Arizona State Senate
|Arizona State Senate|
|Term limits:||4 terms (8 years)|
|2013 session start:||January 10, 2012|
|Website:||Official Senate Page|
|Senate President:||Steve Pierce, (R)|
|Majority Leader:||Andy Biggs, (R)|
|Minority leader:||David Schapira, (D)|
|Democratic Party (13) Republican Party (17) Vacancy (2)|
|Length of term:||2 years|
|Authority:||Art 4, Arizona Constitution|
|Salary:||$24,000/year + per diem|
|Last Election:||November 2, 2010 (30 seats)|
|Next election:||November 6, 2012 (30 seats)|
|Redistricting:||Arizona Independent Redistricting Commission|
Article IV of the Arizona Constitution establishes when the Arizona State Legislature, of which the Senate is a part, is to be in session. Section 3 of the Second Part of the Article contains the relevant provisions. It states that sessions are to convene on the second Monday of January of each year.
Section 3 also allows the Governor of Arizona to call special sessions of the Legislature.
- See also: Dates of 2012 state legislative sessions
In 2012, the Legislature was in regular session from January 10 through May 3.
Lawmakers will address a budget surplus estimated to be between $416-650 million. Republican leaders are expected to consider legislation on topics including immigration, job creation, allowing guns in more places, restricting abortions, and promoting charter and private schools.
- See also: Dates of 2011 state legislative sessions
In 2011, the Senate was in regular session from January 10 through April 20.  Three special sessions were called in Arizona for 2011. The first special session was convened on January 19, addressing requests for a federal Medicaid exemption. A second special session was called by Governor Jan Brewer on February 14, 2011. The special session will run in tandem with the regular session, and was convened to consider business tax cuts as part of an economic development package proposed to add jobs by encouraging businesses to expand and relocate in Arizona.  The third special session was convened on June 10 to extend unemployment benefits. The session lasted two days, and ended on June 13 without a vote on Governor Brewer's proposal. Brewer refuses to call another special session until lawmakers support the unemployment extension. 
In the 2011 session, Arizona fixed its $1.5 billion shortfall by eliminating $1.1 billion in spending. There were no new taxes instated to help with the reductions, only tax cuts. The legislature sliced the corporate income tax rate from 6.9 percent to 4.9 percent. 
- See also: Dates of 2010 state legislative sessions
In 2010, the Senate was in regular session from January 11th to April 29th. The Legislature was also convened in special session since February 1st.
- See also: Arizona State Senate elections, 2012
State senate seats in all 30 districts will be on the ballot in 2012. The signature-filing deadline for candidates wishing to run in these elections is May 30, 2012 and the primary election day is August 28, 2012. The general election will take place on November 6, 2012.
- See also: Arizona State Senate elections, 2010
State senate seats in all 30 districts were on the ballot in 2010. The signature-filing deadline for candidates wishing to run in these elections was May 26, 2010, and the primary election day was August 24, 2010. The general election was on November 2, 2010.
In Arizona, senators serve two-year terms with a four consecutive term limit.
In 2010, candidates running for the state senate received a total of $2,954,711 in campaign contributions. Their top contributors were: 
|Arizona Association of Realtors||$19,424|
|Arizona Medical Association||$10.580|
Article 4, Part 2, Section 2 of the Arizona Constitution states: No person shall be a member of the Legislature unless he shall be a citizen of the United States at the time of his election, nor unless he shall be at least twenty-five years of age, and shall have been a resident of Arizona at least three years and of the county from which he is elected at least one year before his election.
| How Vacancies are filled in State Legislatures |
If there is a vacancy in the Senate, the political party committee or the Board of County Supervisors must select a replacement. The political party committee is responsible for appointing a replacement only if the Senate district has thirty or more elected precinct committeemen.
The Secretary of State is required to contact the state party chairperson to give notice of the vacancy. The state chairperson must give notice of an election to fill the seat within three days of receiving notice.
