates of local school bond and tax questions in 2012, July-December
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Approval rates of School bonds and taxes
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Each state covered in this report had at least a few school bond and tax measures on the election ballots in July-December of 2012.
The overall approval rate was 65.31%.
The average approval rating for school property tax votes was 61.78% in the eleven states that had school property tax issues on their ballots. The average approval rating for school bond elections was a little higher at 70.43% in a total of 12 states (Arizona, California, Colorado, Florida, Illinois, Michigan, Missouri, Ohio, Oregon, Texas, Washington and Wisconsin).
The 229 school bond measures voted on in July-December 2012 totaled $20,196,449,240. Of that total sum, $18,126,633,990 was approved (89.75%).
The average amount of debt authorized by each school bond question in July-December 2012 was $88,194,101; more than double $34,602,578, the average bond measure amount in the same period of 2011.
To see school bond stats 2010-2012, please click here.
The table below collects the amount of measures approved and defeated for the second half of the year. As a comparison, the number of measures in the same category from 2011 are also shown. The 2011 numbers represent the measures voted on during the same time period, July to December of 2011.
|Type of school finance measure||# of measures approved 2012 (2011)||# of measures defeated 2012 (2011)||% approved 2012 (2011)|
|Taxes, tax levies||210(134)||119(147)||63.83% (47.7%)|
|Totals:||377 (252)||179 (235)||67.81% (51.75%)|
School Bond Votes
- See also: List of 2012 School bond measures
Of the 12 states which had bond measures on their ballots in July-December 2012, only Michigan and Wisconsin had an approval rating below 50 percent. Overall approval of bonds for July-December 2012 was 74.09%.
Of the states followed on Ballotpedia, California had the most school bonds voted on with a total of 106 measures with 91 being approved; this led to an approval rating of 85.05%. Florida had the lowest number of school bonds voted on, just 1 bond question was asked and it gained approval from voters. But Florida has the second highest amount of bond money approved, as the bond measure in Miami-Dade School District authorized $1.2 billion. Missouri had the lowest dollar amount asked for in bond measures, with just two bond questions totaling $22.8 million requested. One measure was approved, granting $18.5 million. The states of Arizona, California, Colorado and Florida had approval ratings above 70%.
Texas has state database which lists all the school bond elections for the year and statistics were pulled from that database to be included in this table. However, those were not followed in detail throughout the year on Ballotpedia.
- For a closer look at January-July 2012, click here
Total Bond Money
The table below shows how much money was voted on in bond measures for local schools. The amounts show how much bond money was approved in the state and how much did not get approved; totals include just those measures voted on in July-December 2012.
School Property Tax Votes
There were eleven states that had property tax measures on their ballots for July-December 2012; of those states, only Florida and Illinois voters defeated more props than they approved. Overall approval of property tax measures for July-December 2012 was 63.75%.
Ohio and Michigan tied for the most school property tax measures voted on with a total of 128 measures. Ohio had an approval rate of 46.09% while Michigan approved a large majority of its school tax proposals with an approval rate of 78.13%. Illinois had an approval rating of 0%, defeating all four measures asked. Oregon had the highest approval rating, 100%, but there was only 1 measure on the ballot.
Note: The statistics given above for California reflect the school parcel tax votes in that state. These taxes are a form of property tax, which must be paid by the owners of parcels of real estate. However, unlike standard property taxes, which are based on the value of the property, a parcel tax is an assessment based on the characteristics of the parcel.
Arizona was the only state covered by Ballotpedia that had school budget questions on the ballot in July-December 2012.
The table below collects all of the school ballot issues which were voted on July-December 2012. Added to the listing of the three previous tables are school income taxes and school redistricting measures. Only Illinois and Ohio had an approval rating below 50%, most of the states had their school measures widely approved by voters.
- Approval rates of local school bond and tax questions in 2012, January-June
- Local ballot measure elections in 2012
- School bond and tax elections in 2012
- Where to find information about local school bond and tax elections
- Local ballot measure statistics, 2012
- $6 billion in school bonds decided at the ballot box
- Local school property tax measures and approval ratings on the rise in 2012
- 2012's school bond measures exceed 2011 records in bond dollars and approval ratings
- 2012 destroys 2011's school bond money record, concerns mount