Arizona Judicial Selection Amendment, Proposition 115 (2012)
|Judicial Selection Amendment|
|Constitution:||Article VI, Multiple sections|
|Referred by:||Arizona State Legislature|
|Status:||On the ballot|
The measure would modify of the Appellate and Trial Court Commissions. If it passes, specifically the measure would increase the terms of judges from six to eight years and the retirement age from 75 to 70.
In addition to these changes, the State Bar of Arizona will be allowed to appoint only one of five attorneys to a judicial nominating commission. Currently, the governor appoints five attorneys that are vetted by the bar association. 
Also, the measure would increase the governor's options when picking finalists for the state supreme court, Court of Appeals and the superior courts of Pima and Maricopa County. Currently, special screening panels review potential judges for those courts, where the governor can pick at least three finalists. If enacted, this measure would increase that from 3 to 8.
Text of measure
If sent to the ballot and approved by voters, the measure would amend Article VI, sections 4, 12, 20, 36, 37, 39, 41 and 42 of the Arizona Constitution.
In 1974, Arizona voters approved a measure that mandated that special screening panels review potential judges for the Supreme Court, Court of Appeals and the superior courts of Pima and Maricopa County. The governor is required to pick at least three candidates. The 2012 measure would increase that to 8.
Until 1974, all judges in the state were elected. However, the measure approved in 1974 changed the Arizona Constitution to mandate that the governor select from a list of finalists by that special commission. The selected judges then run for re-election every four years. On the ballot, voters decide whether or not to keep those judges. If voters decide not to keep a judge, the aforementioned selection process starts again.
- Former Maricopa County Attorney Andrew Thomas has stated his support for the measure.
Path to the ballot
A majority vote is required in the Arizona State Legislature to send a constitutional amendment to the ballot. Arizona is one of ten states that allow a referred amendment to go on the ballot after a majority vote in one session of the state's legislature.
The measure was first read to the Arizona State Senate on January 10, 2011, and was passed to the Senate Rules Committee that same day. On March 8, 2011, the Rules Committee voted 4 to 2 in favor of the proposal, allowing the full chamber to review the bill. Then on March 21, 2011, a final vote took place in the chamber, where the amendment was approved with a vote of 21 to 5, sending it to the Arizona House of Representatives.
House of Representatives
After being transmitted to the House, the amendment was first read to the chamber on March 23, 2011, where it was then assigned to the House Education, Judiciary and Rules Committees the same day. It was approved by all three committees, with the Education Committee approving it on March 23, 2011. Then, on March 24, 2011, the Judicial Committee voted 6 to 3 to pass it along. Finally, the Rules Committee, on April 4, 2011, approved the proposal with a 7 to 0 vote. It was then placed in front of the House for ballot consideration.
The House voted in favor of placing the proposal on the November 6, 2012 general election ballot on April 14, 2011, with a vote of 48 to 8, transmitting it to the Arizona Secretary of State on April 19, 2011 to be placed on the ballot.
The following is a timeline of events surrounding the measure:
|First Reading||Jan. 10, 2011||Read for the first time in Senate|
|Vote||Mar. 8, 2011||Senate Rules Committee voted 4 to 2 in favor of measure.|
|Vote||Mar. 28, 2011||Senate voted in favor with 20 to 5 tally.|
|First Reading||Mar. 23, 2011||Read to House, assigned to committee; approved by House Education Committee|
|Vote||Mar. 24, 2011||House Judicial Committee voted 6 to 3 to pass the measure.|
|Vote||Apr. 4, 2011||House Rules committee voted 7 to 0 in favor of measure.|
|Final Vote||Apr. 14, 2011||House voted in favor of proposal for 2012 ballot placement with a vote of 48 to 8.|
|Transmitted||Apr. 19, 2011||Transmitted to the Arizona Secretary of State to be placed on the ballot.|
- Arizona 2012 ballot measures
- Arizona Legislature
- 2012 ballot measures
- List of Arizona ballot measures
- Arizona voters will vote on changes to judicial selection
- Arizona Legislature, "SCR1001, Retrieved April 25, 2011
- Cronkite News, "Voters to decide future of merit system for selecting judges," April 28, 2011
- Arizona Daily Sun, "Proposition could change how judges are chosen", June 6, 2012
- Arizona Legislature, "SCR 1001", Retrieved May 13, 2011
- Tuscon Citizen, "Andrew Thomas backs judicial-selection ballot measure", May 31, 2012