Before an election takes place, the state chairperson must submit a list of three recommended candidates to fill the seat. The election involves all the precinct committeemen who represent the Senate district. If the Legislature is out of session, the election must be held within twenty-one days after the vacancy happened. If the Legislature is in session, the election must be held within five days after the vacancy happened.
The Board of County Supervisors fills vacancies in Senate districts that have less than thirty elected precinct committeemen. Also, the Board of Supervisors must select a replacement if the party committee fails to select a replacement within the specified periods. This is only for districts with thirty or more elected committeemen.
The county of residence from where the person last held the seat is responsible for making the selection. The county that is responsible for filling the vacancy must form a citizens panel. The citizens panel is charged with recommending to the Board of Supervisors three candidates to fill the vacant seat. The panel must recommend persons from the political party that last held the seat. The full county board must select a replacement within five days of receiving the list of recommended candidates.
The person selected to fill the seat serves for the remainder of the unfilled term.
- See also: State legislatures with term limits
The Arizona legislature is one of 15 state legislatures with term limits. Voters enacted the Arizona Term Limits Act in 1992. That initiative said that Arizona senators are subject to term limits of no more than four two-year terms, or a total of eight years.
- See also: Comparison of state legislative salaries
Arizona state senators are paid $24,000/year. They are also paid a per diem of $35/day for the first 120 days of regular session and for special sessions and $10/day thereafter. Senators who live outside of Maricopa County are given an additional $25/day for the 1st 120 days of regular session and for special sessions and an additional $10/day thereafter.
When sworn in
Arizona legislators assume office on the first day of the session after they are elected. Each regular session begins on the second Monday in January.
- See also: Partisan composition of state senates
|Party||As of May 2013|
List of current members
The Arizona State Senate has fifteen (15) standing committees:
- Appropriations Committee, Arizona State Senate
- Banking and Insurance Committee, Arizona State Senate
- Border Security, Federalism and States Sovereignty Committee, Arizona State Senate
- Commerce and Energy Committee, Arizona State Senate
- Economic Development and Jobs Creation Committee, Arizona State Senate
- Education Committee, Arizona State Senate
- Finance Committee, Arizona State Senate
- Government Reform Committee, Arizona State Senate
- Healthcare and Medical Liability Reform Committee, Arizona State Senate
- Judiciary Committee, Arizona State Senate
- Natural Resources and Transportation Committee, Arizona State Senate
- Public Safety and Human Services Committee, Arizona State Senate
- Rules Committee, Arizona State Senate
- Veterans and Military Affairs Committee, Arizona State Senate
- Water, Land Use and Rural Development Committee, Arizona State Senate
- ↑ Population in 2010 of the American states
- ↑ Population in 2000 of the American states
- ↑ Term limits
- ↑ Session dates for Arizona legislature, 2010
- ↑ StateScape, Session schedules, accessed April 30, 2012
- ↑ Arizona Republic, "Arizona Legislators gear up for new session," January 7, 2012
- ↑ Timesunion.com, Ariz. Legislature ends session after all-nighter, 20 April 2011
- ↑ KTAR.com, Arizona governor calls special session on economy, 14 Feb. 2011
- ↑ Bloomberg Businessweek, Ariz. Gov won't seek session without bill backing, June 15, 2011
- ↑ Stateline.org, States balance budgets with cuts, not taxes, June 15, 2011
- ↑ Follow the Money: "Arizona 2010 Senate Campaign Contributions"
- ↑ 12.0 12.1 12.2 Arizona Legislature "Arizona Revised Statutes"(Referenced Statute 41.1202 (A), Arizona Revised Statutes)
- ↑ 13.0 13.1 Arizona Legislature "Arizona Revised Statutes"(Referenced Statute 41.1202 (B), Arizona Revised Statutes)
- ↑ State legislative term limits
- ↑ Arizona State Senate Rules
- ↑ Arizona State Senate Leadership
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